Abstract

Room-temperature operation of a continuous-wave Tm:YAP laser is reported. A 3 W laser diode in an end-pumped geometry is used to generate 730 mW of thulium laser output, which represents a conversion efficiency of 42% in terms of absorbed pump power. The laser operates on a number of lines in the wavelength range 1.965 to 2.020 μm.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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  1. M Storm, “Coherent 2-μm sources burst into wind-shear detection,” Laser Focus World, 117–122 (April1991).
  2. B Ropoulos, “Medical lasers: new wavelengths, new designs enhance cost effectiveness,” Photon. Spectra, June1996, pp. 116–120.
  3. J. G. Manni, “High powered delivery: fiberoptic laser surgery,” Opt. Photon. News, July1996, pp. 23–28.
  4. J. G. Manni, “Solid-state lasers in medicine today,” Lasers Optronics, April1992, pp. 17–20.
  5. S. R. Bowman, J. G. Lynn, S. K. Searles, B. J. Feldman, J. McMahon, W. Whitney, D. Epp, G. J. Quarles, K. J. Riley, “High-average-power operation of a Q-switched diode-pumped holmium laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1724–1726 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. L. A. Pomeranz, P. A. Budni, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, “Efficient power scaling in the mid-IR with a ZnGeP2 OPO,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, S. A. Payne, C. R. Pollock, eds., (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 226–228.
  7. M. J. Weber, CRC Handbook of Laser Science and Technology, (CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 1987), Vol. 4, Part 2; CRC Handbook of Laser Science and Technology Vol. 5, Part 3.
  8. S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+ and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619–2630 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. C. Stoneman, L. Esterowitz, “Intracavity-pumped 2.09 μm Ho:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 736–738 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. A. Noginov, A. M. Prokhorov, G. K. Sarkisyan, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Cross-relaxation deactivation of the ground state of ions of rare-earth elements in crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 945–949 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. J. Weber, M. Bass, T. E. Varitimos, D. P. Bua, “Laser action from Ho3+, Er3+ and Tm3+ in YA1O3,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1079–1086 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. O. Ivanov, I. V. Mochalov, A. M. Tkachuk, V. A. Fedeov, P. P. Feofilov, “Spectral characteristics of the thulium ion and cascade generation of stimulated radiation in a YAlO3:Tm3+:Cr3+ crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 5, 117–118 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. C. Stoneman, L. Esterowitz, “Efficient 1.94 μm Tm:YAlO laser,” IEEE J. Selected Topics Quantum Electron. 1, 78–81 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, R. A. Fields, “Thermal modelling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831–1833 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  15. P. Peterson, A. Gavrielides, M. P. Sharma, “Diode-pumped Tm:YAG solid-state lasers with indirect and direct manifold pumping,” Appl. Phys. B 61, 195–200 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. M. O’Hare, V. L. Donlan, “Crystal-field determination for trivalent thulium in yttrium orthoaluminate,” Phys. Rev. B 14, 3732–3743 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  17. I. F. Elder, M. J. P. Payne, “Characterisation of a cw diode-pumped Tm:YAlO3 laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 15of OSA Proceedings Series, B. H. T. Chai, S. A. Payne, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), 358–361.
  18. N. J. Vasa, M. Tanaka, T. Okada, M. Maeda, O. Uchino, “Comparative study of spectral narrowing of a pulsed Ti:sapphire laser using pulsed and cw injection locking,” Appl. Phys. B 62, 51–57 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  19. V. I. Donin, V. A. Ivanov, V. I. Kovalevskii, D. V. Yakovin, “Cw generation from Ti:sapphire pumped with a high power Ar+ laser,” Opt. Commun. 122, 40–42 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

1996 (3)

B Ropoulos, “Medical lasers: new wavelengths, new designs enhance cost effectiveness,” Photon. Spectra, June1996, pp. 116–120.

