Abstract

A self-alignment technique that uses optical microconnectors for three-dimensional optics in optical computing systems and optical interconnections is proposed. The optical microconnector consists of an optical plug and a socket. On the output plane of an optical system, optical plugs are made of a photosensitive resin exposed to light through the optical system. Because the corresponding positions of the optical plugs are critical to the image formed by the optical system, a detecting device can be aligned and mounted by the connection of the optical plugs to sockets formed on the surface of the device. Optical microconnectors were experimentally fabricated in a reflective block optical system. An alignment accuracy of ∼20 μm was attained in the experiment.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. Miyazaki, J. Tanida, Y. Ichioka, “Optical implementation of the banyan network using a Sagnac inverter with a patterned mirror,” Opt. Commun. 93, 283–288 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Awatsuji, D. Miyazaki, J. Tanida, Y. Ichioka, “Overall operations of the hybrid optical parallel array logic system (H-OPALS162),” Opt. Rev. 1, 163–165 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. Miyazaki, J. Tanida, Y. Ichioka, “Reflective block optics for packaging of optical computing systems,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1281–1283 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. Jahns, A. Huang, “Planar integration of free-space optical components,” Appl. Opt. 28, 1602–1605 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. G. C. Boisset, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, “An approach to active alignment of free-space optical interconnects,” in Optical Computing, B. S. Wherrett, P. Chavel, eds., Vol. 139 of the Institute of Physics Conference Series (Institute of Physics, London, 1994), pp. 227–230.
  6. F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentin, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Design and tolerance comparisons for S-SEED-based free-space switching fabrics,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2697–2711 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. J. Goodwin, A. J. Moseley, M. Q. Kearley, R. C. Morris, C. J. G. Kirkby, J. Thompson, R. C. Goodfellow, I. Bennion, “Optoelectronic component arrays for optical interconnection of circuits and subsystems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1639–1645 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Sasaki, T. Baba, K. Iga, “Put-in microconnectors for alignment-free coupling of optical fiber arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 908–911 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Kawai, “Free-space optical crossbar-switches for self-routing and strictly nonblocking networks,” Opt. Rev. 4, 390–394 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. Kawai, “Free-space optical crossbar-switches for self-routing and strictly nonblocking networks,” Opt. Rev. 4, 390–394 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

D. Miyazaki, J. Tanida, Y. Ichioka, “Reflective block optics for packaging of optical computing systems,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1281–1283 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Awatsuji, D. Miyazaki, J. Tanida, Y. Ichioka, “Overall operations of the hybrid optical parallel array logic system (H-OPALS162),” Opt. Rev. 1, 163–165 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (3)

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentin, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Design and tolerance comparisons for S-SEED-based free-space switching fabrics,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2697–2711 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. Miyazaki, J. Tanida, Y. Ichioka, “Optical implementation of the banyan network using a Sagnac inverter with a patterned mirror,” Opt. Commun. 93, 283–288 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. Sasaki, T. Baba, K. Iga, “Put-in microconnectors for alignment-free coupling of optical fiber arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 908–911 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

M. J. Goodwin, A. J. Moseley, M. Q. Kearley, R. C. Morris, C. J. G. Kirkby, J. Thompson, R. C. Goodfellow, I. Bennion, “Optoelectronic component arrays for optical interconnection of circuits and subsystems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1639–1645 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

Awatsuji, Y.

Y. Awatsuji, D. Miyazaki, J. Tanida, Y. Ichioka, “Overall operations of the hybrid optical parallel array logic system (H-OPALS162),” Opt. Rev. 1, 163–165 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Baba, T.

A. Sasaki, T. Baba, K. Iga, “Put-in microconnectors for alignment-free coupling of optical fiber arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 908–911 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

M. J. Goodwin, A. J. Moseley, M. Q. Kearley, R. C. Morris, C. J. G. Kirkby, J. Thompson, R. C. Goodfellow, I. Bennion, “Optoelectronic component arrays for optical interconnection of circuits and subsystems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1639–1645 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Boisset, G. C.

