Abstract

Methylene-blue-sensitized dichromated gelatin (MBDCG) is a suitable material for recording full-color holograms in a single layer. However, a drying process in an ammonia atmosphere is necessary to prepare the MBDCG plate. This process is time-consuming and unstable. A simplified method for preparing the MBDCG plate is presented in which the MBDCG can be dried without ammonia. Elimination of the drying process is possible when the methylene blue in MBDCG does not separate. This is achieved by a decrease in the concentration of dichromate in the photosensitized solution and the addition of an ammonia solution to the photosensitized solution. Last, the gelatin is allowed to gel. A Lippmann color hologram grating with a diffraction efficiency of more than 80% is obtained by use of this MBDCG.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. T. A. Shankoff, “Phase hologram in dichromated gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 7, 2101–2105 (1968).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A. Graube, “Hologram recorded with red light in dye sensitized dichromated gelatin,” Opt. Commun. 8, 251–253 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Akagi, “Spectral sensitization of dichromated gelatin,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 18, 248–250 (1974).
  4. A. Graube, “Dye-sensitized dichromated gelatin for holographic optical element fabrication,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 22, 37–41 (1978).
  5. C. Solano, R. A. Lessard, P. C. Roberge, “Methylene blue sensitized gelatin as a photosensitive medium for conventional and polarizing holography,” Appl. Opt. 26, 1989–1997 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. N. Capolla, R. A. Lessard, “Processing of holograms recorded in methylene blue sensitized gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3008–3012 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Blyth, “Methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin holograms: a new electron donor for their improved photosensitivity,” Appl. Opt. 30, 1598–1602 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. T. Rimpler, G. Wernicke, H. Gruber, “Red sensitive dichromated gelatin: investigations on the influence of some parameters on diffraction efficiency,” Opt. Eng. 34, 1128–1131 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Kubota, T. Ose, M. Sasaki, K. Honda, “Hologram formation with red light in methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 15, 556–558 (1976).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. Kubota, T. Ose, “Lippmann color holograms recorded in methylene-blue-sensitized dichromated gelatin,” Opt. Lett. 4, 289–291 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. T. Kubota, T. Ose, “Methods of increasing the sensitivity of methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 18, 2538–2539 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. Changkatoki, S. V. Pappu, “Study on the pH dependence of the diffraction efficiency of phase holograms in dye sensitized dichromated gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 25, 798–801 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. Changkatoki, S. S. C. Babu, S. V. Pappu, “Role of external electron donor in methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin holograms: an experimental study,” Appl. Opt. 27, 324–330 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. Changkatoki, S. V. Pappu, “Methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin holograms: a study of their storage life and reprocessibility,” Appl. Opt. 28, 340–344 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. Changkatoki, S. V. Pappu, “Towards optimum diffraction efficiency for methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin holograms,” Opt. Laser Technol. 21, 259–263 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  16. O. Salminen, T. Keinonen, M. Pellinen, “On holographic properties of methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin developed without posthardening,” Opt. Commun. 70, 277–280 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  17. T. Mizuno, T. Goto, M. Goto, K. Matsui, T. Kubota, “Methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin holograms: influence of moisture on their exposure and diffraction efficiency,” Appl. Opt. 29, 4757–4760 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. S. Namba, K. Kurokawa, T. Fujita, T. Mizuno, T. Kubota, “Improvement of the transmittance of methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin,” in Practical Holography VI, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1667, 145–151 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  19. K. Kurokawa, S. Koike, S. Namba, T. Mizuno, T. Kubota, “Full color holograms recorded in methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin,” in International Conference on Applications of Optical Holography, T. Honda, ed., Proc. SPIE2577, 106–111 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. Sasaki, K. Honda, S. Kikuchi, “Studies on photosensitive dichromated materials,” Rep. Inst. Ind. Sci. Univ. Tokyo 27, 1–58 (1978).
  21. Y. Okawa, H. Matsuda, K. Iguchi, H. Kobayasi, T. Ohno, “Rhealogical and differential scanning calorimetric study of sol-to-gel transition of gelatin,” J. Soc. Photogr. Sci. Technol. Jpn. 59, 439–443 (1996) (in Japanese).
  22. Yu. N. Denisyuk, “Photographic reconstruction of the optical properties of an object in its own scattered radiation field,” Sov. Phys. Dok. 7, 543–545 (1962).

