Abstract

To allow us to achieve the highest focused intensity from a chirped-pulse amplification Nd:glass laser, a number of features of the system have been considered and optimized. These include the compressor geometry, the system aberrations, and the use of mixed glasses in the amplifier chain. Calculations for the laser with a single- or double-pass pulse compressor with 450-mm gratings are presented. These indicate that, for single pass, a reduction in pulse duration from 380 to 237 fs is possible when a phosphate is changed to a mixed phosphate–silicate glass system, and there is a corresponding increase of 44% in peak intensity at beam focus.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. H. Chuang, L. Zheng, D. D. Meyerhofer, “Propagation of light pulses in a chirped pulse amplification laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 270–280 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. G. Patterson, R. Gonzales, M. D. Perry, “Compact 10-TW, 800-fs Nd:glass laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1107–1109 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, G. Mourou, A. Migus, “Generation of 50-TW femtosecond pulses in a Ti:sapphire/Nd:glass chain,” Opt. Lett. 18, 214–216 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Dival, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A 1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. P. J. Barty, C. L. Gordon, B. G. Lemoff, “Multiterawatt 30-fs Ti:sapphire laser system,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1442–1444 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. K. Yamakawa, C. P. J. Barty, H. Shiraga, Y. Kato, “Generation of high energy picosecond laser pulse with a high contrast ratio by chirped pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 288–294 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zou, “High contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Trentleman, I. N. Ross, C. N. Danson, “Pulse degradation arising from the finite size of gratings in a pulse compressor,” (Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, UK, 1996) pp. 85–86.
  10. O. E. Martinez, “Grating and prism compressors in the case of finite beam size,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 929–934 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. Fiorini, C. Sauteret, C. Rouyer, N. Blanchot, S. Seznec, A. Migus, “Temporal aberrations due to misalignments of a stretcher-compressor system and compensation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1662–1670 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Osvay, I. N. Ross, “On a pulse compressor with gratings having arbitrary orientation,” Opt. Commun. 105, 271–278 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. LeBlanc, P. Curley, F. Salin, “Gain-narrowing and gain shifting of ultrashort pulses in Ti:sapphire amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 131, 391–398 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  14. N. Blanchot, C. Rouyer, C. Sauteret, A. Migus, “Amplification of sub-100-TW femtosecond pulses by shifted Nd:glass amplifiers: theory and experiments,” Opt. Lett. 20, 395–397 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. J. Shaw, E. J. Divall, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, A. Kvaran, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, I. N. Ross, “On the origin of the dip in the KrF laser gain spectrum,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 1815–1824 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  16. R. L. Fork, C. H. Brito Cruz, P. C. Becker, C. V. Shank, “Compression of optical pulses to six femtoseconds by using cubic phase compensation,” Opt. Lett. 12, 483–485 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. C. P. J. Barty, G. Korn, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squire, “Regenerative pulse shaping and amplification of ultrabroadband optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 21, 219–221 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. Data sheets from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., and the Hoya Corporation, Fremont, Calif.
  19. Y. Wang, B. Luther-Davies, “Optical-parametric-amplification-based prepulse eliminator for a chirped-pulse-amplification Nd:glass laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1531–1538 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  20. P. M. W. French, D. S. McCallum, “Suppression of low-intensity features using second-harmonic generation and amplification,” Opt. Lett. 14, 1077–1079 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. C. N. Danson, S. Angood, L. Barzanti, N. Bradwell, J. Collier, A. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, C. Johnson, M. H. Key, D. Neely, M. Nightingale, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, P. Ryves, N. Thomson, M. Trentleman, F. N. Walsh, E. Wolfrum, R. W. W. Wyatt, “Design and characterization of the VULCAN Nd:glass laser to give focused intensities of >1019 W/cm2,” presented at the Second Annual International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, Paris, Oct 22–25, 1996 (Society of Photo-optical Instrument Engineers, Bellingham, Washington).

