Abstract

We demonstrate a new method of detecting the presence of ferroelectric domains based on non-phase-matched second-harmonic generation. If a domain boundary is tilted relative to the input and output faces of the crystal, the far-field second-harmonic light consists of multiple beams, in contrast to the single beam generated in a single-domain crystal. The angular separation of the beams provides a measure of the tilt of the domain wall if the refractive-index difference n - nω is known.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. J. Armstrong, W. J. Alford, T. D. Raymond, A. V. Smith, “Absolute measurement of the effective nonlinearities of KTP and BBO crystals by optical parametric amplification,” Appl. Opt. 35, 2032–2040 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. F. Laurell, M. G. Roefols, M. Bindloss, H. Hsuing, A. Suma, J. D. Bierlein, “Detection of ferroelectric domain reversal in KTiOPO4 waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 71, 4664–4670 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. D. Bierlein, F. Ahmed, “Observation and poling of ferroelectric domains in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1322–1324 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. M. Loiacono, R. A. Stolzenberger, “Observation of complex domain walls in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1498–1499 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Z. W. Hu, P. A. Thomas, M. C. Gupta, W. P. Risk, “Multiple-crystal x-ray topographic characterization of periodically domain-inverted KTiOPO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 13–15 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Houe, P. D. Townsend, “An introduction to methods of periodic poling for second-harmonic generation,” J. Phys. D 28, 1747–1763 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. Rosenman, A. Skliar, I. Lareah, N. Angert, M. Tseitlin, M. Roth, “Observation of ferroelectric domain structures by secondary-electron microscopy in as-grown KTiOPO4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 54, 6222–6226 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Reichert, K. Betzler, “Induced noncollinear frequency-doubling: a new characterization technique for electrooptic crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 79, 2209–2212 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. S. Cudney, V. Garces-Chavez, P. Negrete-Regagnon, “Analysis of ferroelectric 180°-domain structures in BaTiO3 by use of second-harmonic scattering,” Opt. Lett. 22, 439–441 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. G. Dolino, “Effects of domain shapes on second-harmonic scattering in triglycine sulfate,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4025–4035 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Kurimura, Y. Uesu, “Application of the second harmonic generation microscope to nondestructive observation of periodically poled ferroelectric domains in quasi-phase-matched wavelength converters,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 369–375 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics, (Wiley, New York, 1984).
  13. R. L. Sutherland, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics, (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1996).
  14. J. Jerphagnon, S. K. Kurtz, “Maker fringes: a detailed comparison of theory and experiment for isotropic and uniaxial crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1667–1681 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  15. W. N. Herman, L. M. Hayden, “Maker fringes revisited: second-harmonic generation from birefringent or absorbing materials,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 416–427 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  16. D. Chemla, P. Kupecek, “Analyse des experiences de generation de second harmonique,” Rev. Phys. Appl. 6, 31–50 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  17. V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Guradyan, D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals, (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1991).
  18. H. Vanherzeele, J. D. Bierlein, F. C. Zumsteg, “Index of refraction measurements and parametric generation in hydrothermally grown KTiOPO4,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3314–3316 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. I. Tardjman, R. Masse, J. C. Gritel, “Structure cristalline du monophosphate KTiPO5,” Z. Kristallogr. 139, 103–115 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. D. Bierlein, F. Ahmed, “Observation and poling of ferroelectric domains in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1322–1324 (1987).
    [CrossRef]

1997 (2)

S. Kurimura, Y. Uesu, “Application of the second harmonic generation microscope to nondestructive observation of periodically poled ferroelectric domains in quasi-phase-matched wavelength converters,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 369–375 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Cudney, V. Garces-Chavez, P. Negrete-Regagnon, “Analysis of ferroelectric 180°-domain structures in BaTiO3 by use of second-harmonic scattering,” Opt. Lett. 22, 439–441 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (3)

