Abstract

A possibility of creation of long baselines by the distance-multiplying interferometric method for a calibration distance-measuring apparatus is considered. In contrast to existing versions of this method, in which cw radiation is used, we propose using wideband picosecond continuum radiation generated by powerful ultrashort laser pulses. In the experiment the interference pattern that is typical for white light, with a stable achromatic fringe, was observed. The presence of an achromatic fringe confirms a possibility of carrying out the measurements with an error of less than a wavelength of light. A possible arrangement of a pulse interferometer free from atmospheric fluctuations to create the baselines by one-stage measurement is discussed.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. N. Golubev, “Absolute laser interferometric distance measurement,” Surv. Rev. 32, 109–117 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. N. Golubev, A. M. Chekhovsky, S. N. Zakroischikov, “Refinement of the metrological chain for calibration of long-distance measurement systems,” Metrologia 31, 137–139 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. T. Prilepin, A. B. Sergejev, S. E. Solodov, “A light source with wide range of the coherency length tuning,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Geod. Aerofotos’emka 3, 107–111 (1984).
  4. B. K. Ward, K. Seta, “Quasi-monochromatic white light fringe interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 30, 66–71 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. T. Prilepin, A. N. Golubev, A. S. Medovicov, “Interferometric methods for distance measuring in the study of recent crustal movements,” Tectonophysics 52, 605–611 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Seta, S. Iwasaki, B. K. Ward, T. O’Ishi, “Establishment of a high accuracy baseline for EDM calibration in the NRLM tunnel,” J. Geod. Soc. Jpn. 38, 151–162 (1992).
  7. R. R. Alfano, S. L. Shapiro, “Observation of self-phase modulation and small scale filaments in liquids and glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 592–596 (1970).
    [CrossRef]

1994 (1)

A. N. Golubev, A. M. Chekhovsky, S. N. Zakroischikov, “Refinement of the metrological chain for calibration of long-distance measurement systems,” Metrologia 31, 137–139 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

A. N. Golubev, “Absolute laser interferometric distance measurement,” Surv. Rev. 32, 109–117 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

K. Seta, S. Iwasaki, B. K. Ward, T. O’Ishi, “Establishment of a high accuracy baseline for EDM calibration in the NRLM tunnel,” J. Geod. Soc. Jpn. 38, 151–162 (1992).

1991 (1)

1984 (1)

M. T. Prilepin, A. B. Sergejev, S. E. Solodov, “A light source with wide range of the coherency length tuning,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Geod. Aerofotos’emka 3, 107–111 (1984).

1979 (1)

M. T. Prilepin, A. N. Golubev, A. S. Medovicov, “Interferometric methods for distance measuring in the study of recent crustal movements,” Tectonophysics 52, 605–611 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

R. R. Alfano, S. L. Shapiro, “Observation of self-phase modulation and small scale filaments in liquids and glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 592–596 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Alfano, R. R.

R. R. Alfano, S. L. Shapiro, “Observation of self-phase modulation and small scale filaments in liquids and glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 592–596 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Chekhovsky, A. M.

A. N. Golubev, A. M. Chekhovsky, S. N. Zakroischikov, “Refinement of the metrological chain for calibration of long-distance measurement systems,” Metrologia 31, 137–139 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Golubev, A. N.

A. N. Golubev, A. M. Chekhovsky, S. N. Zakroischikov, “Refinement of the metrological chain for calibration of long-distance measurement systems,” Metrologia 31, 137–139 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. N. Golubev, “Absolute laser interferometric distance measurement,” Surv. Rev. 32, 109–117 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Prilepin, A. N. Golubev, A. S. Medovicov, “Interferometric methods for distance measuring in the study of recent crustal movements,” Tectonophysics 52, 605–611 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Iwasaki, S.

K. Seta, S. Iwasaki, B. K. Ward, T. O’Ishi, “Establishment of a high accuracy baseline for EDM calibration in the NRLM tunnel,” J. Geod. Soc. Jpn. 38, 151–162 (1992).

Medovicov, A. S.

