Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate four-channel multiplexing of 64-bit (8 × 8) two-dimensional (2-D) parallel data links on the basis of optical space–code-division multiple access (CDMA) by using new modules of optical spatial encoders and a decoder with a new high-contrast 9-m-long image fiber with 3 × 104 cores. Each 8 × 8 bit plane (64-bit parallel data) is optically encoded with an 8 × 8, 2-D optical orthogonal signature pattern. The encoded bit planes are spatially multiplexed and transmitted through an image fiber. A receiver can recover the intended input bit plane by means of an optical decoding process. This result should encourage the application of optical space–CDMA to future high-throughput 2-D parallel data links connecting massively parallel processors.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  20. G.-C. Yang, T. Fuja, “Optical orthogonal codes with unequal auto- and cross-correlation constraints,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 41, 96–106 (1995).
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  21. G.-C. Yang, W. C. Kwong, “Two-dimensional spatial signature patterns,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 44, 184–191 (1996).
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  22. M. Ishikawa, “Optoelectronic parallel computing system with reconfigurable optical interconnection,” in Vol. CR62 of SPIE Critical Review Series, Optoelectronic Interconnects and Packaging, R. T. Chen, P. S. Guilfoyle, eds. (SPIE Press, Bellingham, Wash., 1996), pp. 156–175.

1997 (2)

H. Kosaka, M. Kajita, Y. Li, Y. Sugimoto, “A two-dimensional optical parallel transmission using a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser array module and an image fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 253–255 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Kitayama, M. Nakamura, Y. Igasaki, K. Kaneda, “Image fiber-optic two-dimensional parallel links based upon optical space-CDMA: experiment,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 202–212 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (3)

Y. Li, T. Wang, H. Kosaka, S. Kawai, K. Kasahara, “Fiber-image-guide-based bit-parallel optical interconnects,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6920–6933 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kosaka, M. Kajita, M. Yamada, Y. Sugimoto, K. Kurata, T. Tanabe, Y. Kasukawa, “2D alignment free VCSEL-array module with push/pull fiber connector,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1991–1992 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G.-C. Yang, W. C. Kwong, “Two-dimensional spatial signature patterns,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 44, 184–191 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehlner, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. G. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of a high-density 32-channel 16-Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the optoelectronic technology consortium (OETC),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G.-C. Yang, T. Fuja, “Optical orthogonal codes with unequal auto- and cross-correlation constraints,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 41, 96–106 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

K. Kitayama, “Novel spatial spread spectrum based fiber optic CDMA networks for image transmission,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Commun. 12, 762–772 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

J. A. Salehi, “Emerging optical code-division multiple access communications systems,” IEEE Network 3, 31–39 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

J. Neff, R. A. Athale, S. H. Lee, “Two-dimensional spatial light modulators: a tutorial,” Proc. IEEE 78, 826–855 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. Kaede, T. Uji, T. Nagahori, T. Suzaki, T. Torikai, J. Hayashi, I. Watanabe, M. Itoh, H. Honmou, M. Shikada, “12-channel parallel optical-fiber transmission using a low-drive current 1.3-μm LED array and a p-i-n PD array,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 883–888 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

J. A. Salehi, “Code division multiple-access techniques in optical fiber networks—Part I: fundamental principles,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 37, 824–833 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Salehi, C. A. Brackett, “Code division multiple-access techniques in optical fiber networks—Part II: systems performance analysis,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 37, 834–842 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

P. Prucnal, M. A. Santoro, T. R. Fan, “Spread spectrum fiber-optic local network using optical processing,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 547–554 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

S. Tamura, S. Nakano, K. Okazaki, “Optical code-multiplex transmission by gold sequences,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-3, 121–127 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Aispain, H. A.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehlner, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. G. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of a high-density 32-channel 16-Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the optoelectronic technology consortium (OETC),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Anthony, P. J.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehlner, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. G. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of a high-density 32-channel 16-Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the optoelectronic technology consortium (OETC),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Athale, R. A.