D. J. Armstrong, W. J. Alford, T. D. Raymond, A. V. Smith, “Absolute measurement of the effective nonlinearities of KTP and BBO crystals by optical parametric amplification,” Appl. Opt. 35, 2032–2040 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Rosenman, A. Skliar, I. Lareah, N. Angert, M. Tseitlin, M. Roth, “Observation of ferroelectric domain structures by secondary-electron microscopy in as-grown KTiOPO4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 54, 6222–6226 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Reichert, K. Betzler, “Induced noncollinear frequency-doubling: a new characterization technique for electrooptic crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 79, 2209–2212 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (3)

Z. W. Hu, P. A. Thomas, M. C. Gupta, W. P. Risk, “Multiple-crystal x-ray topographic characterization of periodically domain-inverted KTiOPO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 13–15 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Houe, P. D. Townsend, “An introduction to methods of periodic poling for second-harmonic generation,” J. Phys. D 28, 1747–1763 (1995).
[CrossRef]

W. N. Herman, L. M. Hayden, “Maker fringes revisited: second-harmonic generation from birefringent or absorbing materials,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 416–427 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

F. Laurell, M. G. Roefols, M. Bindloss, H. Hsuing, A. Suma, J. D. Bierlein, “Detection of ferroelectric domain reversal in KTiOPO4 waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 71, 4664–4670 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1988 (2)

1987 (2)

J. D. Bierlein, F. Ahmed, “Observation and poling of ferroelectric domains in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1322–1324 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Bierlein, F. Ahmed, “Observation and poling of ferroelectric domains in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1322–1324 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

I. Tardjman, R. Masse, J. C. Gritel, “Structure cristalline du monophosphate KTiPO5,” Z. Kristallogr. 139, 103–115 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

G. Dolino, “Effects of domain shapes on second-harmonic scattering in triglycine sulfate,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4025–4035 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

D. Chemla, P. Kupecek, “Analyse des experiences de generation de second harmonique,” Rev. Phys. Appl. 6, 31–50 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

J. Jerphagnon, S. K. Kurtz, “Maker fringes: a detailed comparison of theory and experiment for isotropic and uniaxial crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1667–1681 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Ahmed, F.

J. D. Bierlein, F. Ahmed, “Observation and poling of ferroelectric domains in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1322–1324 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Bierlein, F. Ahmed, “Observation and poling of ferroelectric domains in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1322–1324 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Alford, W. J.

Angert, N.

G. Rosenman, A. Skliar, I. Lareah, N. Angert, M. Tseitlin, M. Roth, “Observation of ferroelectric domain structures by secondary-electron microscopy in as-grown KTiOPO4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 54, 6222–6226 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, D. J.

Betzler, K.

A. Reichert, K. Betzler, “Induced noncollinear frequency-doubling: a new characterization technique for electrooptic crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 79, 2209–2212 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bierlein, J. D.

F. Laurell, M. G. Roefols, M. Bindloss, H. Hsuing, A. Suma, J. D. Bierlein, “Detection of ferroelectric domain reversal in KTiOPO4 waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 71, 4664–4670 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. Vanherzeele, J. D. Bierlein, F. C. Zumsteg, “Index of refraction measurements and parametric generation in hydrothermally grown KTiOPO4,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3314–3316 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Bierlein, F. Ahmed, “Observation and poling of ferroelectric domains in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1322–1324 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Bierlein, F. Ahmed, “Observation and poling of ferroelectric domains in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1322–1324 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bindloss, M.

F. Laurell, M. G. Roefols, M. Bindloss, H. Hsuing, A. Suma, J. D. Bierlein, “Detection of ferroelectric domain reversal in KTiOPO4 waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 71, 4664–4670 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chemla, D.

D. Chemla, P. Kupecek, “Analyse des experiences de generation de second harmonique,” Rev. Phys. Appl. 6, 31–50 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Cudney, R. S.

Dmitriev, V. G.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Guradyan, D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals, (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1991).

Dolino, G.

G. Dolino, “Effects of domain shapes on second-harmonic scattering in triglycine sulfate,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4025–4035 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Garces-Chavez, V.

Gritel, J. C.

