A. Kienle, M. S. Patterson, “Determination of the optical properties of turbid media from a single Monte Carlo simulation,” Phys. Med. 41, 2221–2227 (1996).

A. M. K. Nilsson, R. Berg, S. Andersson-Engels, “Measurements of the optical properties of tissue in conjunction with photodynamic therapy,” Appl. Opt. 34, 4609–4619 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. H. Eddowes, T. N. Mills, D. T. Delpy, “Monte Carlo simulations of coherent backscatter for identification of the optical coefficients of biological tissues in vivo,” Appl. Opt. 34, 2261–2267 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Cubeddu, M. Musolino, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, G. Valentini, “Time resolved reflectance: a systematic study for the application to the optical characterization of tissue,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2421–2430 (1994).

[CrossRef]

K. Furutsu, Y. Yamada, “Diffusion approximation for a dissipative random medium and the applications,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 3634–3640 (1994).

[CrossRef]

R. C. Haskell, L. O. Svaasand, T.-T. Tsay, T.-C. Feng, M. S. McAdams, B. J. Tromberg, “Boundary conditions for the diffusion equation in radiative transfer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 2727–2741 (1994).

[CrossRef]

B. C. Wilson, S. L. Jacques, “Optical reflectance and transmittance of tissues: principles and applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 2186–2199 (1990).

[CrossRef]

K. M. Yoo, F. Liu, R. R. Alfano, “When does the diffusion approximation fail to describe photon transport in random media?”Phys. Rev. Lett.64, 2647–2650 (1990); 65, 2210–2211 (1990).

L. S. Lasdon, A. D. Waren, A. Jain, M. Ratner, “Design and testing of a generalized reduced gradient code for nonlinear programming,” ACM Trans. Math. Software 4, 34–50 (1978).

[CrossRef]

K. M. Yoo, F. Liu, R. R. Alfano, “When does the diffusion approximation fail to describe photon transport in random media?”Phys. Rev. Lett.64, 2647–2650 (1990); 65, 2210–2211 (1990).

A. M. K. Nilsson, R. Berg, S. Andersson-Engels, “Measurements of the optical properties of tissue in conjunction with photodynamic therapy,” Appl. Opt. 34, 4609–4619 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Pifferi, R. Berg, P. Taroni, S. Andersson-Engels, “Fitting of time-resolved reflectance curves with a Monte Carlo model,” in Advances in Optical Imaging and Photon Migration, Vol. 2 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 311–314.

A. M. K. Nilsson, R. Berg, S. Andersson-Engels, “Measurements of the optical properties of tissue in conjunction with photodynamic therapy,” Appl. Opt. 34, 4609–4619 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Pifferi, R. Berg, P. Taroni, S. Andersson-Engels, “Fitting of time-resolved reflectance curves with a Monte Carlo model,” in Advances in Optical Imaging and Photon Migration, Vol. 2 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 311–314.

R. Berg, “Laser-based cancer diagnosis and therapy—tissue optics considerations,” Ph.D. dissertation (Division of Atomic Physics, Lund Institute of Technology, Lund, Sweden, 1995).

R. Cubeddu, M. Musolino, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, G. Valentini, “Time resolved reflectance: a systematic study for the application to the optical characterization of tissue,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2421–2430 (1994).

[CrossRef]

K. Furutsu, Y. Yamada, “Diffusion approximation for a dissipative random medium and the applications,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 3634–3640 (1994).

[CrossRef]

L. Wang, S. Jacques, “Monte Carlo modeling of light transport in multi-layered tissues in standard C,” Rep. (Laser Biology Research Laboratory, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, University of Texas, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, Tex., 1992).

S. J. Madsen, B. C. Wilson, M. S. Patterson, Y. D. Park, S. L. Jacques, Y. Hefetz, “Experimental tests of a simple diffusion model for the estimation of scattering and absorption coefficients of turbid media from time-resolved diffuse reflectance measurements,” Appl. Opt. 31, 3509–3517 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. C. Wilson, S. L. Jacques, “Optical reflectance and transmittance of tissues: principles and applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 2186–2199 (1990).

[CrossRef]

S. L. Jacques, “Time resolved reflectance spectroscopy in turbid tissues,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 36, 1155–1161 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. S. Lasdon, A. D. Waren, A. Jain, M. Ratner, “Design and testing of a generalized reduced gradient code for nonlinear programming,” ACM Trans. Math. Software 4, 34–50 (1978).

[CrossRef]

L. S. Lasdon, A. D. Waren, A. Jain, M. Ratner, “Design and testing of a generalized reduced gradient code for nonlinear programming,” ACM Trans. Math. Software 4, 34–50 (1978).

[CrossRef]

K. M. Yoo, F. Liu, R. R. Alfano, “When does the diffusion approximation fail to describe photon transport in random media?”Phys. Rev. Lett.64, 2647–2650 (1990); 65, 2210–2211 (1990).

R. Cubeddu, M. Musolino, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, G. Valentini, “Time resolved reflectance: a systematic study for the application to the optical characterization of tissue,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2421–2430 (1994).

[CrossRef]

A. Kienle, M. S. Patterson, “Improved solutions of the steady-state and the time-resolved diffusion equations for reflectance from a semi-infinite turbid medium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 246–254 (1997).

[CrossRef]

A. Kienle, M. S. Patterson, “Determination of the optical properties of turbid media from a single Monte Carlo simulation,” Phys. Med. 41, 2221–2227 (1996).

S. J. Madsen, B. C. Wilson, M. S. Patterson, Y. D. Park, S. L. Jacques, Y. Hefetz, “Experimental tests of a simple diffusion model for the estimation of scattering and absorption coefficients of turbid media from time-resolved diffuse reflectance measurements,” Appl. Opt. 31, 3509–3517 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. S. Patterson, B. Chance, B. C. Wilson, “Time resolved reflectance and transmittance for the noninvasive measurement of tissue optical properties,” Appl. Opt. 28, 2331–2336 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Cubeddu, M. Musolino, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, G. Valentini, “Time resolved reflectance: a systematic study for the application to the optical characterization of tissue,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2421–2430 (1994).

[CrossRef]

A. Pifferi, R. Berg, P. Taroni, S. Andersson-Engels, “Fitting of time-resolved reflectance curves with a Monte Carlo model,” in Advances in Optical Imaging and Photon Migration, Vol. 2 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 311–314.

L. S. Lasdon, A. D. Waren, A. Jain, M. Ratner, “Design and testing of a generalized reduced gradient code for nonlinear programming,” ACM Trans. Math. Software 4, 34–50 (1978).

[CrossRef]

R. Cubeddu, M. Musolino, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, G. Valentini, “Time resolved reflectance: a systematic study for the application to the optical characterization of tissue,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2421–2430 (1994).

[CrossRef]

A. Pifferi, R. Berg, P. Taroni, S. Andersson-Engels, “Fitting of time-resolved reflectance curves with a Monte Carlo model,” in Advances in Optical Imaging and Photon Migration, Vol. 2 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 311–314.

R. Cubeddu, M. Musolino, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, G. Valentini, “Time resolved reflectance: a systematic study for the application to the optical characterization of tissue,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2421–2430 (1994).

[CrossRef]

L. Wang, S. Jacques, “Monte Carlo modeling of light transport in multi-layered tissues in standard C,” Rep. (Laser Biology Research Laboratory, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, University of Texas, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, Tex., 1992).

L. S. Lasdon, A. D. Waren, A. Jain, M. Ratner, “Design and testing of a generalized reduced gradient code for nonlinear programming,” ACM Trans. Math. Software 4, 34–50 (1978).

[CrossRef]

S. J. Madsen, B. C. Wilson, M. S. Patterson, Y. D. Park, S. L. Jacques, Y. Hefetz, “Experimental tests of a simple diffusion model for the estimation of scattering and absorption coefficients of turbid media from time-resolved diffuse reflectance measurements,” Appl. Opt. 31, 3509–3517 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. C. Wilson, S. L. Jacques, “Optical reflectance and transmittance of tissues: principles and applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 2186–2199 (1990).

