Abstract

In the Etude d’un LaSer Accordable linear accelerator, electron bunches consist of trains of picosecond pulses extracted from a photocathode by a drive laser system. The fluctuations of the mean intensity of pulse trains at the output of the laser system are around 3% rms. A feed-forward stabilization system that reduces these fluctuations to better than 0.7% rms for periods of 5 min is presented.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J. P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J. P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J. P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Loulergue, D. H. Dowell, S. Joly, J.-P. de Brion, G. Haouat, F. Schumann, “Transverse and longitudinal emittance measurements in the ELSA linac,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 384, 285–292 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P Fourdin, V Fontenay, C Ruiz, “Mesures des fluctuations en phase et en amplitude de la chaı̂ne laser du photoinjecteur d’ELSA,” in Proceedings of the Sixth Symposium on High Current Photoemission (Laboratoire de l’Accélérateur Linéaire, Orsay, France, 1994), pp. 229–239.
  4. D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Optics Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Borsutzky, R. Brünger, Ch. Huang, R. Wallenstein, “Harmonic and sum-frequency generation of pulsed laser radiation in BBO, LBO, and KD*P,” Appl. Phys. B 52, 55–62 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Di Bona, F. Sabary, S. Joly, P. Michelato, D. Sertore, C. Pagani, S. Valeri, “Development, operation, and analysis of bialkali antimonide photocathodes for high-brightness photoinjectors,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 385, 385–390 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. Koechner, “Output fluctuations of CW-pumped Nd:YAG lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 656–661 (1972).
    [CrossRef]

1996

A. Loulergue, D. H. Dowell, S. Joly, J.-P. de Brion, G. Haouat, F. Schumann, “Transverse and longitudinal emittance measurements in the ELSA linac,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 384, 285–292 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Di Bona, F. Sabary, S. Joly, P. Michelato, D. Sertore, C. Pagani, S. Valeri, “Development, operation, and analysis of bialkali antimonide photocathodes for high-brightness photoinjectors,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 385, 385–390 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J. P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J. P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J. P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991

A. Borsutzky, R. Brünger, Ch. Huang, R. Wallenstein, “Harmonic and sum-frequency generation of pulsed laser radiation in BBO, LBO, and KD*P,” Appl. Phys. B 52, 55–62 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1985

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Optics Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1972

W. Koechner, “Output fluctuations of CW-pumped Nd:YAG lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 656–661 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Balleyguier, P.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J. P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J. P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J. P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Beuve, M. A.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J. P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J. P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J. P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Binet, A.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J. P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J. P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J. P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Blésès, J. P.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J. P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J. P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J. P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bois, R.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J. P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J. P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J. P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bonetti, C.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J. P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J. P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J. P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Borsutzky, A.

A. Borsutzky, R. Brünger, Ch. Huang, R. Wallenstein, “Harmonic and sum-frequency generation of pulsed laser radiation in BBO, LBO, and KD*P,” Appl. Phys. B 52, 55–62 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Brünger, R.

A. Borsutzky, R. Brünger, Ch. Huang, R. Wallenstein, “Harmonic and sum-frequency generation of pulsed laser radiation in BBO, LBO, and KD*P,” Appl. Phys. B 52, 55–62 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Couillaud, C.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J. P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J. P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J. P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

de Brion, J. P.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J. P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J. P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J. P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

de Brion, J.-P.

A. Loulergue, D. H. Dowell, S. Joly, J.-P. de Brion, G. Haouat, F. Schumann, “Transverse and longitudinal emittance measurements in the ELSA linac,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 384, 285–292 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dei-Cas, R.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J. P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J. P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J. P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Di Bona, A.

A. Di Bona, F. Sabary, S. Joly, P. Michelato, D. Sertore, C. Pagani, S. Valeri, “Development, operation, and analysis of bialkali antimonide photocathodes for high-brightness photoinjectors,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 385, 385–390 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dowell, D. H.

A. Loulergue, D. H. Dowell, S. Joly, J.-P. de Brion, G. Haouat, F. Schumann, “Transverse and longitudinal emittance measurements in the ELSA linac,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 384, 285–292 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fontenay, V

P Fourdin, V Fontenay, C Ruiz, “Mesures des fluctuations en phase et en amplitude de la chaı̂ne laser du photoinjecteur d’ELSA,” in Proceedings of the Sixth Symposium on High Current Photoemission (Laboratoire de l’Accélérateur Linéaire, Orsay, France, 1994), pp. 229–239.

