Abstract

We present the design and experimental setup of an optically interconnected smart-pixel network interface chip designed to implement a collisionless multichannel-access control protocol. The design demonstrates the cointegration of optoelectronic pixel modules of various levels of complexity for dense, high-speed interconnection of highly functional digital logic components typical of multiprocessor network routers.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  35. A. L. Lentine, R. A. Novotny, D. J. Reiley, R. L. Morrison, J. M. Sasian, M. Beckman, D. B. Buchholz, S. J. Hinterlong, T. J. Cloonan, G. W. Richards, F. B. McCormick, “Demonstration of an experimental single-chip opto-electronic switching system,” in Proceedings of the IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, San Diego, Calif., 1995), postdeadline paper PD2.5.
  36. T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two beam trans impedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
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1997 (1)

J.-H. Ha, T. M. Pinkston, “Speed DMON: cache coherence on an optical multichannel interconnect architecture,” J. Parallel Distr. Process. 41, 78–91 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (5)

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two beam trans impedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Goodwill, K. E. Devenport, H. S. Hinton, “An ATM-based intelligent optical backplane using CMOS-SEED smart pixel arrays and free-space optical interconnect modules,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 85–96 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Kane, T. J. Grycewicz, T. G. Kincaid, “Realizing optical logic with a smart-pixel spatial light modulator,” Appl. Opt. 35, 1249–1252 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. H. Szymanski, H. S. Hinton, “Reconfigurable intelligent optical backplane for parallel computing and communications,” Appl. Opt. 35, 1253–1268 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. B. Kuznia, A. A. Sawchuk, “Time multiplexing and control for optical cellular-hypercube arrays,” Appl. Opt. 35, 1836–1847 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (4)

M. P. Y. Desmulliez, F. A. P. Tooley, J. A. B. Dines, N. L. Grant, D. J. Goodwill, D. Baillie, B. S. Wherrett, P. W. Foulk, S. Ashcroft, P. Black, “Perfect-shuffle interconnected bitonic sorter: optoelectronic design,” Appl. Opt. 34, 5077–5090 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Neifeld, J. D. Hayes, “Error-correction schemes for volume optical memories,” Appl. Opt. 34, 8183–8191 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Wills, W. S. Lacy, C. Camperi-Ginestet, B. Buchanan, S. Wilkinson, M. Lee, N. M. Jokerst, M. Brooke, “A fine-grain, high-throughput architecture using through-wafer optical interconnect,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1085–1092 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (7)

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, H. S. Hinton, “Five-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic effect device smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Hinton, T. J. Cloonan, F. B. McCormick, A. L. Lentine, F. A. P. Tooley, “Free-space digital optical systems,” Proc. IEEE 82, 1632–1648 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Mitkas, S. A. Feld, F. R. Beyette, C. W. Wilmsen, “Optical digital comparison unit for equal-to, less-than, and greater-than determiniation,” Appl. Opt. 33, 806–814 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yamaguchi, T. Yamamoto, K. I. Yukimatsu, S. Matsuo, C. Amano, Y. Nakano, T. Kurokawa, “Experimental investigation of a digital free-space photonic switch that uses exciton absorption switch arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1337–1344 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Jennings, P. Horan, J. Hegarty, “Optical neural network with quantum well devices,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1469–1476 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. A. Mitkas, L. J. Irakliotis, F. R. Beyette, S. A. Feld, C. W. Wilmsen, “Optoelectronic data filter for selection and projection,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1345–1353 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kirk, T. Tabata, M. Ishikawa, “Design of an optoelectronic cellular processing system with a reconfigurable holographic interconnect,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1629–1639 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (3)

1985 (1)

D. A. B. Miller, D. S. Chemla, T. C. Damen, T. H. Wood, C. A. Burrus, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, “The quantum well self-electrooptic effect device: optoelectronic bistability and oscillation and self-linearized modulation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 1462–1476 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Amano, C.

Ashcroft, S.

Ayliffe, M. H.

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, M. H. Ayliffe, G. C. Boisset, D. J. Goodwill, D. N. Kabal, R. Iyer, Y. S. Liu, D. R. Rolston, W. M. Roberston, M. R. Taghizadeh, “A multistage CMOS-SEED optical backplane demonstration system,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 14–15.

Bacon, D. D.

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, L. A. D’Asaro, R. E. Leibenguth, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, G. Livescu, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Bucholz, “A high speed optoelectronic chip with 4352 optical inputs/outputs for a 256 × 256 ATM switching fabric,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 82–83.

Baillie, D.

Beckman, M.

A. L. Lentine, R. A. Novotny, D. J. Reiley, R. L. Morrison, J. M. Sasian, M. Beckman, D. B. Buchholz, S. J. Hinterlong, T. J. Cloonan, G. W. Richards, F. B. McCormick, “Demonstration of an experimental single-chip opto-electronic switching system,” in Proceedings of the IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, San Diego, Calif., 1995), postdeadline paper PD2.5.

Beckman, M. G.

Beyette, F. R.