J. Neff, R. A. Athale, S. H. Lee, “Two-dimensional spatial light modulators: a tutorial,” Proc. IEEE 78, 826–855 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bates, R. J. S.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehlner, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. G. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of a high-density 32-channel 16-Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the optoelectronic technology consortium (OETC),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Brackett, C. A.

J. A. Salehi, C. A. Brackett, “Code division multiple-access techniques in optical fiber networks—Part II: systems performance analysis,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 37, 834–842 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Brandner, J. L.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehlner, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. G. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of a high-density 32-channel 16-Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the optoelectronic technology consortium (OETC),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Buchholz, D. B.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehlner, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. G. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of a high-density 32-channel 16-Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the optoelectronic technology consortium (OETC),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Choi, H.-A.

E. J. Harder, S.-K. Lee, H.-A. Choi, “On wavelength assignment in WDM optical networks,” in Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing Using Optical Interconnections (MPPOI’97), (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1997), pp. 32–38.
[CrossRef]

Crow, J. D.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehlner, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. G. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of a high-density 32-channel 16-Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the optoelectronic technology consortium (OETC),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fan, T. R.

P. Prucnal, M. A. Santoro, T. R. Fan, “Spread spectrum fiber-optic local network using optical processing,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 547–554 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Faudskar, C. C.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehlner, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. G. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of a high-density 32-channel 16-Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the optoelectronic technology consortium (OETC),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fishteyn, M.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehlner, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. G. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of a high-density 32-channel 16-Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the optoelectronic technology consortium (OETC),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Focht, M. W.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehlner, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. G. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of a high-density 32-channel 16-Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the optoelectronic technology consortium (OETC),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fuja, T.

G.-C. Yang, T. Fuja, “Optical orthogonal codes with unequal auto- and cross-correlation constraints,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 41, 96–106 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gates, J. V.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehlner, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. G. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of a high-density 32-channel 16-Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the optoelectronic technology consortium (OETC),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Glogovsky, K. G.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehlner, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. G. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of a high-density 32-channel 16-Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the optoelectronic technology consortium (OETC),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gowda, S. M.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehlner, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. G. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of a high-density 32-channel 16-Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the optoelectronic technology consortium (OETC),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Green, P. E.

P. E. Green, Fiber Optic Networks (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1993).

Guth, G. D.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehlner, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. G. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of a high-density 32-channel 16-Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the optoelectronic technology consortium (OETC),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Harder, E. J.

E. J. Harder, S.-K. Lee, H.-A. Choi, “On wavelength assignment in WDM optical networks,” in Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing Using Optical Interconnections (MPPOI’97), (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1997), pp. 32–38.
[CrossRef]

Hayashi, J.

K. Kaede, T. Uji, T. Nagahori, T. Suzaki, T. Torikai, J. Hayashi, I. Watanabe, M. Itoh, H. Honmou, M. Shikada, “12-channel parallel optical-fiber transmission using a low-drive current 1.3-μm LED array and a p-i-n PD array,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 883–888 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Honmou, H.

K. Kaede, T. Uji, T. Nagahori, T. Suzaki, T. Torikai, J. Hayashi, I. Watanabe, M. Itoh, H. Honmou, M. Shikada, “12-channel parallel optical-fiber transmission using a low-drive current 1.3-μm LED array and a p-i-n PD array,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 883–888 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Igasaki, Y.

K. Kitayama, M. Nakamura, Y. Igasaki, K. Kaneda, “Image fiber-optic two-dimensional parallel links based upon optical space-CDMA: experiment,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 202–212 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ireland, T. J.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehlner, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. G. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of a high-density 32-channel 16-Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the optoelectronic technology consortium (OETC),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, M.

