Abstract

We describe a new optoelectronic switching system demonstration that implements part of the distribution fabric for a large asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) switch. The system uses a single optoelectronic VLSI modulator-based switching chip with more than 4000 optical input–outputs. The optical system images the input fibers from a two-dimensional fiber bundle onto this chip. A new optomechanical design allows the system to be mounted in a standard electronic equipment frame. A large section of the switch was operated as a 208-Mbits/s time-multiplexed space switch, which can serve as part of an ATM switch by use of an appropriate out-of-band controller. A larger section with 896 input light beams and 256 output beams was operated at 160 Mbits/s as a slowly reconfigurable space switch.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. J. Goodwin, A. J. Moseley, “The application of optoelectronic technologies to high-performance electronic processor interconnects,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 26, S455–S470 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Y. Eng, M. J. Karol, Y. S. Yeh, “A growable packet switch architecture: design principles and applications,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 423–430 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. J. Cloonan, G. W. Richards, “Terabit per second packet switch having distributed out-of-band control of circuit and packet switching communications,” U.S. patent number5,537,403 (16July1996).
  5. F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, H. S. Hinton, “A 5-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic-effect smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. J. Reiley, M. G. Beckman, J. M. Sasian, “Optomechanical design for free-space optical switching,” in Optoelectronic Packaging, M. R. Feldman, Y.-C. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE2691, 84–90 (1996).
  7. T. J. Cloonan, G. W. Richards, A. L. Lentine, “Optical implementation of a parallel out-of-band controller for large ATM switch applications,” in Optical Interconnects in Broadband Switching Architectures, T. J. Cloonan, ed., Proc. SPIE2692, 73–84 (1996).
  8. A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of GaAs/AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. J. Reiley, J. M. Sasian, “Optical design of a free-space photonic switching system,” Appl. Opt. (submitted).
  10. J. M. Sasian, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, S. J. Hinterlong, “Fabrication of fiber bundle arrays for free-space photonic switching systems,” Opt. Eng. 33, 2979–2985 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Spectra Diode Laboratories, Model 5710 (80 Rose Orchard Way, San Jose, Calif., 95134, 1995).
  12. R. A. Novotny, A. L. Lentine, “Analysis of pulse-width distortion within an optoelectronic switching system demonstrator,” in Proceedings of the 1996 IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meeting on Smart Pixels (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Boston, Mass., 1996), pp. 20–21.
  13. R. L. Morrison, S. G. Johnson, A. L. Lentine, W. Knox, “Design and demonstration of a high-speed multichannel optical oscilloscope,” Appl. Opt. 36, 1187–1194 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

1996 (2)

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of GaAs/AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Morrison, S. G. Johnson, A. L. Lentine, W. Knox, “Design and demonstration of a high-speed multichannel optical oscilloscope,” Appl. Opt. 36, 1187–1194 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (4)

K. Y. Eng, M. J. Karol, Y. S. Yeh, “A growable packet switch architecture: design principles and applications,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 423–430 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Sasian, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, S. J. Hinterlong, “Fabrication of fiber bundle arrays for free-space photonic switching systems,” Opt. Eng. 33, 2979–2985 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, H. S. Hinton, “A 5-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic-effect smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. Goodwin, A. J. Moseley, “The application of optoelectronic technologies to high-performance electronic processor interconnects,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 26, S455–S470 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bacon, D. D.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of GaAs/AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Beckman, M. G.

J. M. Sasian, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, S. J. Hinterlong, “Fabrication of fiber bundle arrays for free-space photonic switching systems,” Opt. Eng. 33, 2979–2985 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, H. S. Hinton, “A 5-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic-effect smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Reiley, M. G. Beckman, J. M. Sasian, “Optomechanical design for free-space optical switching,” in Optoelectronic Packaging, M. R. Feldman, Y.-C. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE2691, 84–90 (1996).

Buchholz, D. B.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of GaAs/AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chirovsky, L. M. F.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of GaAs/AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cloonan, T. J.

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, H. S. Hinton, “A 5-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic-effect smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Cloonan, G. W. Richards, “Terabit per second packet switch having distributed out-of-band control of circuit and packet switching communications,” U.S. patent number5,537,403 (16July1996).

T. J. Cloonan, G. W. Richards, A. L. Lentine, “Optical implementation of a parallel out-of-band controller for large ATM switch applications,” in Optical Interconnects in Broadband Switching Architectures, T. J. Cloonan, ed., Proc. SPIE2692, 73–84 (1996).