J. G. Manni, “High powered delivery: fiberoptic laser surgery,” Opt. Photon. News, July1996, pp. 23–28.

N. J. Vasa, M. Tanaka, T. Okada, M. Maeda, O. Uchino, “Comparative study of spectral narrowing of a pulsed Ti:sapphire laser using pulsed and cw injection locking,” Appl. Phys. B 62, 51–57 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (3)

V. I. Donin, V. A. Ivanov, V. I. Kovalevskii, D. V. Yakovin, “Cw generation from Ti:sapphire pumped with a high power Ar+ laser,” Opt. Commun. 122, 40–42 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Stoneman, L. Esterowitz, “Efficient 1.94 μm Tm:YAlO laser,” IEEE J. Selected Topics Quantum Electron. 1, 78–81 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. Peterson, A. Gavrielides, M. P. Sharma, “Diode-pumped Tm:YAG solid-state lasers with indirect and direct manifold pumping,” Appl. Phys. B 61, 195–200 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1992 (3)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+ and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Stoneman, L. Esterowitz, “Intracavity-pumped 2.09 μm Ho:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 736–738 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. G. Manni, “Solid-state lasers in medicine today,” Lasers Optronics, April1992, pp. 17–20.

1991 (2)

M Storm, “Coherent 2-μm sources burst into wind-shear detection,” Laser Focus World, 117–122 (April1991).

M. A. Noginov, A. M. Prokhorov, G. K. Sarkisyan, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Cross-relaxation deactivation of the ground state of ions of rare-earth elements in crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 945–949 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, R. A. Fields, “Thermal modelling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

J. M. O’Hare, V. L. Donlan, “Crystal-field determination for trivalent thulium in yttrium orthoaluminate,” Phys. Rev. B 14, 3732–3743 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

A. O. Ivanov, I. V. Mochalov, A. M. Tkachuk, V. A. Fedeov, P. P. Feofilov, “Spectral characteristics of the thulium ion and cascade generation of stimulated radiation in a YAlO3:Tm3+:Cr3+ crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 5, 117–118 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, T. E. Varitimos, D. P. Bua, “Laser action from Ho3+, Er3+ and Tm3+ in YA1O3,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1079–1086 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Bass, M.

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, T. E. Varitimos, D. P. Bua, “Laser action from Ho3+, Er3+ and Tm3+ in YA1O3,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1079–1086 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Bowman, S. R.

Bua, D. P.

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, T. E. Varitimos, D. P. Bua, “Laser action from Ho3+, Er3+ and Tm3+ in YA1O3,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1079–1086 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Budni, P. A.

L. A. Pomeranz, P. A. Budni, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, “Efficient power scaling in the mid-IR with a ZnGeP2 OPO,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, S. A. Payne, C. R. Pollock, eds., (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 226–228.

Chase, L. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+ and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chicklis, E. P.

L. A. Pomeranz, P. A. Budni, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, “Efficient power scaling in the mid-IR with a ZnGeP2 OPO,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, S. A. Payne, C. R. Pollock, eds., (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 226–228.

Donin, V. I.

V. I. Donin, V. A. Ivanov, V. I. Kovalevskii, D. V. Yakovin, “Cw generation from Ti:sapphire pumped with a high power Ar+ laser,” Opt. Commun. 122, 40–42 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Donlan, V. L.

J. M. O’Hare, V. L. Donlan, “Crystal-field determination for trivalent thulium in yttrium orthoaluminate,” Phys. Rev. B 14, 3732–3743 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Elder, I. F.

I. F. Elder, M. J. P. Payne, “Characterisation of a cw diode-pumped Tm:YAlO3 laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 15of OSA Proceedings Series, B. H. T. Chai, S. A. Payne, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), 358–361.

Epp, D.

Esterowitz, L.

R. C. Stoneman, L. Esterowitz, “Efficient 1.94 μm Tm:YAlO laser,” IEEE J. Selected Topics Quantum Electron. 1, 78–81 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Stoneman, L. Esterowitz, “Intracavity-pumped 2.09 μm Ho:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 736–738 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fedeov, V. A.