M. Ishikawa, “Optoelectronic parallel computing system with reconfigurable optical interconnection,” in Vol. CR62 of SPIE Critical Review Series, Optoelectronic Interconnects and Packaging, R. T. Chen, P. S. Guilfoyle, eds. (SPIE Press, Bellingham, Wash., 1996), pp. 156–175.

Itoh, M.

K. Kaede, T. Uji, T. Nagahori, T. Suzaki, T. Torikai, J. Hayashi, I. Watanabe, M. Itoh, H. Honmou, M. Shikada, “12-channel parallel optical-fiber transmission using a low-drive current 1.3-μm LED array and a p-i-n PD array,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 883–888 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kaede, K.

K. Kaede, T. Uji, T. Nagahori, T. Suzaki, T. Torikai, J. Hayashi, I. Watanabe, M. Itoh, H. Honmou, M. Shikada, “12-channel parallel optical-fiber transmission using a low-drive current 1.3-μm LED array and a p-i-n PD array,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 883–888 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kajita, M.

H. Kosaka, M. Kajita, Y. Li, Y. Sugimoto, “A two-dimensional optical parallel transmission using a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser array module and an image fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 253–255 (1997).
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H. Kosaka, M. Kajita, M. Yamada, Y. Sugimoto, K. Kurata, T. Tanabe, Y. Kasukawa, “2D alignment free VCSEL-array module with push/pull fiber connector,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1991–1992 (1996).
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Kaneda, K.

K. Kitayama, M. Nakamura, Y. Igasaki, K. Kaneda, “Image fiber-optic two-dimensional parallel links based upon optical space-CDMA: experiment,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 202–212 (1997).
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Kasukawa, Y.

H. Kosaka, M. Kajita, M. Yamada, Y. Sugimoto, K. Kurata, T. Tanabe, Y. Kasukawa, “2D alignment free VCSEL-array module with push/pull fiber connector,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1991–1992 (1996).
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Kawai, S.

Kitayama, K.

K. Kitayama, M. Nakamura, Y. Igasaki, K. Kaneda, “Image fiber-optic two-dimensional parallel links based upon optical space-CDMA: experiment,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 202–212 (1997).
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K. Kitayama, “Novel spatial spread spectrum based fiber optic CDMA networks for image transmission,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Commun. 12, 762–772 (1994).
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M. Nakamura, K. Kitayama, “System performances of optical space–code-division multiple-access-based fiber-optic two-dimensional parallel data links,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Kosaka, H.

H. Kosaka, M. Kajita, Y. Li, Y. Sugimoto, “A two-dimensional optical parallel transmission using a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser array module and an image fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 253–255 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, T. Wang, H. Kosaka, S. Kawai, K. Kasahara, “Fiber-image-guide-based bit-parallel optical interconnects,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6920–6933 (1996).
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H. Kosaka, M. Kajita, M. Yamada, Y. Sugimoto, K. Kurata, T. Tanabe, Y. Kasukawa, “2D alignment free VCSEL-array module with push/pull fiber connector,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1991–1992 (1996).
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K. Koyabu, F. Ohira, T. Yamamoto, S. Matsuo, “Novel high-density collimator module,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication: OFC/IOOC, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 2–3.

Kuchta, D. M.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehlner, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. G. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of a high-density 32-channel 16-Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the optoelectronic technology consortium (OETC),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
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H. Kosaka, M. Kajita, M. Yamada, Y. Sugimoto, K. Kurata, T. Tanabe, Y. Kasukawa, “2D alignment free VCSEL-array module with push/pull fiber connector,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1991–1992 (1996).
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Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehlner, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. G. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of a high-density 32-channel 16-Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the optoelectronic technology consortium (OETC),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
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Kwong, W. C.

G.-C. Yang, W. C. Kwong, “Two-dimensional spatial signature patterns,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 44, 184–191 (1996).
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Lee, S. H.

J. Neff, R. A. Athale, S. H. Lee, “Two-dimensional spatial light modulators: a tutorial,” Proc. IEEE 78, 826–855 (1990).
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Lee, S.-K.

