Abstract

We investigated the effect of oxygen on the photostability of the laser dyes Pyrromethene 567, Perylene Orange, and Rhodamine 590 by determining their longevity of laser operation when pumped by the second harmonic of a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser. In solution, dissolved oxygen accelerated the photodegradation of Pyrromethene 567 and Perylene Orange but not Rhodamine 590. The photostability of Pyrromethene 567 was also found to be dependent on the solvent and on the lifetime of singlet oxygen. Deoxygenated Pyrromethene 567 doped polycom glass and modified poly(methyl methacrylate) (MPMMA) samples were tested for longevity of laser operation. A factor of 6 improvement in photostability was found for Pyrromethene 567 in MPMMA upon deoxygenation, and the total absorbed energy per mole of dye molecules to one-half output pulse energy was 36 GJ mol-1.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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  29. T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, T. R. Robinson, J. A. Hutchinson, G. Sathyamoorthi, J. H. Boyer, “Laser performance and material properties of a new high temperature plastic doped with pyrromethene-BF2 dyes,” in New Materials for Advanced Solid State Lasers (Material Research Society, Pittsburgh, 1994), pp. 291–296.
  30. T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, T. R. Robinson, “Spectroscopy and laser properties of perylimide and new pyrromethene-BF2 dyes in a high temperature plastic,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CTu158.
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  33. A. V. Buettner, B. B. Snavely, O. G. Peterson, “Triplet state quenching of stimulated emission from organic dye solutions,” Proceedings of the International Conference on Molecular Luminescence (Benjamin, New York, 1969), pp. 403–422.
  34. O. G. Peterson, S. A. Tuccio, B. B. Snavely, “CW operation of an organic dye solution laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 245–247 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  36. A. A. Manenkov, A. P. Maslyukov, G. A. Matyushin, V. S. Nechitailo, “Modified polymers—effective host materials for solid state dye lasers and laser beam control elements: a review,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Scheps, ed. , Proc. SPIE2115, 136–147 (1994).
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  37. A. Maslyukov, S. Sokolov, M. Kaivola, K. Nyholm, S. Popov, “Solid-state dye laser with modified poly(methyl methacrylate)-doped active elements,” Appl. Opt. 34, 1516–1518 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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1995 (5)

R. Reisfeld, R. Gvishi, Z. Burshtein, “Photostability and loss mechanism of solid-state red perylimide dye lasers,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 4, 49–55 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Wilkinson, W. P. Helman, A. B. Ross, “Rate constants for the decay and reactions of the lowest electronically excited singlet state of molecular oxygen in solution. An expanded and revised compilation,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data. 24, 663–1021 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Canva, P. Georges, J.-F. Perelgritz, A. Brun, F. Chaput, J.-P. Boilot, “Perylene and pyrromethene doped xerogels for solid state pulsed lasers,” Appl. Opt. 34, 428–431 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Maslyukov, S. Sokolov, M. Kaivola, K. Nyholm, S. Popov, “Solid-state dye laser with modified poly(methyl methacrylate)-doped active elements,” Appl. Opt. 34, 1516–1518 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Rahn, T. A. King, “Comparison of laser performance of dye molecules in sol-gel, polycom, ormosil and poly(methyl methacrylate) host media,” Appl. Opt. 34, 8260–8271 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (2)

D. Larrue, J. Zarzycki, M. Canva, P. Georges, F. Bentivegna, A. Brun, “Impregnated ORMOSIL matrices for efficient solid state optical gain media,” Opt. Commun. 110, 125–130 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. Langhals, “Novel perylene derivatives as highly photostable fluorescent dyes,” Chimia 48, 503–505 (1994).

1993 (4)

J. H. Boyer, A. M. Haag, G. Sathyamoorthi, M. L. Soong, K. Thangaraj, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 2,” Heteroatom. Chem. 4, 39–52 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. E. Hermes, T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchinson, “High efficiency pyrromethene doped solid state dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 877–879 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. P. O’Neil, “Synchronously pumped visible laser dye with twice the efficiency of rhodamine 6G,” Opt. Lett. 18, 37–38 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Guggenheimer, J. H. Boyer, K. Thangaraj, M. Shah, M. L. Soong, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Efficient laser action from two CW laser pumped pyrromethene-BF2 complexes,” Appl. Opt. 32, 3942–3943 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (2)

A. A. Gorman, “Bimolecular reactivity of singlet molecular oxygen,” Adv. Photochem. 17, 217–274 (1992).

R. E. Hermes, J. D. McGrew, C. E. Wiswall, S. Monroe, M. Kushina, “A diode laser pumped Nd:YAG pumped polymeric host solid-state dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Commun. 11, 1–6 (1992).

1991 (1)

1990 (4)

M. Shah, K. Thangaraj, M. L. Soong, L. T. Wolford, J. H. Boyer, I. R. Politzer, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 1,” Heteroatom. Chem. 1, 389–399 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. V. Higgins, “Dye outperforms rhodamine 6G in pulsed tunable lasers,” Laser Focus World, 25–28 (October, 1990).

J. Ivri, Z. Burshtein, E. Miron, R. Reisfeld, M. Eyal, “The perylene derivative BASF-241 solution as a new tunable dye laser in the visible,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1516–1520 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, J. H. Boyer, M. Shah, K. Thangaraj, M. L. Soong, “Laser action from 2,6,8-position trisubstituted 1,3,5,7-tetramethyl pyrromethene-BF2 complexes: part 1,” Appl. Opt. 29, 3885–3886 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (2)

G. Seybold, G. Wagenblast, “New perylene and violanthrone dyestuffs for fluorescent collectors,” Dyes Pigments 11, 303–317 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, J. H. Boyer, “Efficient laser action from 1, 3, 5, 7, 8-pentamethylpyrromethene-BF2 complex and its disodium 2,6-disulfonate derivative,” Opt. Commun. 70, 425–427 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1970 (2)

O. G. Peterson, S. A. Tuccio, B. B. Snavely, “CW operation of an organic dye solution laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 245–247 (1970).
[CrossRef]

R. Pappalardo, H. Samelson, A. Lempicki, “Long pulse laser emission from rhodamine 6G using cyclooctatetraene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 267–269 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Aldag, H. R.

D. G. Pacheco, J. G. Burke, H. R. Aldag, J. J. Ehrlich, “Efficient laser pumped solid state dye lasers of microsecond duration,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers ’95, V. J. Corcoran, T. A. Goldman, eds. (STS Press, Mclean, Va., 1995), pp. 791–801.

Allik, T. H.

R. E. Hermes, T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchinson, “High efficiency pyrromethene doped solid state dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 877–879 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, T. R. Robinson, J. A. Hutchinson, G. Sathyamoorthi, J. H. Boyer, “Laser performance and material properties of a new high temperature plastic doped with pyrromethene-BF2 dyes,” in New Materials for Advanced Solid State Lasers (Material Research Society, Pittsburgh, 1994), pp. 291–296.

B. Dunn, F. Nishida, R. Toda, J. I. Zink, T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchinson, “Advances in dye-doped sol-gel lasers,” in New Materials for Advanced Solid State Lasers (Material Research Society, Pittsburgh, 1994), pp. 279–284.

T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, T. R. Robinson, “Spectroscopy and laser properties of perylimide and new pyrromethene-BF2 dyes in a high temperature plastic,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CTu158.

T. H. Allik, R. E. Hermes, G. Sathyamoorthi, J. H. Boyer, “Spectroscopy and laser performance of new BF2-complex dyes in solution,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Scheps, ed. , Proc. SPIE2115, 240–248 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, R. E. Hermes, J. A. Hutchinson, “Efficient and robust solid-state dye laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 271–273.

Bentivegna, F.

D. Larrue, J. Zarzycki, M. Canva, P. Georges, F. Bentivegna, A. Brun, “Impregnated ORMOSIL matrices for efficient solid state optical gain media,” Opt. Commun. 110, 125–130 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Boilot, J.-P.

M. Canva, P. Georges, J.-F. Perelgritz, A. Brun, F. Chaput, J.-P. Boilot, “Perylene and pyrromethene doped xerogels for solid state pulsed lasers,” Appl. Opt. 34, 428–431 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Faloss, M. Canva, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Chaput, J.-P. Boilot, “Lasing performance of pyrromethenes and perylene dyes in xerogel host,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne, C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 69–71.

Boilot, J-P.

M. Canva, A. Dubois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Chaput, A. Ranger, J-P. Boilot, “Perylene, pyrromethene and grafted rhodamine doped xerogels for tunable solid state lasers,” in Sol-Gel Optics III, J. D. Mackenzie, ed., Proc. SPIE2288, 298–309 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Boyer, J. H.

J. H. Boyer, A. M. Haag, G. Sathyamoorthi, M. L. Soong, K. Thangaraj, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 2,” Heteroatom. Chem. 4, 39–52 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Guggenheimer, J. H. Boyer, K. Thangaraj, M. Shah, M. L. Soong, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Efficient laser action from two CW laser pumped pyrromethene-BF2 complexes,” Appl. Opt. 32, 3942–3943 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Boyer, A. Haag, M. L. Soong, K. Thangaraj, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Laser action from 2,6,8-position trisubstituted 1,3,5,7-tetramethyl pyrromethene-BF2 complexes: part 2,” Appl. Opt. 30, 3788–3789 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Shah, K. Thangaraj, M. L. Soong, L. T. Wolford, J. H. Boyer, I. R. Politzer, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 1,” Heteroatom. Chem. 1, 389–399 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, J. H. Boyer, M. Shah, K. Thangaraj, M. L. Soong, “Laser action from 2,6,8-position trisubstituted 1,3,5,7-tetramethyl pyrromethene-BF2 complexes: part 1,” Appl. Opt. 29, 3885–3886 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, J. H. Boyer, “Efficient laser action from 1, 3, 5, 7, 8-pentamethylpyrromethene-BF2 complex and its disodium 2,6-disulfonate derivative,” Opt. Commun. 70, 425–427 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, T. R. Robinson, J. A. Hutchinson, G. Sathyamoorthi, J. H. Boyer, “Laser performance and material properties of a new high temperature plastic doped with pyrromethene-BF2 dyes,” in New Materials for Advanced Solid State Lasers (Material Research Society, Pittsburgh, 1994), pp. 291–296.

T. G. Pavlopoulos, J. H. Boyer, “Pyrromethene-BF2 laser dyes,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Scheps, ed. , Proc. SPIE2115, 231–239 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Allik, R. E. Hermes, G. Sathyamoorthi, J. H. Boyer, “Spectroscopy and laser performance of new BF2-complex dyes in solution,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Scheps, ed. , Proc. SPIE2115, 240–248 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Brackmann, U.

U. Brackmann, Lambdachrome Laser Dyes (Lambda Physik, D-3400 Göttingen, Germany, 1986).

Brun, A.

M. Canva, P. Georges, J.-F. Perelgritz, A. Brun, F. Chaput, J.-P. Boilot, “Perylene and pyrromethene doped xerogels for solid state pulsed lasers,” Appl. Opt. 34, 428–431 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Larrue, J. Zarzycki, M. Canva, P. Georges, F. Bentivegna, A. Brun, “Impregnated ORMOSIL matrices for efficient solid state optical gain media,” Opt. Commun. 110, 125–130 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Faloss, M. Canva, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Chaput, J.-P. Boilot, “Lasing performance of pyrromethenes and perylene dyes in xerogel host,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne, C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 69–71.

M. Canva, A. Dubois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Chaput, A. Ranger, J-P. Boilot, “Perylene, pyrromethene and grafted rhodamine doped xerogels for tunable solid state lasers,” in Sol-Gel Optics III, J. D. Mackenzie, ed., Proc. SPIE2288, 298–309 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Brusilovski, D.

R. Reisfeld, D. Brusilovski, M. Eyal, E. Miron, Z. Burhstein, J. Ivri, “Perylene dye in a composite sol-gel glass—a new solid-state tunable laser in the visible range,” in French-Israeli Workshop on Solid State Lasers, G. Boulon, C. K. Jorgensen, R. Reisfeld, eds., Proc. SPIE1182, 230–239 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Buettner, A. V.

A. V. Buettner, B. B. Snavely, O. G. Peterson, “Triplet state quenching of stimulated emission from organic dye solutions,” Proceedings of the International Conference on Molecular Luminescence (Benjamin, New York, 1969), pp. 403–422.

Burhstein, Z.

R. Reisfeld, D. Brusilovski, M. Eyal, E. Miron, Z. Burhstein, J. Ivri, “Perylene dye in a composite sol-gel glass—a new solid-state tunable laser in the visible range,” in French-Israeli Workshop on Solid State Lasers, G. Boulon, C. K. Jorgensen, R. Reisfeld, eds., Proc. SPIE1182, 230–239 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Burke, J. G.

D. G. Pacheco, J. G. Burke, H. R. Aldag, J. J. Ehrlich, “Efficient laser pumped solid state dye lasers of microsecond duration,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers ’95, V. J. Corcoran, T. A. Goldman, eds. (STS Press, Mclean, Va., 1995), pp. 791–801.

Burshtein, Z.

R. Reisfeld, R. Gvishi, Z. Burshtein, “Photostability and loss mechanism of solid-state red perylimide dye lasers,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 4, 49–55 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Ivri, Z. Burshtein, E. Miron, R. Reisfeld, M. Eyal, “The perylene derivative BASF-241 solution as a new tunable dye laser in the visible,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1516–1520 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. Gvishi, R. Reisfeld, Z. Burshtein, E. Miron, “New stable tunable solid-state dye laser in the red,” 8th Meeting on Optical Engineering in Israel: Optoelectronics and Applications in Industry and Medicine, M. Oron, I. Shladov, Y. Weissman, eds. , Proc. SPIE1972, 390–399 (1990).

Canva, M.

M. Canva, P. Georges, J.-F. Perelgritz, A. Brun, F. Chaput, J.-P. Boilot, “Perylene and pyrromethene doped xerogels for solid state pulsed lasers,” Appl. Opt. 34, 428–431 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Larrue, J. Zarzycki, M. Canva, P. Georges, F. Bentivegna, A. Brun, “Impregnated ORMOSIL matrices for efficient solid state optical gain media,” Opt. Commun. 110, 125–130 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Faloss, M. Canva, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Chaput, J.-P. Boilot, “Lasing performance of pyrromethenes and perylene dyes in xerogel host,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne, C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 69–71.

M. Canva, A. Dubois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Chaput, A. Ranger, J-P. Boilot, “Perylene, pyrromethene and grafted rhodamine doped xerogels for tunable solid state lasers,” in Sol-Gel Optics III, J. D. Mackenzie, ed., Proc. SPIE2288, 298–309 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Carmichael, I.

S. L. Murov, I. Carmichael, G. L. Lug, Handbook of Photochemistry, 2nd ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1993).

Chandra, S.

R. E. Hermes, T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchinson, “High efficiency pyrromethene doped solid state dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 877–879 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, T. R. Robinson, J. A. Hutchinson, G. Sathyamoorthi, J. H. Boyer, “Laser performance and material properties of a new high temperature plastic doped with pyrromethene-BF2 dyes,” in New Materials for Advanced Solid State Lasers (Material Research Society, Pittsburgh, 1994), pp. 291–296.

B. Dunn, F. Nishida, R. Toda, J. I. Zink, T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchinson, “Advances in dye-doped sol-gel lasers,” in New Materials for Advanced Solid State Lasers (Material Research Society, Pittsburgh, 1994), pp. 279–284.

T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, T. R. Robinson, “Spectroscopy and laser properties of perylimide and new pyrromethene-BF2 dyes in a high temperature plastic,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CTu158.

T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, R. E. Hermes, J. A. Hutchinson, “Efficient and robust solid-state dye laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 271–273.

Chaput, F.

M. Canva, P. Georges, J.-F. Perelgritz, A. Brun, F. Chaput, J.-P. Boilot, “Perylene and pyrromethene doped xerogels for solid state pulsed lasers,” Appl. Opt. 34, 428–431 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Faloss, M. Canva, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Chaput, J.-P. Boilot, “Lasing performance of pyrromethenes and perylene dyes in xerogel host,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne, C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 69–71.

M. Canva, A. Dubois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Chaput, A. Ranger, J-P. Boilot, “Perylene, pyrromethene and grafted rhodamine doped xerogels for tunable solid state lasers,” in Sol-Gel Optics III, J. D. Mackenzie, ed., Proc. SPIE2288, 298–309 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dubois, A.

M. Canva, A. Dubois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Chaput, A. Ranger, J-P. Boilot, “Perylene, pyrromethene and grafted rhodamine doped xerogels for tunable solid state lasers,” in Sol-Gel Optics III, J. D. Mackenzie, ed., Proc. SPIE2288, 298–309 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dunn, B.

B. Dunn, F. Nishida, R. Toda, J. I. Zink, T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchinson, “Advances in dye-doped sol-gel lasers,” in New Materials for Advanced Solid State Lasers (Material Research Society, Pittsburgh, 1994), pp. 279–284.

Ehrlich, J. J.

D. G. Pacheco, J. G. Burke, H. R. Aldag, J. J. Ehrlich, “Efficient laser pumped solid state dye lasers of microsecond duration,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers ’95, V. J. Corcoran, T. A. Goldman, eds. (STS Press, Mclean, Va., 1995), pp. 791–801.

Eyal, M.

J. Ivri, Z. Burshtein, E. Miron, R. Reisfeld, M. Eyal, “The perylene derivative BASF-241 solution as a new tunable dye laser in the visible,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1516–1520 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. Reisfeld, D. Brusilovski, M. Eyal, E. Miron, Z. Burhstein, J. Ivri, “Perylene dye in a composite sol-gel glass—a new solid-state tunable laser in the visible range,” in French-Israeli Workshop on Solid State Lasers, G. Boulon, C. K. Jorgensen, R. Reisfeld, eds., Proc. SPIE1182, 230–239 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Faloss, M.

M. Faloss, M. Canva, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Chaput, J.-P. Boilot, “Lasing performance of pyrromethenes and perylene dyes in xerogel host,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne, C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 69–71.

Georges, P.

M. Canva, P. Georges, J.-F. Perelgritz, A. Brun, F. Chaput, J.-P. Boilot, “Perylene and pyrromethene doped xerogels for solid state pulsed lasers,” Appl. Opt. 34, 428–431 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Larrue, J. Zarzycki, M. Canva, P. Georges, F. Bentivegna, A. Brun, “Impregnated ORMOSIL matrices for efficient solid state optical gain media,” Opt. Commun. 110, 125–130 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Faloss, M. Canva, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Chaput, J.-P. Boilot, “Lasing performance of pyrromethenes and perylene dyes in xerogel host,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne, C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 69–71.

M. Canva, A. Dubois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Chaput, A. Ranger, J-P. Boilot, “Perylene, pyrromethene and grafted rhodamine doped xerogels for tunable solid state lasers,” in Sol-Gel Optics III, J. D. Mackenzie, ed., Proc. SPIE2288, 298–309 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gorman, A. A.

A. A. Gorman, “Bimolecular reactivity of singlet molecular oxygen,” Adv. Photochem. 17, 217–274 (1992).

Guggenheimer, S. C.

Gvishi, R.

R. Reisfeld, R. Gvishi, Z. Burshtein, “Photostability and loss mechanism of solid-state red perylimide dye lasers,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 4, 49–55 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. Gvishi, R. Reisfeld, Z. Burshtein, E. Miron, “New stable tunable solid-state dye laser in the red,” 8th Meeting on Optical Engineering in Israel: Optoelectronics and Applications in Industry and Medicine, M. Oron, I. Shladov, Y. Weissman, eds. , Proc. SPIE1972, 390–399 (1990).

Haag, A.

Haag, A. M.

J. H. Boyer, A. M. Haag, G. Sathyamoorthi, M. L. Soong, K. Thangaraj, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 2,” Heteroatom. Chem. 4, 39–52 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Helman, W. P.

F. Wilkinson, W. P. Helman, A. B. Ross, “Rate constants for the decay and reactions of the lowest electronically excited singlet state of molecular oxygen in solution. An expanded and revised compilation,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data. 24, 663–1021 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hermes, R. E.

R. E. Hermes, T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchinson, “High efficiency pyrromethene doped solid state dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 877–879 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. E. Hermes, J. D. McGrew, C. E. Wiswall, S. Monroe, M. Kushina, “A diode laser pumped Nd:YAG pumped polymeric host solid-state dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Commun. 11, 1–6 (1992).

T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, R. E. Hermes, J. A. Hutchinson, “Efficient and robust solid-state dye laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 271–273.

T. H. Allik, R. E. Hermes, G. Sathyamoorthi, J. H. Boyer, “Spectroscopy and laser performance of new BF2-complex dyes in solution,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Scheps, ed. , Proc. SPIE2115, 240–248 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Higgins, T. V.

T. V. Higgins, “Dye outperforms rhodamine 6G in pulsed tunable lasers,” Laser Focus World, 25–28 (October, 1990).

Hutchinson, J. A.

R. E. Hermes, T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchinson, “High efficiency pyrromethene doped solid state dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 877–879 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, T. R. Robinson, J. A. Hutchinson, G. Sathyamoorthi, J. H. Boyer, “Laser performance and material properties of a new high temperature plastic doped with pyrromethene-BF2 dyes,” in New Materials for Advanced Solid State Lasers (Material Research Society, Pittsburgh, 1994), pp. 291–296.

B. Dunn, F. Nishida, R. Toda, J. I. Zink, T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchinson, “Advances in dye-doped sol-gel lasers,” in New Materials for Advanced Solid State Lasers (Material Research Society, Pittsburgh, 1994), pp. 279–284.

T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, R. E. Hermes, J. A. Hutchinson, “Efficient and robust solid-state dye laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 271–273.

