Abstract

A simple model is presented to calculate the effects of the finite size of the diffraction gratings in the compressor of a chirped pulse amplification laser system. A wavelength-dependent clipping at the second grating alters the spectral distribution of the compressed pulses, affecting their time domain as well as their spatial distribution in the focal plane. Laser parameters of paramount importance to laser/plasma interaction experiments such as peak intensity, pulse duration, and prepulse levels are affected by the compressor design. Calculations of the effect of spectral clipping on these parameters for Gaussian, sech2, and top-hat input spectra are discussed, and the benefit of double-pass compared with single-pass compression is also investigated. As an example, with 300-mm gratings and single-pass compression, for a sech2 spectrum the pulse length of a 400-fs pulse increases to 459 fs, the peak intensity decreases by 25%, and the focal spot size increases by 8% because of the finite size of the gratings.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. E. B. Treacy, “Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 454–458 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  3. O. E. Martinez, “Design of high-power ultrashort pulse amplifiers by expansion and recompression,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1385–1387 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Dabo, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, “Generation of ultrahigh peak power pulses by chirped pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398–403 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, S. Seznec, C. Sautaret, G. Mourou, A. Migus, “Generation of 50-TW femtosecond pulses in a Ti:sapphire/Nd:glass chain,” Opt. Lett. 18, 214–216 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Y. Beaudoin, C. Y. Chien, J. S. Coe, J. L. Tapie, G. Mourou, “Ultrahigh-contrast Ti:sapphire/Nd:glass terawatt laser system,” Opt. Lett. 17, 865–867 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. C. P. J. Barty, C. L. Gordon, B. E. Lemhoff, “Multiterawatt 30-fs Ti:sapphire laser system,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1442–1444 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. K. Yamakawa, H. Shiraga, Y. Kato, C. P. J. Barty, “Prepulse-free 30-TW, 1-ps Nd:glass laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1593–1595 (1991).
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  9. F. G. Patterson, R. Gonzales, M. D. Perry, “Compact 10-TW, 800-fs Nd:glass laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1107–1109 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. B. Edwards, L. J. Barzanti, C. N. Danson, M. H. Key, D Neely, P Norreys, D. A. Pepler, W. T. Toner, F. N. Walsh, T. B. Winstone, M. H. R. Hutchinson, I. P. Mercer, D Wilson, F Zhou, “Optimisation of system design and performance to generate 1020 Wcm-2,” in Generation, Amplification, and Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses II, F. W. Wise, C. P. J. Barty, eds., Proc. SPIE2377, 260–268 (1995).
  12. O. E. Martinez, “Grating and prism compressors in the case of finite beam size,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 929–934 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. F. Curley, G. Darpentigny, G. Cheriaux, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, “High dynamic range autocorrelation studies of a femto second Ti:Sapphire oscillator and its relevance to the optimisation of chirped pulse amplification systems,” Opt. Commun. 120, 71–77 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  14. I. N. Ross, M Trentelman, C. N. Danson, “Optimization of a chirped pulse amplification neodymium glass laser,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

1995 (1)

P. F. Curley, G. Darpentigny, G. Cheriaux, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, “High dynamic range autocorrelation studies of a femto second Ti:Sapphire oscillator and its relevance to the optimisation of chirped pulse amplification systems,” Opt. Commun. 120, 71–77 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1993 (2)

C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, S. Seznec, C. Sautaret, G. Mourou, A. Migus, “Generation of 50-TW femtosecond pulses in a Ti:sapphire/Nd:glass chain,” Opt. Lett. 18, 214–216 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1991 (2)

1988 (1)

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Dabo, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, “Generation of ultrahigh peak power pulses by chirped pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398–403 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

O. E. Martinez, “Design of high-power ultrashort pulse amplifiers by expansion and recompression,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1385–1387 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1985 (1)

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

E. B. Treacy, “Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 454–458 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Allais, I.

Antonetti, A.

P. F. Curley, G. Darpentigny, G. Cheriaux, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, “High dynamic range autocorrelation studies of a femto second Ti:Sapphire oscillator and its relevance to the optimisation of chirped pulse amplification systems,” Opt. Commun. 120, 71–77 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Barty, C. P. J.

Barzanti, L. J.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. B. Edwards, L. J. Barzanti, C. N. Danson, M. H. Key, D Neely, P Norreys, D. A. Pepler, W. T. Toner, F. N. Walsh, T. B. Winstone, M. H. R. Hutchinson, I. P. Mercer, D Wilson, F Zhou, “Optimisation of system design and performance to generate 1020 Wcm-2,” in Generation, Amplification, and Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses II, F. W. Wise, C. P. J. Barty, eds., Proc. SPIE2377, 260–268 (1995).

Beaudoin, Y.

Chambaret, J. P.

P. F. Curley, G. Darpentigny, G. Cheriaux, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, “High dynamic range autocorrelation studies of a femto second Ti:Sapphire oscillator and its relevance to the optimisation of chirped pulse amplification systems,” Opt. Commun. 120, 71–77 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Z.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cheriaux, G.

P. F. Curley, G. Darpentigny, G. Cheriaux, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, “High dynamic range autocorrelation studies of a femto second Ti:Sapphire oscillator and its relevance to the optimisation of chirped pulse amplification systems,” Opt. Commun. 120, 71–77 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chien, C. Y.

Coe, J. S.

Curley, P. F.

P. F. Curley, G. Darpentigny, G. Cheriaux, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, “High dynamic range autocorrelation studies of a femto second Ti:Sapphire oscillator and its relevance to the optimisation of chirped pulse amplification systems,” Opt. Commun. 120, 71–77 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dabo, P.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Dabo, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, “Generation of ultrahigh peak power pulses by chirped pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398–403 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Damerell, A. E.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Danson, C. N.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. B. Edwards, L. J. Barzanti, C. N. Danson, M. H. Key, D Neely, P Norreys, D. A. Pepler, W. T. Toner, F. N. Walsh, T. B. Winstone, M. H. R. Hutchinson, I. P. Mercer, D Wilson, F Zhou, “Optimisation of system design and performance to generate 1020 Wcm-2,” in Generation, Amplification, and Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses II, F. W. Wise, C. P. J. Barty, eds., Proc. SPIE2377, 260–268 (1995).

I. N. Ross, M Trentelman, C. N. Danson, “Optimization of a chirped pulse amplification neodymium glass laser,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Darpentigny, G.

P. F. Curley, G. Darpentigny, G. Cheriaux, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, “High dynamic range autocorrelation studies of a femto second Ti:Sapphire oscillator and its relevance to the optimisation of chirped pulse amplification systems,” Opt. Commun. 120, 71–77 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Edwards, C. B.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. B. Edwards, L. J. Barzanti, C. N. Danson, M. H. Key, D Neely, P Norreys, D. A. Pepler, W. T. Toner, F. N. Walsh, T. B. Winstone, M. H. R. Hutchinson, I. P. Mercer, D Wilson, F Zhou, “Optimisation of system design and performance to generate 1020 Wcm-2,” in Generation, Amplification, and Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses II, F. W. Wise, C. P. J. Barty, eds., Proc. SPIE2377, 260–268 (1995).

Gonzales, R.

Gordon, C. L.

Hancock, S.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hutchinson, M. H. R.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. B. Edwards, L. J. Barzanti, C. N. Danson, M. H. Key, D Neely, P Norreys, D. A. Pepler, W. T. Toner, F. N. Walsh, T. B. Winstone, M. H. R. Hutchinson, I. P. Mercer, D Wilson, F Zhou, “Optimisation of system design and performance to generate 1020 Wcm-2,” in Generation, Amplification, and Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses II, F. W. Wise, C. P. J. Barty, eds., Proc. SPIE2377, 260–268 (1995).

Kato, Y.

Key, M. H.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. B. Edwards, L. J. Barzanti, C. N. Danson, M. H. Key, D Neely, P Norreys, D. A. Pepler, W. T. Toner, F. N. Walsh, T. B. Winstone, M. H. R. Hutchinson, I. P. Mercer, D Wilson, F Zhou, “Optimisation of system design and performance to generate 1020 Wcm-2,” in Generation, Amplification, and Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses II, F. W. Wise, C. P. J. Barty, eds., Proc. SPIE2377, 260–268 (1995).

Lemhoff, B. E.

Luan, S.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mahadeo, R. R.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Maine, P.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Dabo, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, “Generation of ultrahigh peak power pulses by chirped pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398–403 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Martinez, O. E.

O. E. Martinez, “Design of high-power ultrashort pulse amplifiers by expansion and recompression,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1385–1387 (1987).
[CrossRef]

O. E. Martinez, “Grating and prism compressors in the case of finite beam size,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 929–934 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Mazataud, E.

Mercer, I. P.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. B. Edwards, L. J. Barzanti, C. N. Danson, M. H. Key, D Neely, P Norreys, D. A. Pepler, W. T. Toner, F. N. Walsh, T. B. Winstone, M. H. R. Hutchinson, I. P. Mercer, D Wilson, F Zhou, “Optimisation of system design and performance to generate 1020 Wcm-2,” in Generation, Amplification, and Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses II, F. W. Wise, C. P. J. Barty, eds., Proc. SPIE2377, 260–268 (1995).

Migus, A.

Mourou, G.

C. Rouyer, E. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, S. Seznec, C. Sautaret, G. Mourou, A. Migus, “Generation of 50-TW femtosecond pulses in a Ti:sapphire/Nd:glass chain,” Opt. Lett. 18, 214–216 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Beaudoin, C. Y. Chien, J. S. Coe, J. L. Tapie, G. Mourou, “Ultrahigh-contrast Ti:sapphire/Nd:glass terawatt laser system,” Opt. Lett. 17, 865–867 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Dabo, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, “Generation of ultrahigh peak power pulses by chirped pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398–403 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Neely, D

C. B. Edwards, L. J. Barzanti, C. N. Danson, M. H. Key, D Neely, P Norreys, D. A. Pepler, W. T. Toner, F. N. Walsh, T. B. Winstone, M. H. R. Hutchinson, I. P. Mercer, D Wilson, F Zhou, “Optimisation of system design and performance to generate 1020 Wcm-2,” in Generation, Amplification, and Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses II, F. W. Wise, C. P. J. Barty, eds., Proc. SPIE2377, 260–268 (1995).

Norreys, P

C. B. Edwards, L. J. Barzanti, C. N. Danson, M. H. Key, D Neely, P Norreys, D. A. Pepler, W. T. Toner, F. N. Walsh, T. B. Winstone, M. H. R. Hutchinson, I. P. Mercer, D Wilson, F Zhou, “Optimisation of system design and performance to generate 1020 Wcm-2,” in Generation, Amplification, and Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses II, F. W. Wise, C. P. J. Barty, eds., Proc. SPIE2377, 260–268 (1995).

Norreys, P.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Patterson, F. G.

Pepler, D. A.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. B. Edwards, L. J. Barzanti, C. N. Danson, M. H. Key, D Neely, P Norreys, D. A. Pepler, W. T. Toner, F. N. Walsh, T. B. Winstone, M. H. R. Hutchinson, I. P. Mercer, D Wilson, F Zhou, “Optimisation of system design and performance to generate 1020 Wcm-2,” in Generation, Amplification, and Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses II, F. W. Wise, C. P. J. Barty, eds., Proc. SPIE2377, 260–268 (1995).

Perry, M. D.

Pessot, M.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Dabo, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, “Generation of ultrahigh peak power pulses by chirped pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398–403 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Pierre, A.

Rodkiss, D. A.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ross, I. N.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, M Trentelman, C. N. Danson, “Optimization of a chirped pulse amplification neodymium glass laser,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Rouyer, C.

Sautaret, C.

Seznec, S.

Shiraga, H.

Smith, M. A.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. A.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Strickland, D.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Dabo, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, “Generation of ultrahigh peak power pulses by chirped pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398–403 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Taday, P.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tapie, J. L.

Toner, W. T.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. B. Edwards, L. J. Barzanti, C. N. Danson, M. H. Key, D Neely, P Norreys, D. A. Pepler, W. T. Toner, F. N. Walsh, T. B. Winstone, M. H. R. Hutchinson, I. P. Mercer, D Wilson, F Zhou, “Optimisation of system design and performance to generate 1020 Wcm-2,” in Generation, Amplification, and Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses II, F. W. Wise, C. P. J. Barty, eds., Proc. SPIE2377, 260–268 (1995).

Treacy, E. B.

E. B. Treacy, “Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 454–458 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Trentelman, M

I. N. Ross, M Trentelman, C. N. Danson, “Optimization of a chirped pulse amplification neodymium glass laser,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Walsh, F. N.

C. B. Edwards, L. J. Barzanti, C. N. Danson, M. H. Key, D Neely, P Norreys, D. A. Pepler, W. T. Toner, F. N. Walsh, T. B. Winstone, M. H. R. Hutchinson, I. P. Mercer, D Wilson, F Zhou, “Optimisation of system design and performance to generate 1020 Wcm-2,” in Generation, Amplification, and Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses II, F. W. Wise, C. P. J. Barty, eds., Proc. SPIE2377, 260–268 (1995).

Wigmore, K. W. M.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, D

C. B. Edwards, L. J. Barzanti, C. N. Danson, M. H. Key, D Neely, P Norreys, D. A. Pepler, W. T. Toner, F. N. Walsh, T. B. Winstone, M. H. R. Hutchinson, I. P. Mercer, D Wilson, F Zhou, “Optimisation of system design and performance to generate 1020 Wcm-2,” in Generation, Amplification, and Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses II, F. W. Wise, C. P. J. Barty, eds., Proc. SPIE2377, 260–268 (1995).

Winstone, T. B.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. B. Edwards, L. J. Barzanti, C. N. Danson, M. H. Key, D Neely, P Norreys, D. A. Pepler, W. T. Toner, F. N. Walsh, T. B. Winstone, M. H. R. Hutchinson, I. P. Mercer, D Wilson, F Zhou, “Optimisation of system design and performance to generate 1020 Wcm-2,” in Generation, Amplification, and Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses II, F. W. Wise, C. P. J. Barty, eds., Proc. SPIE2377, 260–268 (1995).

Wyatt, R. W. W.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yamakawa, K.

Zhou, F

C. B. Edwards, L. J. Barzanti, C. N. Danson, M. H. Key, D Neely, P Norreys, D. A. Pepler, W. T. Toner, F. N. Walsh, T. B. Winstone, M. H. R. Hutchinson, I. P. Mercer, D Wilson, F Zhou, “Optimisation of system design and performance to generate 1020 Wcm-2,” in Generation, Amplification, and Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses II, F. W. Wise, C. P. J. Barty, eds., Proc. SPIE2377, 260–268 (1995).

Zhou, F.

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

O. E. Martinez, “Design of high-power ultrashort pulse amplifiers by expansion and recompression,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1385–1387 (1987).
[CrossRef]

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Dabo, M. Pessot, G. Mourou, “Generation of ultrahigh peak power pulses by chirped pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398–403 (1988).
[CrossRef]

E. B. Treacy, “Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 454–458 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (3)

P. F. Curley, G. Darpentigny, G. Cheriaux, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, “High dynamic range autocorrelation studies of a femto second Ti:Sapphire oscillator and its relevance to the optimisation of chirped pulse amplification systems,” Opt. Commun. 120, 71–77 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

C. N. Danson, L. J. Barzanti, Z. Chang, A. E. Damerell, C. B. Edwards, S. Hancock, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, S. Luan, R. R. Mahadeo, I. P. Mercer, P. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, D. A. Rodkiss, I. N. Ross, M. A. Smith, R. A. Smith, P. Taday, W. T. Toner, K. W. M. Wigmore, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, F. Zhou, “High contrast multi-terawatt pulse generation using chirped pulse amplification on the Vulcan laser facility,” Opt. Commun. 103, 392–397 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Other (2)

C. B. Edwards, L. J. Barzanti, C. N. Danson, M. H. Key, D Neely, P Norreys, D. A. Pepler, W. T. Toner, F. N. Walsh, T. B. Winstone, M. H. R. Hutchinson, I. P. Mercer, D Wilson, F Zhou, “Optimisation of system design and performance to generate 1020 Wcm-2,” in Generation, Amplification, and Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses II, F. W. Wise, C. P. J. Barty, eds., Proc. SPIE2377, 260–268 (1995).