I. Tardjman, R. Masse, J. C. Gritel, “Structure cristalline du monophosphate KTiPO5,” Z. Kristallogr. 139, 103–115 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Gupta, M. C.

Z. W. Hu, P. A. Thomas, M. C. Gupta, W. P. Risk, “Multiple-crystal x-ray topographic characterization of periodically domain-inverted KTiOPO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 13–15 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Guradyan, G. G.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Guradyan, D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals, (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1991).

Hayden, L. M.

Herman, W. N.

Houe, M.

M. Houe, P. D. Townsend, “An introduction to methods of periodic poling for second-harmonic generation,” J. Phys. D 28, 1747–1763 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hsuing, H.

F. Laurell, M. G. Roefols, M. Bindloss, H. Hsuing, A. Suma, J. D. Bierlein, “Detection of ferroelectric domain reversal in KTiOPO4 waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 71, 4664–4670 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Z. W.

Z. W. Hu, P. A. Thomas, M. C. Gupta, W. P. Risk, “Multiple-crystal x-ray topographic characterization of periodically domain-inverted KTiOPO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 13–15 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jerphagnon, J.

J. Jerphagnon, S. K. Kurtz, “Maker fringes: a detailed comparison of theory and experiment for isotropic and uniaxial crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1667–1681 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Kupecek, P.

D. Chemla, P. Kupecek, “Analyse des experiences de generation de second harmonique,” Rev. Phys. Appl. 6, 31–50 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Kurimura, S.

S. Kurimura, Y. Uesu, “Application of the second harmonic generation microscope to nondestructive observation of periodically poled ferroelectric domains in quasi-phase-matched wavelength converters,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 369–375 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kurtz, S. K.

J. Jerphagnon, S. K. Kurtz, “Maker fringes: a detailed comparison of theory and experiment for isotropic and uniaxial crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1667–1681 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Lareah, I.

G. Rosenman, A. Skliar, I. Lareah, N. Angert, M. Tseitlin, M. Roth, “Observation of ferroelectric domain structures by secondary-electron microscopy in as-grown KTiOPO4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 54, 6222–6226 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Laurell, F.

F. Laurell, M. G. Roefols, M. Bindloss, H. Hsuing, A. Suma, J. D. Bierlein, “Detection of ferroelectric domain reversal in KTiOPO4 waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 71, 4664–4670 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Loiacono, G. M.

G. M. Loiacono, R. A. Stolzenberger, “Observation of complex domain walls in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1498–1499 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Masse, R.

I. Tardjman, R. Masse, J. C. Gritel, “Structure cristalline du monophosphate KTiPO5,” Z. Kristallogr. 139, 103–115 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Negrete-Regagnon, P.

Nikogosyan, D. N.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Guradyan, D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals, (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1991).

Raymond, T. D.

Reichert, A.

A. Reichert, K. Betzler, “Induced noncollinear frequency-doubling: a new characterization technique for electrooptic crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 79, 2209–2212 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Risk, W. P.

Z. W. Hu, P. A. Thomas, M. C. Gupta, W. P. Risk, “Multiple-crystal x-ray topographic characterization of periodically domain-inverted KTiOPO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 13–15 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Roefols, M. G.

F. Laurell, M. G. Roefols, M. Bindloss, H. Hsuing, A. Suma, J. D. Bierlein, “Detection of ferroelectric domain reversal in KTiOPO4 waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 71, 4664–4670 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Rosenman, G.

G. Rosenman, A. Skliar, I. Lareah, N. Angert, M. Tseitlin, M. Roth, “Observation of ferroelectric domain structures by secondary-electron microscopy in as-grown KTiOPO4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 54, 6222–6226 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Roth, M.

G. Rosenman, A. Skliar, I. Lareah, N. Angert, M. Tseitlin, M. Roth, “Observation of ferroelectric domain structures by secondary-electron microscopy in as-grown KTiOPO4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 54, 6222–6226 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. R.

Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics, (Wiley, New York, 1984).

Skliar, A.