[CrossRef]

M. S. Patterson, B. Chance, B. C. Wilson, “Time resolved reflectance and transmittance for the noninvasive measurement of tissue optical properties,” Appl. Opt. 28, 2331–2336 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. Furutsu, Y. Yamada, “Diffusion approximation for a dissipative random medium and the applications,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 3634–3640 (1994).

[CrossRef]

K. M. Yoo, F. Liu, R. R. Alfano, “When does the diffusion approximation fail to describe photon transport in random media?”Phys. Rev. Lett.64, 2647–2650 (1990); 65, 2210–2211 (1990).

L. S. Lasdon, A. D. Waren, A. Jain, M. Ratner, “Design and testing of a generalized reduced gradient code for nonlinear programming,” ACM Trans. Math. Software 4, 34–50 (1978).

[CrossRef]

M. S. Patterson, B. Chance, B. C. Wilson, “Time resolved reflectance and transmittance for the noninvasive measurement of tissue optical properties,” Appl. Opt. 28, 2331–2336 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. J. Madsen, B. C. Wilson, M. S. Patterson, Y. D. Park, S. L. Jacques, Y. Hefetz, “Experimental tests of a simple diffusion model for the estimation of scattering and absorption coefficients of turbid media from time-resolved diffuse reflectance measurements,” Appl. Opt. 31, 3509–3517 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. M. K. Nilsson, R. Berg, S. Andersson-Engels, “Measurements of the optical properties of tissue in conjunction with photodynamic therapy,” Appl. Opt. 34, 4609–4619 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. H. Eddowes, T. N. Mills, D. T. Delpy, “Monte Carlo simulations of coherent backscatter for identification of the optical coefficients of biological tissues in vivo,” Appl. Opt. 34, 2261–2267 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Cubeddu, M. Musolino, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, G. Valentini, “Time resolved reflectance: a systematic study for the application to the optical characterization of tissue,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2421–2430 (1994).

[CrossRef]

B. C. Wilson, S. L. Jacques, “Optical reflectance and transmittance of tissues: principles and applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 2186–2199 (1990).

[CrossRef]

S. L. Jacques, “Time resolved reflectance spectroscopy in turbid tissues,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 36, 1155–1161 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. C. Haskell, L. O. Svaasand, T.-T. Tsay, T.-C. Feng, M. S. McAdams, B. J. Tromberg, “Boundary conditions for the diffusion equation in radiative transfer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 2727–2741 (1994).

[CrossRef]

A. Kienle, M. S. Patterson, “Improved solutions of the steady-state and the time-resolved diffusion equations for reflectance from a semi-infinite turbid medium,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 246–254 (1997).

[CrossRef]

R. F. Bonner, R. Nossal, S. Havlin, G. H. Weiss, “Model for photon migration in turbid biological media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 423–432 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Kienle, M. S. Patterson, “Determination of the optical properties of turbid media from a single Monte Carlo simulation,” Phys. Med. 41, 2221–2227 (1996).

K. Furutsu, Y. Yamada, “Diffusion approximation for a dissipative random medium and the applications,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 3634–3640 (1994).

[CrossRef]

K. M. Yoo, F. Liu, R. R. Alfano, “When does the diffusion approximation fail to describe photon transport in random media?”Phys. Rev. Lett.64, 2647–2650 (1990); 65, 2210–2211 (1990).

A. Pifferi, R. Berg, P. Taroni, S. Andersson-Engels, “Fitting of time-resolved reflectance curves with a Monte Carlo model,” in Advances in Optical Imaging and Photon Migration, Vol. 2 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 311–314.

L. Wang, S. Jacques, “Monte Carlo modeling of light transport in multi-layered tissues in standard C,” Rep. (Laser Biology Research Laboratory, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, University of Texas, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, Tex., 1992).

R. Berg, “Laser-based cancer diagnosis and therapy—tissue optics considerations,” Ph.D. dissertation (Division of Atomic Physics, Lund Institute of Technology, Lund, Sweden, 1995).