Abstract

Kinoforms (diffractive optical elements) were designed to produce different fan-out (i.e., spot) patterns when illuminated with green (543-nm wavelength) and red (633-nm) light. Three design examples are presented, each using one of three different techniques for this wavelength discrimination. If the fan-out pattern is to be produced in the near field (Fresnel region) of the kinoform, focusing–defocusing distinguishes between the two colors. For a far-field pattern the color distinction can be obtained either by active suppression of unwanted spots, which also decreases the diffraction efficiency, or, preferably, by an increase in the maximum phase modulation of the kinoform (to more than 2π rad). All three examples were designed with a method based on the full scalar wave equation and optimal-rotation-angle optimization. The designed kinoforms were manufactured and performed, at least qualitatively, as predicted by the design.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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