A. O. Ivanov, I. V. Mochalov, A. M. Tkachuk, V. A. Fedeov, P. P. Feofilov, “Spectral characteristics of the thulium ion and cascade generation of stimulated radiation in a YAlO3:Tm3+:Cr3+ crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 5, 117–118 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Feldman, B. J.

Feofilov, P. P.

A. O. Ivanov, I. V. Mochalov, A. M. Tkachuk, V. A. Fedeov, P. P. Feofilov, “Spectral characteristics of the thulium ion and cascade generation of stimulated radiation in a YAlO3:Tm3+:Cr3+ crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 5, 117–118 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Fields, R. A.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, R. A. Fields, “Thermal modelling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Fincher, C. L.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, R. A. Fields, “Thermal modelling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Gavrielides, A.

P. Peterson, A. Gavrielides, M. P. Sharma, “Diode-pumped Tm:YAG solid-state lasers with indirect and direct manifold pumping,” Appl. Phys. B 61, 195–200 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Innocenzi, M. E.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, R. A. Fields, “Thermal modelling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, A. O.

A. O. Ivanov, I. V. Mochalov, A. M. Tkachuk, V. A. Fedeov, P. P. Feofilov, “Spectral characteristics of the thulium ion and cascade generation of stimulated radiation in a YAlO3:Tm3+:Cr3+ crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 5, 117–118 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, V. A.

V. I. Donin, V. A. Ivanov, V. I. Kovalevskii, D. V. Yakovin, “Cw generation from Ti:sapphire pumped with a high power Ar+ laser,” Opt. Commun. 122, 40–42 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kovalevskii, V. I.

V. I. Donin, V. A. Ivanov, V. I. Kovalevskii, D. V. Yakovin, “Cw generation from Ti:sapphire pumped with a high power Ar+ laser,” Opt. Commun. 122, 40–42 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+ and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kway, W. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+ and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lynn, J. G.

Maeda, M.

N. J. Vasa, M. Tanaka, T. Okada, M. Maeda, O. Uchino, “Comparative study of spectral narrowing of a pulsed Ti:sapphire laser using pulsed and cw injection locking,” Appl. Phys. B 62, 51–57 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Manni, J. G.

J. G. Manni, “High powered delivery: fiberoptic laser surgery,” Opt. Photon. News, July1996, pp. 23–28.

J. G. Manni, “Solid-state lasers in medicine today,” Lasers Optronics, April1992, pp. 17–20.

McMahon, J.

Mochalov, I. V.

A. O. Ivanov, I. V. Mochalov, A. M. Tkachuk, V. A. Fedeov, P. P. Feofilov, “Spectral characteristics of the thulium ion and cascade generation of stimulated radiation in a YAlO3:Tm3+:Cr3+ crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 5, 117–118 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Noginov, M. A.

M. A. Noginov, A. M. Prokhorov, G. K. Sarkisyan, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Cross-relaxation deactivation of the ground state of ions of rare-earth elements in crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 945–949 (1991).
[CrossRef]

O’Hare, J. M.

J. M. O’Hare, V. L. Donlan, “Crystal-field determination for trivalent thulium in yttrium orthoaluminate,” Phys. Rev. B 14, 3732–3743 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Okada, T.

N. J. Vasa, M. Tanaka, T. Okada, M. Maeda, O. Uchino, “Comparative study of spectral narrowing of a pulsed Ti:sapphire laser using pulsed and cw injection locking,” Appl. Phys. B 62, 51–57 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Payne, M. J. P.

I. F. Elder, M. J. P. Payne, “Characterisation of a cw diode-pumped Tm:YAlO3 laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 15of OSA Proceedings Series, B. H. T. Chai, S. A. Payne, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), 358–361.

Payne, S. A.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+ and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Peterson, P.

P. Peterson, A. Gavrielides, M. P. Sharma, “Diode-pumped Tm:YAG solid-state lasers with indirect and direct manifold pumping,” Appl. Phys. B 61, 195–200 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pollak, T. M.

