Abstract

We present the design, fabrication, and testing of optomechanics for a free-space optical backplane mounted in a standard 6U VME backplane chassis. The optomechanics implement an optical interconnect consisting of lenslet-to-lenslet, as well as conventional lens-to-lens, links. Mechanical, optical, electrical, thermal, material, and fabrication constraints are studied. Design trade-offs that affect system scalability and ease of assembly are put forward and analyzed. Novel mounting techniques such as a thermal-loaded interference-fitted lens-mounting technique are presented and discussed. Diagnostic tools are developed to quantify the performance of the optomechanics, and experimental results are given and analyzed.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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1996 (2)

D. R. Rolston, D. V. Plant, T. H. Szymanski, H. S. Hinton, W. S. Hsiao, M. H. Ayliffe, D. Kabal, M. B. Venditti, P. Desai, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, “A hybrid-SEED smart pixel array for a four-stage intelligent optical backplane demonstrator,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 97–105 (1996).
[Crossref]

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, M. H. Ayliffe, G. C. Boisset, W. Hsiao, D. Kabal, N. H. Kim, Y. S. Liu, M. R. Otazo, D. Pavlasek, A. Z. Shang, J. Simmons, K. Song, D. A. Thompson, W. M. Robertson, “A 4 × 4 VCSEL/MSM optical backplane demonstrator system,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6365–6368 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (4)

I. R. Redmond, E. Schenfeld, “A free-space optical interconnection network for massively parallel processing,” IEEE LEOS Newsletter 9, 10–13 (1995).

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, W. M. Robertson, G. C. Boisset, N. H. Kim, Y. S. Liu, M. R. Otazo, D. R. Rolston, A. Z. Shang, “An optical backplane demonstrator system based on FET-SEED smart pixel arrays and diffractive lenslet arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1057–1059 (1995).
[Crossref]

S. M. Prince, F. A. P. Tooley, S. Wakelin, M. R. Taghizadeh, “Implementation of optical perfect-shuffle module,” Appl. Opt. 34, 1775–1782 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mizukami, K. Koyabu, M. Fukui, K. Kitayama, “Free-space optical module configuration using a guide-frame assembly method,” Appl. Opt. 34, 1783–1787 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

J. M. Sasian, F. B. McCormick, R. Webb, R. J. Crisci, K. O. Mersereau, R. P. Stawicki, “Design, assembly, and testing of an objective lens for a free-space photonic switching system,” Opt. Eng. 32, 1871–1878 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (2)

R. A. Nordin, F. J. Levi, R. N. Nottenburg, J. O’Gorman, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, “A systems perspective on digital interconnections technology,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 811–827 (1992).
[Crossref]

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, T. J. Cloonan, J. M. Sasian, H. S. Hinton, K. O. Mersereau, A. Y. Feldblum, “Optical interconnections using microlens arrays,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 465–477 (1992).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

D. O’Shea, “Annotated bibliography of optomechanical design,” Opt. Eng. 25, 1160–1170 (1986).

Ayliffe, M. H.

D. R. Rolston, D. V. Plant, T. H. Szymanski, H. S. Hinton, W. S. Hsiao, M. H. Ayliffe, D. Kabal, M. B. Venditti, P. Desai, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, “A hybrid-SEED smart pixel array for a four-stage intelligent optical backplane demonstrator,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 97–105 (1996).
[Crossref]

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, M. H. Ayliffe, G. C. Boisset, W. Hsiao, D. Kabal, N. H. Kim, Y. S. Liu, M. R. Otazo, D. Pavlasek, A. Z. Shang, J. Simmons, K. Song, D. A. Thompson, W. M. Robertson, “A 4 × 4 VCSEL/MSM optical backplane demonstrator system,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6365–6368 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Iyer, D. J. Goodwill, W. M. Robertson, D. V. Plant, G. C. Boisset, Y. S. Liu, B. Robertson, M. H. Ayliffe, F. Lacroix, “Design, implementation, and characterization of an optical power supply spot-array generator for a four-stage free-space optical backplane,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Beckman, M. G.

Boisset, G.

D. N. Kabal, G. Boisset, D. R. Rolston, D. V. Plant, “Packaging of two-dimensional smart pixel arrays,” in Proceedings of the IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meeting on Smart Pixels (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optical Society, Picataway, N.J., 1996), paper ThA5.

Boisset, G. C.

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, M. H. Ayliffe, G. C. Boisset, W. Hsiao, D. Kabal, N. H. Kim, Y. S. Liu, M. R. Otazo, D. Pavlasek, A. Z. Shang, J. Simmons, K. Song, D. A. Thompson, W. M. Robertson, “A 4 × 4 VCSEL/MSM optical backplane demonstrator system,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6365–6368 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, W. M. Robertson, G. C. Boisset, N. H. Kim, Y. S. Liu, M. R. Otazo, D. R. Rolston, A. Z. Shang, “An optical backplane demonstrator system based on FET-SEED smart pixel arrays and diffractive lenslet arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1057–1059 (1995).
[Crossref]

R. Iyer, D. J. Goodwill, W. M. Robertson, D. V. Plant, G. C. Boisset, Y. S. Liu, B. Robertson, M. H. Ayliffe, F. Lacroix, “Design, implementation, and characterization of an optical power supply spot-array generator for a four-stage free-space optical backplane,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Brubaker, J. L.

