Abstract

We report on interferometric noise limitation of fiber-optic gas sensors with highly coherent lasers and wavelength modulation spectroscopy. Interference between signal wave and reflected waves causes signal fluctuation in the output, which limits the performance of the sensing system. Sensor resolution limited by interferometric noise is calculated for a fiber-optic gas sensor with the Q(6) absorption line of methane gas at approximately 1650 nm. The results are useful for system designers of this particular type of gas sensor.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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