1996 (3)

C. LeBlanc, P. Curley, F. Salin, “Gain-narrowing and gain shifting of ultrashort pulses in Ti:sapphire amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 131, 391–398 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Shaw, E. J. Divall, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, A. Kvaran, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, I. N. Ross, “On the origin of the dip in the KrF laser gain spectrum,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 1815–1824 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. P. J. Barty, G. Korn, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squire, “Regenerative pulse shaping and amplification of ultrabroadband optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 21, 219–221 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

N. Blanchot, C. Rouyer, C. Sauteret, A. Migus, “Amplification of sub-100-TW femtosecond pulses by shifted Nd:glass amplifiers: theory and experiments,” Opt. Lett. 20, 395–397 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (5)

C. Fiorini, C. Sauteret, C. Rouyer, N. Blanchot, S. Seznec, A. Migus, “Temporal aberrations due to misalignments of a stretcher-compressor system and compensation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1662–1670 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Osvay, I. N. Ross, “On a pulse compressor with gratings having arbitrary orientation,” Opt. Commun. 105, 271–278 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, B. Luther-Davies, “Optical-parametric-amplification-based prepulse eliminator for a chirped-pulse-amplification Nd:glass laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1531–1538 (1994).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Dival, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A 1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. P. J. Barty, C. L. Gordon, B. G. Lemoff, “Multiterawatt 30-fs Ti:sapphire laser system,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1442–1444 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (3)

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zou, “High contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Chuang, L. Zheng, D. D. Meyerhofer, “Propagation of light pulses in a chirped pulse amplification laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 270–280 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, G. Mourou, A. Migus, “Generation of 50-TW femtosecond pulses in a Ti:sapphire/Nd:glass chain,” Opt. Lett. 18, 214–216 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (2)

F. G. Patterson, R. Gonzales, M. D. Perry, “Compact 10-TW, 800-fs Nd:glass laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1107–1109 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Yamakawa, C. P. J. Barty, H. Shiraga, Y. Kato, “Generation of high energy picosecond laser pulse with a high contrast ratio by chirped pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 288–294 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

P. M. W. French, D. S. McCallum, “Suppression of low-intensity features using second-harmonic generation and amplification,” Opt. Lett. 14, 1077–1079 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

R. L. Fork, C. H. Brito Cruz, P. C. Becker, C. V. Shank, “Compression of optical pulses to six femtoseconds by using cubic phase compensation,” Opt. Lett. 12, 483–485 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

O. E. Martinez, “Grating and prism compressors in the case of finite beam size,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 929–934 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Allais, I.

C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, G. Mourou, A. Migus, “Generation of 50-TW femtosecond pulses in a Ti:sapphire/Nd:glass chain,” Opt. Lett. 18, 214–216 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Angood, S.

C. N. Danson, S. Angood, L. Barzanti, N. Bradwell, J. Collier, A. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, C. Johnson, M. H. Key, D. Neely, M. Nightingale, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, P. Ryves, N. Thomson, M. Trentleman, F. N. Walsh, E. Wolfrum, R. W. W. Wyatt, “Design and characterization of the VULCAN Nd:glass laser to give focused intensities of >1019 W/cm2,” presented at the Second Annual International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, Paris, Oct 22–25, 1996 (Society of Photo-optical Instrument Engineers, Bellingham, Washington).

Barty, C. P. J.

C. P. J. Barty, G. Korn, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squire, “Regenerative pulse shaping and amplification of ultrabroadband optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 21, 219–221 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. J. Barty, C. L. Gordon, B. G. Lemoff, “Multiterawatt 30-fs Ti:sapphire laser system,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1442–1444 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Yamakawa, C. P. J. Barty, H. Shiraga, Y. Kato, “Generation of high energy picosecond laser pulse with a high contrast ratio by chirped pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 288–294 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Barzanti, L.

C. N. Danson, S. Angood, L. Barzanti, N. Bradwell, J. Collier, A. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, C. Johnson, M. H. Key, D. Neely, M. Nightingale, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, P. Ryves, N. Thomson, M. Trentleman, F. N. Walsh, E. Wolfrum, R. W. W. Wyatt, “Design and characterization of the VULCAN Nd:glass laser to give focused intensities of >1019 W/cm2,” presented at the Second Annual International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, Paris, Oct 22–25, 1996 (Society of Photo-optical Instrument Engineers, Bellingham, Washington).

Barzanti, L. J.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zou, “High contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Becker, P. C.

R. L. Fork, C. H. Brito Cruz, P. C. Becker, C. V. Shank, “Compression of optical pulses to six femtoseconds by using cubic phase compensation,” Opt. Lett. 12, 483–485 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blanchot, N.

N. Blanchot, C. Rouyer, C. Sauteret, A. Migus, “Amplification of sub-100-TW femtosecond pulses by shifted Nd:glass amplifiers: theory and experiments,” Opt. Lett. 20, 395–397 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Fiorini, C. Sauteret, C. Rouyer, N. Blanchot, S. Seznec, A. Migus, “Temporal aberrations due to misalignments of a stretcher-compressor system and compensation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1662–1670 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bradwell, N.

C. N. Danson, S. Angood, L. Barzanti, N. Bradwell, J. Collier, A. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, C. Johnson, M. H. Key, D. Neely, M. Nightingale, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, P. Ryves, N. Thomson, M. Trentleman, F. N. Walsh, E. Wolfrum, R. W. W. Wyatt, “Design and characterization of the VULCAN Nd:glass laser to give focused intensities of >1019 W/cm2,” presented at the Second Annual International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, Paris, Oct 22–25, 1996 (Society of Photo-optical Instrument Engineers, Bellingham, Washington).

Brito Cruz, C. H.

R. L. Fork, C. H. Brito Cruz, P. C. Becker, C. V. Shank, “Compression of optical pulses to six femtoseconds by using cubic phase compensation,” Opt. Lett. 12, 483–485 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, Z.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zou, “High contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chuang, Y. H.

Y. H. Chuang, L. Zheng, D. D. Meyerhofer, “Propagation of light pulses in a chirped pulse amplification laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 270–280 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Collier, J.

C. N. Danson, S. Angood, L. Barzanti, N. Bradwell, J. Collier, A. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, C. Johnson, M. H. Key, D. Neely, M. Nightingale, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, P. Ryves, N. Thomson, M. Trentleman, F. N. Walsh, E. Wolfrum, R. W. W. Wyatt, “Design and characterization of the VULCAN Nd:glass laser to give focused intensities of >1019 W/cm2,” presented at the Second Annual International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, Paris, Oct 22–25, 1996 (Society of Photo-optical Instrument Engineers, Bellingham, Washington).

Curley, P.

C. LeBlanc, P. Curley, F. Salin, “Gain-narrowing and gain shifting of ultrashort pulses in Ti:sapphire amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 131, 391–398 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Damerell, A.

C. N. Danson, S. Angood, L. Barzanti, N. Bradwell, J. Collier, A. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, C. Johnson, M. H. Key, D. Neely, M. Nightingale, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, P. Ryves, N. Thomson, M. Trentleman, F. N. Walsh, E. Wolfrum, R. W. W. Wyatt, “Design and characterization of the VULCAN Nd:glass laser to give focused intensities of >1019 W/cm2,” presented at the Second Annual International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, Paris, Oct 22–25, 1996 (Society of Photo-optical Instrument Engineers, Bellingham, Washington).

Damerell, A. E.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zou, “High contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Damerell, A. R.

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Dival, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A 1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Danson, C. N.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zou, “High contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Trentleman, I. N. Ross, C. N. Danson, “Pulse degradation arising from the finite size of gratings in a pulse compressor,” (Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, UK, 1996) pp. 85–86.

C. N. Danson, S. Angood, L. Barzanti, N. Bradwell, J. Collier, A. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, C. Johnson, M. H. Key, D. Neely, M. Nightingale, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, P. Ryves, N. Thomson, M. Trentleman, F. N. Walsh, E. Wolfrum, R. W. W. Wyatt, “Design and characterization of the VULCAN Nd:glass laser to give focused intensities of >1019 W/cm2,” presented at the Second Annual International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, Paris, Oct 22–25, 1996 (Society of Photo-optical Instrument Engineers, Bellingham, Washington).

Dival, E. J.

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Dival, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A 1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Divall, E. J.

M. J. Shaw, E. J. Divall, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, A. Kvaran, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, I. N. Ross, “On the origin of the dip in the KrF laser gain spectrum,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 1815–1824 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Edwards, C. B.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zou, “High contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. N. Danson, S. Angood, L. Barzanti, N. Bradwell, J. Collier, A. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, C. Johnson, M. H. Key, D. Neely, M. Nightingale, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, P. Ryves, N. Thomson, M. Trentleman, F. N. Walsh, E. Wolfrum, R. W. W. Wyatt, “Design and characterization of the VULCAN Nd:glass laser to give focused intensities of >1019 W/cm2,” presented at the Second Annual International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, Paris, Oct 22–25, 1996 (Society of Photo-optical Instrument Engineers, Bellingham, Washington).

Evans, J.

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Dival, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A 1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fiorini, C.

C. Fiorini, C. Sauteret, C. Rouyer, N. Blanchot, S. Seznec, A. Migus, “Temporal aberrations due to misalignments of a stretcher-compressor system and compensation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1662–1670 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fork, R. L.

R. L. Fork, C. H. Brito Cruz, P. C. Becker, C. V. Shank, “Compression of optical pulses to six femtoseconds by using cubic phase compensation,” Opt. Lett. 12, 483–485 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

French, P. M. W.