J. L. Brubaker, F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Optomechanics of a free-space switch: the components,” in Laser Interferometry IV: Computer-Aided Interferometry, R. J. Pryputniewicz, ed., Proc. SPIE1553, 88–96 (1991).

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Optomechanics of a free-space photonic switching fabric: the system,” in Optomechanics and Dimensional Stability, R. A. Paquin, D. Vukobratovich, eds., Proc. SPIE1533, 97–114 (1991).
[Crossref]

Cloonan, T. J.

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, H. S. Hinton, “Five-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic-effect-device smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, T. J. Cloonan, J. M. Sasian, H. S. Hinton, K. O. Mersereau, A. Y. Feldblum, “Optical interconnections using microlens arrays,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 465–477 (1992).
[Crossref]

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Optomechanics of a free-space photonic switching fabric: the system,” in Optomechanics and Dimensional Stability, R. A. Paquin, D. Vukobratovich, eds., Proc. SPIE1533, 97–114 (1991).
[Crossref]

J. L. Brubaker, F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Optomechanics of a free-space switch: the components,” in Laser Interferometry IV: Computer-Aided Interferometry, R. J. Pryputniewicz, ed., Proc. SPIE1553, 88–96 (1991).

Crisci, R. J.

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, H. S. Hinton, “Five-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic-effect-device smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Sasian, F. B. McCormick, R. Webb, R. J. Crisci, K. O. Mersereau, R. P. Stawicki, “Design, assembly, and testing of an objective lens for a free-space photonic switching system,” Opt. Eng. 32, 1871–1878 (1993).
[Crossref]

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Optomechanics of a free-space photonic switching fabric: the system,” in Optomechanics and Dimensional Stability, R. A. Paquin, D. Vukobratovich, eds., Proc. SPIE1533, 97–114 (1991).
[Crossref]

Cunningham, J. E.

D. R. Rolston, D. V. Plant, T. H. Szymanski, H. S. Hinton, W. S. Hsiao, M. H. Ayliffe, D. Kabal, M. B. Venditti, P. Desai, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, “A hybrid-SEED smart pixel array for a four-stage intelligent optical backplane demonstrator,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 97–105 (1996).
[Crossref]

Desai, P.

D. R. Rolston, D. V. Plant, T. H. Szymanski, H. S. Hinton, W. S. Hsiao, M. H. Ayliffe, D. Kabal, M. B. Venditti, P. Desai, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, “A hybrid-SEED smart pixel array for a four-stage intelligent optical backplane demonstrator,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 97–105 (1996).
[Crossref]

Dillon, J.

S. Nimmagadda, J. Dillon, A. Moncayo, “A 533-Mbits/sec/wire modular bus with single or double parallel termination,” in Proceedings of the 1996 Electronic Components and Technology Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1996), IEEE ref. 0-7803-3286-5/96, pp. 974–983.

Feldblum, A. Y.

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, T. J. Cloonan, J. M. Sasian, H. S. Hinton, K. O. Mersereau, A. Y. Feldblum, “Optical interconnections using microlens arrays,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 465–477 (1992).
[Crossref]

Flinn, R. A.

R. A. Flinn, P. K. Trojan, Engineering Materials and Their Applications (Houghton Mifflin, Boston, Mass., 1981).

Fukui, M.

Galilei, G.

G. Galilei, I1 Saggiatore (Feltrinelli, Milano, Italy, 1656).

Goodwill, D. J.

R. Iyer, D. J. Goodwill, W. M. Robertson, D. V. Plant, G. C. Boisset, Y. S. Liu, B. Robertson, M. H. Ayliffe, F. Lacroix, “Design, implementation, and characterization of an optical power supply spot-array generator for a four-stage free-space optical backplane,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Goosen, K. W.

D. R. Rolston, D. V. Plant, T. H. Szymanski, H. S. Hinton, W. S. Hsiao, M. H. Ayliffe, D. Kabal, M. B. Venditti, P. Desai, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, “A hybrid-SEED smart pixel array for a four-stage intelligent optical backplane demonstrator,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 97–105 (1996).
[Crossref]

Green, R. E.

R. E. Green, C. J. McCauley, E. Oberg, F. D. Jones, H. L. Horton, H. H. Ryffel, Machinery’s Handbook, 25th ed. (Industrial Press, New York, 1996).

Herron, M. J.

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Optomechanics of a free-space photonic switching fabric: the system,” in Optomechanics and Dimensional Stability, R. A. Paquin, D. Vukobratovich, eds., Proc. SPIE1533, 97–114 (1991).
[Crossref]

J. L. Brubaker, F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Optomechanics of a free-space switch: the components,” in Laser Interferometry IV: Computer-Aided Interferometry, R. J. Pryputniewicz, ed., Proc. SPIE1553, 88–96 (1991).

Hinterlong, S. J.

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, H. S. Hinton, “Five-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic-effect-device smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. L. Brubaker, F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Optomechanics of a free-space switch: the components,” in Laser Interferometry IV: Computer-Aided Interferometry, R. J. Pryputniewicz, ed., Proc. SPIE1553, 88–96 (1991).