L. A. Pomeranz, P. A. Budni, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, “Efficient power scaling in the mid-IR with a ZnGeP2 OPO,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, S. A. Payne, C. R. Pollock, eds., (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 226–228.

Pomeranz, L. A.

L. A. Pomeranz, P. A. Budni, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, “Efficient power scaling in the mid-IR with a ZnGeP2 OPO,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, S. A. Payne, C. R. Pollock, eds., (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 226–228.

Prokhorov, A. M.

M. A. Noginov, A. M. Prokhorov, G. K. Sarkisyan, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Cross-relaxation deactivation of the ground state of ions of rare-earth elements in crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 945–949 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Quarles, G. J.

Riley, K. J.

Ropoulos, B

B Ropoulos, “Medical lasers: new wavelengths, new designs enhance cost effectiveness,” Photon. Spectra, June1996, pp. 116–120.

Sarkisyan, G. K.

M. A. Noginov, A. M. Prokhorov, G. K. Sarkisyan, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Cross-relaxation deactivation of the ground state of ions of rare-earth elements in crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 945–949 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Schunemann, P. G.

L. A. Pomeranz, P. A. Budni, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, “Efficient power scaling in the mid-IR with a ZnGeP2 OPO,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, S. A. Payne, C. R. Pollock, eds., (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 226–228.

Searles, S. K.

Sharma, M. P.

P. Peterson, A. Gavrielides, M. P. Sharma, “Diode-pumped Tm:YAG solid-state lasers with indirect and direct manifold pumping,” Appl. Phys. B 61, 195–200 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shcherbakov, I. A.

M. A. Noginov, A. M. Prokhorov, G. K. Sarkisyan, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Cross-relaxation deactivation of the ground state of ions of rare-earth elements in crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 945–949 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Smirnov, V. A.

M. A. Noginov, A. M. Prokhorov, G. K. Sarkisyan, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Cross-relaxation deactivation of the ground state of ions of rare-earth elements in crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 945–949 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Smith, L. K.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+ and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Stoneman, R. C.

R. C. Stoneman, L. Esterowitz, “Efficient 1.94 μm Tm:YAlO laser,” IEEE J. Selected Topics Quantum Electron. 1, 78–81 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Stoneman, L. Esterowitz, “Intracavity-pumped 2.09 μm Ho:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 736–738 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Storm, M

M Storm, “Coherent 2-μm sources burst into wind-shear detection,” Laser Focus World, 117–122 (April1991).

Tanaka, M.

N. J. Vasa, M. Tanaka, T. Okada, M. Maeda, O. Uchino, “Comparative study of spectral narrowing of a pulsed Ti:sapphire laser using pulsed and cw injection locking,” Appl. Phys. B 62, 51–57 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tkachuk, A. M.

A. O. Ivanov, I. V. Mochalov, A. M. Tkachuk, V. A. Fedeov, P. P. Feofilov, “Spectral characteristics of the thulium ion and cascade generation of stimulated radiation in a YAlO3:Tm3+:Cr3+ crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 5, 117–118 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Uchino, O.

N. J. Vasa, M. Tanaka, T. Okada, M. Maeda, O. Uchino, “Comparative study of spectral narrowing of a pulsed Ti:sapphire laser using pulsed and cw injection locking,” Appl. Phys. B 62, 51–57 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Varitimos, T. E.

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, T. E. Varitimos, D. P. Bua, “Laser action from Ho3+, Er3+ and Tm3+ in YA1O3,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1079–1086 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Vasa, N. J.

N. J. Vasa, M. Tanaka, T. Okada, M. Maeda, O. Uchino, “Comparative study of spectral narrowing of a pulsed Ti:sapphire laser using pulsed and cw injection locking,” Appl. Phys. B 62, 51–57 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Weber, M. J.

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, T. E. Varitimos, D. P. Bua, “Laser action from Ho3+, Er3+ and Tm3+ in YA1O3,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1079–1086 (1973).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Weber, CRC Handbook of Laser Science and Technology, (CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 1987), Vol. 4, Part 2; CRC Handbook of Laser Science and Technology Vol. 5, Part 3.