E. J. Harder, S.-K. Lee, H.-A. Choi, “On wavelength assignment in WDM optical networks,” in Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing Using Optical Interconnections (MPPOI’97), (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1997), pp. 32–38.
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Leibenguth, R. E.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehlner, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. G. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of a high-density 32-channel 16-Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the optoelectronic technology consortium (OETC),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
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Lewis, D. H.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehlner, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. G. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of a high-density 32-channel 16-Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the optoelectronic technology consortium (OETC),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
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Lewis, D. K.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehlner, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. G. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of a high-density 32-channel 16-Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the optoelectronic technology consortium (OETC),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
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Li, Y.

H. Kosaka, M. Kajita, Y. Li, Y. Sugimoto, “A two-dimensional optical parallel transmission using a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser array module and an image fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 253–255 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, T. Wang, H. Kosaka, S. Kawai, K. Kasahara, “Fiber-image-guide-based bit-parallel optical interconnects,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6920–6933 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Li, Y. Pan, S. Q. Zheng, “A pipelined TDM optical bus with conditional delays,” in Proceedings of the Fourth Interna- tional Conference on Massively Parallel Processing Using Optical Interconnections (MPPOI’97), (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1997), pp. 196–201.

Matsuo, S.

K. Koyabu, F. Ohira, T. Yamamoto, S. Matsuo, “Novel high-density collimator module,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication: OFC/IOOC, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 2–3.

Matsuoka, H.

T. Yoshikawa, H. Matsuoka, T. Yokota, J. Shimada, “Parallel optical interconnection for massively parallel processor RWC-1,” in Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing Using Optical Interconnections (MPPOI’97) (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1997), pp. 4–9.
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Morgan, R. A.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehlner, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. G. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of a high-density 32-channel 16-Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the optoelectronic technology consortium (OETC),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
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Muehlner, D. J.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehlner, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. G. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of a high-density 32-channel 16-Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the optoelectronic technology consortium (OETC),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
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Mullally, T.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehlner, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. G. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of a high-density 32-channel 16-Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the optoelectronic technology consortium (OETC),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
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Nagahori, T.

K. Kaede, T. Uji, T. Nagahori, T. Suzaki, T. Torikai, J. Hayashi, I. Watanabe, M. Itoh, H. Honmou, M. Shikada, “12-channel parallel optical-fiber transmission using a low-drive current 1.3-μm LED array and a p-i-n PD array,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 883–888 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, M.

K. Kitayama, M. Nakamura, Y. Igasaki, K. Kaneda, “Image fiber-optic two-dimensional parallel links based upon optical space-CDMA: experiment,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 202–212 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakamura, K. Kitayama, “System performances of optical space–code-division multiple-access-based fiber-optic two-dimensional parallel data links,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Nakano, S.

S. Tamura, S. Nakano, K. Okazaki, “Optical code-multiplex transmission by gold sequences,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-3, 121–127 (1985).
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Nati, S. F.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehlner, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. G. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of a high-density 32-channel 16-Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the optoelectronic technology consortium (OETC),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
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J. Neff, R. A. Athale, S. H. Lee, “Two-dimensional spatial light modulators: a tutorial,” Proc. IEEE 78, 826–855 (1990).
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K. Koyabu, F. Ohira, T. Yamamoto, S. Matsuo, “Novel high-density collimator module,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication: OFC/IOOC, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 2–3.

Okazaki, K.

S. Tamura, S. Nakano, K. Okazaki, “Optical code-multiplex transmission by gold sequences,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-3, 121–127 (1985).
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Pan, Y.

Y. Li, Y. Pan, S. Q. Zheng, “A pipelined TDM optical bus with conditional delays,” in Proceedings of the Fourth Interna- tional Conference on Massively Parallel Processing Using Optical Interconnections (MPPOI’97), (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1997), pp. 196–201.

