Abstract

Rhodamine B (RB), Rhodamine 6G (R6G), Oxazine 4 perchlorate (O4PC), and 4-Dicyanomethylene-2-methyl-6-(p-dimethylaminostyryl-4H-pyran)-doped graded-index (GI) polymer optical fiber amplifiers (POFA’s) were successfully prepared by novel techniques to prevent degradation of organic dyes and to enhance solubility of the dyes in methyl methacrylate and in poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA). High-power (620 W) and high-gain (33-dB, 2070 times) amplification was achieved for RB-doped GI POFA’s based on the spectral investigation of dyes in PMMA bulk. It should be noted that amplification in the low-loss region of polymer optical fibers was achieved in the R6G- and O4PC-doped GI POFA.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, E. Nihei, “High-bandwidth graded-index polymer optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1475–1489 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Ishigure, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, “Graded-index polymer optical fiber for high-speed data communication,” Appl. Opt. 33, 4261–4266 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T. Ishigure, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, “Large-core, high-bandwidth polymer optical fiber and its application,” in 1994 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 292.
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Koike, “High-speed multimedia POF Network,” in Proceedings of Third International Conference on Plastic Optical Fibers and Applications (EICN, Yokohama, Japan, 1994), pp. 16–20.
  5. A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, K. Sasaki, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of Rhodamine B-doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2215–2220 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, T. Kinoshita, E. Nihei, T. Yamamoto, K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 883–884 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, E. Nihei, S. Teramoto, K. Fujii, T. Yamamoto, K. Sasaki, “Basic performance of an organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 34, 988–992 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, E. Nihei, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 88–91.
  9. A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, E. Nihei, K. Sasaki, Y. Koike, “High-power organic-dye-doped polymer-optical-fiber amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 43–44.
  10. R. W. Ramette, E. B. Sandell, “Rhodamine B equilibria,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 78, 4872–4879 (1956).
    [CrossRef]
  11. I. Rosenthal, P. Peretz, K. A. Muszkat, “Thermochromic and hyperchromic effects in Rhodamine B solutions,” J. Phys. Chem. 83, 350–353 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  12. I. M. Kolthoff, T. B. Reddy, “Polarography and voltammetry in dimethylsulfoxide,” J. Electrochemic. Soc. 108, 980–985 (1961).
    [CrossRef]

1995 (3)

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, E. Nihei, “High-bandwidth graded-index polymer optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1475–1489 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, K. Sasaki, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of Rhodamine B-doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2215–2220 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, E. Nihei, S. Teramoto, K. Fujii, T. Yamamoto, K. Sasaki, “Basic performance of an organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 34, 988–992 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, T. Kinoshita, E. Nihei, T. Yamamoto, K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 883–884 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

I. Rosenthal, P. Peretz, K. A. Muszkat, “Thermochromic and hyperchromic effects in Rhodamine B solutions,” J. Phys. Chem. 83, 350–353 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1961 (1)

I. M. Kolthoff, T. B. Reddy, “Polarography and voltammetry in dimethylsulfoxide,” J. Electrochemic. Soc. 108, 980–985 (1961).
[CrossRef]

1956 (1)

R. W. Ramette, E. B. Sandell, “Rhodamine B equilibria,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 78, 4872–4879 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Fujii, K.

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, K. Sasaki, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of Rhodamine B-doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2215–2220 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, E. Nihei, S. Teramoto, K. Fujii, T. Yamamoto, K. Sasaki, “Basic performance of an organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 34, 988–992 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, E. Nihei, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 88–91.

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, E. Nihei, K. Sasaki, Y. Koike, “High-power organic-dye-doped polymer-optical-fiber amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 43–44.

Ishigure, T.

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, E. Nihei, “High-bandwidth graded-index polymer optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1475–1489 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Ishigure, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, “Graded-index polymer optical fiber for high-speed data communication,” Appl. Opt. 33, 4261–4266 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ishigure, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, “Large-core, high-bandwidth polymer optical fiber and its application,” in 1994 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 292.
[CrossRef]

Kinoshita, T.

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, T. Kinoshita, E. Nihei, T. Yamamoto, K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 883–884 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Koike, Y.

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, E. Nihei, S. Teramoto, K. Fujii, T. Yamamoto, K. Sasaki, “Basic performance of an organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 34, 988–992 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, E. Nihei, “High-bandwidth graded-index polymer optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1475–1489 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, K. Sasaki, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of Rhodamine B-doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2215–2220 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Ishigure, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, “Graded-index polymer optical fiber for high-speed data communication,” Appl. Opt. 33, 4261–4266 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, T. Kinoshita, E. Nihei, T. Yamamoto, K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 883–884 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Ishigure, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, “Large-core, high-bandwidth polymer optical fiber and its application,” in 1994 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 292.
[CrossRef]

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, E. Nihei, K. Sasaki, Y. Koike, “High-power organic-dye-doped polymer-optical-fiber amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 43–44.

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, E. Nihei, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 88–91.

Kolthoff, I. M.

I. M. Kolthoff, T. B. Reddy, “Polarography and voltammetry in dimethylsulfoxide,” J. Electrochemic. Soc. 108, 980–985 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Muszkat, K. A.

I. Rosenthal, P. Peretz, K. A. Muszkat, “Thermochromic and hyperchromic effects in Rhodamine B solutions,” J. Phys. Chem. 83, 350–353 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Nihei, E.

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, E. Nihei, “High-bandwidth graded-index polymer optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1475–1489 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, K. Sasaki, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of Rhodamine B-doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2215–2220 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, E. Nihei, S. Teramoto, K. Fujii, T. Yamamoto, K. Sasaki, “Basic performance of an organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 34, 988–992 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ishigure, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, “Graded-index polymer optical fiber for high-speed data communication,” Appl. Opt. 33, 4261–4266 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, T. Kinoshita, E. Nihei, T. Yamamoto, K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 883–884 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Ishigure, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, “Large-core, high-bandwidth polymer optical fiber and its application,” in 1994 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 292.
[CrossRef]

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, E. Nihei, K. Sasaki, Y. Koike, “High-power organic-dye-doped polymer-optical-fiber amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 43–44.

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, E. Nihei, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 88–91.

Peretz, P.

I. Rosenthal, P. Peretz, K. A. Muszkat, “Thermochromic and hyperchromic effects in Rhodamine B solutions,” J. Phys. Chem. 83, 350–353 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Ramette, R. W.

R. W. Ramette, E. B. Sandell, “Rhodamine B equilibria,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 78, 4872–4879 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Reddy, T. B.

I. M. Kolthoff, T. B. Reddy, “Polarography and voltammetry in dimethylsulfoxide,” J. Electrochemic. Soc. 108, 980–985 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Rosenthal, I.

I. Rosenthal, P. Peretz, K. A. Muszkat, “Thermochromic and hyperchromic effects in Rhodamine B solutions,” J. Phys. Chem. 83, 350–353 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Sandell, E. B.

R. W. Ramette, E. B. Sandell, “Rhodamine B equilibria,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 78, 4872–4879 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, K.

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, E. Nihei, S. Teramoto, K. Fujii, T. Yamamoto, K. Sasaki, “Basic performance of an organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 34, 988–992 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, K. Sasaki, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of Rhodamine B-doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2215–2220 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, T. Kinoshita, E. Nihei, T. Yamamoto, K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 883–884 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, E. Nihei, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 88–91.

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, E. Nihei, K. Sasaki, Y. Koike, “High-power organic-dye-doped polymer-optical-fiber amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 43–44.

Tagaya, A.

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, K. Sasaki, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of Rhodamine B-doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2215–2220 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, E. Nihei, S. Teramoto, K. Fujii, T. Yamamoto, K. Sasaki, “Basic performance of an organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 34, 988–992 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, T. Kinoshita, E. Nihei, T. Yamamoto, K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 883–884 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, E. Nihei, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 88–91.