P. M. W. French, D. S. McCallum, “Suppression of low-intensity features using second-harmonic generation and amplification,” Opt. Lett. 14, 1077–1079 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gonzales, R.

F. G. Patterson, R. Gonzales, M. D. Perry, “Compact 10-TW, 800-fs Nd:glass laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1107–1109 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gordon, C. L.

C. P. J. Barty, C. L. Gordon, B. G. Lemoff, “Multiterawatt 30-fs Ti:sapphire laser system,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1442–1444 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hancock, S.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zou, “High contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hirst, G. J.

M. J. Shaw, E. J. Divall, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, A. Kvaran, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, I. N. Ross, “On the origin of the dip in the KrF laser gain spectrum,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 1815–1824 (1996).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Dival, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A 1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hooker, C. J.

M. J. Shaw, E. J. Divall, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, A. Kvaran, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, I. N. Ross, “On the origin of the dip in the KrF laser gain spectrum,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 1815–1824 (1996).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Dival, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A 1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Houliston, J. R.

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Dival, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A 1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hutchinson, M. H. R.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zou, “High contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, C.

C. N. Danson, S. Angood, L. Barzanti, N. Bradwell, J. Collier, A. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, C. Johnson, M. H. Key, D. Neely, M. Nightingale, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, P. Ryves, N. Thomson, M. Trentleman, F. N. Walsh, E. Wolfrum, R. W. W. Wyatt, “Design and characterization of the VULCAN Nd:glass laser to give focused intensities of >1019 W/cm2,” presented at the Second Annual International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, Paris, Oct 22–25, 1996 (Society of Photo-optical Instrument Engineers, Bellingham, Washington).

Kato, Y.

K. Yamakawa, C. P. J. Barty, H. Shiraga, Y. Kato, “Generation of high energy picosecond laser pulse with a high contrast ratio by chirped pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 288–294 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Key, M. H.

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Dival, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A 1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zou, “High contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. N. Danson, S. Angood, L. Barzanti, N. Bradwell, J. Collier, A. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, C. Johnson, M. H. Key, D. Neely, M. Nightingale, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, P. Ryves, N. Thomson, M. Trentleman, F. N. Walsh, E. Wolfrum, R. W. W. Wyatt, “Design and characterization of the VULCAN Nd:glass laser to give focused intensities of >1019 W/cm2,” presented at the Second Annual International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, Paris, Oct 22–25, 1996 (Society of Photo-optical Instrument Engineers, Bellingham, Washington).

Korn, G.

C. P. J. Barty, G. Korn, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squire, “Regenerative pulse shaping and amplification of ultrabroadband optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 21, 219–221 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kvaran, A.

M. J. Shaw, E. J. Divall, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, A. Kvaran, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, I. N. Ross, “On the origin of the dip in the KrF laser gain spectrum,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 1815–1824 (1996).
[CrossRef]

LeBlanc, C.

C. LeBlanc, P. Curley, F. Salin, “Gain-narrowing and gain shifting of ultrashort pulses in Ti:sapphire amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 131, 391–398 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lemoff, B. G.

C. P. J. Barty, C. L. Gordon, B. G. Lemoff, “Multiterawatt 30-fs Ti:sapphire laser system,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1442–1444 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lister, J. M. D.

M. J. Shaw, E. J. Divall, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, A. Kvaran, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, I. N. Ross, “On the origin of the dip in the KrF laser gain spectrum,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 1815–1824 (1996).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Dival, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A 1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Luan, S.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zou, “High contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davies, B.

Y. Wang, B. Luther-Davies, “Optical-parametric-amplification-based prepulse eliminator for a chirped-pulse-amplification Nd:glass laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1531–1538 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mahadeo, R. R.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zou, “High contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Martinez, O. E.

O. E. Martinez, “Grating and prism compressors in the case of finite beam size,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 929–934 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Mazataud, E.

C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, G. Mourou, A. Migus, “Generation of 50-TW femtosecond pulses in a Ti:sapphire/Nd:glass chain,” Opt. Lett. 18, 214–216 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McCallum, D. S.

P. M. W. French, D. S. McCallum, “Suppression of low-intensity features using second-harmonic generation and amplification,” Opt. Lett. 14, 1077–1079 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mercer, I. P.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zou, “High contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Meyerhofer, D. D.

Y. H. Chuang, L. Zheng, D. D. Meyerhofer, “Propagation of light pulses in a chirped pulse amplification laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 270–280 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Migus, A.