Fourdin, P

P Fourdin, V Fontenay, C Ruiz, “Mesures des fluctuations en phase et en amplitude de la chaı̂ne laser du photoinjecteur d’ELSA,” in Proceedings of the Sixth Symposium on High Current Photoemission (Laboratoire de l’Accélérateur Linéaire, Orsay, France, 1994), pp. 229–239.

Fourdin, P.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J. P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J. P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J. P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Frehaut, J.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J. P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J. P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J. P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Guilloud, M.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J. P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J. P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J. P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Guimbal, Ph.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J. P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J. P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J. P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Haouat, G.

A. Loulergue, D. H. Dowell, S. Joly, J.-P. de Brion, G. Haouat, F. Schumann, “Transverse and longitudinal emittance measurements in the ELSA linac,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 384, 285–292 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J. P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J. P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J. P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Ch.

A. Borsutzky, R. Brünger, Ch. Huang, R. Wallenstein, “Harmonic and sum-frequency generation of pulsed laser radiation in BBO, LBO, and KD*P,” Appl. Phys. B 52, 55–62 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Iracane, D.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J. P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J. P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J. P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Joly, R.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J. P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J. P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J. P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Joly, S.

A. Loulergue, D. H. Dowell, S. Joly, J.-P. de Brion, G. Haouat, F. Schumann, “Transverse and longitudinal emittance measurements in the ELSA linac,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 384, 285–292 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Di Bona, F. Sabary, S. Joly, P. Michelato, D. Sertore, C. Pagani, S. Valeri, “Development, operation, and analysis of bialkali antimonide photocathodes for high-brightness photoinjectors,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 385, 385–390 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J. P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J. P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J. P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, “Output fluctuations of CW-pumped Nd:YAG lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 656–661 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Laget, J. P.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J. P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J. P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J. P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Laspalles, C.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J. P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J. P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J. P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Loulergue, A.

A. Loulergue, D. H. Dowell, S. Joly, J.-P. de Brion, G. Haouat, F. Schumann, “Transverse and longitudinal emittance measurements in the ELSA linac,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 384, 285–292 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Marmouget, J. G.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J. P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J. P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J. P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Michelato, P.

A. Di Bona, F. Sabary, S. Joly, P. Michelato, D. Sertore, C. Pagani, S. Valeri, “Development, operation, and analysis of bialkali antimonide photocathodes for high-brightness photoinjectors,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 385, 385–390 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G.

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Optics Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Pagani, C.

A. Di Bona, F. Sabary, S. Joly, P. Michelato, D. Sertore, C. Pagani, S. Valeri, “Development, operation, and analysis of bialkali antimonide photocathodes for high-brightness photoinjectors,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 385, 385–390 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pranal, Y.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J. P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J. P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J. P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Raimbourg, J.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J. P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J. P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J. P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ruiz, C

P Fourdin, V Fontenay, C Ruiz, “Mesures des fluctuations en phase et en amplitude de la chaı̂ne laser du photoinjecteur d’ELSA,” in Proceedings of the Sixth Symposium on High Current Photoemission (Laboratoire de l’Accélérateur Linéaire, Orsay, France, 1994), pp. 229–239.

Sabary, F.

A. Di Bona, F. Sabary, S. Joly, P. Michelato, D. Sertore, C. Pagani, S. Valeri, “Development, operation, and analysis of bialkali antimonide photocathodes for high-brightness photoinjectors,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 385, 385–390 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J. P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J. P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J. P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Schumann, F.

A. Loulergue, D. H. Dowell, S. Joly, J.-P. de Brion, G. Haouat, F. Schumann, “Transverse and longitudinal emittance measurements in the ELSA linac,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 384, 285–292 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J. P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J. P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J. P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sertore, D.

A. Di Bona, F. Sabary, S. Joly, P. Michelato, D. Sertore, C. Pagani, S. Valeri, “Development, operation, and analysis of bialkali antimonide photocathodes for high-brightness photoinjectors,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 385, 385–390 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Striby, S.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J. P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J. P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J. P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Optics Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Valeri, S.