1996 (1)

Y. Okawa, H. Matsuda, K. Iguchi, H. Kobayasi, T. Ohno, “Rhealogical and differential scanning calorimetric study of sol-to-gel transition of gelatin,” J. Soc. Photogr. Sci. Technol. Jpn. 59, 439–443 (1996) (in Japanese).

1995 (1)

T. Rimpler, G. Wernicke, H. Gruber, “Red sensitive dichromated gelatin: investigations on the influence of some parameters on diffraction efficiency,” Opt. Eng. 34, 1128–1131 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1990 (1)

1989 (3)

R. Changkatoki, S. V. Pappu, “Methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin holograms: a study of their storage life and reprocessibility,” Appl. Opt. 28, 340–344 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. Changkatoki, S. V. Pappu, “Towards optimum diffraction efficiency for methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin holograms,” Opt. Laser Technol. 21, 259–263 (1989).
[CrossRef]

O. Salminen, T. Keinonen, M. Pellinen, “On holographic properties of methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin developed without posthardening,” Opt. Commun. 70, 277–280 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (2)

1987 (1)

1986 (1)

1979 (2)

1978 (2)

A. Graube, “Dye-sensitized dichromated gelatin for holographic optical element fabrication,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 22, 37–41 (1978).

M. Sasaki, K. Honda, S. Kikuchi, “Studies on photosensitive dichromated materials,” Rep. Inst. Ind. Sci. Univ. Tokyo 27, 1–58 (1978).

1976 (1)

1974 (1)

M. Akagi, “Spectral sensitization of dichromated gelatin,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 18, 248–250 (1974).

1973 (1)

A. Graube, “Hologram recorded with red light in dye sensitized dichromated gelatin,” Opt. Commun. 8, 251–253 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

1962 (1)

Yu. N. Denisyuk, “Photographic reconstruction of the optical properties of an object in its own scattered radiation field,” Sov. Phys. Dok. 7, 543–545 (1962).

Akagi, M.

M. Akagi, “Spectral sensitization of dichromated gelatin,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 18, 248–250 (1974).

Babu, S. S. C.

Blyth, J.

Capolla, N.

Changkatoki, R.

Denisyuk, Yu. N.

Yu. N. Denisyuk, “Photographic reconstruction of the optical properties of an object in its own scattered radiation field,” Sov. Phys. Dok. 7, 543–545 (1962).

Fujita, T.

S. Namba, K. Kurokawa, T. Fujita, T. Mizuno, T. Kubota, “Improvement of the transmittance of methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin,” in Practical Holography VI, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1667, 145–151 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Goto, M.

Goto, T.

Graube, A.

A. Graube, “Dye-sensitized dichromated gelatin for holographic optical element fabrication,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 22, 37–41 (1978).

A. Graube, “Hologram recorded with red light in dye sensitized dichromated gelatin,” Opt. Commun. 8, 251–253 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Gruber, H.

T. Rimpler, G. Wernicke, H. Gruber, “Red sensitive dichromated gelatin: investigations on the influence of some parameters on diffraction efficiency,” Opt. Eng. 34, 1128–1131 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Honda, K.

M. Sasaki, K. Honda, S. Kikuchi, “Studies on photosensitive dichromated materials,” Rep. Inst. Ind. Sci. Univ. Tokyo 27, 1–58 (1978).

T. Kubota, T. Ose, M. Sasaki, K. Honda, “Hologram formation with red light in methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 15, 556–558 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Iguchi, K.

Y. Okawa, H. Matsuda, K. Iguchi, H. Kobayasi, T. Ohno, “Rhealogical and differential scanning calorimetric study of sol-to-gel transition of gelatin,” J. Soc. Photogr. Sci. Technol. Jpn. 59, 439–443 (1996) (in Japanese).

Keinonen, T.

O. Salminen, T. Keinonen, M. Pellinen, “On holographic properties of methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin developed without posthardening,” Opt. Commun. 70, 277–280 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, S.

M. Sasaki, K. Honda, S. Kikuchi, “Studies on photosensitive dichromated materials,” Rep. Inst. Ind. Sci. Univ. Tokyo 27, 1–58 (1978).

Kobayasi, H.

Y. Okawa, H. Matsuda, K. Iguchi, H. Kobayasi, T. Ohno, “Rhealogical and differential scanning calorimetric study of sol-to-gel transition of gelatin,” J. Soc. Photogr. Sci. Technol. Jpn. 59, 439–443 (1996) (in Japanese).

Koike, S.

K. Kurokawa, S. Koike, S. Namba, T. Mizuno, T. Kubota, “Full color holograms recorded in methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin,” in International Conference on Applications of Optical Holography, T. Honda, ed., Proc. SPIE2577, 106–111 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kubota, T.

Kurokawa, K.

S. Namba, K. Kurokawa, T. Fujita, T. Mizuno, T. Kubota, “Improvement of the transmittance of methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin,” in Practical Holography VI, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1667, 145–151 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Kurokawa, S. Koike, S. Namba, T. Mizuno, T. Kubota, “Full color holograms recorded in methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin,” in International Conference on Applications of Optical Holography, T. Honda, ed., Proc. SPIE2577, 106–111 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lessard, R. A.

Matsuda, H.

Y. Okawa, H. Matsuda, K. Iguchi, H. Kobayasi, T. Ohno, “Rhealogical and differential scanning calorimetric study of sol-to-gel transition of gelatin,” J. Soc. Photogr. Sci. Technol. Jpn. 59, 439–443 (1996) (in Japanese).

Matsui, K.

Mizuno, T.

T. Mizuno, T. Goto, M. Goto, K. Matsui, T. Kubota, “Methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin holograms: influence of moisture on their exposure and diffraction efficiency,” Appl. Opt. 29, 4757–4760 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kurokawa, S. Koike, S. Namba, T. Mizuno, T. Kubota, “Full color holograms recorded in methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin,” in International Conference on Applications of Optical Holography, T. Honda, ed., Proc. SPIE2577, 106–111 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. Namba, K. Kurokawa, T. Fujita, T. Mizuno, T. Kubota, “Improvement of the transmittance of methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin,” in Practical Holography VI, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1667, 145–151 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Namba, S.

S. Namba, K. Kurokawa, T. Fujita, T. Mizuno, T. Kubota, “Improvement of the transmittance of methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin,” in Practical Holography VI, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1667, 145–151 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Kurokawa, S. Koike, S. Namba, T. Mizuno, T. Kubota, “Full color holograms recorded in methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin,” in International Conference on Applications of Optical Holography, T. Honda, ed., Proc. SPIE2577, 106–111 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ohno, T.

Y. Okawa, H. Matsuda, K. Iguchi, H. Kobayasi, T. Ohno, “Rhealogical and differential scanning calorimetric study of sol-to-gel transition of gelatin,” J. Soc. Photogr. Sci. Technol. Jpn. 59, 439–443 (1996) (in Japanese).

Okawa, Y.

Y. Okawa, H. Matsuda, K. Iguchi, H. Kobayasi, T. Ohno, “Rhealogical and differential scanning calorimetric study of sol-to-gel transition of gelatin,” J. Soc. Photogr. Sci. Technol. Jpn. 59, 439–443 (1996) (in Japanese).

Ose, T.

Pappu, S. V.

Pellinen, M.

O. Salminen, T. Keinonen, M. Pellinen, “On holographic properties of methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin developed without posthardening,” Opt. Commun. 70, 277–280 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Rimpler, T.

T. Rimpler, G. Wernicke, H. Gruber, “Red sensitive dichromated gelatin: investigations on the influence of some parameters on diffraction efficiency,” Opt. Eng. 34, 1128–1131 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Roberge, P. C.

Salminen, O.

O. Salminen, T. Keinonen, M. Pellinen, “On holographic properties of methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin developed without posthardening,” Opt. Commun. 70, 277–280 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, M.

M. Sasaki, K. Honda, S. Kikuchi, “Studies on photosensitive dichromated materials,” Rep. Inst. Ind. Sci. Univ. Tokyo 27, 1–58 (1978).

T. Kubota, T. Ose, M. Sasaki, K. Honda, “Hologram formation with red light in methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 15, 556–558 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shankoff, T. A.

Solano, C.

Wernicke, G.