N. Blanchot, C. Rouyer, C. Sauteret, A. Migus, “Amplification of sub-100-TW femtosecond pulses by shifted Nd:glass amplifiers: theory and experiments,” Opt. Lett. 20, 395–397 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Fiorini, C. Sauteret, C. Rouyer, N. Blanchot, S. Seznec, A. Migus, “Temporal aberrations due to misalignments of a stretcher-compressor system and compensation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1662–1670 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, G. Mourou, A. Migus, “Generation of 50-TW femtosecond pulses in a Ti:sapphire/Nd:glass chain,” Opt. Lett. 18, 214–216 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mourou, G.

C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, G. Mourou, A. Migus, “Generation of 50-TW femtosecond pulses in a Ti:sapphire/Nd:glass chain,” Opt. Lett. 18, 214–216 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Neely, D.

C. N. Danson, S. Angood, L. Barzanti, N. Bradwell, J. Collier, A. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, C. Johnson, M. H. Key, D. Neely, M. Nightingale, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, P. Ryves, N. Thomson, M. Trentleman, F. N. Walsh, E. Wolfrum, R. W. W. Wyatt, “Design and characterization of the VULCAN Nd:glass laser to give focused intensities of >1019 W/cm2,” presented at the Second Annual International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, Paris, Oct 22–25, 1996 (Society of Photo-optical Instrument Engineers, Bellingham, Washington).

Nightingale, M.

C. N. Danson, S. Angood, L. Barzanti, N. Bradwell, J. Collier, A. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, C. Johnson, M. H. Key, D. Neely, M. Nightingale, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, P. Ryves, N. Thomson, M. Trentleman, F. N. Walsh, E. Wolfrum, R. W. W. Wyatt, “Design and characterization of the VULCAN Nd:glass laser to give focused intensities of >1019 W/cm2,” presented at the Second Annual International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, Paris, Oct 22–25, 1996 (Society of Photo-optical Instrument Engineers, Bellingham, Washington).

Norreys, P.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zou, “High contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Osvay, K.

M. J. Shaw, E. J. Divall, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, A. Kvaran, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, I. N. Ross, “On the origin of the dip in the KrF laser gain spectrum,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 1815–1824 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Osvay, I. N. Ross, “On a pulse compressor with gratings having arbitrary orientation,” Opt. Commun. 105, 271–278 (1994).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Dival, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A 1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Patterson, F. G.

F. G. Patterson, R. Gonzales, M. D. Perry, “Compact 10-TW, 800-fs Nd:glass laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1107–1109 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pepler, D. A.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zou, “High contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. N. Danson, S. Angood, L. Barzanti, N. Bradwell, J. Collier, A. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, C. Johnson, M. H. Key, D. Neely, M. Nightingale, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, P. Ryves, N. Thomson, M. Trentleman, F. N. Walsh, E. Wolfrum, R. W. W. Wyatt, “Design and characterization of the VULCAN Nd:glass laser to give focused intensities of >1019 W/cm2,” presented at the Second Annual International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, Paris, Oct 22–25, 1996 (Society of Photo-optical Instrument Engineers, Bellingham, Washington).

Perry, M. D.

F. G. Patterson, R. Gonzales, M. D. Perry, “Compact 10-TW, 800-fs Nd:glass laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1107–1109 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pierre, A.

C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, G. Mourou, A. Migus, “Generation of 50-TW femtosecond pulses in a Ti:sapphire/Nd:glass chain,” Opt. Lett. 18, 214–216 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rodkiss, D. A.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zou, “High contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. N. Danson, S. Angood, L. Barzanti, N. Bradwell, J. Collier, A. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, C. Johnson, M. H. Key, D. Neely, M. Nightingale, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, P. Ryves, N. Thomson, M. Trentleman, F. N. Walsh, E. Wolfrum, R. W. W. Wyatt, “Design and characterization of the VULCAN Nd:glass laser to give focused intensities of >1019 W/cm2,” presented at the Second Annual International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, Paris, Oct 22–25, 1996 (Society of Photo-optical Instrument Engineers, Bellingham, Washington).

Rose-Petruck, C.

C. P. J. Barty, G. Korn, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squire, “Regenerative pulse shaping and amplification of ultrabroadband optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 21, 219–221 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ross, I. N.

M. J. Shaw, E. J. Divall, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, A. Kvaran, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, I. N. Ross, “On the origin of the dip in the KrF laser gain spectrum,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 1815–1824 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Osvay, I. N. Ross, “On a pulse compressor with gratings having arbitrary orientation,” Opt. Commun. 105, 271–278 (1994).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Dival, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A 1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zou, “High contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Trentleman, I. N. Ross, C. N. Danson, “Pulse degradation arising from the finite size of gratings in a pulse compressor,” (Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, UK, 1996) pp. 85–86.