A. Di Bona, F. Sabary, S. Joly, P. Michelato, D. Sertore, C. Pagani, S. Valeri, “Development, operation, and analysis of bialkali antimonide photocathodes for high-brightness photoinjectors,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 385, 385–390 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vouillarmet, J.

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J. P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J. P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J. P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

A. Borsutzky, R. Brünger, Ch. Huang, R. Wallenstein, “Harmonic and sum-frequency generation of pulsed laser radiation in BBO, LBO, and KD*P,” Appl. Phys. B 52, 55–62 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

A. Borsutzky, R. Brünger, Ch. Huang, R. Wallenstein, “Harmonic and sum-frequency generation of pulsed laser radiation in BBO, LBO, and KD*P,” Appl. Phys. B 52, 55–62 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

W. Koechner, “Output fluctuations of CW-pumped Nd:YAG lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 656–661 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods A

A. Di Bona, F. Sabary, S. Joly, P. Michelato, D. Sertore, C. Pagani, S. Valeri, “Development, operation, and analysis of bialkali antimonide photocathodes for high-brightness photoinjectors,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 385, 385–390 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Joly, P. Balleyguier, M. A. Beuve, A. Binet, J. P. Blésès, R. Bois, C. Bonetti, J. P. de Brion, C. Couillaud, R. Dei-Cas, P. Fourdin, J. Frehaut, M. Guilloud, Ph. Guimbal, G. Haouat, D. Iracane, R. Joly, J. P. Laget, C. Laspalles, J. G. Marmouget, Y. Pranal, J. Raimbourg, F. Sabary, S. Striby, F. Schumann, J. Vouillarmet, “Progress report on the ELSA FEL and first lasing,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 331, 199–203 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Loulergue, D. H. Dowell, S. Joly, J.-P. de Brion, G. Haouat, F. Schumann, “Transverse and longitudinal emittance measurements in the ELSA linac,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 384, 285–292 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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Other

P Fourdin, V Fontenay, C Ruiz, “Mesures des fluctuations en phase et en amplitude de la chaı̂ne laser du photoinjecteur d’ELSA,” in Proceedings of the Sixth Symposium on High Current Photoemission (Laboratoire de l’Accélérateur Linéaire, Orsay, France, 1994), pp. 229–239.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Synopsis of the ELSA FEL photoinjector drive laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Evolution of the pulse trains in the ELSA drive laser system.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Scheme of the stabilization feed-forward loop.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Electro-optic modulator setup.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Graphs of T(V), [T(V)]−1, gV (a) after an arbitrary choice of V0 and Φ and (b) after the best choice of V0 and Φ for a given T0.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Evolution of the system transmission T and of δv versus V0 for different values of the relative fluctuations of the light intensity at the input.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Numerical evaluation of the relative fluctuations at the output of the system versus transmission for different values of the fluctuations at the input. Calculations have to be made with peak-to-peak values.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Evolution of the average macropulse intensity and of the relative fluctuation within the macropulses.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Typical macropulse before and after stabilization.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Residual Fluctuations Measured at the Output of the System for Different Transmission Coefficientsa

Equations (11)

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T ( V ) = sin 2 ( k V + φ + φ 0 ) ,             I t = I T ( V ) ,
I I t 0 = 1 sin 2 ( k V + Φ ) = [ T ( V ) ] - 1 .
I I t 0 = g V .
[ T ( V 0 + δ v ) ] - 1 1 sin 2 ( k V 0 + Φ ) - 2 k cos ( k V 0 + Φ ) sin 3 ( k V 0 + Φ ) δ v .
I / I t 0 = g ( V 0 + δ v ) ,
g V 0 = 1 sin 2 ( k V 0 + Φ ) ,
g = - 2 k cos ( k V 0 + Φ ) sin 3 ( k V 0 + Φ ) .
tan ( k V 0 + Φ ) = - 2 k V 0 .
Φ = arctan ( - 2 k V 0 ) - k V 0 , g = 1 V 0 sin 2 ( k V 0 + Φ ) , T = sin 2 ( k V 0 + Φ ) .
δ i = I t 0 g δ ν = g T 0 I 0 δ ν
δ ν ( V 0 ) = 1 g ( V 0 ) T ( V 0 ) ( δ i I 0 ) = V 0 ( δ i I 0 ) .

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