Parzygnat, W. J.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehlner, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. G. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of a high-density 32-channel 16-Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the optoelectronic technology consortium (OETC),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
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P. Prucnal, M. A. Santoro, T. R. Fan, “Spread spectrum fiber-optic local network using optical processing,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 547–554 (1986).
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Rogers, D. L.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehlner, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. G. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of a high-density 32-channel 16-Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the optoelectronic technology consortium (OETC),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
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J. A. Salehi, “Emerging optical code-division multiple access communications systems,” IEEE Network 3, 31–39 (1993).
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J. A. Salehi, C. A. Brackett, “Code division multiple-access techniques in optical fiber networks—Part II: systems performance analysis,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 37, 834–842 (1989).
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J. A. Salehi, “Code division multiple-access techniques in optical fiber networks—Part I: fundamental principles,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 37, 824–833 (1989).
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Santoro, M. A.

P. Prucnal, M. A. Santoro, T. R. Fan, “Spread spectrum fiber-optic local network using optical processing,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 547–554 (1986).
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Shikada, M.

K. Kaede, T. Uji, T. Nagahori, T. Suzaki, T. Torikai, J. Hayashi, I. Watanabe, M. Itoh, H. Honmou, M. Shikada, “12-channel parallel optical-fiber transmission using a low-drive current 1.3-μm LED array and a p-i-n PD array,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 883–888 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shimada, J.

T. Yoshikawa, H. Matsuoka, T. Yokota, J. Shimada, “Parallel optical interconnection for massively parallel processor RWC-1,” in Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing Using Optical Interconnections (MPPOI’97) (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1997), pp. 4–9.
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. F.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehlner, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. G. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of a high-density 32-channel 16-Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the optoelectronic technology consortium (OETC),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, Y.

H. Kosaka, M. Kajita, Y. Li, Y. Sugimoto, “A two-dimensional optical parallel transmission using a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser array module and an image fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 253–255 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Kosaka, M. Kajita, M. Yamada, Y. Sugimoto, K. Kurata, T. Tanabe, Y. Kasukawa, “2D alignment free VCSEL-array module with push/pull fiber connector,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1991–1992 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Suzaki, T.

K. Kaede, T. Uji, T. Nagahori, T. Suzaki, T. Torikai, J. Hayashi, I. Watanabe, M. Itoh, H. Honmou, M. Shikada, “12-channel parallel optical-fiber transmission using a low-drive current 1.3-μm LED array and a p-i-n PD array,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 883–888 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, S.

S. Tamura, S. Nakano, K. Okazaki, “Optical code-multiplex transmission by gold sequences,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-3, 121–127 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Tanabe, T.

H. Kosaka, M. Kajita, M. Yamada, Y. Sugimoto, K. Kurata, T. Tanabe, Y. Kasukawa, “2D alignment free VCSEL-array module with push/pull fiber connector,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1991–1992 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Torikai, T.

K. Kaede, T. Uji, T. Nagahori, T. Suzaki, T. Torikai, J. Hayashi, I. Watanabe, M. Itoh, H. Honmou, M. Shikada, “12-channel parallel optical-fiber transmission using a low-drive current 1.3-μm LED array and a p-i-n PD array,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 883–888 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Tyrone, B. H.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehlner, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. G. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of a high-density 32-channel 16-Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the optoelectronic technology consortium (OETC),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
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Uji, T.

K. Kaede, T. Uji, T. Nagahori, T. Suzaki, T. Torikai, J. Hayashi, I. Watanabe, M. Itoh, H. Honmou, M. Shikada, “12-channel parallel optical-fiber transmission using a low-drive current 1.3-μm LED array and a p-i-n PD array,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 883–888 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Walker, S. G.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehlner, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. G. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of a high-density 32-channel 16-Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the optoelectronic technology consortium (OETC),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

Watanabe, I.