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Optomechanics of a free-space photonic switching fabric: the system,” in Optomechanics and Dimensional Stability, R. A. Paquin, D. Vukobratovich, eds., Proc. SPIE1533, 97–114 (1991).
[Crossref]

Hinton, H. S.

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, M. H. Ayliffe, G. C. Boisset, W. Hsiao, D. Kabal, N. H. Kim, Y. S. Liu, M. R. Otazo, D. Pavlasek, A. Z. Shang, J. Simmons, K. Song, D. A. Thompson, W. M. Robertson, “A 4 × 4 VCSEL/MSM optical backplane demonstrator system,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6365–6368 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Rolston, D. V. Plant, T. H. Szymanski, H. S. Hinton, W. S. Hsiao, M. H. Ayliffe, D. Kabal, M. B. Venditti, P. Desai, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, “A hybrid-SEED smart pixel array for a four-stage intelligent optical backplane demonstrator,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 97–105 (1996).
[Crossref]

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, W. M. Robertson, G. C. Boisset, N. H. Kim, Y. S. Liu, M. R. Otazo, D. R. Rolston, A. Z. Shang, “An optical backplane demonstrator system based on FET-SEED smart pixel arrays and diffractive lenslet arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1057–1059 (1995).
[Crossref]

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, H. S. Hinton, “Five-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic-effect-device smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, T. J. Cloonan, J. M. Sasian, H. S. Hinton, K. O. Mersereau, A. Y. Feldblum, “Optical interconnections using microlens arrays,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 465–477 (1992).
[Crossref]

H. S. Hinton, An Introduction to Photonic Switching Fabrics (Plenum, New York, 1993).
[Crossref]

Horton, H. L.

R. E. Green, C. J. McCauley, E. Oberg, F. D. Jones, H. L. Horton, H. H. Ryffel, Machinery’s Handbook, 25th ed. (Industrial Press, New York, 1996).

Hsiao, W.

Hsiao, W. S.

D. R. Rolston, D. V. Plant, T. H. Szymanski, H. S. Hinton, W. S. Hsiao, M. H. Ayliffe, D. Kabal, M. B. Venditti, P. Desai, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, “A hybrid-SEED smart pixel array for a four-stage intelligent optical backplane demonstrator,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 97–105 (1996).
[Crossref]

Hui, S. P.

D. R. Rolston, D. V. Plant, T. H. Szymanski, H. S. Hinton, W. S. Hsiao, M. H. Ayliffe, D. Kabal, M. B. Venditti, P. Desai, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, “A hybrid-SEED smart pixel array for a four-stage intelligent optical backplane demonstrator,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 97–105 (1996).
[Crossref]

Iyer, R.

R. Iyer, D. J. Goodwill, W. M. Robertson, D. V. Plant, G. C. Boisset, Y. S. Liu, B. Robertson, M. H. Ayliffe, F. Lacroix, “Design, implementation, and characterization of an optical power supply spot-array generator for a four-stage free-space optical backplane,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Jan, W. Y.

D. R. Rolston, D. V. Plant, T. H. Szymanski, H. S. Hinton, W. S. Hsiao, M. H. Ayliffe, D. Kabal, M. B. Venditti, P. Desai, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, “A hybrid-SEED smart pixel array for a four-stage intelligent optical backplane demonstrator,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 97–105 (1996).
[Crossref]

Jones, F. D.

R. E. Green, C. J. McCauley, E. Oberg, F. D. Jones, H. L. Horton, H. H. Ryffel, Machinery’s Handbook, 25th ed. (Industrial Press, New York, 1996).

Kabal, D.

D. R. Rolston, D. V. Plant, T. H. Szymanski, H. S. Hinton, W. S. Hsiao, M. H. Ayliffe, D. Kabal, M. B. Venditti, P. Desai, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, “A hybrid-SEED smart pixel array for a four-stage intelligent optical backplane demonstrator,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 97–105 (1996).
[Crossref]

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, M. H. Ayliffe, G. C. Boisset, W. Hsiao, D. Kabal, N. H. Kim, Y. S. Liu, M. R. Otazo, D. Pavlasek, A. Z. Shang, J. Simmons, K. Song, D. A. Thompson, W. M. Robertson, “A 4 × 4 VCSEL/MSM optical backplane demonstrator system,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6365–6368 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kabal, D. N.

D. N. Kabal, G. Boisset, D. R. Rolston, D. V. Plant, “Packaging of two-dimensional smart pixel arrays,” in Proceedings of the IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meeting on Smart Pixels (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optical Society, Picataway, N.J., 1996), paper ThA5.

Kim, N. H.

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, M. H. Ayliffe, G. C. Boisset, W. Hsiao, D. Kabal, N. H. Kim, Y. S. Liu, M. R. Otazo, D. Pavlasek, A. Z. Shang, J. Simmons, K. Song, D. A. Thompson, W. M. Robertson, “A 4 × 4 VCSEL/MSM optical backplane demonstrator system,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6365–6368 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, W. M. Robertson, G. C. Boisset, N. H. Kim, Y. S. Liu, M. R. Otazo, D. R. Rolston, A. Z. Shang, “An optical backplane demonstrator system based on FET-SEED smart pixel arrays and diffractive lenslet arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1057–1059 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kitayama, K.