Whitney, W.

Yakovin, D. V.

V. I. Donin, V. A. Ivanov, V. I. Kovalevskii, D. V. Yakovin, “Cw generation from Ti:sapphire pumped with a high power Ar+ laser,” Opt. Commun. 122, 40–42 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yura, H. T.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, R. A. Fields, “Thermal modelling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

P. Peterson, A. Gavrielides, M. P. Sharma, “Diode-pumped Tm:YAG solid-state lasers with indirect and direct manifold pumping,” Appl. Phys. B 61, 195–200 (1995).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Vasa, M. Tanaka, T. Okada, M. Maeda, O. Uchino, “Comparative study of spectral narrowing of a pulsed Ti:sapphire laser using pulsed and cw injection locking,” Appl. Phys. B 62, 51–57 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, R. A. Fields, “Thermal modelling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, T. E. Varitimos, D. P. Bua, “Laser action from Ho3+, Er3+ and Tm3+ in YA1O3,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1079–1086 (1973).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+ and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Selected Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

R. C. Stoneman, L. Esterowitz, “Efficient 1.94 μm Tm:YAlO laser,” IEEE J. Selected Topics Quantum Electron. 1, 78–81 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Laser Focus World (1)

M Storm, “Coherent 2-μm sources burst into wind-shear detection,” Laser Focus World, 117–122 (April1991).

Lasers Optronics (1)

J. G. Manni, “Solid-state lasers in medicine today,” Lasers Optronics, April1992, pp. 17–20.

Opt. Commun. (1)

V. I. Donin, V. A. Ivanov, V. I. Kovalevskii, D. V. Yakovin, “Cw generation from Ti:sapphire pumped with a high power Ar+ laser,” Opt. Commun. 122, 40–42 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Photon. News (1)

J. G. Manni, “High powered delivery: fiberoptic laser surgery,” Opt. Photon. News, July1996, pp. 23–28.

Photon. Spectra (1)

B Ropoulos, “Medical lasers: new wavelengths, new designs enhance cost effectiveness,” Photon. Spectra, June1996, pp. 116–120.

Phys. Rev. B (1)

J. M. O’Hare, V. L. Donlan, “Crystal-field determination for trivalent thulium in yttrium orthoaluminate,” Phys. Rev. B 14, 3732–3743 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (2)

A. O. Ivanov, I. V. Mochalov, A. M. Tkachuk, V. A. Fedeov, P. P. Feofilov, “Spectral characteristics of the thulium ion and cascade generation of stimulated radiation in a YAlO3:Tm3+:Cr3+ crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 5, 117–118 (1975).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Noginov, A. M. Prokhorov, G. K. Sarkisyan, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Cross-relaxation deactivation of the ground state of ions of rare-earth elements in crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 945–949 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

L. A. Pomeranz, P. A. Budni, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, “Efficient power scaling in the mid-IR with a ZnGeP2 OPO,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, S. A. Payne, C. R. Pollock, eds., (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 226–228.

M. J. Weber, CRC Handbook of Laser Science and Technology, (CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 1987), Vol. 4, Part 2; CRC Handbook of Laser Science and Technology Vol. 5, Part 3.

I. F. Elder, M. J. P. Payne, “Characterisation of a cw diode-pumped Tm:YAlO3 laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 15of OSA Proceedings Series, B. H. T. Chai, S. A. Payne, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), 358–361.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Room-temperature pump-band absorption spectrum of 4.2% Tm:YAP.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the experimental set-up for the Tm:YAP laser.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output power performance of Tm:YAP laser.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Temperature dependence of maximum laser output power.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Temperature dependence of fractional inversion threshold.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Representative wavelength spectra with (a) a curved output mirror and (b), (c) a plane output mirror.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Fluorescence decay of thulium in YAP.

Equations (1)

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F = f l f u + f l

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