K. Kaede, T. Uji, T. Nagahori, T. Suzaki, T. Torikai, J. Hayashi, I. Watanabe, M. Itoh, H. Honmou, M. Shikada, “12-channel parallel optical-fiber transmission using a low-drive current 1.3-μm LED array and a p-i-n PD array,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 883–888 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wong, Y. M.

Y. M. Wong, D. J. Muehlner, C. C. Faudskar, D. B. Buchholz, M. Fishteyn, J. L. Brandner, W. J. Parzygnat, R. A. Morgan, T. Mullally, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, K. G. Glogovsky, J. L. Zilko, J. V. Gates, P. J. Anthony, B. H. Tyrone, T. J. Ireland, D. H. Lewis, D. F. Smith, S. F. Nati, D. K. Lewis, D. L. Rogers, H. A. Aispain, S. M. Gowda, S. G. Walker, Y. H. Kwark, R. J. S. Bates, D. M. Kuchta, J. D. Crow, “Technology development of a high-density 32-channel 16-Gb/s optical data link for optical interconnection applications for the optoelectronic technology consortium (OETC),” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 995–1016 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, M.

H. Kosaka, M. Kajita, M. Yamada, Y. Sugimoto, K. Kurata, T. Tanabe, Y. Kasukawa, “2D alignment free VCSEL-array module with push/pull fiber connector,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1991–1992 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, T.

K. Koyabu, F. Ohira, T. Yamamoto, S. Matsuo, “Novel high-density collimator module,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication: OFC/IOOC, Vol. 4 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 2–3.

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G.-C. Yang, W. C. Kwong, “Two-dimensional spatial signature patterns,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 44, 184–191 (1996).
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G.-C. Yang, T. Fuja, “Optical orthogonal codes with unequal auto- and cross-correlation constraints,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 41, 96–106 (1995).
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Yokota, T.

T. Yoshikawa, H. Matsuoka, T. Yokota, J. Shimada, “Parallel optical interconnection for massively parallel processor RWC-1,” in Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing Using Optical Interconnections (MPPOI’97) (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1997), pp. 4–9.
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Yoshikawa, T.

T. Yoshikawa, H. Matsuoka, T. Yokota, J. Shimada, “Parallel optical interconnection for massively parallel processor RWC-1,” in Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing Using Optical Interconnections (MPPOI’97) (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1997), pp. 4–9.
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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagrams depicting (a) spatial encoding and (b) spatial decoding.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical implementation of a space–CDMA network. MUX, multiplexer; DEMUX, demultiplexer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic diagrams of (a) an optical spatial encoder module and (b) an optical decoder module.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical spatial encoder modules.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Prepared bit planes and OOSP’s.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Bit plane 4 before the encoding process.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Encoded and multiplexed bit planes after propagation through an image fiber.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Images after the correlation process with (a) OOSP 1, (b) OOSP 2, (c) OOSP 3, and (d) OOSP 4.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Intensity distribution of bit plane 2 decoded with OOSP 2 (a) without and (b) with normalization.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(a) Uniform plane pattern encoded by OOSP 2 after transmission through the image fiber. (b) Its intensity distribution.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Space–CDMA system implementation by use of VCSEL arrays and PD arrays.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Upper bound on the number of OOSP’s N that can be constructed with a size of M.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Specifications of the Test Image Fiber

Tables Icon

Table 2 Bit Plane 2 Decoded with OOSP 2 without Normalizationa

Tables Icon

Table 3 Bit Plane 2 Decoded with OOSP 2 with Normalizationa

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E q = e 11 q e 1 M q e M 1 q e MM q ,
i = 1 M j = 1 M   e i , j q e i + k , j + l q = w     k = l = 0 λ a   1 k ,   l M - 1 ,
i = 1 M j = 1 M   e i , j q e i + k , j + l q λ c ,     q q ,   0 k ,   l M - 1 .
N M 2 - 1 w w - 1 .
N M 2 - 1 λ a w w - 1 .

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