Crisci, R. J.

Cunningham, J. E.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of GaAs/AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D’Asaro, L. A.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of GaAs/AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dahringer, D.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of GaAs/AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Eng, K. Y.

K. Y. Eng, M. J. Karol, Y. S. Yeh, “A growable packet switch architecture: design principles and applications,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 423–430 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Goodwin, M. J.

M. J. Goodwin, A. J. Moseley, “The application of optoelectronic technologies to high-performance electronic processor interconnects,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 26, S455–S470 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Goossen, K. W.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of GaAs/AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hinterlong, S. J.

Hinton, H. S.

Hui, S. P.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of GaAs/AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jan, W. Y.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of GaAs/AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, S. G.

R. L. Morrison, S. G. Johnson, A. L. Lentine, W. Knox, “Design and demonstration of a high-speed multichannel optical oscilloscope,” Appl. Opt. 36, 1187–1194 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Karol, M. J.

K. Y. Eng, M. J. Karol, Y. S. Yeh, “A growable packet switch architecture: design principles and applications,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 423–430 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Knox, W.

R. L. Morrison, S. G. Johnson, A. L. Lentine, W. Knox, “Design and demonstration of a high-speed multichannel optical oscilloscope,” Appl. Opt. 36, 1187–1194 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kossives, D.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of GaAs/AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, J. M.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of GaAs/AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Leibenguth, R. E.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of GaAs/AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lentine, A. L.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of GaAs/AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Morrison, S. G. Johnson, A. L. Lentine, W. Knox, “Design and demonstration of a high-speed multichannel optical oscilloscope,” Appl. Opt. 36, 1187–1194 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, H. S. Hinton, “A 5-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic-effect smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Novotny, A. L. Lentine, “Analysis of pulse-width distortion within an optoelectronic switching system demonstrator,” in Proceedings of the 1996 IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meeting on Smart Pixels (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Boston, Mass., 1996), pp. 20–21.

T. J. Cloonan, G. W. Richards, A. L. Lentine, “Optical implementation of a parallel out-of-band controller for large ATM switch applications,” in Optical Interconnects in Broadband Switching Architectures, T. J. Cloonan, ed., Proc. SPIE2692, 73–84 (1996).

Livescu, G.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of GaAs/AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
[CrossRef]

McCormick, F. B.

Miller, D. A. B.

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Morrison, R. L.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of GaAs/AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Morrison, S. G. Johnson, A. L. Lentine, W. Knox, “Design and demonstration of a high-speed multichannel optical oscilloscope,” Appl. Opt. 36, 1187–1194 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, H. S. Hinton, “A 5-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic-effect smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moseley, A. J.

M. J. Goodwin, A. J. Moseley, “The application of optoelectronic technologies to high-performance electronic processor interconnects,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 26, S455–S470 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Novotny, R. A.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of GaAs/AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Sasian, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, S. J. Hinterlong, “Fabrication of fiber bundle arrays for free-space photonic switching systems,” Opt. Eng. 33, 2979–2985 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, H. S. Hinton, “A 5-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic-effect smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Novotny, A. L. Lentine, “Analysis of pulse-width distortion within an optoelectronic switching system demonstrator,” in Proceedings of the 1996 IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meeting on Smart Pixels (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Boston, Mass., 1996), pp. 20–21.

Reiley, D. J.

D. J. Reiley, J. M. Sasian, “Optical design of a free-space photonic switching system,” Appl. Opt. (submitted).

D. J. Reiley, M. G. Beckman, J. M. Sasian, “Optomechanical design for free-space optical switching,” in Optoelectronic Packaging, M. R. Feldman, Y.-C. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE2691, 84–90 (1996).

Richards, G. W.

T. J. Cloonan, G. W. Richards, A. L. Lentine, “Optical implementation of a parallel out-of-band controller for large ATM switch applications,” in Optical Interconnects in Broadband Switching Architectures, T. J. Cloonan, ed., Proc. SPIE2692, 73–84 (1996).

T. J. Cloonan, G. W. Richards, “Terabit per second packet switch having distributed out-of-band control of circuit and packet switching communications,” U.S. patent number5,537,403 (16July1996).

Sasian, J. M.