G. C. Boisset, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, “An approach to active alignment of free-space optical interconnects,” in Optical Computing, B. S. Wherrett, P. Chavel, eds., Vol. 139 of the Institute of Physics Conference Series (Institute of Physics, London, 1994), pp. 227–230.

Brubaker, J. L.

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentin, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Design and tolerance comparisons for S-SEED-based free-space switching fabrics,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2697–2711 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Cloonan, T. J.

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentin, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Design and tolerance comparisons for S-SEED-based free-space switching fabrics,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2697–2711 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Crisci, R. J.

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentin, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Design and tolerance comparisons for S-SEED-based free-space switching fabrics,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2697–2711 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Goodfellow, R. C.

M. J. Goodwin, A. J. Moseley, M. Q. Kearley, R. C. Morris, C. J. G. Kirkby, J. Thompson, R. C. Goodfellow, I. Bennion, “Optoelectronic component arrays for optical interconnection of circuits and subsystems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1639–1645 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Goodwin, M. J.

M. J. Goodwin, A. J. Moseley, M. Q. Kearley, R. C. Morris, C. J. G. Kirkby, J. Thompson, R. C. Goodfellow, I. Bennion, “Optoelectronic component arrays for optical interconnection of circuits and subsystems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1639–1645 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Herron, M. J.

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentin, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Design and tolerance comparisons for S-SEED-based free-space switching fabrics,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2697–2711 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hinterlong, S. J.

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentin, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Design and tolerance comparisons for S-SEED-based free-space switching fabrics,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2697–2711 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hinton, H. S.

G. C. Boisset, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, “An approach to active alignment of free-space optical interconnects,” in Optical Computing, B. S. Wherrett, P. Chavel, eds., Vol. 139 of the Institute of Physics Conference Series (Institute of Physics, London, 1994), pp. 227–230.

Huang, A.

Ichioka, Y.

D. Miyazaki, J. Tanida, Y. Ichioka, “Reflective block optics for packaging of optical computing systems,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1281–1283 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Awatsuji, D. Miyazaki, J. Tanida, Y. Ichioka, “Overall operations of the hybrid optical parallel array logic system (H-OPALS162),” Opt. Rev. 1, 163–165 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. Miyazaki, J. Tanida, Y. Ichioka, “Optical implementation of the banyan network using a Sagnac inverter with a patterned mirror,” Opt. Commun. 93, 283–288 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Iga, K.

A. Sasaki, T. Baba, K. Iga, “Put-in microconnectors for alignment-free coupling of optical fiber arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 908–911 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jahns, J.

Kawai, S.

S. Kawai, “Free-space optical crossbar-switches for self-routing and strictly nonblocking networks,” Opt. Rev. 4, 390–394 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kearley, M. Q.

M. J. Goodwin, A. J. Moseley, M. Q. Kearley, R. C. Morris, C. J. G. Kirkby, J. Thompson, R. C. Goodfellow, I. Bennion, “Optoelectronic component arrays for optical interconnection of circuits and subsystems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1639–1645 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kirkby, C. J. G.

M. J. Goodwin, A. J. Moseley, M. Q. Kearley, R. C. Morris, C. J. G. Kirkby, J. Thompson, R. C. Goodfellow, I. Bennion, “Optoelectronic component arrays for optical interconnection of circuits and subsystems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1639–1645 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lentin, A. L.

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentin, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Design and tolerance comparisons for S-SEED-based free-space switching fabrics,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2697–2711 (1992).
[CrossRef]

McCormick, F. B.

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentin, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Design and tolerance comparisons for S-SEED-based free-space switching fabrics,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2697–2711 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Miyazaki, D.

D. Miyazaki, J. Tanida, Y. Ichioka, “Reflective block optics for packaging of optical computing systems,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1281–1283 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Awatsuji, D. Miyazaki, J. Tanida, Y. Ichioka, “Overall operations of the hybrid optical parallel array logic system (H-OPALS162),” Opt. Rev. 1, 163–165 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. Miyazaki, J. Tanida, Y. Ichioka, “Optical implementation of the banyan network using a Sagnac inverter with a patterned mirror,” Opt. Commun. 93, 283–288 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Morris, R. C.

M. J. Goodwin, A. J. Moseley, M. Q. Kearley, R. C. Morris, C. J. G. Kirkby, J. Thompson, R. C. Goodfellow, I. Bennion, “Optoelectronic component arrays for optical interconnection of circuits and subsystems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1639–1645 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Morrison, R. L.

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentin, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Design and tolerance comparisons for S-SEED-based free-space switching fabrics,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2697–2711 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Moseley, A. J.

M. J. Goodwin, A. J. Moseley, M. Q. Kearley, R. C. Morris, C. J. G. Kirkby, J. Thompson, R. C. Goodfellow, I. Bennion, “Optoelectronic component arrays for optical interconnection of circuits and subsystems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1639–1645 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, B.

G. C. Boisset, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, “An approach to active alignment of free-space optical interconnects,” in Optical Computing, B. S. Wherrett, P. Chavel, eds., Vol. 139 of the Institute of Physics Conference Series (Institute of Physics, London, 1994), pp. 227–230.

Sasaki, A.

A. Sasaki, T. Baba, K. Iga, “Put-in microconnectors for alignment-free coupling of optical fiber arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 908–911 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sasian, J. M.

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentin, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Design and tolerance comparisons for S-SEED-based free-space switching fabrics,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2697–2711 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tanida, J.

D. Miyazaki, J. Tanida, Y. Ichioka, “Reflective block optics for packaging of optical computing systems,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1281–1283 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Awatsuji, D. Miyazaki, J. Tanida, Y. Ichioka, “Overall operations of the hybrid optical parallel array logic system (H-OPALS162),” Opt. Rev. 1, 163–165 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. Miyazaki, J. Tanida, Y. Ichioka, “Optical implementation of the banyan network using a Sagnac inverter with a patterned mirror,” Opt. Commun. 93, 283–288 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, J.

M. J. Goodwin, A. J. Moseley, M. Q. Kearley, R. C. Morris, C. J. G. Kirkby, J. Thompson, R. C. Goodfellow, I. Bennion, “Optoelectronic component arrays for optical interconnection of circuits and subsystems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1639–1645 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tooley, F. A. P.

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentin, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Design and tolerance comparisons for S-SEED-based free-space switching fabrics,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2697–2711 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Walker, S. L.

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentin, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Design and tolerance comparisons for S-SEED-based free-space switching fabrics,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2697–2711 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Sasaki, T. Baba, K. Iga, “Put-in microconnectors for alignment-free coupling of optical fiber arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 908–911 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

M. J. Goodwin, A. J. Moseley, M. Q. Kearley, R. C. Morris, C. J. G. Kirkby, J. Thompson, R. C. Goodfellow, I. Bennion, “Optoelectronic component arrays for optical interconnection of circuits and subsystems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1639–1645 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Miyazaki, J. Tanida, Y. Ichioka, “Optical implementation of the banyan network using a Sagnac inverter with a patterned mirror,” Opt. Commun. 93, 283–288 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentin, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Design and tolerance comparisons for S-SEED-based free-space switching fabrics,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2697–2711 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Rev. (2)

S. Kawai, “Free-space optical crossbar-switches for self-routing and strictly nonblocking networks,” Opt. Rev. 4, 390–394 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Awatsuji, D. Miyazaki, J. Tanida, Y. Ichioka, “Overall operations of the hybrid optical parallel array logic system (H-OPALS162),” Opt. Rev. 1, 163–165 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

G. C. Boisset, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, “An approach to active alignment of free-space optical interconnects,” in Optical Computing, B. S. Wherrett, P. Chavel, eds., Vol. 139 of the Institute of Physics Conference Series (Institute of Physics, London, 1994), pp. 227–230.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Examples of REBOP: (a) 4f system, (b) combination of optical blocks in a complicated optical computing system.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Self-alignment by optical plugs. The optical plugs are made of a photosensitive resin exposed to light passing through the optical system.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup for forming optical plugs.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Fabricated strip-type optical plug: (a) Top view. (b) Cross section.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Optical plug and socket.

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