Ivri, J.

J. Ivri, Z. Burshtein, E. Miron, R. Reisfeld, M. Eyal, “The perylene derivative BASF-241 solution as a new tunable dye laser in the visible,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1516–1520 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. Reisfeld, D. Brusilovski, M. Eyal, E. Miron, Z. Burhstein, J. Ivri, “Perylene dye in a composite sol-gel glass—a new solid-state tunable laser in the visible range,” in French-Israeli Workshop on Solid State Lasers, G. Boulon, C. K. Jorgensen, R. Reisfeld, eds., Proc. SPIE1182, 230–239 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kaivola, M.

Kalvola, M.

S. Y. Popov, M. Kalvola, K. Nyholm, “Laser efficiency degradation in dye doped MPMMA gain media,” Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers ’95, V. J. Corcoran, T. A. Goldman, eds. (STS Press, Mclean, Va., 1995), pp. 357–361.

King, T. A.

M. D. Rahn, T. A. King, “Comparison of laser performance of dye molecules in sol-gel, polycom, ormosil and poly(methyl methacrylate) host media,” Appl. Opt. 34, 8260–8271 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Rahn, T. A. King, “Solid-state dye-doped sol-gel glass composite lasers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 389–390.

M. D. Rahn, T. A. King, “Lasers based on dye-doped sol-gel composite glasses,” in Sol-Gel Optics III, J. D. Mackenzie, ed. , Proc. SPIE2288, 382–39 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Rahn, T. A. King, “Progress in solid state dye laser performance: laser damage values, pyrromethene 567 enhancement by oxygen depletion and aspects of continuous wave operation,” in Twelfth National Quantum Electronics Conference (Institute of Physics, London, 1995), p. 4–2.

Kushina, M.

R. E. Hermes, J. D. McGrew, C. E. Wiswall, S. Monroe, M. Kushina, “A diode laser pumped Nd:YAG pumped polymeric host solid-state dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Commun. 11, 1–6 (1992).

Langhals, H.

H. Langhals, “Novel perylene derivatives as highly photostable fluorescent dyes,” Chimia 48, 503–505 (1994).

Larrue, D.

D. Larrue, J. Zarzycki, M. Canva, P. Georges, F. Bentivegna, A. Brun, “Impregnated ORMOSIL matrices for efficient solid state optical gain media,” Opt. Commun. 110, 125–130 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lempicki, A.

R. Pappalardo, H. Samelson, A. Lempicki, “Long pulse laser emission from rhodamine 6G using cyclooctatetraene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 267–269 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Lug, G. L.

S. L. Murov, I. Carmichael, G. L. Lug, Handbook of Photochemistry, 2nd ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1993).

Manenkov, A. A.

A. A. Manenkov, A. P. Maslyukov, G. A. Matyushin, V. S. Nechitailo, “Modified polymers—effective host materials for solid state dye lasers and laser beam control elements: a review,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Scheps, ed. , Proc. SPIE2115, 136–147 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Maslyukov, A.

Maslyukov, A. P.

A. A. Manenkov, A. P. Maslyukov, G. A. Matyushin, V. S. Nechitailo, “Modified polymers—effective host materials for solid state dye lasers and laser beam control elements: a review,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Scheps, ed. , Proc. SPIE2115, 136–147 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Matyushin, G. A.

A. A. Manenkov, A. P. Maslyukov, G. A. Matyushin, V. S. Nechitailo, “Modified polymers—effective host materials for solid state dye lasers and laser beam control elements: a review,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Scheps, ed. , Proc. SPIE2115, 136–147 (1994).
[CrossRef]

McGrew, J. D.

R. E. Hermes, J. D. McGrew, C. E. Wiswall, S. Monroe, M. Kushina, “A diode laser pumped Nd:YAG pumped polymeric host solid-state dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Commun. 11, 1–6 (1992).

Miron, E.

J. Ivri, Z. Burshtein, E. Miron, R. Reisfeld, M. Eyal, “The perylene derivative BASF-241 solution as a new tunable dye laser in the visible,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1516–1520 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. Reisfeld, D. Brusilovski, M. Eyal, E. Miron, Z. Burhstein, J. Ivri, “Perylene dye in a composite sol-gel glass—a new solid-state tunable laser in the visible range,” in French-Israeli Workshop on Solid State Lasers, G. Boulon, C. K. Jorgensen, R. Reisfeld, eds., Proc. SPIE1182, 230–239 (1988).
[CrossRef]

R. Gvishi, R. Reisfeld, Z. Burshtein, E. Miron, “New stable tunable solid-state dye laser in the red,” 8th Meeting on Optical Engineering in Israel: Optoelectronics and Applications in Industry and Medicine, M. Oron, I. Shladov, Y. Weissman, eds. , Proc. SPIE1972, 390–399 (1990).

Monroe, S.

R. E. Hermes, J. D. McGrew, C. E. Wiswall, S. Monroe, M. Kushina, “A diode laser pumped Nd:YAG pumped polymeric host solid-state dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Commun. 11, 1–6 (1992).

Murov, S. L.

S. L. Murov, I. Carmichael, G. L. Lug, Handbook of Photochemistry, 2nd ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1993).

Nechitailo, V. S.

A. A. Manenkov, A. P. Maslyukov, G. A. Matyushin, V. S. Nechitailo, “Modified polymers—effective host materials for solid state dye lasers and laser beam control elements: a review,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Scheps, ed. , Proc. SPIE2115, 136–147 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nishida, F.

B. Dunn, F. Nishida, R. Toda, J. I. Zink, T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchinson, “Advances in dye-doped sol-gel lasers,” in New Materials for Advanced Solid State Lasers (Material Research Society, Pittsburgh, 1994), pp. 279–284.

Nyholm, K.

A. Maslyukov, S. Sokolov, M. Kaivola, K. Nyholm, S. Popov, “Solid-state dye laser with modified poly(methyl methacrylate)-doped active elements,” Appl. Opt. 34, 1516–1518 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Popov, M. Kalvola, K. Nyholm, “Laser efficiency degradation in dye doped MPMMA gain media,” Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers ’95, V. J. Corcoran, T. A. Goldman, eds. (STS Press, Mclean, Va., 1995), pp. 357–361.

O’Neil, M. P.

Pacheco, D. G.

D. G. Pacheco, J. G. Burke, H. R. Aldag, J. J. Ehrlich, “Efficient laser pumped solid state dye lasers of microsecond duration,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers ’95, V. J. Corcoran, T. A. Goldman, eds. (STS Press, Mclean, Va., 1995), pp. 791–801.

Pappalardo, R.

R. Pappalardo, H. Samelson, A. Lempicki, “Long pulse laser emission from rhodamine 6G using cyclooctatetraene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 267–269 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Pavlopoulos, T. G.

S. C. Guggenheimer, J. H. Boyer, K. Thangaraj, M. Shah, M. L. Soong, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Efficient laser action from two CW laser pumped pyrromethene-BF2 complexes,” Appl. Opt. 32, 3942–3943 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Boyer, A. M. Haag, G. Sathyamoorthi, M. L. Soong, K. Thangaraj, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 2,” Heteroatom. Chem. 4, 39–52 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Boyer, A. Haag, M. L. Soong, K. Thangaraj, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Laser action from 2,6,8-position trisubstituted 1,3,5,7-tetramethyl pyrromethene-BF2 complexes: part 2,” Appl. Opt. 30, 3788–3789 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Shah, K. Thangaraj, M. L. Soong, L. T. Wolford, J. H. Boyer, I. R. Politzer, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 1,” Heteroatom. Chem. 1, 389–399 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, J. H. Boyer, M. Shah, K. Thangaraj, M. L. Soong, “Laser action from 2,6,8-position trisubstituted 1,3,5,7-tetramethyl pyrromethene-BF2 complexes: part 1,” Appl. Opt. 29, 3885–3886 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, J. H. Boyer, “Efficient laser action from 1, 3, 5, 7, 8-pentamethylpyrromethene-BF2 complex and its disodium 2,6-disulfonate derivative,” Opt. Commun. 70, 425–427 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, J. H. Boyer, “Pyrromethene-BF2 laser dyes,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Scheps, ed. , Proc. SPIE2115, 231–239 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Perelgritz, J.-F.

Peterson, O. G.

O. G. Peterson, S. A. Tuccio, B. B. Snavely, “CW operation of an organic dye solution laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 245–247 (1970).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Buettner, B. B. Snavely, O. G. Peterson, “Triplet state quenching of stimulated emission from organic dye solutions,” Proceedings of the International Conference on Molecular Luminescence (Benjamin, New York, 1969), pp. 403–422.

Politzer, I. R.

M. Shah, K. Thangaraj, M. L. Soong, L. T. Wolford, J. H. Boyer, I. R. Politzer, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 1,” Heteroatom. Chem. 1, 389–399 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Popov, S.

Popov, S. Y.

S. Y. Popov, M. Kalvola, K. Nyholm, “Laser efficiency degradation in dye doped MPMMA gain media,” Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers ’95, V. J. Corcoran, T. A. Goldman, eds. (STS Press, Mclean, Va., 1995), pp. 357–361.

Rahn, M. D.

M. D. Rahn, T. A. King, “Comparison of laser performance of dye molecules in sol-gel, polycom, ormosil and poly(methyl methacrylate) host media,” Appl. Opt. 34, 8260–8271 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Rahn, T. A. King, “Solid-state dye-doped sol-gel glass composite lasers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 389–390.

M. D. Rahn, T. A. King, “Lasers based on dye-doped sol-gel composite glasses,” in Sol-Gel Optics III, J. D. Mackenzie, ed. , Proc. SPIE2288, 382–39 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Rahn, T. A. King, “Progress in solid state dye laser performance: laser damage values, pyrromethene 567 enhancement by oxygen depletion and aspects of continuous wave operation,” in Twelfth National Quantum Electronics Conference (Institute of Physics, London, 1995), p. 4–2.

Ranger, A.

M. Canva, A. Dubois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Chaput, A. Ranger, J-P. Boilot, “Perylene, pyrromethene and grafted rhodamine doped xerogels for tunable solid state lasers,” in Sol-Gel Optics III, J. D. Mackenzie, ed., Proc. SPIE2288, 298–309 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Reisfeld, R.

R. Reisfeld, R. Gvishi, Z. Burshtein, “Photostability and loss mechanism of solid-state red perylimide dye lasers,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 4, 49–55 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Ivri, Z. Burshtein, E. Miron, R. Reisfeld, M. Eyal, “The perylene derivative BASF-241 solution as a new tunable dye laser in the visible,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1516–1520 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. Reisfeld, D. Brusilovski, M. Eyal, E. Miron, Z. Burhstein, J. Ivri, “Perylene dye in a composite sol-gel glass—a new solid-state tunable laser in the visible range,” in French-Israeli Workshop on Solid State Lasers, G. Boulon, C. K. Jorgensen, R. Reisfeld, eds., Proc. SPIE1182, 230–239 (1988).
[CrossRef]

R. Gvishi, R. Reisfeld, Z. Burshtein, E. Miron, “New stable tunable solid-state dye laser in the red,” 8th Meeting on Optical Engineering in Israel: Optoelectronics and Applications in Industry and Medicine, M. Oron, I. Shladov, Y. Weissman, eds. , Proc. SPIE1972, 390–399 (1990).

Robinson, T. R.

T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, T. R. Robinson, J. A. Hutchinson, G. Sathyamoorthi, J. H. Boyer, “Laser performance and material properties of a new high temperature plastic doped with pyrromethene-BF2 dyes,” in New Materials for Advanced Solid State Lasers (Material Research Society, Pittsburgh, 1994), pp. 291–296.

T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, T. R. Robinson, “Spectroscopy and laser properties of perylimide and new pyrromethene-BF2 dyes in a high temperature plastic,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CTu158.

Ross, A. B.

F. Wilkinson, W. P. Helman, A. B. Ross, “Rate constants for the decay and reactions of the lowest electronically excited singlet state of molecular oxygen in solution. An expanded and revised compilation,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data. 24, 663–1021 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Samelson, H.

R. Pappalardo, H. Samelson, A. Lempicki, “Long pulse laser emission from rhodamine 6G using cyclooctatetraene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 267–269 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Sathyamoorthi, G.

J. H. Boyer, A. M. Haag, G. Sathyamoorthi, M. L. Soong, K. Thangaraj, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 2,” Heteroatom. Chem. 4, 39–52 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Allik, R. E. Hermes, G. Sathyamoorthi, J. H. Boyer, “Spectroscopy and laser performance of new BF2-complex dyes in solution,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Scheps, ed. , Proc. SPIE2115, 240–248 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, T. R. Robinson, J. A. Hutchinson, G. Sathyamoorthi, J. H. Boyer, “Laser performance and material properties of a new high temperature plastic doped with pyrromethene-BF2 dyes,” in New Materials for Advanced Solid State Lasers (Material Research Society, Pittsburgh, 1994), pp. 291–296.

Seybold, G.

G. Seybold, G. Wagenblast, “New perylene and violanthrone dyestuffs for fluorescent collectors,” Dyes Pigments 11, 303–317 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Shah, M.

S. C. Guggenheimer, J. H. Boyer, K. Thangaraj, M. Shah, M. L. Soong, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Efficient laser action from two CW laser pumped pyrromethene-BF2 complexes,” Appl. Opt. 32, 3942–3943 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, J. H. Boyer, M. Shah, K. Thangaraj, M. L. Soong, “Laser action from 2,6,8-position trisubstituted 1,3,5,7-tetramethyl pyrromethene-BF2 complexes: part 1,” Appl. Opt. 29, 3885–3886 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Shah, K. Thangaraj, M. L. Soong, L. T. Wolford, J. H. Boyer, I. R. Politzer, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 1,” Heteroatom. Chem. 1, 389–399 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, M. Shah, J. H. Boyer, “Efficient laser action from 1, 3, 5, 7, 8-pentamethylpyrromethene-BF2 complex and its disodium 2,6-disulfonate derivative,” Opt. Commun. 70, 425–427 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Snavely, B. B.

O. G. Peterson, S. A. Tuccio, B. B. Snavely, “CW operation of an organic dye solution laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 245–247 (1970).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Buettner, B. B. Snavely, O. G. Peterson, “Triplet state quenching of stimulated emission from organic dye solutions,” Proceedings of the International Conference on Molecular Luminescence (Benjamin, New York, 1969), pp. 403–422.

Sokolov, S.

Soong, M. L.

Thangaraj, K.

Toda, R.

B. Dunn, F. Nishida, R. Toda, J. I. Zink, T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchinson, “Advances in dye-doped sol-gel lasers,” in New Materials for Advanced Solid State Lasers (Material Research Society, Pittsburgh, 1994), pp. 279–284.

Tuccio, S. A.

O. G. Peterson, S. A. Tuccio, B. B. Snavely, “CW operation of an organic dye solution laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 245–247 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Wagenblast, G.

G. Seybold, G. Wagenblast, “New perylene and violanthrone dyestuffs for fluorescent collectors,” Dyes Pigments 11, 303–317 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wilkinson, F.

F. Wilkinson, W. P. Helman, A. B. Ross, “Rate constants for the decay and reactions of the lowest electronically excited singlet state of molecular oxygen in solution. An expanded and revised compilation,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data. 24, 663–1021 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wiswall, C. E.

R. E. Hermes, J. D. McGrew, C. E. Wiswall, S. Monroe, M. Kushina, “A diode laser pumped Nd:YAG pumped polymeric host solid-state dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Commun. 11, 1–6 (1992).

Wolford, L. T.

M. Shah, K. Thangaraj, M. L. Soong, L. T. Wolford, J. H. Boyer, I. R. Politzer, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 1,” Heteroatom. Chem. 1, 389–399 (1990).
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[CrossRef]

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Appl. Opt. (6)

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R. E. Hermes, J. D. McGrew, C. E. Wiswall, S. Monroe, M. Kushina, “A diode laser pumped Nd:YAG pumped polymeric host solid-state dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Commun. 11, 1–6 (1992).

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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M. Shah, K. Thangaraj, M. L. Soong, L. T. Wolford, J. H. Boyer, I. R. Politzer, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 1,” Heteroatom. Chem. 1, 389–399 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Boyer, A. M. Haag, G. Sathyamoorthi, M. L. Soong, K. Thangaraj, T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes: 2,” Heteroatom. Chem. 4, 39–52 (1993).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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Other (19)

T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, R. E. Hermes, J. A. Hutchinson, “Efficient and robust solid-state dye laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 271–273.

R. Gvishi, R. Reisfeld, Z. Burshtein, E. Miron, “New stable tunable solid-state dye laser in the red,” 8th Meeting on Optical Engineering in Israel: Optoelectronics and Applications in Industry and Medicine, M. Oron, I. Shladov, Y. Weissman, eds. , Proc. SPIE1972, 390–399 (1990).

R. Reisfeld, D. Brusilovski, M. Eyal, E. Miron, Z. Burhstein, J. Ivri, “Perylene dye in a composite sol-gel glass—a new solid-state tunable laser in the visible range,” in French-Israeli Workshop on Solid State Lasers, G. Boulon, C. K. Jorgensen, R. Reisfeld, eds., Proc. SPIE1182, 230–239 (1988).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Pavlopoulos, J. H. Boyer, “Pyrromethene-BF2 laser dyes,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Scheps, ed. , Proc. SPIE2115, 231–239 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Manenkov, A. P. Maslyukov, G. A. Matyushin, V. S. Nechitailo, “Modified polymers—effective host materials for solid state dye lasers and laser beam control elements: a review,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Scheps, ed. , Proc. SPIE2115, 136–147 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Canva, A. Dubois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Chaput, A. Ranger, J-P. Boilot, “Perylene, pyrromethene and grafted rhodamine doped xerogels for tunable solid state lasers,” in Sol-Gel Optics III, J. D. Mackenzie, ed., Proc. SPIE2288, 298–309 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Allik, R. E. Hermes, G. Sathyamoorthi, J. H. Boyer, “Spectroscopy and laser performance of new BF2-complex dyes in solution,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Scheps, ed. , Proc. SPIE2115, 240–248 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Rahn, T. A. King, “Solid-state dye-doped sol-gel glass composite lasers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 389–390.

M. D. Rahn, T. A. King, “Lasers based on dye-doped sol-gel composite glasses,” in Sol-Gel Optics III, J. D. Mackenzie, ed. , Proc. SPIE2288, 382–39 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Rahn, T. A. King, “Progress in solid state dye laser performance: laser damage values, pyrromethene 567 enhancement by oxygen depletion and aspects of continuous wave operation,” in Twelfth National Quantum Electronics Conference (Institute of Physics, London, 1995), p. 4–2.

M. Faloss, M. Canva, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Chaput, J.-P. Boilot, “Lasing performance of pyrromethenes and perylene dyes in xerogel host,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne, C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 69–71.

B. Dunn, F. Nishida, R. Toda, J. I. Zink, T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, J. A. Hutchinson, “Advances in dye-doped sol-gel lasers,” in New Materials for Advanced Solid State Lasers (Material Research Society, Pittsburgh, 1994), pp. 279–284.

T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, T. R. Robinson, J. A. Hutchinson, G. Sathyamoorthi, J. H. Boyer, “Laser performance and material properties of a new high temperature plastic doped with pyrromethene-BF2 dyes,” in New Materials for Advanced Solid State Lasers (Material Research Society, Pittsburgh, 1994), pp. 291–296.

T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, T. R. Robinson, “Spectroscopy and laser properties of perylimide and new pyrromethene-BF2 dyes in a high temperature plastic,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CTu158.

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Chemical structure and absorption spectrum of 1 × 10-5-M Pyrromethene 567 in ethanol. Path length is 10 mm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental arrangement for laser efficiency and laser longevity (photostability) tests. T., transmittance.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Absorption spectra of 10-4-M Pyrromethene 567 in MMA and azo-bis-isobutyronitrile-initiated PMMA polymerized under air-saturated and nitrogen-saturated conditions. Path length is 2 mm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Absorption spectra of 10-4-M Pyrromethene 567 in MMA and benzoyl-peroxide-initiated PMMA polymerized under air-saturated and nitrogen-saturated conditions. Path length is 2 mm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Laser efficiency versus normalized energy input of 2 × 10-4-M Perylene Orange in MMA and 10-4-M Rhodamine 590, and 5 × 10-4-M Pyrromethene 567 in ethanol when air saturated. Half-lives give the normalized photostability.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Laser efficiency versus normalized energy input of 2 × 10-4-M Perylene Orange in MMA and 10-4-M Rhodamine 590, and 5 × 10-4-M Pyrromethene 567 in ethanol when nitrogen saturated. Half-lives give the normalized photostability.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Laser efficiency versus normalized energy input for air-saturated organic solutions of Pyrromethene 567. Concentration is 5 × 10-4 M.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Laser efficiency versus normalized energy input for nitrogen-saturated organic solutions of Pyrromethene 567. Concentration is 5 × 10-4 M.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Laser efficiency versus normalized energy input for 5 × 10-4-M Pyrromethene 567 in air-saturated methanol, methanol-d 4, and methanol plus 3-mg/mL sodium azide.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Laser efficiency versus normalized energy input for 5 × 10-4-M Pyrromethene 567 in nitrogen-saturated methanol and methanol-d 4.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Comparison of efficiency versus number of pulses between Pyrromethene 567 doped air-saturated and nitrogen-saturated MPMMA. Concentration is 3.3 × 10-4 M.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Comparison of laser efficiency versus number of pulses between Pyrromethene 567 doped air-saturated and degassed polycom glass. Concentration is unknown due to dye degradation from benzoyl peroxide initiator.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Normalized Photostability of Pyrromethene 567, Singlet Oxygen Lifetimes,a and the Concentration of Oxygenb in Various Air-Saturated Solventsc

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