M. T. Prilepin, A. N. Golubev, A. S. Medovicov, “Interferometric methods for distance measuring in the study of recent crustal movements,” Tectonophysics 52, 605–611 (1979).
[CrossRef]

O’Ishi, T.

K. Seta, S. Iwasaki, B. K. Ward, T. O’Ishi, “Establishment of a high accuracy baseline for EDM calibration in the NRLM tunnel,” J. Geod. Soc. Jpn. 38, 151–162 (1992).

Prilepin, M. T.

M. T. Prilepin, A. B. Sergejev, S. E. Solodov, “A light source with wide range of the coherency length tuning,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Geod. Aerofotos’emka 3, 107–111 (1984).

M. T. Prilepin, A. N. Golubev, A. S. Medovicov, “Interferometric methods for distance measuring in the study of recent crustal movements,” Tectonophysics 52, 605–611 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Sergejev, A. B.

M. T. Prilepin, A. B. Sergejev, S. E. Solodov, “A light source with wide range of the coherency length tuning,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Geod. Aerofotos’emka 3, 107–111 (1984).

Seta, K.

K. Seta, S. Iwasaki, B. K. Ward, T. O’Ishi, “Establishment of a high accuracy baseline for EDM calibration in the NRLM tunnel,” J. Geod. Soc. Jpn. 38, 151–162 (1992).

B. K. Ward, K. Seta, “Quasi-monochromatic white light fringe interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 30, 66–71 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shapiro, S. L.

R. R. Alfano, S. L. Shapiro, “Observation of self-phase modulation and small scale filaments in liquids and glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 592–596 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Solodov, S. E.

M. T. Prilepin, A. B. Sergejev, S. E. Solodov, “A light source with wide range of the coherency length tuning,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Geod. Aerofotos’emka 3, 107–111 (1984).

Ward, B. K.

K. Seta, S. Iwasaki, B. K. Ward, T. O’Ishi, “Establishment of a high accuracy baseline for EDM calibration in the NRLM tunnel,” J. Geod. Soc. Jpn. 38, 151–162 (1992).

B. K. Ward, K. Seta, “Quasi-monochromatic white light fringe interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 30, 66–71 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zakroischikov, S. N.

A. N. Golubev, A. M. Chekhovsky, S. N. Zakroischikov, “Refinement of the metrological chain for calibration of long-distance measurement systems,” Metrologia 31, 137–139 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Geod. Aerofotos’emka (1)

M. T. Prilepin, A. B. Sergejev, S. E. Solodov, “A light source with wide range of the coherency length tuning,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Geod. Aerofotos’emka 3, 107–111 (1984).

J. Geod. Soc. Jpn. (1)

K. Seta, S. Iwasaki, B. K. Ward, T. O’Ishi, “Establishment of a high accuracy baseline for EDM calibration in the NRLM tunnel,” J. Geod. Soc. Jpn. 38, 151–162 (1992).

Metrologia (1)

A. N. Golubev, A. M. Chekhovsky, S. N. Zakroischikov, “Refinement of the metrological chain for calibration of long-distance measurement systems,” Metrologia 31, 137–139 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

R. R. Alfano, S. L. Shapiro, “Observation of self-phase modulation and small scale filaments in liquids and glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 592–596 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Surv. Rev. (1)

A. N. Golubev, “Absolute laser interferometric distance measurement,” Surv. Rev. 32, 109–117 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tectonophysics (1)

M. T. Prilepin, A. N. Golubev, A. S. Medovicov, “Interferometric methods for distance measuring in the study of recent crustal movements,” Tectonophysics 52, 605–611 (1979).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the Väisälä interferometer: LS, light source; BS’s, beam splitters; M’s, mirrors; PD, photodetector.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup: AE’s, active elements; D, diaphragm; GP, glass plates; M’s, dielectric mirrors; MM’s, broadband metallic mirrors; L’s, lenses; BSC, beam-splitter cube.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic of the pulse interferometer: SPS, single-pulse selector; CCD, charge-coupled device; CDL, coaxial delay line; BS, beam splitter; M1, broadband high-reflecting mirrors; M2, broadband mirror with a small optical transmission coefficient.

Equations (1)

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L = mln 0 ,

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