C. N. Danson, S. Angood, L. Barzanti, N. Bradwell, J. Collier, A. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, C. Johnson, M. H. Key, D. Neely, M. Nightingale, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, P. Ryves, N. Thomson, M. Trentleman, F. N. Walsh, E. Wolfrum, R. W. W. Wyatt, “Design and characterization of the VULCAN Nd:glass laser to give focused intensities of >1019 W/cm2,” presented at the Second Annual International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, Paris, Oct 22–25, 1996 (Society of Photo-optical Instrument Engineers, Bellingham, Washington).

Rouyer, C.

N. Blanchot, C. Rouyer, C. Sauteret, A. Migus, “Amplification of sub-100-TW femtosecond pulses by shifted Nd:glass amplifiers: theory and experiments,” Opt. Lett. 20, 395–397 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Fiorini, C. Sauteret, C. Rouyer, N. Blanchot, S. Seznec, A. Migus, “Temporal aberrations due to misalignments of a stretcher-compressor system and compensation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1662–1670 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, G. Mourou, A. Migus, “Generation of 50-TW femtosecond pulses in a Ti:sapphire/Nd:glass chain,” Opt. Lett. 18, 214–216 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ryves, P.

C. N. Danson, S. Angood, L. Barzanti, N. Bradwell, J. Collier, A. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, C. Johnson, M. H. Key, D. Neely, M. Nightingale, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, P. Ryves, N. Thomson, M. Trentleman, F. N. Walsh, E. Wolfrum, R. W. W. Wyatt, “Design and characterization of the VULCAN Nd:glass laser to give focused intensities of >1019 W/cm2,” presented at the Second Annual International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, Paris, Oct 22–25, 1996 (Society of Photo-optical Instrument Engineers, Bellingham, Washington).

Salin, F.

C. LeBlanc, P. Curley, F. Salin, “Gain-narrowing and gain shifting of ultrashort pulses in Ti:sapphire amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 131, 391–398 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sauteret, C.

N. Blanchot, C. Rouyer, C. Sauteret, A. Migus, “Amplification of sub-100-TW femtosecond pulses by shifted Nd:glass amplifiers: theory and experiments,” Opt. Lett. 20, 395–397 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Fiorini, C. Sauteret, C. Rouyer, N. Blanchot, S. Seznec, A. Migus, “Temporal aberrations due to misalignments of a stretcher-compressor system and compensation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1662–1670 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, G. Mourou, A. Migus, “Generation of 50-TW femtosecond pulses in a Ti:sapphire/Nd:glass chain,” Opt. Lett. 18, 214–216 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seznec, S.

C. Fiorini, C. Sauteret, C. Rouyer, N. Blanchot, S. Seznec, A. Migus, “Temporal aberrations due to misalignments of a stretcher-compressor system and compensation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1662–1670 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, G. Mourou, A. Migus, “Generation of 50-TW femtosecond pulses in a Ti:sapphire/Nd:glass chain,” Opt. Lett. 18, 214–216 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shank, C. V.

R. L. Fork, C. H. Brito Cruz, P. C. Becker, C. V. Shank, “Compression of optical pulses to six femtoseconds by using cubic phase compensation,” Opt. Lett. 12, 483–485 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shaw, M. J.

M. J. Shaw, E. J. Divall, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, A. Kvaran, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, I. N. Ross, “On the origin of the dip in the KrF laser gain spectrum,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 1815–1824 (1996).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Dival, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A 1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shiraga, H.

K. Yamakawa, C. P. J. Barty, H. Shiraga, Y. Kato, “Generation of high energy picosecond laser pulse with a high contrast ratio by chirped pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 288–294 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Smith, M. A.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zou, “High contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Squire, J.

C. P. J. Barty, G. Korn, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squire, “Regenerative pulse shaping and amplification of ultrabroadband optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 21, 219–221 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Taday, P.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zou, “High contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Thomson, N.

C. N. Danson, S. Angood, L. Barzanti, N. Bradwell, J. Collier, A. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, C. Johnson, M. H. Key, D. Neely, M. Nightingale, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, P. Ryves, N. Thomson, M. Trentleman, F. N. Walsh, E. Wolfrum, R. W. W. Wyatt, “Design and characterization of the VULCAN Nd:glass laser to give focused intensities of >1019 W/cm2,” presented at the Second Annual International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, Paris, Oct 22–25, 1996 (Society of Photo-optical Instrument Engineers, Bellingham, Washington).

