Abstract

Because of mechanical aspects of fabrication, launch, and operational environment, space telescope optics can suffer from unforeseen aberrations, detracting from their intended diffraction-limited performance goals. We give the results of simulation studies designed to explore how wave-front aberration information for such near-diffraction-limited telescopes can be estimated through a regularized, low-pass filtered version of the Gonsalves (least-squares) phase-diversity technique. We numerically simulate models of both monolithic and segmented space telescope mirrors; the segmented case is a simplified model of the proposed next generation space telescope. The simulation results quantify the accuracy of phase diversity as a wave-front sensing (WFS) technique in estimating the pupil phase map. The pupil phase is estimated from pairs of conventional and out-of-focus photon-limited point-source images. Image photon statistics are simulated for three different average light levels. Simulation results give an indication of the minimum light level required for reliable estimation of a large number of aberration parameters under the least-squares paradigm. For weak aberrations that average a 0.10λ pupil rms, the average WFS estimation errors obtained here range from a worst case of 0.057λ pupil rms to a best case of only 0.002λ pupil rms, depending on the light level as well as on the types and degrees of freedom of the aberrations present.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (12)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (21)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription