Abstract

For adaptive optical systems to compensate for atmospheric turbulence effects, the wave-front perturbation must be measured with a wave-front sensor (WFS) and corrected with a deformable mirror. One limitation in this process is the time delay between the measurement of the aberrated wave front and implementation of the proper correction. Statistical techniques exist for predicting the atmospheric aberrations at the time of correction based on the present and past measured wave fronts. However, for the statistical techniques to be effective, key parameters of the atmosphere and the adaptive optical system must be known. These parameters include the Fried coherence length r 0, the atmospheric wind-speed profile, and the WFS slope measurement error. Neural networks provide nonlinear solutions to adaptive optical problems while offering the possibility to function under changing seeing conditions without actual knowledge of the current state of the key parameters. We address the use of neural networks for WFS slope measurement prediction with only the noisy WFS measurements as inputs. Where appropriate, we compare with classical statistical-based methods to determine if neural networks offer true benefits in performance.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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