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, E. Nihei, K. Sasaki, Y. Koike, “High-power organic-dye-doped polymer-optical-fiber amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 43–44.

Teramoto, S.

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, K. Sasaki, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of Rhodamine B-doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2215–2220 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, E. Nihei, S. Teramoto, K. Fujii, T. Yamamoto, K. Sasaki, “Basic performance of an organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 34, 988–992 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, E. Nihei, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 88–91.

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, E. Nihei, K. Sasaki, Y. Koike, “High-power organic-dye-doped polymer-optical-fiber amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 43–44.

Yamamoto, T.

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, K. Sasaki, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of Rhodamine B-doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2215–2220 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, E. Nihei, S. Teramoto, K. Fujii, T. Yamamoto, K. Sasaki, “Basic performance of an organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 34, 988–992 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, T. Kinoshita, E. Nihei, T. Yamamoto, K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 883–884 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, E. Nihei, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 88–91.

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, E. Nihei, K. Sasaki, Y. Koike, “High-power organic-dye-doped polymer-optical-fiber amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 43–44.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, T. Kinoshita, E. Nihei, T. Yamamoto, K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 883–884 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, K. Sasaki, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of Rhodamine B-doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2215–2220 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

R. W. Ramette, E. B. Sandell, “Rhodamine B equilibria,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 78, 4872–4879 (1956).
[CrossRef]

J. Electrochemic. Soc. (1)

I. M. Kolthoff, T. B. Reddy, “Polarography and voltammetry in dimethylsulfoxide,” J. Electrochemic. Soc. 108, 980–985 (1961).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, E. Nihei, “High-bandwidth graded-index polymer optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1475–1489 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. (1)

I. Rosenthal, P. Peretz, K. A. Muszkat, “Thermochromic and hyperchromic effects in Rhodamine B solutions,” J. Phys. Chem. 83, 350–353 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, E. Nihei, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 88–91.

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, E. Nihei, K. Sasaki, Y. Koike, “High-power organic-dye-doped polymer-optical-fiber amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 43–44.

T. Ishigure, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, “Large-core, high-bandwidth polymer optical fiber and its application,” in 1994 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), p. 292.
[CrossRef]

Y. Koike, “High-speed multimedia POF Network,” in Proceedings of Third International Conference on Plastic Optical Fibers and Applications (EICN, Yokohama, Japan, 1994), pp. 16–20.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Equilibrium of Rhodamine B.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Time of fluorescence intensity (at 577-nm wavelength) for a Rhodamine B–MMA solution after the addition of 0.15 wt. % of nBM. The RB concentration is 10 × 106.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Absorption and fluorescence spectra in PMMA bulk for (a) RB (excitation 510 nm), (b) R6G (excitation 500 nm), (c) O4PC (excitation 520 nm), (d) DCM (excitation 470 nm).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental setup for the amplification experiment: YAG, doubled Q-switched Nd:YAG laser; BS’s, beam splitters; DL, dye laser; ML’s, mirrors; AT, attenuator; MO, microscope objective; SP, spectroscope; PM, photomultiplier tube.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Waveforms of launched pump and signal pulses.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Signal gain versus pump power for the GI POFA as prepared by our techniques with 0.3-W launched signal power, 532-nm pump wavelength, and 300-µm core diameter. (a) RB, 0.9-m fiber length, 580-nm signal wavelength; (b) R6G, 1.2-m fiber length, 572-nm signal wavelength; (c) O4PC, 1.0-m fiber length, 649-nm signal wavelength; (d) DCM, 1.0-m fiber length, 560-nm signal wavelength.

Tables (4)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Solubility of Dyes in MMA

Tables Icon

Table 2 Molar Ratios of the Dye-Monomer Mixture

Tables Icon

Table 3 Decomposition Ratio of Dye in Polymerization

Tables Icon

Table 4 Absorption and Flourescence Spectrum Peaks of Dyes in PMMA

Metrics