I. N. Ross, M Trentelman, C. N. Danson, “Optimization of a chirped pulse amplification neodymium glass laser,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Grating geometry for pulse compression demonstrating the wavelength-dependent spectral clipping at the second grating that is due to the spectral shear.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Effective aperture size w(λ), and (b) off-axis position of the center ray P(λ) as a function of wavelength for two 300-mm gratings.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Logarithmic plot of the sech2, Gaussian, and top-hat input spectra (dotted curves) and the corresponding clipped spectra at the output plane of a single-pass compressor (solid curves).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Linear and logarithmic plot of the on-axis temporal distribution in the focal plane resulting from an unclipped and a clipped sech2 spectrum. (a) The linear plot in which the results are normalized to the peak of the unclipped temporal distribution to demonstrate the reduction in peak power. (b) The logarithmic plot in which both curves are normalized to the same peak value to show the difference in contrast and pulse width.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Linear and (b) logarithmic plot of the on-axis temporal distribution in the focal plane resulting from clipped sech2, Gaussian, and top-hat spectra. The results are normalized to the peak of the unclipped temporal distributions of the corresponding spectrum. We note that the actual minima for the top hat are somewhat deeper than shown on the plot because of the computational resolution.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Two- and (b) three-dimensional contour plots of the intensity distribution in the focal plane. The horizontal axis gives the position in the focal plane, the vertical axis gives the time.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Calculated fluence distribution in the focal plane for the unclipped sech2, clipped sech2, Gaussian, and top-hat spectrum after passing through the single-pass compressor.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Pulse length, relative peak intensity, and fluence efficiency as a function of grating size. The curves are normalized to the case of an ideal compressor.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Temporal distribution for double-pass geometry compared with single-pass geometry and the ideal compressor result.

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Input Spectrum Required to Generate a 400-fs Pulsea

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Table 2 Summary of the Results (see Text for Details)a

Equations (12)

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D ( λ ) = L cos β ( λ 0 ) [ tan β ( λ ) - tan β ( λ 0 ) ] ,
sin α + sin β ( λ ) = N λ ,
w ( λ ) = [ ( 1 - n ) W B / 2 + ( 1 + n ) W A / 2 ] cos α , P ( λ ) = [ ( 1 + n ) D ( λ ) / 2 ] cos α             for D ( λ ) < ( W B - W A ) / 2 ,
w ( λ ) = [ ( W B + W A ) / 2 - n D ( λ ) ] cos α , P ( λ ) = [ k ( W B - W A ) / 4 + D ( λ ) / 2 ] cos α             for ( W B - W A ) / 2 < D ( λ ) < ( W B + W A ) / 2 ,
w ( λ ) = 0 , p ( λ ) = N / A             for D ( λ ) > ( W B + W A ) / 2 ,
R 2 W cos 2 β L N Δ λ .
A ( λ ) = g 0 ( λ ) [ w ( λ ) / w ( λ 0 ) ] [ w ( λ ) / w ( λ 0 ) ] ( λ 0 / λ ) ,
A ( λ ) = g 0 ( λ ) [ w ( λ ) / w ( λ 0 ) ] ( λ 0 / λ ) .
A ( t , y ) = FT - 1 { A ( λ ) sinc [ π w ( λ ) y / F λ ] × exp [ i 2 π P ( λ ) y / F λ ] } ,
I ( t , 0 ) = { FT - 1 [ A ( λ ) ] } 2 .
tan θ = λ / F d D ( λ ) / d λ .
tan θ = L N λ cos α cos 2 β ,

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