An optical photorefractive frequency-domain method is described for measuring displacement amplitude and phase of vibrating surfaces. The method is applicable to diffusely scattering surfaces and usable in either a point-detection or imaging configuration. The method utilizes an optical lock-in approach to measure phase modulation of light scattered from continuously vibrating surfaces. Picometer displacement sensitivities have been demonstrated over a frequency range of 100 Hz to greater than 100 kHz. The response of the spectral method is independent of the vibration frequency above the photorefractive cutoff frequency. Two methods are described that produce a readout beam intensity that is a direct function of the vibration amplitude suitable for imaging.
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