Toner, W. T.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zou, “High contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Trentleman, M.

M. Trentleman, I. N. Ross, C. N. Danson, “Pulse degradation arising from the finite size of gratings in a pulse compressor,” (Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, UK, 1996) pp. 85–86.

C. N. Danson, S. Angood, L. Barzanti, N. Bradwell, J. Collier, A. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, C. Johnson, M. H. Key, D. Neely, M. Nightingale, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, P. Ryves, N. Thomson, M. Trentleman, F. N. Walsh, E. Wolfrum, R. W. W. Wyatt, “Design and characterization of the VULCAN Nd:glass laser to give focused intensities of >1019 W/cm2,” presented at the Second Annual International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, Paris, Oct 22–25, 1996 (Society of Photo-optical Instrument Engineers, Bellingham, Washington).

Walsh, F. N.

C. N. Danson, S. Angood, L. Barzanti, N. Bradwell, J. Collier, A. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, C. Johnson, M. H. Key, D. Neely, M. Nightingale, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, P. Ryves, N. Thomson, M. Trentleman, F. N. Walsh, E. Wolfrum, R. W. W. Wyatt, “Design and characterization of the VULCAN Nd:glass laser to give focused intensities of >1019 W/cm2,” presented at the Second Annual International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, Paris, Oct 22–25, 1996 (Society of Photo-optical Instrument Engineers, Bellingham, Washington).

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, B. Luther-Davies, “Optical-parametric-amplification-based prepulse eliminator for a chirped-pulse-amplification Nd:glass laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1531–1538 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wigmore, K. W. M.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zou, “High contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Winstone, T. B.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zou, “High contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wolfrum, E.

C. N. Danson, S. Angood, L. Barzanti, N. Bradwell, J. Collier, A. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, C. Johnson, M. H. Key, D. Neely, M. Nightingale, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, P. Ryves, N. Thomson, M. Trentleman, F. N. Walsh, E. Wolfrum, R. W. W. Wyatt, “Design and characterization of the VULCAN Nd:glass laser to give focused intensities of >1019 W/cm2,” presented at the Second Annual International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, Paris, Oct 22–25, 1996 (Society of Photo-optical Instrument Engineers, Bellingham, Washington).

Wyatt, R. W. W.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zou, “High contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. N. Danson, S. Angood, L. Barzanti, N. Bradwell, J. Collier, A. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, C. Johnson, M. H. Key, D. Neely, M. Nightingale, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, P. Ryves, N. Thomson, M. Trentleman, F. N. Walsh, E. Wolfrum, R. W. W. Wyatt, “Design and characterization of the VULCAN Nd:glass laser to give focused intensities of >1019 W/cm2,” presented at the Second Annual International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, Paris, Oct 22–25, 1996 (Society of Photo-optical Instrument Engineers, Bellingham, Washington).

Yamakawa, K.

K. Yamakawa, C. P. J. Barty, H. Shiraga, Y. Kato, “Generation of high energy picosecond laser pulse with a high contrast ratio by chirped pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 288–294 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, L.

Y. H. Chuang, L. Zheng, D. D. Meyerhofer, “Propagation of light pulses in a chirped pulse amplification laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 270–280 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zou, F.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zou, “High contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

Y. H. Chuang, L. Zheng, D. D. Meyerhofer, “Propagation of light pulses in a chirped pulse amplification laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 270–280 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamakawa, C. P. J. Barty, H. Shiraga, Y. Kato, “Generation of high energy picosecond laser pulse with a high contrast ratio by chirped pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 288–294 (1991).
[CrossRef]

C. Fiorini, C. Sauteret, C. Rouyer, N. Blanchot, S. Seznec, A. Migus, “Temporal aberrations due to misalignments of a stretcher-compressor system and compensation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1662–1670 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

M. J. Shaw, E. J. Divall, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, A. Kvaran, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, I. N. Ross, “On the origin of the dip in the KrF laser gain spectrum,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 1815–1824 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

O. E. Martinez, “Grating and prism compressors in the case of finite beam size,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 929–934 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, B. Luther-Davies, “Optical-parametric-amplification-based prepulse eliminator for a chirped-pulse-amplification Nd:glass laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1531–1538 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (5)

