Abstract

We propose and demonstrate the use of a new potassium-ion source for glass waveguide fabrication based on a KI–ZnCl2 mixture. Planar waveguide were made using glasses such as BK7, Pyrex, soda lime, and commercial semiconductor doped glasses. The optical quality of the waveguides prepared compare favorably with the quality obtained using other fabrication techniques and the processing time is considerably reduced.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. Srivastava, “Integrated optics by ion exchange,” in Integrated Optics and Optoelectronics, K. K. Wong, M. Razeghi, eds., Vol. CR45 of Critical Reviews of Optical Science and Technology (SPIE Press, Bellingham, Wash., 1993), pp. 126–149.
  2. R. V. Ramaswamy, R. Srivastava, “Ion-exchanged glass waveguides: a review,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 984–1002 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Findakly, “Glass waveguides by ion-exchange: a review,” Opt. Eng. 24, 244–250 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. A. Kolosovski, D. V. Petrov, A. V. Tsarev, “Numerical method for the reconstruction of the refractive index profile of diffused waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 91, 1560–1566 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  5. See for example, J. Bell, C. N. Ironside, “Semiconductor-doped glass waveguide electro-absorption modulator,” Electron. Lett. 26, 976–977 (1990).

1990 (1)

See for example, J. Bell, C. N. Ironside, “Semiconductor-doped glass waveguide electro-absorption modulator,” Electron. Lett. 26, 976–977 (1990).

1988 (1)

R. V. Ramaswamy, R. Srivastava, “Ion-exchanged glass waveguides: a review,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 984–1002 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

T. Findakly, “Glass waveguides by ion-exchange: a review,” Opt. Eng. 24, 244–250 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

E. A. Kolosovski, D. V. Petrov, A. V. Tsarev, “Numerical method for the reconstruction of the refractive index profile of diffused waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 91, 1560–1566 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Bell, J.

See for example, J. Bell, C. N. Ironside, “Semiconductor-doped glass waveguide electro-absorption modulator,” Electron. Lett. 26, 976–977 (1990).

Findakly, T.

T. Findakly, “Glass waveguides by ion-exchange: a review,” Opt. Eng. 24, 244–250 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Ironside, C. N.

See for example, J. Bell, C. N. Ironside, “Semiconductor-doped glass waveguide electro-absorption modulator,” Electron. Lett. 26, 976–977 (1990).

Kolosovski, E. A.

E. A. Kolosovski, D. V. Petrov, A. V. Tsarev, “Numerical method for the reconstruction of the refractive index profile of diffused waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 91, 1560–1566 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, D. V.

E. A. Kolosovski, D. V. Petrov, A. V. Tsarev, “Numerical method for the reconstruction of the refractive index profile of diffused waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 91, 1560–1566 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Ramaswamy, R. V.

R. V. Ramaswamy, R. Srivastava, “Ion-exchanged glass waveguides: a review,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 984–1002 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Srivastava, R.

R. V. Ramaswamy, R. Srivastava, “Ion-exchanged glass waveguides: a review,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 984–1002 (1988).
[CrossRef]

R. Srivastava, “Integrated optics by ion exchange,” in Integrated Optics and Optoelectronics, K. K. Wong, M. Razeghi, eds., Vol. CR45 of Critical Reviews of Optical Science and Technology (SPIE Press, Bellingham, Wash., 1993), pp. 126–149.

Tsarev, A. V.

E. A. Kolosovski, D. V. Petrov, A. V. Tsarev, “Numerical method for the reconstruction of the refractive index profile of diffused waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 91, 1560–1566 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

See for example, J. Bell, C. N. Ironside, “Semiconductor-doped glass waveguide electro-absorption modulator,” Electron. Lett. 26, 976–977 (1990).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

R. V. Ramaswamy, R. Srivastava, “Ion-exchanged glass waveguides: a review,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 984–1002 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

T. Findakly, “Glass waveguides by ion-exchange: a review,” Opt. Eng. 24, 244–250 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron (1)

E. A. Kolosovski, D. V. Petrov, A. V. Tsarev, “Numerical method for the reconstruction of the refractive index profile of diffused waveguides,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 91, 1560–1566 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

R. Srivastava, “Integrated optics by ion exchange,” in Integrated Optics and Optoelectronics, K. K. Wong, M. Razeghi, eds., Vol. CR45 of Critical Reviews of Optical Science and Technology (SPIE Press, Bellingham, Wash., 1993), pp. 126–149.

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Refractive index profiles for a BK7 substrate: solid curve, calculated with the inverse WKB method of Ref. 4; dashed curve, obtained with the complementary error function.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Waveguide Characteristics for Different Processing Parameters

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