G. Rosenman, A. Skliar, I. Lareah, N. Angert, M. Tseitlin, M. Roth, “Observation of ferroelectric domain structures by secondary-electron microscopy in as-grown KTiOPO4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 54, 6222–6226 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Smith, A. V.

Stolzenberger, R. A.

G. M. Loiacono, R. A. Stolzenberger, “Observation of complex domain walls in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1498–1499 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Suma, A.

F. Laurell, M. G. Roefols, M. Bindloss, H. Hsuing, A. Suma, J. D. Bierlein, “Detection of ferroelectric domain reversal in KTiOPO4 waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 71, 4664–4670 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sutherland, R. L.

R. L. Sutherland, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics, (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1996).

Tardjman, I.

I. Tardjman, R. Masse, J. C. Gritel, “Structure cristalline du monophosphate KTiPO5,” Z. Kristallogr. 139, 103–115 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, P. A.

Z. W. Hu, P. A. Thomas, M. C. Gupta, W. P. Risk, “Multiple-crystal x-ray topographic characterization of periodically domain-inverted KTiOPO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 13–15 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Townsend, P. D.

M. Houe, P. D. Townsend, “An introduction to methods of periodic poling for second-harmonic generation,” J. Phys. D 28, 1747–1763 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tseitlin, M.

G. Rosenman, A. Skliar, I. Lareah, N. Angert, M. Tseitlin, M. Roth, “Observation of ferroelectric domain structures by secondary-electron microscopy in as-grown KTiOPO4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 54, 6222–6226 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Uesu, Y.

S. Kurimura, Y. Uesu, “Application of the second harmonic generation microscope to nondestructive observation of periodically poled ferroelectric domains in quasi-phase-matched wavelength converters,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 369–375 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Vanherzeele, H.

Zumsteg, F. C.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

J. D. Bierlein, F. Ahmed, “Observation and poling of ferroelectric domains in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1322–1324 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Bierlein, F. Ahmed, “Observation and poling of ferroelectric domains in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1322–1324 (1987).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Loiacono, R. A. Stolzenberger, “Observation of complex domain walls in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1498–1499 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Hu, P. A. Thomas, M. C. Gupta, W. P. Risk, “Multiple-crystal x-ray topographic characterization of periodically domain-inverted KTiOPO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 13–15 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (4)

A. Reichert, K. Betzler, “Induced noncollinear frequency-doubling: a new characterization technique for electrooptic crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 79, 2209–2212 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Kurimura, Y. Uesu, “Application of the second harmonic generation microscope to nondestructive observation of periodically poled ferroelectric domains in quasi-phase-matched wavelength converters,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 369–375 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Jerphagnon, S. K. Kurtz, “Maker fringes: a detailed comparison of theory and experiment for isotropic and uniaxial crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1667–1681 (1970).
[CrossRef]

F. Laurell, M. G. Roefols, M. Bindloss, H. Hsuing, A. Suma, J. D. Bierlein, “Detection of ferroelectric domain reversal in KTiOPO4 waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 71, 4664–4670 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. D (1)

M. Houe, P. D. Townsend, “An introduction to methods of periodic poling for second-harmonic generation,” J. Phys. D 28, 1747–1763 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

G. Rosenman, A. Skliar, I. Lareah, N. Angert, M. Tseitlin, M. Roth, “Observation of ferroelectric domain structures by secondary-electron microscopy in as-grown KTiOPO4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 54, 6222–6226 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. Dolino, “Effects of domain shapes on second-harmonic scattering in triglycine sulfate,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4025–4035 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Phys. Appl. (1)

D. Chemla, P. Kupecek, “Analyse des experiences de generation de second harmonique,” Rev. Phys. Appl. 6, 31–50 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Z. Kristallogr. (1)

I. Tardjman, R. Masse, J. C. Gritel, “Structure cristalline du monophosphate KTiPO5,” Z. Kristallogr. 139, 103–115 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Guradyan, D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals, (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1991).

Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics, (Wiley, New York, 1984).

R. L. Sutherland, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics, (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1996).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics