Abstract

We propose a novel flat-field imaging spectrograph that consists of two plane gratings, four spherical mirrors, and two plane mirrors. The imaging spectrograph is designed in such a manner that the primary and the secondary principal points of the whole optical system for the horizontal direction coincide with those for the vertical direction. In a paraxial approximation, it is essentially aberration free because an entrance slit and an imaging detector are placed on the primary and the secondary principal planes, respectively. Spot diagrams obtained from ray-tracing procedures have indicated that the proposed spectrograph is superior to the conventional Czerny–Turner mounting.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Noda, T. Namioka, M. Seya, “Design of holographic concave gratings for Seya–Namioka monochromator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 1043–1048 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Masuda, H. Noda, T. Namioka, “Design and performance of toroidal holographic gratings,” J. Spectrosc. Soc. Jpn. 27, 211–223 (1978).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. S. A. Goldstein, J. P. Walters, “A review of considerations for high-fidelity imaging of laboratory spectroscopic sources Part II,” Spectrochim. Acta B 31B, 295–316 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Reader, “Optimizing Czerny–Turner spectrographs: a comparison between analytic theory and ray tracing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 1189–1196 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. V. Sweedler, J. B. Shear, H. A. Fishman, R. N. Zare, R. H. Scheller, “Fluorescence detection in capillary electrophoresis using a charge-coupled device with time-delayed detection,” Anal. Chem. 63, 496–502 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

1991 (1)

J. V. Sweedler, J. B. Shear, H. A. Fishman, R. N. Zare, R. H. Scheller, “Fluorescence detection in capillary electrophoresis using a charge-coupled device with time-delayed detection,” Anal. Chem. 63, 496–502 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1980 (1)

1979 (1)

1978 (1)

F. Masuda, H. Noda, T. Namioka, “Design and performance of toroidal holographic gratings,” J. Spectrosc. Soc. Jpn. 27, 211–223 (1978).

1976 (2)

S. A. Goldstein, J. P. Walters, “A review of considerations for high-fidelity imaging of laboratory spectroscopic sources Part I,” Spectrochim. Acta B 31B, 201–220 (1976).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Goldstein, J. P. Walters, “A review of considerations for high-fidelity imaging of laboratory spectroscopic sources Part II,” Spectrochim. Acta B 31B, 295–316 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

1969 (2)

1968 (2)

1961 (1)

Allemand, C. D.

Chupp, V. L.

Fishman, H. A.

J. V. Sweedler, J. B. Shear, H. A. Fishman, R. N. Zare, R. H. Scheller, “Fluorescence detection in capillary electrophoresis using a charge-coupled device with time-delayed detection,” Anal. Chem. 63, 496–502 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Foreman, W. T.

Goldstein, S. A.

S. A. Goldstein, J. P. Walters, “A review of considerations for high-fidelity imaging of laboratory spectroscopic sources Part II,” Spectrochim. Acta B 31B, 295–316 (1976).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Goldstein, J. P. Walters, “A review of considerations for high-fidelity imaging of laboratory spectroscopic sources Part I,” Spectrochim. Acta B 31B, 201–220 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Grantz, P. C.

Harada, T.

Iwanaga, R.

Kita, T.

Masuda, F.

F. Masuda, H. Noda, T. Namioka, “Design and performance of toroidal holographic gratings,” J. Spectrosc. Soc. Jpn. 27, 211–223 (1978).

Namioka, T.

Noda, H.

F. Masuda, H. Noda, T. Namioka, “Design and performance of toroidal holographic gratings,” J. Spectrosc. Soc. Jpn. 27, 211–223 (1978).

H. Noda, T. Namioka, M. Seya, “Design of holographic concave gratings for Seya–Namioka monochromator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 1043–1048 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Onaka, T.

Oshio, T.

Reader, J.

Scheller, R. H.

J. V. Sweedler, J. B. Shear, H. A. Fishman, R. N. Zare, R. H. Scheller, “Fluorescence detection in capillary electrophoresis using a charge-coupled device with time-delayed detection,” Anal. Chem. 63, 496–502 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seya, M.

Shear, J. B.

J. V. Sweedler, J. B. Shear, H. A. Fishman, R. N. Zare, R. H. Scheller, “Fluorescence detection in capillary electrophoresis using a charge-coupled device with time-delayed detection,” Anal. Chem. 63, 496–502 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sweedler, J. V.

J. V. Sweedler, J. B. Shear, H. A. Fishman, R. N. Zare, R. H. Scheller, “Fluorescence detection in capillary electrophoresis using a charge-coupled device with time-delayed detection,” Anal. Chem. 63, 496–502 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walters, J. P.

S. A. Goldstein, J. P. Walters, “A review of considerations for high-fidelity imaging of laboratory spectroscopic sources Part I,” Spectrochim. Acta B 31B, 201–220 (1976).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Goldstein, J. P. Walters, “A review of considerations for high-fidelity imaging of laboratory spectroscopic sources Part II,” Spectrochim. Acta B 31B, 295–316 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Zare, R. N.

J. V. Sweedler, J. B. Shear, H. A. Fishman, R. N. Zare, R. H. Scheller, “Fluorescence detection in capillary electrophoresis using a charge-coupled device with time-delayed detection,” Anal. Chem. 63, 496–502 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anal. Chem. (1)

J. V. Sweedler, J. B. Shear, H. A. Fishman, R. N. Zare, R. H. Scheller, “Fluorescence detection in capillary electrophoresis using a charge-coupled device with time-delayed detection,” Anal. Chem. 63, 496–502 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (4)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (5)

J. Spectrosc. Soc. Jpn. (1)

F. Masuda, H. Noda, T. Namioka, “Design and performance of toroidal holographic gratings,” J. Spectrosc. Soc. Jpn. 27, 211–223 (1978).

Spectrochim. Acta B (2)

S. A. Goldstein, J. P. Walters, “A review of considerations for high-fidelity imaging of laboratory spectroscopic sources Part I,” Spectrochim. Acta B 31B, 201–220 (1976).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Goldstein, J. P. Walters, “A review of considerations for high-fidelity imaging of laboratory spectroscopic sources Part II,” Spectrochim. Acta B 31B, 295–316 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

Catalogue of Spex 1401 Double Monochromator (Instruments S.A. Inc., Jobin Yvon/Spex Division, N.J., 1973); S. Minami, Y. Goshi, eds., Handbook of Spectroscopical Techniques, (in Japanese) (Asakura-Shoten, Tokyo, 1990), p. 151.

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