Koyabu, K.

Krishnamoorthy, A. V.

D. R. Rolston, D. V. Plant, T. H. Szymanski, H. S. Hinton, W. S. Hsiao, M. H. Ayliffe, D. Kabal, M. B. Venditti, P. Desai, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, “A hybrid-SEED smart pixel array for a four-stage intelligent optical backplane demonstrator,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 97–105 (1996).
[Crossref]

Lacroix, F.

R. Iyer, D. J. Goodwill, W. M. Robertson, D. V. Plant, G. C. Boisset, Y. S. Liu, B. Robertson, M. H. Ayliffe, F. Lacroix, “Design, implementation, and characterization of an optical power supply spot-array generator for a four-stage free-space optical backplane,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Lentine, A. L.

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, H. S. Hinton, “Five-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic-effect-device smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Optomechanics of a free-space photonic switching fabric: the system,” in Optomechanics and Dimensional Stability, R. A. Paquin, D. Vukobratovich, eds., Proc. SPIE1533, 97–114 (1991).
[Crossref]

J. L. Brubaker, F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Optomechanics of a free-space switch: the components,” in Laser Interferometry IV: Computer-Aided Interferometry, R. J. Pryputniewicz, ed., Proc. SPIE1553, 88–96 (1991).

Levi, F. J.

R. A. Nordin, F. J. Levi, R. N. Nottenburg, J. O’Gorman, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, “A systems perspective on digital interconnections technology,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 811–827 (1992).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y. S.

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, M. H. Ayliffe, G. C. Boisset, W. Hsiao, D. Kabal, N. H. Kim, Y. S. Liu, M. R. Otazo, D. Pavlasek, A. Z. Shang, J. Simmons, K. Song, D. A. Thompson, W. M. Robertson, “A 4 × 4 VCSEL/MSM optical backplane demonstrator system,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6365–6368 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, W. M. Robertson, G. C. Boisset, N. H. Kim, Y. S. Liu, M. R. Otazo, D. R. Rolston, A. Z. Shang, “An optical backplane demonstrator system based on FET-SEED smart pixel arrays and diffractive lenslet arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1057–1059 (1995).
[Crossref]

R. Iyer, D. J. Goodwill, W. M. Robertson, D. V. Plant, G. C. Boisset, Y. S. Liu, B. Robertson, M. H. Ayliffe, F. Lacroix, “Design, implementation, and characterization of an optical power supply spot-array generator for a four-stage free-space optical backplane,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Logan, R. A.

R. A. Nordin, F. J. Levi, R. N. Nottenburg, J. O’Gorman, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, “A systems perspective on digital interconnections technology,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 811–827 (1992).
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McCauley, C. J.

R. E. Green, C. J. McCauley, E. Oberg, F. D. Jones, H. L. Horton, H. H. Ryffel, Machinery’s Handbook, 25th ed. (Industrial Press, New York, 1996).

McCormick, F. B.

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, H. S. Hinton, “Five-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic-effect-device smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Sasian, F. B. McCormick, R. Webb, R. J. Crisci, K. O. Mersereau, R. P. Stawicki, “Design, assembly, and testing of an objective lens for a free-space photonic switching system,” Opt. Eng. 32, 1871–1878 (1993).
[Crossref]

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, T. J. Cloonan, J. M. Sasian, H. S. Hinton, K. O. Mersereau, A. Y. Feldblum, “Optical interconnections using microlens arrays,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 465–477 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. L. Brubaker, F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Optomechanics of a free-space switch: the components,” in Laser Interferometry IV: Computer-Aided Interferometry, R. J. Pryputniewicz, ed., Proc. SPIE1553, 88–96 (1991).

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Optomechanics of a free-space photonic switching fabric: the system,” in Optomechanics and Dimensional Stability, R. A. Paquin, D. Vukobratovich, eds., Proc. SPIE1533, 97–114 (1991).
[Crossref]

Mersereau, K. O.

J. M. Sasian, F. B. McCormick, R. Webb, R. J. Crisci, K. O. Mersereau, R. P. Stawicki, “Design, assembly, and testing of an objective lens for a free-space photonic switching system,” Opt. Eng. 32, 1871–1878 (1993).
[Crossref]

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, T. J. Cloonan, J. M. Sasian, H. S. Hinton, K. O. Mersereau, A. Y. Feldblum, “Optical interconnections using microlens arrays,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 465–477 (1992).
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Moncayo, A.

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F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, H. S. Hinton, “Five-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic-effect-device smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Optomechanics of a free-space photonic switching fabric: the system,” in Optomechanics and Dimensional Stability, R. A. Paquin, D. Vukobratovich, eds., Proc. SPIE1533, 97–114 (1991).
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S. Nimmagadda, J. Dillon, A. Moncayo, “A 533-Mbits/sec/wire modular bus with single or double parallel termination,” in Proceedings of the 1996 Electronic Components and Technology Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1996), IEEE ref. 0-7803-3286-5/96, pp. 974–983.

Nordin, R. A.

