Abstract

A visible/near-IR optical parametric oscillator (OPO) based on type II phase matching in β-BaB2 O4 (BBO) is described. Pumped at 355 nm, this OPO covers 410–2500 nm completely with a single set of standard Nd:YAG cavity optics. The output efficiency is >25%, the linewidth of the OPO is narrower than 1–2 cm-1 without the use of gratings or etalons, and the signal-beam divergence is <400 µrad. Three type I BBO doubling crystals are used to extend the tuning range from 208 to 415 nm. Doubling efficiencies as high as 40% are easily obtained. The reasons for the high doubling and overall system efficiency are discussed.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, “Visible β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 20–2016 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Komine, “Optical parametric oscillation in a beta-borate crystal pumped by an XeCl excimer laser,” Opt. Lett. 13, 643–645 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Fix, T. Schroder, R. Wallenstein, J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, “Tunable beta-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: operating characteristics with and without injection seeding,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1744–1750 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, C. L. Tang, “High-efficiency and narrow linewidth operation of a 2-crystal β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952–1954 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. C. Johnson, V. J. Newell, J. B. Clark, E. S. McPhee, “Narrow-bandwidth low-divergence optical parametric oscillator for nonlinear frequency-conversion applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2122–2127 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Type-II phase matching in a beta-barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1819–1821 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Chen, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1462–1463 (1991).
  9. J. P. Marangos, N. Shen, H. Ma, M. H. R. Hutchinson, J. P. Connerade, “Broadly tunable vacuum-ultraviolet radiation source employing resonant enhanced sum–difference frequency mixing in krypton,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 1254–1259 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, “An aircraft-borne laser induced fluorescence instrument for the in situ detection of hydroxyl and hydroperoxyl radicals,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858–2550 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  11. B. J. Orr, M. J. Johnson, J. G. Haub, “Spectroscopic applications of pulsed tunable parametric oscillators,” in Tunable Laser Applications, F. J. Duarte, ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1995), pp. 11–83.
  12. S. Wu, G. A. Blake, Z. Sun, J. Ling are preparing the following paper for publication: “Beam quality in nanosecond-pulsed optical parametric oscillators.”
  13. S. J. Brosnan, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–422 (1979).
    [CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, “An aircraft-borne laser induced fluorescence instrument for the in situ detection of hydroxyl and hydroperoxyl radicals,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858–2550 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1991 (1)

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Chen, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1462–1463 (1991).

1990 (2)

1989 (1)

W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, C. L. Tang, “High-efficiency and narrow linewidth operation of a 2-crystal β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952–1954 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (3)

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, “Visible β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 20–2016 (1988).
[CrossRef]

H. Komine, “Optical parametric oscillation in a beta-borate crystal pumped by an XeCl excimer laser,” Opt. Lett. 13, 643–645 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

S. J. Brosnan, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–422 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Allen, N. T.

P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, “An aircraft-borne laser induced fluorescence instrument for the in situ detection of hydroxyl and hydroperoxyl radicals,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858–2550 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, J. G.

P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, “An aircraft-borne laser induced fluorescence instrument for the in situ detection of hydroxyl and hydroperoxyl radicals,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858–2550 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Blake, G. A.

S. Wu, G. A. Blake, Z. Sun, J. Ling are preparing the following paper for publication: “Beam quality in nanosecond-pulsed optical parametric oscillators.”

Bosenberg, W. R.

W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Type-II phase matching in a beta-barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1819–1821 (1990).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, C. L. Tang, “High-efficiency and narrow linewidth operation of a 2-crystal β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952–1954 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Brosnan, S. J.

S. J. Brosnan, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–422 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, “Visible β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 20–2016 (1988).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Brosnan, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–422 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Chen, B.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Chen, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1462–1463 (1991).

Cheng, L. K.

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Clark, J. B.

Cohen, R. C.

P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, “An aircraft-borne laser induced fluorescence instrument for the in situ detection of hydroxyl and hydroperoxyl radicals,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858–2550 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Connerade, J. P.

Demusz, J. N.

P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, “An aircraft-borne laser induced fluorescence instrument for the in situ detection of hydroxyl and hydroperoxyl radicals,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858–2550 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Deng, D.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Chen, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1462–1463 (1991).

Eckardt, R. C.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, “Visible β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 20–2016 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Fan, Y. X.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, “Visible β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 20–2016 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Fix, A.

Hanisco, T. F.

P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, “An aircraft-borne laser induced fluorescence instrument for the in situ detection of hydroxyl and hydroperoxyl radicals,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858–2550 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Haub, J. G.

A. Fix, T. Schroder, R. Wallenstein, J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, “Tunable beta-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: operating characteristics with and without injection seeding,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1744–1750 (1993).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Orr, M. J. Johnson, J. G. Haub, “Spectroscopic applications of pulsed tunable parametric oscillators,” in Tunable Laser Applications, F. J. Duarte, ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1995), pp. 11–83.

Hazen, N. L.

P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, “An aircraft-borne laser induced fluorescence instrument for the in situ detection of hydroxyl and hydroperoxyl radicals,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858–2550 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hutchinson, M. H. R.

Johnson, B. C.

Johnson, M. J.

A. Fix, T. Schroder, R. Wallenstein, J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, “Tunable beta-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: operating characteristics with and without injection seeding,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1744–1750 (1993).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Orr, M. J. Johnson, J. G. Haub, “Spectroscopic applications of pulsed tunable parametric oscillators,” in Tunable Laser Applications, F. J. Duarte, ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1995), pp. 11–83.

Komine, H.

Lanham, N. W.

P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, “An aircraft-borne laser induced fluorescence instrument for the in situ detection of hydroxyl and hydroperoxyl radicals,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858–2550 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lapson, L. B.

P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, “An aircraft-borne laser induced fluorescence instrument for the in situ detection of hydroxyl and hydroperoxyl radicals,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858–2550 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ling, J.

S. Wu, G. A. Blake, Z. Sun, J. Ling are preparing the following paper for publication: “Beam quality in nanosecond-pulsed optical parametric oscillators.”

Liu, X.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Chen, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1462–1463 (1991).

Ma, H.

Marangos, J. P.

McPhee, E. S.

Newell, V. J.

Nolting, J.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, “Visible β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 20–2016 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Oliver, J. F.

P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, “An aircraft-borne laser induced fluorescence instrument for the in situ detection of hydroxyl and hydroperoxyl radicals,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858–2550 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Orr, B. J.

A. Fix, T. Schroder, R. Wallenstein, J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, “Tunable beta-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: operating characteristics with and without injection seeding,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1744–1750 (1993).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Orr, M. J. Johnson, J. G. Haub, “Spectroscopic applications of pulsed tunable parametric oscillators,” in Tunable Laser Applications, F. J. Duarte, ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1995), pp. 11–83.

Pelouch, W. S.

W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, C. L. Tang, “High-efficiency and narrow linewidth operation of a 2-crystal β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952–1954 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Schroder, T.

Shen, N.

Sun, Z.

S. Wu, G. A. Blake, Z. Sun, J. Ling are preparing the following paper for publication: “Beam quality in nanosecond-pulsed optical parametric oscillators.”

Tang, C. L.

W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Type-II phase matching in a beta-barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1819–1821 (1990).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, C. L. Tang, “High-efficiency and narrow linewidth operation of a 2-crystal β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952–1954 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

A. Fix, T. Schroder, R. Wallenstein, J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, “Tunable beta-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: operating characteristics with and without injection seeding,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1744–1750 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, “Visible β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 20–2016 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Chen, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1462–1463 (1991).

Wennberg, P. O.

P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, “An aircraft-borne laser induced fluorescence instrument for the in situ detection of hydroxyl and hydroperoxyl radicals,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858–2550 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S.

S. Wu, G. A. Blake, Z. Sun, J. Ling are preparing the following paper for publication: “Beam quality in nanosecond-pulsed optical parametric oscillators.”

Xu, Z.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Chen, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1462–1463 (1991).

Zheng, W.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Chen, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1462–1463 (1991).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, “Visible β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 20–2016 (1988).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, C. L. Tang, “High-efficiency and narrow linewidth operation of a 2-crystal β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952–1954 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Type-II phase matching in a beta-barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1819–1821 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Chen, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1462–1463 (1991).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. J. Brosnan, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–422 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

P. O. Wennberg, R. C. Cohen, N. L. Hazen, L. B. Lapson, N. T. Allen, T. F. Hanisco, J. F. Oliver, N. W. Lanham, J. N. Demusz, J. G. Anderson, “An aircraft-borne laser induced fluorescence instrument for the in situ detection of hydroxyl and hydroperoxyl radicals,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 1858–2550 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

B. J. Orr, M. J. Johnson, J. G. Haub, “Spectroscopic applications of pulsed tunable parametric oscillators,” in Tunable Laser Applications, F. J. Duarte, ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1995), pp. 11–83.

S. Wu, G. A. Blake, Z. Sun, J. Ling are preparing the following paper for publication: “Beam quality in nanosecond-pulsed optical parametric oscillators.”

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Type II BBO OPO cavity, resonated on the idler wave, with two counter-rotating BBO crystals used to cover the 410–2500-nm region when pumped at 355 nm. See text for definitions of the notation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Power spectrum and doubling efficiency of the 355-nm pumped type II BBO OPO when driven by an injection-seeded Spectra-Physics GCR-16 Nd:YAG laser at 135 mJ/pulse. The fundamental output of the OPO ranges from 410 to 2500 nm. Subsequent UV generation from 208 to 415 nm by second harmonic generation (SHG) is achieved in three type I BBO doubling crystals.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Photoacoustic absorption spectrum of C2H2 taken with a type II BBO OPO pumped at 355 nm by an injection-seeded Nd:YAG laser (whose fundamental linewidth is ∼100 MHz), showing clearly resolved rotational structure. The measured linewidth of the OPO signal beam at 462 nm is approximately 0.75 cm-1. (b) The same photoacoustic absorption spectrum of C2H2 now taken with a type II BBO OPO pumped by an unseeded Nd:YAG laser (with a linewidth of ∼1 cm-1). Here the rotational structure of C2H2 is only barely discernible, and the signal-to-noise ratio drops as the linewidth goes up. The measured signal linewidth is now ∼2 cm-1.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Material Parameters and Linewidth Characteristicsa

Equations (1)

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Cπ2LλS2ϖs6+ϖs2-ωp2/2=0,

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