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, H. S. Hinton, “A 5-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic-effect smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Sasian, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, S. J. Hinterlong, “Fabrication of fiber bundle arrays for free-space photonic switching systems,” Opt. Eng. 33, 2979–2985 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Reiley, J. M. Sasian, “Optical design of a free-space photonic switching system,” Appl. Opt. (submitted).

D. J. Reiley, M. G. Beckman, J. M. Sasian, “Optomechanical design for free-space optical switching,” in Optoelectronic Packaging, M. R. Feldman, Y.-C. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE2691, 84–90 (1996).

Tseng, B. J.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of GaAs/AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Walker, J. A.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of GaAs/AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Walker, S. L.

Wojcik, M. J.

Yeh, Y. S.

K. Y. Eng, M. J. Karol, Y. S. Yeh, “A growable packet switch architecture: design principles and applications,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 423–430 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

K. Y. Eng, M. J. Karol, Y. S. Yeh, “A growable packet switch architecture: design principles and applications,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 423–430 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J. M. Kuo, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “Optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with greater than 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of GaAs/AlGaAs MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

J. M. Sasian, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, S. J. Hinterlong, “Fabrication of fiber bundle arrays for free-space photonic switching systems,” Opt. Eng. 33, 2979–2985 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. J. Goodwin, A. J. Moseley, “The application of optoelectronic technologies to high-performance electronic processor interconnects,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 26, S455–S470 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

Spectra Diode Laboratories, Model 5710 (80 Rose Orchard Way, San Jose, Calif., 95134, 1995).

R. A. Novotny, A. L. Lentine, “Analysis of pulse-width distortion within an optoelectronic switching system demonstrator,” in Proceedings of the 1996 IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meeting on Smart Pixels (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Boston, Mass., 1996), pp. 20–21.

D. J. Reiley, J. M. Sasian, “Optical design of a free-space photonic switching system,” Appl. Opt. (submitted).

T. J. Cloonan, G. W. Richards, “Terabit per second packet switch having distributed out-of-band control of circuit and packet switching communications,” U.S. patent number5,537,403 (16July1996).

D. J. Reiley, M. G. Beckman, J. M. Sasian, “Optomechanical design for free-space optical switching,” in Optoelectronic Packaging, M. R. Feldman, Y.-C. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE2691, 84–90 (1996).

T. J. Cloonan, G. W. Richards, A. L. Lentine, “Optical implementation of a parallel out-of-band controller for large ATM switch applications,” in Optical Interconnects in Broadband Switching Architectures, T. J. Cloonan, ed., Proc. SPIE2692, 73–84 (1996).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Growable packet architecture for a 256-input–256-output switching network.3 (b) Distributed interconnected terabit controllable ATM switch architecture implementation.4

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Switching system environment, consisting of the distribution fabric, input and output interface units, path-hunt processor, output line units, controller interface unit, and output-packet modules.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic diagram of the optoelectronc VLSI switching chip. (a) Implementation of the network with 16 × 1 multiplexers or switching nodes showing the physical locations of the modulators and detectors within a switching node. (b) Simplified schematic diagram for a single 16 × 1 switching node. (c) Circuitry for loading control information into the shadow and primary memories.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Block diagram of the optical system.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Fiber bundle showing input, output, and read fibers. The fiber bundle accesses part of four 16 × 16 switches in a column, as illustrated by the four squares in the figure. The input fibers (black) address four of the 16 detectors on each of the nodes within each of the four switches. (A 1 × 16 phase grating fans the inputs across the switch in the horizontal direction.) Read fibers (gray) provide the read beams that are fanned out to the 16 modulators of a each switch. The output fibers (white) sample four of the 16 outputs (reflected read beams) from the modulators for each switch.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Photograph of the system showing the mechanical construction.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Outputs from each of the 16 output fibers, each with four inputs selected at 200 Mbits/s when configured as a space switch. Each of the 16 squares shows the detected outputs from one of the output fibers for the four possible inputs that were supplied. Input lasers were not supplied to fibers 14 and 15 because a permanently latched control bit prevented their selection.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Outputs from (a) one channel and (b) 16 channels for the switch operating as a time-multiplexed space switch at 208 Mbits/s. The outputs are shown during reconfiguration from one cell to the next. The data in (b) show the first four time slots of 16.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Outputs taken by use of the optical sampling spatial oscilloscope from (a) the even and (b) the odd columns from all the nodes in the system at 160 Mbits/s. Because the even and odd columns had different receivers, different voltages were applied for the two figures.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Measured Characteristics of the Lasers Used in the System Demonstration

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