R. A. Nordin, F. J. Levi, R. N. Nottenburg, J. O’Gorman, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, “A systems perspective on digital interconnections technology,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 811–827 (1992).
[Crossref]

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R. A. Nordin, F. J. Levi, R. N. Nottenburg, J. O’Gorman, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, “A systems perspective on digital interconnections technology,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 811–827 (1992).
[Crossref]

Novotny, R. A.

O’Gorman, J.

R. A. Nordin, F. J. Levi, R. N. Nottenburg, J. O’Gorman, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, “A systems perspective on digital interconnections technology,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 811–827 (1992).
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Otazo, M. R.

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, M. H. Ayliffe, G. C. Boisset, W. Hsiao, D. Kabal, N. H. Kim, Y. S. Liu, M. R. Otazo, D. Pavlasek, A. Z. Shang, J. Simmons, K. Song, D. A. Thompson, W. M. Robertson, “A 4 × 4 VCSEL/MSM optical backplane demonstrator system,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6365–6368 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, W. M. Robertson, G. C. Boisset, N. H. Kim, Y. S. Liu, M. R. Otazo, D. R. Rolston, A. Z. Shang, “An optical backplane demonstrator system based on FET-SEED smart pixel arrays and diffractive lenslet arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1057–1059 (1995).
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Plant, D. V.

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, M. H. Ayliffe, G. C. Boisset, W. Hsiao, D. Kabal, N. H. Kim, Y. S. Liu, M. R. Otazo, D. Pavlasek, A. Z. Shang, J. Simmons, K. Song, D. A. Thompson, W. M. Robertson, “A 4 × 4 VCSEL/MSM optical backplane demonstrator system,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6365–6368 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Rolston, D. V. Plant, T. H. Szymanski, H. S. Hinton, W. S. Hsiao, M. H. Ayliffe, D. Kabal, M. B. Venditti, P. Desai, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, “A hybrid-SEED smart pixel array for a four-stage intelligent optical backplane demonstrator,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 97–105 (1996).
[Crossref]

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, W. M. Robertson, G. C. Boisset, N. H. Kim, Y. S. Liu, M. R. Otazo, D. R. Rolston, A. Z. Shang, “An optical backplane demonstrator system based on FET-SEED smart pixel arrays and diffractive lenslet arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1057–1059 (1995).
[Crossref]

R. Iyer, D. J. Goodwill, W. M. Robertson, D. V. Plant, G. C. Boisset, Y. S. Liu, B. Robertson, M. H. Ayliffe, F. Lacroix, “Design, implementation, and characterization of an optical power supply spot-array generator for a four-stage free-space optical backplane,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

D. N. Kabal, G. Boisset, D. R. Rolston, D. V. Plant, “Packaging of two-dimensional smart pixel arrays,” in Proceedings of the IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meeting on Smart Pixels (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optical Society, Picataway, N.J., 1996), paper ThA5.

Prince, S. M.

Redmond, I. R.

I. R. Redmond, E. Schenfeld, “A free-space optical interconnection network for massively parallel processing,” IEEE LEOS Newsletter 9, 10–13 (1995).

Robertson, B.

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, M. H. Ayliffe, G. C. Boisset, W. Hsiao, D. Kabal, N. H. Kim, Y. S. Liu, M. R. Otazo, D. Pavlasek, A. Z. Shang, J. Simmons, K. Song, D. A. Thompson, W. M. Robertson, “A 4 × 4 VCSEL/MSM optical backplane demonstrator system,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6365–6368 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, W. M. Robertson, G. C. Boisset, N. H. Kim, Y. S. Liu, M. R. Otazo, D. R. Rolston, A. Z. Shang, “An optical backplane demonstrator system based on FET-SEED smart pixel arrays and diffractive lenslet arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1057–1059 (1995).
[Crossref]

R. Iyer, D. J. Goodwill, W. M. Robertson, D. V. Plant, G. C. Boisset, Y. S. Liu, B. Robertson, M. H. Ayliffe, F. Lacroix, “Design, implementation, and characterization of an optical power supply spot-array generator for a four-stage free-space optical backplane,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Robertson, W. M.

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, M. H. Ayliffe, G. C. Boisset, W. Hsiao, D. Kabal, N. H. Kim, Y. S. Liu, M. R. Otazo, D. Pavlasek, A. Z. Shang, J. Simmons, K. Song, D. A. Thompson, W. M. Robertson, “A 4 × 4 VCSEL/MSM optical backplane demonstrator system,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6365–6368 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, W. M. Robertson, G. C. Boisset, N. H. Kim, Y. S. Liu, M. R. Otazo, D. R. Rolston, A. Z. Shang, “An optical backplane demonstrator system based on FET-SEED smart pixel arrays and diffractive lenslet arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1057–1059 (1995).
[Crossref]

R. Iyer, D. J. Goodwill, W. M. Robertson, D. V. Plant, G. C. Boisset, Y. S. Liu, B. Robertson, M. H. Ayliffe, F. Lacroix, “Design, implementation, and characterization of an optical power supply spot-array generator for a four-stage free-space optical backplane,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Rolston, D. R.

