Abstract

We developed a polarization scrambler with an embedded polarizer, angled at approximately 45° on the input side of the waveguide. The degree of polarization (DOP) of this scrambler is highly stable with the DOP less than 5% at 1558 ± 2 nm and less than 6% at approximately 10-40 °C. These scramblers are useful for long-haul communication systems and WDM systems.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. Y. Fukada et al., “BER fluctuation suppression in optical in-line amplifier systems using polarization scrambling technique,” Electron. Lett. 30 (5), 432–433 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. S. Bergano et al., “Polarization scrambling improves SNR performance in a chain of EDFAs,” OFC ’95, ThR2.
  3. F. Heismann et al., “Electrooptic polarization scramblers for optically amplified long-haul transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. 6 (9), 1156–1158 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Shimotsu et al., “LiNbO3 polarization scrambler with input-polarizer,” Proc. of the 1995 IEICE General Conf., Fukuoka, Japan (IEICE Japan), March 27–30, C-281 (1995).
  5. S. Shimotsu et al., “Measurements of high speed intensity modulators and polarization scramblers,” , 1995-09.

1994 (2)

Y. Fukada et al., “BER fluctuation suppression in optical in-line amplifier systems using polarization scrambling technique,” Electron. Lett. 30 (5), 432–433 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. Heismann et al., “Electrooptic polarization scramblers for optically amplified long-haul transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. 6 (9), 1156–1158 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fukada, Y.

Y. Fukada et al., “BER fluctuation suppression in optical in-line amplifier systems using polarization scrambling technique,” Electron. Lett. 30 (5), 432–433 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Heismann, F.

F. Heismann et al., “Electrooptic polarization scramblers for optically amplified long-haul transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. 6 (9), 1156–1158 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shimotsu, S.

S. Shimotsu et al., “LiNbO3 polarization scrambler with input-polarizer,” Proc. of the 1995 IEICE General Conf., Fukuoka, Japan (IEICE Japan), March 27–30, C-281 (1995).

S. Shimotsu et al., “Measurements of high speed intensity modulators and polarization scramblers,” , 1995-09.

Electron. Lett. (1)

Y. Fukada et al., “BER fluctuation suppression in optical in-line amplifier systems using polarization scrambling technique,” Electron. Lett. 30 (5), 432–433 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. (1)

F. Heismann et al., “Electrooptic polarization scramblers for optically amplified long-haul transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. 6 (9), 1156–1158 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

S. Shimotsu et al., “LiNbO3 polarization scrambler with input-polarizer,” Proc. of the 1995 IEICE General Conf., Fukuoka, Japan (IEICE Japan), March 27–30, C-281 (1995).

S. Shimotsu et al., “Measurements of high speed intensity modulators and polarization scramblers,” , 1995-09.

N. S. Bergano et al., “Polarization scrambling improves SNR performance in a chain of EDFAs,” OFC ’95, ThR2.

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Figures (3)

Figure 1
Figure 1

The structure of a polarization scrambler.

Figure 2
Figure 2

DOP wavelength dependency

Figure 3
Figure 3

DOP temperature dependency

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