Abstract

Epitaxial lead titanate (PbTiO3) thin films on SrTiO3 (100) substrate were grown in situ by radio-frequency sputtering for optical waveguiding applications. The crystalline quality of the PbTiO3 films deposited at 550° C has been investigated through x-ray diffraction analysis. It indicates that thin films are completely c-axis oriented (rocking curve FWHM of 0.2° for the 001 reflection). The transmission spectrum method has been used to measure the dispersion of the refractive index. At 632.8 nm, the PbTiO3 film with an (001) orientation exhibits a refractive index of 2.61, which represents 98% of the bulk material. The prism-coupling technique has been also employed to determine the optical attenuation in the planar waveguide. In this study, we report a low propagation loss of 2.2 ± 0.2 dB/cm obtained in a PbTiO3 optical waveguide.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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