D. R. Rolston, D. V. Plant, T. H. Szymanski, H. S. Hinton, W. S. Hsiao, M. H. Ayliffe, D. Kabal, M. B. Venditti, P. Desai, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, “A hybrid-SEED smart pixel array for a four-stage intelligent optical backplane demonstrator,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 97–105 (1996).
[Crossref]

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, W. M. Robertson, G. C. Boisset, N. H. Kim, Y. S. Liu, M. R. Otazo, D. R. Rolston, A. Z. Shang, “An optical backplane demonstrator system based on FET-SEED smart pixel arrays and diffractive lenslet arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1057–1059 (1995).
[Crossref]

D. N. Kabal, G. Boisset, D. R. Rolston, D. V. Plant, “Packaging of two-dimensional smart pixel arrays,” in Proceedings of the IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meeting on Smart Pixels (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optical Society, Picataway, N.J., 1996), paper ThA5.

Ryffel, H. H.

R. E. Green, C. J. McCauley, E. Oberg, F. D. Jones, H. L. Horton, H. H. Ryffel, Machinery’s Handbook, 25th ed. (Industrial Press, New York, 1996).

Sasian, J. M.

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, H. S. Hinton, “Five-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic-effect-device smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Sasian, F. B. McCormick, R. Webb, R. J. Crisci, K. O. Mersereau, R. P. Stawicki, “Design, assembly, and testing of an objective lens for a free-space photonic switching system,” Opt. Eng. 32, 1871–1878 (1993).
[Crossref]

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, T. J. Cloonan, J. M. Sasian, H. S. Hinton, K. O. Mersereau, A. Y. Feldblum, “Optical interconnections using microlens arrays,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 465–477 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. L. Brubaker, F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Optomechanics of a free-space switch: the components,” in Laser Interferometry IV: Computer-Aided Interferometry, R. J. Pryputniewicz, ed., Proc. SPIE1553, 88–96 (1991).

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Optomechanics of a free-space photonic switching fabric: the system,” in Optomechanics and Dimensional Stability, R. A. Paquin, D. Vukobratovich, eds., Proc. SPIE1533, 97–114 (1991).
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Schenfeld, E.

I. R. Redmond, E. Schenfeld, “A free-space optical interconnection network for massively parallel processing,” IEEE LEOS Newsletter 9, 10–13 (1995).

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D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, M. H. Ayliffe, G. C. Boisset, W. Hsiao, D. Kabal, N. H. Kim, Y. S. Liu, M. R. Otazo, D. Pavlasek, A. Z. Shang, J. Simmons, K. Song, D. A. Thompson, W. M. Robertson, “A 4 × 4 VCSEL/MSM optical backplane demonstrator system,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6365–6368 (1996).
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D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, W. M. Robertson, G. C. Boisset, N. H. Kim, Y. S. Liu, M. R. Otazo, D. R. Rolston, A. Z. Shang, “An optical backplane demonstrator system based on FET-SEED smart pixel arrays and diffractive lenslet arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1057–1059 (1995).
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J. M. Sasian, F. B. McCormick, R. Webb, R. J. Crisci, K. O. Mersereau, R. P. Stawicki, “Design, assembly, and testing of an objective lens for a free-space photonic switching system,” Opt. Eng. 32, 1871–1878 (1993).
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Szymanski, T. H.

D. R. Rolston, D. V. Plant, T. H. Szymanski, H. S. Hinton, W. S. Hsiao, M. H. Ayliffe, D. Kabal, M. B. Venditti, P. Desai, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, “A hybrid-SEED smart pixel array for a four-stage intelligent optical backplane demonstrator,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 97–105 (1996).
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Tanbun-Ek, T.

R. A. Nordin, F. J. Levi, R. N. Nottenburg, J. O’Gorman, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, “A systems perspective on digital interconnections technology,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 811–827 (1992).
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Tooley, F. A. P.

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F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Optomechanics of a free-space photonic switching fabric: the system,” in Optomechanics and Dimensional Stability, R. A. Paquin, D. Vukobratovich, eds., Proc. SPIE1533, 97–114 (1991).
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Tseng, B.

D. R. Rolston, D. V. Plant, T. H. Szymanski, H. S. Hinton, W. S. Hsiao, M. H. Ayliffe, D. Kabal, M. B. Venditti, P. Desai, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, “A hybrid-SEED smart pixel array for a four-stage intelligent optical backplane demonstrator,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 97–105 (1996).
[Crossref]

Venditti, M. B.

D. R. Rolston, D. V. Plant, T. H. Szymanski, H. S. Hinton, W. S. Hsiao, M. H. Ayliffe, D. Kabal, M. B. Venditti, P. Desai, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, “A hybrid-SEED smart pixel array for a four-stage intelligent optical backplane demonstrator,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 97–105 (1996).
[Crossref]

Vukobratovich, D.

D. Vukobratovich, “Advances in optomechanics,” in Applications of Optical Engineering: Proceedings of OE/Midwest’90, M. K. Dubiel, R. E. Gillespie, R. P. Guzik, J. E. Pearson, eds., Proc. SPIE1396, 436–446 (1990).
[Crossref]

Wakelin, S.

S. M. Prince, F. A. P. Tooley, S. Wakelin, M. R. Taghizadeh, “Implementation of optical perfect-shuffle module,” Appl. Opt. 34, 1775–1782 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Wakelin, “Design and construction of a free-space digital optical information processor,” Ph.D. dissertation (Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland, 1991).

Walker, J. A.

D. R. Rolston, D. V. Plant, T. H. Szymanski, H. S. Hinton, W. S. Hsiao, M. H. Ayliffe, D. Kabal, M. B. Venditti, P. Desai, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, “A hybrid-SEED smart pixel array for a four-stage intelligent optical backplane demonstrator,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 97–105 (1996).
[Crossref]

Walker, S. L.

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, H. S. Hinton, “Five-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic-effect-device smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Optomechanics of a free-space photonic switching fabric: the system,” in Optomechanics and Dimensional Stability, R. A. Paquin, D. Vukobratovich, eds., Proc. SPIE1533, 97–114 (1991).
[Crossref]

Webb, R.

J. M. Sasian, F. B. McCormick, R. Webb, R. J. Crisci, K. O. Mersereau, R. P. Stawicki, “Design, assembly, and testing of an objective lens for a free-space photonic switching system,” Opt. Eng. 32, 1871–1878 (1993).
[Crossref]

Wojcik, M. J.

Yoder, P. R.

P. R. Yoder, Optomechanical Systems Design (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1993).

P. R. Yoder, “Parametric investigation of mounting-induced axial contact stresses in individual lens elements,” in Optomechanical Design, P. R. Yoder, V. L. Genberg, D. Vukobratovitch, eds., Proc. SPIE1998, 8–19 (1993).

Appl. Opt. (4)

IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

D. R. Rolston, D. V. Plant, T. H. Szymanski, H. S. Hinton, W. S. Hsiao, M. H. Ayliffe, D. Kabal, M. B. Venditti, P. Desai, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goosen, J. A. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, “A hybrid-SEED smart pixel array for a four-stage intelligent optical backplane demonstrator,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 97–105 (1996).
[Crossref]

IEEE LEOS Newsletter (1)

I. R. Redmond, E. Schenfeld, “A free-space optical interconnection network for massively parallel processing,” IEEE LEOS Newsletter 9, 10–13 (1995).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, W. M. Robertson, G. C. Boisset, N. H. Kim, Y. S. Liu, M. R. Otazo, D. R. Rolston, A. Z. Shang, “An optical backplane demonstrator system based on FET-SEED smart pixel arrays and diffractive lenslet arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1057–1059 (1995).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

R. A. Nordin, F. J. Levi, R. N. Nottenburg, J. O’Gorman, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, “A systems perspective on digital interconnections technology,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 811–827 (1992).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (2)

D. O’Shea, “Annotated bibliography of optomechanical design,” Opt. Eng. 25, 1160–1170 (1986).

J. M. Sasian, F. B. McCormick, R. Webb, R. J. Crisci, K. O. Mersereau, R. P. Stawicki, “Design, assembly, and testing of an objective lens for a free-space photonic switching system,” Opt. Eng. 32, 1871–1878 (1993).
[Crossref]

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, T. J. Cloonan, J. M. Sasian, H. S. Hinton, K. O. Mersereau, A. Y. Feldblum, “Optical interconnections using microlens arrays,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 465–477 (1992).
[Crossref]

Other (24)

Metals Handbook (American Society for Metals, Materials Park, Oh., 1948), pp. 237–243.

P. R. Yoder, “Parametric investigation of mounting-induced axial contact stresses in individual lens elements,” in Optomechanical Design, P. R. Yoder, V. L. Genberg, D. Vukobratovitch, eds., Proc. SPIE1998, 8–19 (1993).

R. E. Green, C. J. McCauley, E. Oberg, F. D. Jones, H. L. Horton, H. H. Ryffel, Machinery’s Handbook, 25th ed. (Industrial Press, New York, 1996).

R. A. Flinn, P. K. Trojan, Engineering Materials and Their Applications (Houghton Mifflin, Boston, Mass., 1981).

Properties of Polymer’s Engineering Thermoplastics, Pub. BR/5000-1 5/94 (Polymer Corp., Reading, Pa., 1994).

Data sheet 242769-001 (Intel Corp., Santa Clara, Calif., 1995).

See, for example, Design Guide 101 Catalog, (Nordex Inc., Danbury, Conn., 1991), p. 15A.

R. O. Parmley, Standard Handbook of Fastening and Joining (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1989), pp. 1–24.

H. O’Neill, Hardness Measurement of Metals and Alloys (Chapman & Hall, London, 1967), Chap. 2.

S. Wakelin, “Design and construction of a free-space digital optical information processor,” Ph.D. dissertation (Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland, 1991).

R. Iyer, D. J. Goodwill, W. M. Robertson, D. V. Plant, G. C. Boisset, Y. S. Liu, B. Robertson, M. H. Ayliffe, F. Lacroix, “Design, implementation, and characterization of an optical power supply spot-array generator for a four-stage free-space optical backplane,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

D. N. Kabal, G. Boisset, D. R. Rolston, D. V. Plant, “Packaging of two-dimensional smart pixel arrays,” in Proceedings of the IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meeting on Smart Pixels (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optical Society, Picataway, N.J., 1996), paper ThA5.

Quadrant Detector: Spot 4D M1 [UDT Sensors, Inc. (formerly United Detector Technologies), Hawthorne, Calif., 1997].

P. R. Yoder, ed., Optomechanical Design, Vol. CR43 of SPIE Critical Reviews Series (SPIE Press, Bellingham, Wash., 1992).

G. Galilei, I1 Saggiatore (Feltrinelli, Milano, Italy, 1656).

P. R. Yoder, Optomechanical Systems Design (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1993).

W. J. Smith, Modern Optical Engineering: The Design of Optical Systems, 2nd ed. (McGraw Hill, New York, 1990).

D. Vukobratovich, “Advances in optomechanics,” in Applications of Optical Engineering: Proceedings of OE/Midwest’90, M. K. Dubiel, R. E. Gillespie, R. P. Guzik, J. E. Pearson, eds., Proc. SPIE1396, 436–446 (1990).
[Crossref]

IEEE Standard 1014–1987 for a Versatile Backplane Bus: VMEbus, IEEE ref. [1-55937-674-0] [SH11544-NYF] (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1987).

J. L. Brubaker, F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Optomechanics of a free-space switch: the components,” in Laser Interferometry IV: Computer-Aided Interferometry, R. J. Pryputniewicz, ed., Proc. SPIE1553, 88–96 (1991).

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Optomechanics of a free-space photonic switching fabric: the system,” in Optomechanics and Dimensional Stability, R. A. Paquin, D. Vukobratovich, eds., Proc. SPIE1533, 97–114 (1991).
[Crossref]

S. Nimmagadda, J. Dillon, A. Moncayo, “A 533-Mbits/sec/wire modular bus with single or double parallel termination,” in Proceedings of the 1996 Electronic Components and Technology Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1996), IEEE ref. 0-7803-3286-5/96, pp. 974–983.

Lens 322286 (manufactured by the Spindler & Hoyer Corp., Göttingen, Germany).

H. S. Hinton, An Introduction to Photonic Switching Fabrics (Plenum, New York, 1993).
[Crossref]

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Figures (21)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Simplified 3-D system-assembly drawing. PM, polarization maintaining; SM, single mode; FC, fiber connected, QWP, quarter-wave plate; OPS, optical power supply; RBS, Risley beam steerer; PBS, polarizing beam splitter; Ø, diameter; DB, daughterboard; MB, motherboard; OB, outer barrel; BLK, bulk.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Photograph of the system mounted in a standard 431-mm-wide (17-in.-wide) 6U VME chassis.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Unfolded system optical layout.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Close-up of one board-to-board relay.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Lenslet-array schematics: (a) lenslet array 1 (LA1) and (b) lenslet array 2 (LA2).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Sketch of the baseplate. (b) Surface profile of the baseplate along the slots.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Bulk lens and holder used for the FN1 interference-fitted lens holder. For an interference fit, ODLENS > IDCELL.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Curve relating the radial stress on the components to the lens outer diameter. (b) Curve relating the temperature at which the lens falls out to the lens’s outer diameter.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Technique for mounting bulk-interconnect components onto a vertical baseplate. The bulk barrel has an inner diameter of 25 mm and an outer diameter of 30 mm.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Setup for mounting and aligning bulk turning mirrors on the baseplate.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Results of the alignment of the bulk turning mirror: (a) mirror 4 greatly misaligned and (b) mirror 4 at its optimum alignment.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

(a) Lenslet–PBS barrel. (b) Lenslet–PBS barrel with the PBS mounted. (c) Lenslet–PBS barrel with the lenslets mounted.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

LA1 imaged by LA2.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

(a) Side view of the daughterboard being mounted on the optomechanics. (b) Rear view of the daughterboard being mounted on the optomechanics.

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

Quadrant detector mounted on the daughterboard for alignment–diagnostic purposes.

Fig. 16
Fig. 16

Electronic setup for generating, buffering, and processing one QD signal.

Fig. 17
Fig. 17

Calibration and performance of the quadrant detector-based displacement measurement system.

Fig. 18
Fig. 18

Effect of repeated insertion–extraction cycles of a FC on the system alignment. Results indicate that inserting–removing the fiber does not affect system alignment to within a ±1-µm accuracy.

Fig. 19
Fig. 19

Drift of a daughterboard fastened by use of the first (bolting) technique.

Fig. 20
Fig. 20

Long-term drift of a daughterboard fastened by use of glue (second technique) measured across 9 weeks after gluing at day 0: (a) displacement in the x direction and (b) displacement in the y direction.

Fig. 21
Fig. 21

Spectral behavior of the optomechanical misalignment (a) with the fan off and (b) with the fan on. The number of scans acquired was 4096 at a scanning rate of 4096 scans/s.

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Daughterboard Alignment Tolerances a

Tables Icon

Table 2 Lenslet Alignment Tolerancesa

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

SLENS=CTEDEL-CTELENSΔT1/ELENS+ODLENS/2EDELtc,
SRCELL=ODLENSSRLENStc,
P=T/KD.
A=0.5×M/BHN,
Δx=kV1+V7-V3+V5V1+V3+V5+V7,

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