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zou, “High contrast multiterawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the VULCAN laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Dival, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A 1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Osvay, I. N. Ross, “On a pulse compressor with gratings having arbitrary orientation,” Opt. Commun. 105, 271–278 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. LeBlanc, P. Curley, F. Salin, “Gain-narrowing and gain shifting of ultrashort pulses in Ti:sapphire amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 131, 391–398 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (7)

N. Blanchot, C. Rouyer, C. Sauteret, A. Migus, “Amplification of sub-100-TW femtosecond pulses by shifted Nd:glass amplifiers: theory and experiments,” Opt. Lett. 20, 395–397 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Fork, C. H. Brito Cruz, P. C. Becker, C. V. Shank, “Compression of optical pulses to six femtoseconds by using cubic phase compensation,” Opt. Lett. 12, 483–485 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. J. Barty, G. Korn, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squire, “Regenerative pulse shaping and amplification of ultrabroadband optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 21, 219–221 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. J. Barty, C. L. Gordon, B. G. Lemoff, “Multiterawatt 30-fs Ti:sapphire laser system,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1442–1444 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. G. Patterson, R. Gonzales, M. D. Perry, “Compact 10-TW, 800-fs Nd:glass laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1107–1109 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, G. Mourou, A. Migus, “Generation of 50-TW femtosecond pulses in a Ti:sapphire/Nd:glass chain,” Opt. Lett. 18, 214–216 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. M. W. French, D. S. McCallum, “Suppression of low-intensity features using second-harmonic generation and amplification,” Opt. Lett. 14, 1077–1079 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

C. N. Danson, S. Angood, L. Barzanti, N. Bradwell, J. Collier, A. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, C. Johnson, M. H. Key, D. Neely, M. Nightingale, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, P. Ryves, N. Thomson, M. Trentleman, F. N. Walsh, E. Wolfrum, R. W. W. Wyatt, “Design and characterization of the VULCAN Nd:glass laser to give focused intensities of >1019 W/cm2,” presented at the Second Annual International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, Paris, Oct 22–25, 1996 (Society of Photo-optical Instrument Engineers, Bellingham, Washington).

M. Trentleman, I. N. Ross, C. N. Danson, “Pulse degradation arising from the finite size of gratings in a pulse compressor,” (Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, UK, 1996) pp. 85–86.

Data sheets from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., and the Hoya Corporation, Fremont, Calif.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Gain spectral narrowing curves as a function of gain and input spectral width for Gaussian profiles.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Characteristics of the laser output pulse for different phosphate–silicate glass mixtures: (a) spectral profile, (b) spectral bandwidth at FWHM, (c) transform-limited pulse duration. The glass mix parameter k is given by (1 - k)/(k) = 1.6.(ln G SIL)/(ln G PHOS), where G SIL and G PHOS are the Nd:silicate and the Nd:phosphate gains at their peak wavelengths, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral clipping effect in a grating compressor. λ0, central wavelength; λ1, off-center wavelength.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Characteristics of the recompressed and the focused pulse for different phosphate-silicate glass mixtures: (a) Temporal profile on axis; (b) pulse duration at FWHM on axis for both single-and double-pass compressor; (c) total energy efficiency and spot size; (d) peak intensity on axis for both a single- and a double-pass compressor.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Time–bandwidth product for different glass mixtures.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Pulse temporal profiles for different glass mixtures on a log plot to show the contrast in the pulse wings.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Estimated and Computed Spectral Widths, Minimum Pulse Durations and ASE Intensities on Target for Different Laser-Staging Schemesa

Tables Icon

Table 2 Comparative Performance Parameters for Single-Pass Normal and Complementary, and Double-Pass Normal Grating Compressor Geometries a

Equations (15)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

POUTλ=PSλTSTRλGλTλ,
Bλ=FS4πτRADGλTλΔλASEΔ,
IASEFS16F2τRADGλTλΔλASEΔ.
tL=-λd2ndλ2 ΔλLc, tQ=-123d2ndλ2+λd3ndλ3Δλ2Lc.
EOUT=tλPOUTλdλdt=const.
1Δλ2=ln G0Δ2+1δλ2,
1-kk=1.6ln GSILln GPHOS.
f=cNλL τSTR,
δα=cos α+cos βcos α1-2.
δτ=cos α+cos βcos2 βsin α+sin βSc1=cos α+cos βτSTRNΔλ1
1-2<3λcos α+cos βL, 1<0.03NΔλcos α+cos βτSTR.
δτ=cos ατSTRNΔλ δα,
δτ=MλτSTRNΔλL.
τNL=1+3Nλsin βcos2 βδλ2λ τSTR.
δτ=NλLctan βδβ.

Metrics