T. Rimpler, G. Wernicke, H. Gruber, “Red sensitive dichromated gelatin: investigations on the influence of some parameters on diffraction efficiency,” Opt. Eng. 34, 1128–1131 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (10)

T. A. Shankoff, “Phase hologram in dichromated gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 7, 2101–2105 (1968).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kubota, T. Ose, M. Sasaki, K. Honda, “Hologram formation with red light in methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 15, 556–558 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Changkatoki, S. V. Pappu, “Study on the pH dependence of the diffraction efficiency of phase holograms in dye sensitized dichromated gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 25, 798–801 (1986).
[CrossRef]

C. Solano, R. A. Lessard, P. C. Roberge, “Methylene blue sensitized gelatin as a photosensitive medium for conventional and polarizing holography,” Appl. Opt. 26, 1989–1997 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Changkatoki, S. S. C. Babu, S. V. Pappu, “Role of external electron donor in methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin holograms: an experimental study,” Appl. Opt. 27, 324–330 (1988).
[CrossRef]

N. Capolla, R. A. Lessard, “Processing of holograms recorded in methylene blue sensitized gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3008–3012 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Changkatoki, S. V. Pappu, “Methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin holograms: a study of their storage life and reprocessibility,” Appl. Opt. 28, 340–344 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. Mizuno, T. Goto, M. Goto, K. Matsui, T. Kubota, “Methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin holograms: influence of moisture on their exposure and diffraction efficiency,” Appl. Opt. 29, 4757–4760 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Blyth, “Methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin holograms: a new electron donor for their improved photosensitivity,” Appl. Opt. 30, 1598–1602 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kubota, T. Ose, “Methods of increasing the sensitivity of methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin,” Appl. Opt. 18, 2538–2539 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Soc. Photogr. Sci. Technol. Jpn. (1)

Y. Okawa, H. Matsuda, K. Iguchi, H. Kobayasi, T. Ohno, “Rhealogical and differential scanning calorimetric study of sol-to-gel transition of gelatin,” J. Soc. Photogr. Sci. Technol. Jpn. 59, 439–443 (1996) (in Japanese).

Opt. Commun. (2)

O. Salminen, T. Keinonen, M. Pellinen, “On holographic properties of methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin developed without posthardening,” Opt. Commun. 70, 277–280 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Graube, “Hologram recorded with red light in dye sensitized dichromated gelatin,” Opt. Commun. 8, 251–253 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

T. Rimpler, G. Wernicke, H. Gruber, “Red sensitive dichromated gelatin: investigations on the influence of some parameters on diffraction efficiency,” Opt. Eng. 34, 1128–1131 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

R. Changkatoki, S. V. Pappu, “Towards optimum diffraction efficiency for methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin holograms,” Opt. Laser Technol. 21, 259–263 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Photogr. Sci. Eng. (2)

M. Akagi, “Spectral sensitization of dichromated gelatin,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 18, 248–250 (1974).

A. Graube, “Dye-sensitized dichromated gelatin for holographic optical element fabrication,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 22, 37–41 (1978).

Rep. Inst. Ind. Sci. Univ. Tokyo (1)

M. Sasaki, K. Honda, S. Kikuchi, “Studies on photosensitive dichromated materials,” Rep. Inst. Ind. Sci. Univ. Tokyo 27, 1–58 (1978).

Sov. Phys. Dok. (1)

Yu. N. Denisyuk, “Photographic reconstruction of the optical properties of an object in its own scattered radiation field,” Sov. Phys. Dok. 7, 543–545 (1962).

Other (2)

S. Namba, K. Kurokawa, T. Fujita, T. Mizuno, T. Kubota, “Improvement of the transmittance of methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin,” in Practical Holography VI, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1667, 145–151 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Kurokawa, S. Koike, S. Namba, T. Mizuno, T. Kubota, “Full color holograms recorded in methylene blue sensitized dichromated gelatin,” in International Conference on Applications of Optical Holography, T. Honda, ed., Proc. SPIE2577, 106–111 (1995).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Recording geometry of Lippmann color hologram gratings.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Apparatus used for measuring the diffraction efficiency.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral absorbance of MBDCG.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Relation between the ADC concentration in a photosensitized solution and the absorbance at 647.1 nm in a MBDCG plate. MB concentration, 2.5 × 10-5 mol/l; pH, 11.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Dependence of the diffraction efficiency on the absorbance in a MBDCG plate at 647.1 nm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Dependence of the diffraction efficiency on the exposure time for 647.1 nm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Typical example of the wavelength-selectivity curve of a Lippmann color hologram grating.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Limits of the most suitable concentrations of MB and ADC.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Procedure for Making a MBDCG Hologram

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