P. A. Mitkas, L. J. Irakliotis, F. R. Beyette, S. A. Feld, C. W. Wilmsen, “Optoelectronic data filter for selection and projection,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1345–1353 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. A. Mitkas, S. A. Feld, F. R. Beyette, C. W. Wilmsen, “Optical digital comparison unit for equal-to, less-than, and greater-than determiniation,” Appl. Opt. 33, 806–814 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Stanko, F. R. Beyette, E. M. Hayes, R. D. Snyder, S. A. Feld, P. A. Mitkas, C. W. Wilmsen, “An optoelectronic recirculating sorter based on CMOS/VCSEL smart pixel array: architecture and system demonstration,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 88–89.

F. R. Beyette, P. A. Mitkas, S. A. Feld, C. W. Wilmsen, “Optoelectronic bitwise compare-and-exchange modules based on silicon/vertical cavity laser hybrid,” in Proceedings of the LEOS 1994 Summer Topical Meeting Digest on Smart PixelsIEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1994), paper P5, pp. 70–71.

Black, P.

Boisset, G. C.

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, M. H. Ayliffe, G. C. Boisset, D. J. Goodwill, D. N. Kabal, R. Iyer, Y. S. Liu, D. R. Rolston, W. M. Roberston, M. R. Taghizadeh, “A multistage CMOS-SEED optical backplane demonstration system,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 14–15.

Brooke, M.

D. S. Wills, W. S. Lacy, C. Camperi-Ginestet, B. Buchanan, S. Wilkinson, M. Lee, N. M. Jokerst, M. Brooke, “A fine-grain, high-throughput architecture using through-wafer optical interconnect,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1085–1092 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Brubaker, J. L.

Buchanan, B.

D. S. Wills, W. S. Lacy, C. Camperi-Ginestet, B. Buchanan, S. Wilkinson, M. Lee, N. M. Jokerst, M. Brooke, “A fine-grain, high-throughput architecture using through-wafer optical interconnect,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1085–1092 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Buchholz, D. B.

A. L. Lentine, R. A. Novotny, D. J. Reiley, R. L. Morrison, J. M. Sasian, M. Beckman, D. B. Buchholz, S. J. Hinterlong, T. J. Cloonan, G. W. Richards, F. B. McCormick, “Demonstration of an experimental single-chip opto-electronic switching system,” in Proceedings of the IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, San Diego, Calif., 1995), postdeadline paper PD2.5.

Bucholz, D. B.

L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, L. A. D’Asaro, R. E. Leibenguth, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, G. Livescu, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Bucholz, “A high speed optoelectronic chip with 4352 optical inputs/outputs for a 256 × 256 ATM switching fabric,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 82–83.

Burrus, C. A.

D. A. B. Miller, D. S. Chemla, T. C. Damen, T. H. Wood, C. A. Burrus, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, “The quantum well self-electrooptic effect device: optoelectronic bistability and oscillation and self-linearized modulation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 1462–1476 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Camperi-Ginestet, C.

D. S. Wills, W. S. Lacy, C. Camperi-Ginestet, B. Buchanan, S. Wilkinson, M. Lee, N. M. Jokerst, M. Brooke, “A fine-grain, high-throughput architecture using through-wafer optical interconnect,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1085–1092 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chemla, D. S.

D. A. B. Miller, D. S. Chemla, T. C. Damen, T. H. Wood, C. A. Burrus, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, “The quantum well self-electrooptic effect device: optoelectronic bistability and oscillation and self-linearized modulation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 1462–1476 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

The classification system used in Table 1 is loosely based on that proposed by A. A. Sawchuk, L. Chen, S. R. Forrest, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, Calif., “A survey on smart pixel devices,” (personal communication, April1995).

Chirovsky, L. M. F.

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two beam trans impedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, L. A. D’Asaro, R. E. Leibenguth, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, G. Livescu, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Bucholz, “A high speed optoelectronic chip with 4352 optical inputs/outputs for a 256 × 256 ATM switching fabric,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 82–83.

Choi, Y.

T. M. Pinkston, M. Raksapatcharawong, Y. Choi, “Smart-pixel implementation of network router deadlock handling mechanisms,” in Proceedings of the Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1997), pp. 159–161.

Chu, J.

P. W. Dowd, J. Chu, “Photonic architectures for distributed shared memory,” In Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Massively Parallel Processing Using Optical Interconnections (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1994), pp. 151–161.

Cloonan, T. J.

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, H. S. Hinton, “Five-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic effect device smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Hinton, T. J. Cloonan, F. B. McCormick, A. L. Lentine, F. A. P. Tooley, “Free-space digital optical systems,” Proc. IEEE 82, 1632–1648 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, F. A. P. Tooley, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, J. L. Brubaker, R. L. Morrison, S. L. Walker, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, S. J. Hinterlong, H. S. Hinton, E. Kerbis, “Six-stage digital free-space optical switching network using S-SEED’s,” Appl. Opt. 32, 5153–5171 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. L. Lentine, R. A. Novotny, D. J. Reiley, R. L. Morrison, J. M. Sasian, M. Beckman, D. B. Buchholz, S. J. Hinterlong, T. J. Cloonan, G. W. Richards, F. B. McCormick, “Demonstration of an experimental single-chip opto-electronic switching system,” in Proceedings of the IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, San Diego, Calif., 1995), postdeadline paper PD2.5.

Crisci, R. J.

Cunningham, J. E.

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two beam trans impedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, J. E. Ford, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, T. K. Woodward, M. C. Nuss, R. G. Rozier, F. E. Kiamilev, D. A. B. Miller, “The AMOEBA chip: an optoelectronic switch for multiprocessor networking using dense-WDM,” in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing with Optical Interconnections, Lahaina, Hawaii, 27–29 October 1996 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1996), pp. 94–100.

L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, L. A. D’Asaro, R. E. Leibenguth, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, G. Livescu, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Bucholz, “A high speed optoelectronic chip with 4352 optical inputs/outputs for a 256 × 256 ATM switching fabric,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 82–83.

D’Asaro, L. A.

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two beam trans impedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, L. A. D’Asaro, R. E. Leibenguth, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, G. Livescu, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Bucholz, “A high speed optoelectronic chip with 4352 optical inputs/outputs for a 256 × 256 ATM switching fabric,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 82–83.

Dahringer, D.

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two beam trans impedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, L. A. D’Asaro, R. E. Leibenguth, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, G. Livescu, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Bucholz, “A high speed optoelectronic chip with 4352 optical inputs/outputs for a 256 × 256 ATM switching fabric,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 82–83.

Damen, T. C.

D. A. B. Miller, D. S. Chemla, T. C. Damen, T. H. Wood, C. A. Burrus, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, “The quantum well self-electrooptic effect device: optoelectronic bistability and oscillation and self-linearized modulation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 1462–1476 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Desmulliez, M. P. Y.

Devenport, K. E.

D. J. Goodwill, K. E. Devenport, H. S. Hinton, “An ATM-based intelligent optical backplane using CMOS-SEED smart pixel arrays and free-space optical interconnect modules,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 85–96 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dines, J. A. B.

Dowd, P. W.

P. W. Dowd, J. Chu, “Photonic architectures for distributed shared memory,” In Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Massively Parallel Processing Using Optical Interconnections (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1994), pp. 151–161.

Feld, S. A.

P. A. Mitkas, S. A. Feld, F. R. Beyette, C. W. Wilmsen, “Optical digital comparison unit for equal-to, less-than, and greater-than determiniation,” Appl. Opt. 33, 806–814 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. A. Mitkas, L. J. Irakliotis, F. R. Beyette, S. A. Feld, C. W. Wilmsen, “Optoelectronic data filter for selection and projection,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1345–1353 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Stanko, F. R. Beyette, E. M. Hayes, R. D. Snyder, S. A. Feld, P. A. Mitkas, C. W. Wilmsen, “An optoelectronic recirculating sorter based on CMOS/VCSEL smart pixel array: architecture and system demonstration,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 88–89.

F. R. Beyette, P. A. Mitkas, S. A. Feld, C. W. Wilmsen, “Optoelectronic bitwise compare-and-exchange modules based on silicon/vertical cavity laser hybrid,” in Proceedings of the LEOS 1994 Summer Topical Meeting Digest on Smart PixelsIEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1994), paper P5, pp. 70–71.

Ford, J. E.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, J. E. Ford, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, T. K. Woodward, M. C. Nuss, R. G. Rozier, F. E. Kiamilev, D. A. B. Miller, “The AMOEBA chip: an optoelectronic switch for multiprocessor networking using dense-WDM,” in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing with Optical Interconnections, Lahaina, Hawaii, 27–29 October 1996 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1996), pp. 94–100.

Forrest, S. R.

The classification system used in Table 1 is loosely based on that proposed by A. A. Sawchuk, L. Chen, S. R. Forrest, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, Calif., “A survey on smart pixel devices,” (personal communication, April1995).

Foulk, P. W.

Goodwill, D. J.

D. J. Goodwill, K. E. Devenport, H. S. Hinton, “An ATM-based intelligent optical backplane using CMOS-SEED smart pixel arrays and free-space optical interconnect modules,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 85–96 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Y. Desmulliez, F. A. P. Tooley, J. A. B. Dines, N. L. Grant, D. J. Goodwill, D. Baillie, B. S. Wherrett, P. W. Foulk, S. Ashcroft, P. Black, “Perfect-shuffle interconnected bitonic sorter: optoelectronic design,” Appl. Opt. 34, 5077–5090 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, M. H. Ayliffe, G. C. Boisset, D. J. Goodwill, D. N. Kabal, R. Iyer, Y. S. Liu, D. R. Rolston, W. M. Roberston, M. R. Taghizadeh, “A multistage CMOS-SEED optical backplane demonstration system,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 14–15.

Goossen, K. W.

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two beam trans impedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, L. A. D’Asaro, R. E. Leibenguth, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, G. Livescu, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Bucholz, “A high speed optoelectronic chip with 4352 optical inputs/outputs for a 256 × 256 ATM switching fabric,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 82–83.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, J. E. Ford, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, T. K. Woodward, M. C. Nuss, R. G. Rozier, F. E. Kiamilev, D. A. B. Miller, “The AMOEBA chip: an optoelectronic switch for multiprocessor networking using dense-WDM,” in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing with Optical Interconnections, Lahaina, Hawaii, 27–29 October 1996 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1996), pp. 94–100.

Gossard, A. C.

D. A. B. Miller, D. S. Chemla, T. C. Damen, T. H. Wood, C. A. Burrus, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, “The quantum well self-electrooptic effect device: optoelectronic bistability and oscillation and self-linearized modulation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 1462–1476 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Grant, N. L.

Grycewicz, T. J.

Ha, J.-H.

J.-H. Ha, T. M. Pinkston, “Speed DMON: cache coherence on an optical multichannel interconnect architecture,” J. Parallel Distr. Process. 41, 78–91 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Ha, T. M. Pinkston, “Token-based media access protocols for wavelength division multiplexed optically interconnected multiprocessors,” in Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Optics and Computer Science (WOCS) at the Eleventh International Parallel Processing Symposium, Geneva, Switzerland, April 1997.

Hayes, E. M.

P. J. Stanko, F. R. Beyette, E. M. Hayes, R. D. Snyder, S. A. Feld, P. A. Mitkas, C. W. Wilmsen, “An optoelectronic recirculating sorter based on CMOS/VCSEL smart pixel array: architecture and system demonstration,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 88–89.

Hayes, J. D.

Hegarty, J.

Hinterlong, S. J.

Hinton, H. S.

D. J. Goodwill, K. E. Devenport, H. S. Hinton, “An ATM-based intelligent optical backplane using CMOS-SEED smart pixel arrays and free-space optical interconnect modules,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 85–96 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Szymanski, H. S. Hinton, “Reconfigurable intelligent optical backplane for parallel computing and communications,” Appl. Opt. 35, 1253–1268 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Hinton, T. J. Cloonan, F. B. McCormick, A. L. Lentine, F. A. P. Tooley, “Free-space digital optical systems,” Proc. IEEE 82, 1632–1648 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, H. S. Hinton, “Five-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic effect device smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, F. A. P. Tooley, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, J. L. Brubaker, R. L. Morrison, S. L. Walker, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, S. J. Hinterlong, H. S. Hinton, E. Kerbis, “Six-stage digital free-space optical switching network using S-SEED’s,” Appl. Opt. 32, 5153–5171 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, M. H. Ayliffe, G. C. Boisset, D. J. Goodwill, D. N. Kabal, R. Iyer, Y. S. Liu, D. R. Rolston, W. M. Roberston, M. R. Taghizadeh, “A multistage CMOS-SEED optical backplane demonstration system,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 14–15.

H. S. Hinton, “Intelligent optical backplanes,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing Using Optical Interconnections (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1995), pp. 133–143.

S. S. Sherif, T. H. Szymanski, H. S. Hinton, “Design and implementation of a field programmable smart pixel array,” in Proceedings of the LEOS 1996 Summer Topical Meeting Digest on Smart Pixels (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), pp. 78–79.

Horan, P.

Hui, S. P.

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two beam trans impedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, L. A. D’Asaro, R. E. Leibenguth, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, G. Livescu, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Bucholz, “A high speed optoelectronic chip with 4352 optical inputs/outputs for a 256 × 256 ATM switching fabric,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 82–83.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, J. E. Ford, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, T. K. Woodward, M. C. Nuss, R. G. Rozier, F. E. Kiamilev, D. A. B. Miller, “The AMOEBA chip: an optoelectronic switch for multiprocessor networking using dense-WDM,” in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing with Optical Interconnections, Lahaina, Hawaii, 27–29 October 1996 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1996), pp. 94–100.

Irakliotis, L. J.

Ishikawa, M.

Iyer, R.

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, M. H. Ayliffe, G. C. Boisset, D. J. Goodwill, D. N. Kabal, R. Iyer, Y. S. Liu, D. R. Rolston, W. M. Roberston, M. R. Taghizadeh, “A multistage CMOS-SEED optical backplane demonstration system,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 14–15.

Jan, W. Y.

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two beam trans impedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, J. E. Ford, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, T. K. Woodward, M. C. Nuss, R. G. Rozier, F. E. Kiamilev, D. A. B. Miller, “The AMOEBA chip: an optoelectronic switch for multiprocessor networking using dense-WDM,” in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing with Optical Interconnections, Lahaina, Hawaii, 27–29 October 1996 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1996), pp. 94–100.

Jennings, A.

Johnson, K. M.

K. M. Johnson, D. J. McKnight, I. Underwood, “Smart spatial light modulators using liquid crystals on silicon,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 699–726 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Schuck, D. J. McKnight, K. M. Johnson, “Smart Pixel LCOS devices for projection display systems” in 1996 IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meetings: Smart Pixels, Keystone, Colo., 7–9 August 1996 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1996), pp. 11–12.

Jokerst, N. M.

D. S. Wills, W. S. Lacy, C. Camperi-Ginestet, B. Buchanan, S. Wilkinson, M. Lee, N. M. Jokerst, M. Brooke, “A fine-grain, high-throughput architecture using through-wafer optical interconnect,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1085–1092 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kabal, D. N.

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, M. H. Ayliffe, G. C. Boisset, D. J. Goodwill, D. N. Kabal, R. Iyer, Y. S. Liu, D. R. Rolston, W. M. Roberston, M. R. Taghizadeh, “A multistage CMOS-SEED optical backplane demonstration system,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 14–15.

Kane, J. S.

Kerbis, E.

Kiamilev, F. E.

F. E. Kiamilev, J. S. Lambirth, R. G. Rozier, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Design of a 64-bit, 100 MIPS microprocessor core IC for hybrid CMOS-SEED technology,” in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on MPPOI, pages 53–60. IEEE Computer Society, October1996.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, J. E. Ford, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, T. K. Woodward, M. C. Nuss, R. G. Rozier, F. E. Kiamilev, D. A. B. Miller, “The AMOEBA chip: an optoelectronic switch for multiprocessor networking using dense-WDM,” in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing with Optical Interconnections, Lahaina, Hawaii, 27–29 October 1996 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1996), pp. 94–100.

Kincaid, T. G.

Kirk, A.

Kossives, D.

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two beam trans impedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, L. A. D’Asaro, R. E. Leibenguth, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, G. Livescu, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Bucholz, “A high speed optoelectronic chip with 4352 optical inputs/outputs for a 256 × 256 ATM switching fabric,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 82–83.

Krishnamoorthy, A. V.

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two beam trans impedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, J. E. Ford, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, T. K. Woodward, M. C. Nuss, R. G. Rozier, F. E. Kiamilev, D. A. B. Miller, “The AMOEBA chip: an optoelectronic switch for multiprocessor networking using dense-WDM,” in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing with Optical Interconnections, Lahaina, Hawaii, 27–29 October 1996 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1996), pp. 94–100.

F. E. Kiamilev, J. S. Lambirth, R. G. Rozier, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Design of a 64-bit, 100 MIPS microprocessor core IC for hybrid CMOS-SEED technology,” in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on MPPOI, pages 53–60. IEEE Computer Society, October1996.

Kurokawa, T.

Kuznia, C. B.

Lacy, W. S.

D. S. Wills, W. S. Lacy, C. Camperi-Ginestet, B. Buchanan, S. Wilkinson, M. Lee, N. M. Jokerst, M. Brooke, “A fine-grain, high-throughput architecture using through-wafer optical interconnect,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1085–1092 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lambirth, J. S.

F. E. Kiamilev, J. S. Lambirth, R. G. Rozier, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Design of a 64-bit, 100 MIPS microprocessor core IC for hybrid CMOS-SEED technology,” in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on MPPOI, pages 53–60. IEEE Computer Society, October1996.

Lee, M.

D. S. Wills, W. S. Lacy, C. Camperi-Ginestet, B. Buchanan, S. Wilkinson, M. Lee, N. M. Jokerst, M. Brooke, “A fine-grain, high-throughput architecture using through-wafer optical interconnect,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1085–1092 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Leibenguth, R.

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Leibenguth, R. E.

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two beam trans impedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, L. A. D’Asaro, R. E. Leibenguth, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, G. Livescu, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Bucholz, “A high speed optoelectronic chip with 4352 optical inputs/outputs for a 256 × 256 ATM switching fabric,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 82–83.

Lentine, A. L.

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two beam trans impedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Hinton, T. J. Cloonan, F. B. McCormick, A. L. Lentine, F. A. P. Tooley, “Free-space digital optical systems,” Proc. IEEE 82, 1632–1648 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, H. S. Hinton, “Five-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic effect device smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, F. A. P. Tooley, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, J. L. Brubaker, R. L. Morrison, S. L. Walker, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, S. J. Hinterlong, H. S. Hinton, E. Kerbis, “Six-stage digital free-space optical switching network using S-SEED’s,” Appl. Opt. 32, 5153–5171 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. L. Lentine, R. A. Novotny, D. J. Reiley, R. L. Morrison, J. M. Sasian, M. Beckman, D. B. Buchholz, S. J. Hinterlong, T. J. Cloonan, G. W. Richards, F. B. McCormick, “Demonstration of an experimental single-chip opto-electronic switching system,” in Proceedings of the IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, San Diego, Calif., 1995), postdeadline paper PD2.5.

L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, L. A. D’Asaro, R. E. Leibenguth, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, G. Livescu, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Bucholz, “A high speed optoelectronic chip with 4352 optical inputs/outputs for a 256 × 256 ATM switching fabric,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 82–83.

Liu, Y. S.

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, M. H. Ayliffe, G. C. Boisset, D. J. Goodwill, D. N. Kabal, R. Iyer, Y. S. Liu, D. R. Rolston, W. M. Roberston, M. R. Taghizadeh, “A multistage CMOS-SEED optical backplane demonstration system,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 14–15.

Livescu, G.

L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, L. A. D’Asaro, R. E. Leibenguth, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, G. Livescu, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Bucholz, “A high speed optoelectronic chip with 4352 optical inputs/outputs for a 256 × 256 ATM switching fabric,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 82–83.

Matsuo, S.

McCormick, F. B.

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, H. S. Hinton, “Five-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic effect device smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Hinton, T. J. Cloonan, F. B. McCormick, A. L. Lentine, F. A. P. Tooley, “Free-space digital optical systems,” Proc. IEEE 82, 1632–1648 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, F. A. P. Tooley, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, J. L. Brubaker, R. L. Morrison, S. L. Walker, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, S. J. Hinterlong, H. S. Hinton, E. Kerbis, “Six-stage digital free-space optical switching network using S-SEED’s,” Appl. Opt. 32, 5153–5171 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. L. Lentine, R. A. Novotny, D. J. Reiley, R. L. Morrison, J. M. Sasian, M. Beckman, D. B. Buchholz, S. J. Hinterlong, T. J. Cloonan, G. W. Richards, F. B. McCormick, “Demonstration of an experimental single-chip opto-electronic switching system,” in Proceedings of the IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, San Diego, Calif., 1995), postdeadline paper PD2.5.

McKnight, D. J.

K. M. Johnson, D. J. McKnight, I. Underwood, “Smart spatial light modulators using liquid crystals on silicon,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 699–726 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Schuck, D. J. McKnight, K. M. Johnson, “Smart Pixel LCOS devices for projection display systems” in 1996 IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meetings: Smart Pixels, Keystone, Colo., 7–9 August 1996 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1996), pp. 11–12.

Miller, D. A. B.

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. A. B. Miller, D. S. Chemla, T. C. Damen, T. H. Wood, C. A. Burrus, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, “The quantum well self-electrooptic effect device: optoelectronic bistability and oscillation and self-linearized modulation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 1462–1476 (1985).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, J. E. Ford, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, T. K. Woodward, M. C. Nuss, R. G. Rozier, F. E. Kiamilev, D. A. B. Miller, “The AMOEBA chip: an optoelectronic switch for multiprocessor networking using dense-WDM,” in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing with Optical Interconnections, Lahaina, Hawaii, 27–29 October 1996 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1996), pp. 94–100.

Mitkas, P. A.

P. A. Mitkas, L. J. Irakliotis, F. R. Beyette, S. A. Feld, C. W. Wilmsen, “Optoelectronic data filter for selection and projection,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1345–1353 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. A. Mitkas, S. A. Feld, F. R. Beyette, C. W. Wilmsen, “Optical digital comparison unit for equal-to, less-than, and greater-than determiniation,” Appl. Opt. 33, 806–814 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Stanko, F. R. Beyette, E. M. Hayes, R. D. Snyder, S. A. Feld, P. A. Mitkas, C. W. Wilmsen, “An optoelectronic recirculating sorter based on CMOS/VCSEL smart pixel array: architecture and system demonstration,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 88–89.

F. R. Beyette, P. A. Mitkas, S. A. Feld, C. W. Wilmsen, “Optoelectronic bitwise compare-and-exchange modules based on silicon/vertical cavity laser hybrid,” in Proceedings of the LEOS 1994 Summer Topical Meeting Digest on Smart PixelsIEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1994), paper P5, pp. 70–71.

Morrison, R. L.

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, H. S. Hinton, “Five-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic effect device smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, F. A. P. Tooley, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, J. L. Brubaker, R. L. Morrison, S. L. Walker, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, S. J. Hinterlong, H. S. Hinton, E. Kerbis, “Six-stage digital free-space optical switching network using S-SEED’s,” Appl. Opt. 32, 5153–5171 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. L. Lentine, R. A. Novotny, D. J. Reiley, R. L. Morrison, J. M. Sasian, M. Beckman, D. B. Buchholz, S. J. Hinterlong, T. J. Cloonan, G. W. Richards, F. B. McCormick, “Demonstration of an experimental single-chip opto-electronic switching system,” in Proceedings of the IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, San Diego, Calif., 1995), postdeadline paper PD2.5.

L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, L. A. D’Asaro, R. E. Leibenguth, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, G. Livescu, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Bucholz, “A high speed optoelectronic chip with 4352 optical inputs/outputs for a 256 × 256 ATM switching fabric,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 82–83.

Nakano, Y.

Neifeld, M. A.

Novotny, R. A.

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, H. S. Hinton, “Five-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic effect device smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, F. A. P. Tooley, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, J. L. Brubaker, R. L. Morrison, S. L. Walker, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, S. J. Hinterlong, H. S. Hinton, E. Kerbis, “Six-stage digital free-space optical switching network using S-SEED’s,” Appl. Opt. 32, 5153–5171 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, L. A. D’Asaro, R. E. Leibenguth, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, G. Livescu, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Bucholz, “A high speed optoelectronic chip with 4352 optical inputs/outputs for a 256 × 256 ATM switching fabric,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 82–83.

A. L. Lentine, R. A. Novotny, D. J. Reiley, R. L. Morrison, J. M. Sasian, M. Beckman, D. B. Buchholz, S. J. Hinterlong, T. J. Cloonan, G. W. Richards, F. B. McCormick, “Demonstration of an experimental single-chip opto-electronic switching system,” in Proceedings of the IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, San Diego, Calif., 1995), postdeadline paper PD2.5.

Nuss, M. C.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, J. E. Ford, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, T. K. Woodward, M. C. Nuss, R. G. Rozier, F. E. Kiamilev, D. A. B. Miller, “The AMOEBA chip: an optoelectronic switch for multiprocessor networking using dense-WDM,” in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing with Optical Interconnections, Lahaina, Hawaii, 27–29 October 1996 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1996), pp. 94–100.

Pinkston, T. M.

J.-H. Ha, T. M. Pinkston, “Speed DMON: cache coherence on an optical multichannel interconnect architecture,” J. Parallel Distr. Process. 41, 78–91 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Raksapatcharawong, T. M. Pinkston, “Anoptical interconnect model for k-ary n-cube wormhole networks,” In Proceedings of the Tenth International Parallel Processing Symposium (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1996), pp. 666–672.

M. Raksapatcharawong, T. M. Pinkston, “Modeling optical k-ary n-cube interconnection networks,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1996), pp. 122–123.

J.-H. Ha, T. M. Pinkston, “Token-based media access protocols for wavelength division multiplexed optically interconnected multiprocessors,” in Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Optics and Computer Science (WOCS) at the Eleventh International Parallel Processing Symposium, Geneva, Switzerland, April 1997.

T. M. Pinkston, M. Raksapatcharawong, Y. Choi, “Smart-pixel implementation of network router deadlock handling mechanisms,” in Proceedings of the Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1997), pp. 159–161.

Plant, D. V.

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, M. H. Ayliffe, G. C. Boisset, D. J. Goodwill, D. N. Kabal, R. Iyer, Y. S. Liu, D. R. Rolston, W. M. Roberston, M. R. Taghizadeh, “A multistage CMOS-SEED optical backplane demonstration system,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 14–15.

Raksapatcharawong, M.

M. Raksapatcharawong, T. M. Pinkston, “Anoptical interconnect model for k-ary n-cube wormhole networks,” In Proceedings of the Tenth International Parallel Processing Symposium (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1996), pp. 666–672.

T. M. Pinkston, M. Raksapatcharawong, Y. Choi, “Smart-pixel implementation of network router deadlock handling mechanisms,” in Proceedings of the Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1997), pp. 159–161.

M. Raksapatcharawong, T. M. Pinkston, “Modeling optical k-ary n-cube interconnection networks,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1996), pp. 122–123.

Reiley, D. J.

A. L. Lentine, R. A. Novotny, D. J. Reiley, R. L. Morrison, J. M. Sasian, M. Beckman, D. B. Buchholz, S. J. Hinterlong, T. J. Cloonan, G. W. Richards, F. B. McCormick, “Demonstration of an experimental single-chip opto-electronic switching system,” in Proceedings of the IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, San Diego, Calif., 1995), postdeadline paper PD2.5.

Ressler, E. K.

A. H. Sayles, B. L. Shoop, E. K. Ressler, “A novel smart pixel network for signal processing applications,” in Proceedings of the LEOS 1996 Summer Topical Meeting on Smart Pixels Technical Digest, (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1996), pp. 86–87.

Richards, G. W.

A. L. Lentine, R. A. Novotny, D. J. Reiley, R. L. Morrison, J. M. Sasian, M. Beckman, D. B. Buchholz, S. J. Hinterlong, T. J. Cloonan, G. W. Richards, F. B. McCormick, “Demonstration of an experimental single-chip opto-electronic switching system,” in Proceedings of the IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, San Diego, Calif., 1995), postdeadline paper PD2.5.

Roberston, W. M.

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, M. H. Ayliffe, G. C. Boisset, D. J. Goodwill, D. N. Kabal, R. Iyer, Y. S. Liu, D. R. Rolston, W. M. Roberston, M. R. Taghizadeh, “A multistage CMOS-SEED optical backplane demonstration system,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 14–15.

Robertson, B.

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, M. H. Ayliffe, G. C. Boisset, D. J. Goodwill, D. N. Kabal, R. Iyer, Y. S. Liu, D. R. Rolston, W. M. Roberston, M. R. Taghizadeh, “A multistage CMOS-SEED optical backplane demonstration system,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 14–15.

Rolston, D. R.

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, M. H. Ayliffe, G. C. Boisset, D. J. Goodwill, D. N. Kabal, R. Iyer, Y. S. Liu, D. R. Rolston, W. M. Roberston, M. R. Taghizadeh, “A multistage CMOS-SEED optical backplane demonstration system,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 14–15.

Rozier, R. G.

F. E. Kiamilev, J. S. Lambirth, R. G. Rozier, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Design of a 64-bit, 100 MIPS microprocessor core IC for hybrid CMOS-SEED technology,” in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on MPPOI, pages 53–60. IEEE Computer Society, October1996.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, J. E. Ford, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, T. K. Woodward, M. C. Nuss, R. G. Rozier, F. E. Kiamilev, D. A. B. Miller, “The AMOEBA chip: an optoelectronic switch for multiprocessor networking using dense-WDM,” in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing with Optical Interconnections, Lahaina, Hawaii, 27–29 October 1996 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1996), pp. 94–100.

Sasian, J. M.

Sawchuk, A. A.

C. B. Kuznia, A. A. Sawchuk, “Time multiplexing and control for optical cellular-hypercube arrays,” Appl. Opt. 35, 1836–1847 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

The classification system used in Table 1 is loosely based on that proposed by A. A. Sawchuk, L. Chen, S. R. Forrest, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, Calif., “A survey on smart pixel devices,” (personal communication, April1995).

Sayles, A. H.

A. H. Sayles, B. L. Shoop, E. K. Ressler, “A novel smart pixel network for signal processing applications,” in Proceedings of the LEOS 1996 Summer Topical Meeting on Smart Pixels Technical Digest, (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1996), pp. 86–87.

Schuck, M. H.

M. H. Schuck, D. J. McKnight, K. M. Johnson, “Smart Pixel LCOS devices for projection display systems” in 1996 IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meetings: Smart Pixels, Keystone, Colo., 7–9 August 1996 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1996), pp. 11–12.

Sherif, S. S.

S. S. Sherif, T. H. Szymanski, H. S. Hinton, “Design and implementation of a field programmable smart pixel array,” in Proceedings of the LEOS 1996 Summer Topical Meeting Digest on Smart Pixels (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), pp. 78–79.

Shoop, B. L.

A. H. Sayles, B. L. Shoop, E. K. Ressler, “A novel smart pixel network for signal processing applications,” in Proceedings of the LEOS 1996 Summer Topical Meeting on Smart Pixels Technical Digest, (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1996), pp. 86–87.

Snyder, R. D.

P. J. Stanko, F. R. Beyette, E. M. Hayes, R. D. Snyder, S. A. Feld, P. A. Mitkas, C. W. Wilmsen, “An optoelectronic recirculating sorter based on CMOS/VCSEL smart pixel array: architecture and system demonstration,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 88–89.

Stanko, P. J.

P. J. Stanko, F. R. Beyette, E. M. Hayes, R. D. Snyder, S. A. Feld, P. A. Mitkas, C. W. Wilmsen, “An optoelectronic recirculating sorter based on CMOS/VCSEL smart pixel array: architecture and system demonstration,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 88–89.

Szymanski, T. H.

T. H. Szymanski, H. S. Hinton, “Reconfigurable intelligent optical backplane for parallel computing and communications,” Appl. Opt. 35, 1253–1268 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. S. Sherif, T. H. Szymanski, H. S. Hinton, “Design and implementation of a field programmable smart pixel array,” in Proceedings of the LEOS 1996 Summer Topical Meeting Digest on Smart Pixels (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), pp. 78–79.

Tabata, T.

Taghizadeh, M. R.

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, M. H. Ayliffe, G. C. Boisset, D. J. Goodwill, D. N. Kabal, R. Iyer, Y. S. Liu, D. R. Rolston, W. M. Roberston, M. R. Taghizadeh, “A multistage CMOS-SEED optical backplane demonstration system,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 14–15.

Tooley, F. A. P.

Tseng, B.

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two beam trans impedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, J. E. Ford, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, T. K. Woodward, M. C. Nuss, R. G. Rozier, F. E. Kiamilev, D. A. B. Miller, “The AMOEBA chip: an optoelectronic switch for multiprocessor networking using dense-WDM,” in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing with Optical Interconnections, Lahaina, Hawaii, 27–29 October 1996 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1996), pp. 94–100.

Tseng, B. T.

L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, L. A. D’Asaro, R. E. Leibenguth, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, G. Livescu, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Bucholz, “A high speed optoelectronic chip with 4352 optical inputs/outputs for a 256 × 256 ATM switching fabric,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 82–83.

Underwood, I.

K. M. Johnson, D. J. McKnight, I. Underwood, “Smart spatial light modulators using liquid crystals on silicon,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 699–726 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wakelin, S.

Walker, J. A.

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, L. A. D’Asaro, R. E. Leibenguth, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, G. Livescu, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Bucholz, “A high speed optoelectronic chip with 4352 optical inputs/outputs for a 256 × 256 ATM switching fabric,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 82–83.

Walker, J. W.

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two beam trans impedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, J. E. Ford, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, T. K. Woodward, M. C. Nuss, R. G. Rozier, F. E. Kiamilev, D. A. B. Miller, “The AMOEBA chip: an optoelectronic switch for multiprocessor networking using dense-WDM,” in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing with Optical Interconnections, Lahaina, Hawaii, 27–29 October 1996 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1996), pp. 94–100.

Walker, S. L.

Wherrett, B. S.

Wiegmann, W.

D. A. B. Miller, D. S. Chemla, T. C. Damen, T. H. Wood, C. A. Burrus, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, “The quantum well self-electrooptic effect device: optoelectronic bistability and oscillation and self-linearized modulation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 1462–1476 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Wilkinson, S.

D. S. Wills, W. S. Lacy, C. Camperi-Ginestet, B. Buchanan, S. Wilkinson, M. Lee, N. M. Jokerst, M. Brooke, “A fine-grain, high-throughput architecture using through-wafer optical interconnect,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1085–1092 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wills, D. S.

D. S. Wills, W. S. Lacy, C. Camperi-Ginestet, B. Buchanan, S. Wilkinson, M. Lee, N. M. Jokerst, M. Brooke, “A fine-grain, high-throughput architecture using through-wafer optical interconnect,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1085–1092 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wilmsen, C. W.

P. A. Mitkas, L. J. Irakliotis, F. R. Beyette, S. A. Feld, C. W. Wilmsen, “Optoelectronic data filter for selection and projection,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1345–1353 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. A. Mitkas, S. A. Feld, F. R. Beyette, C. W. Wilmsen, “Optical digital comparison unit for equal-to, less-than, and greater-than determiniation,” Appl. Opt. 33, 806–814 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Stanko, F. R. Beyette, E. M. Hayes, R. D. Snyder, S. A. Feld, P. A. Mitkas, C. W. Wilmsen, “An optoelectronic recirculating sorter based on CMOS/VCSEL smart pixel array: architecture and system demonstration,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 88–89.

F. R. Beyette, P. A. Mitkas, S. A. Feld, C. W. Wilmsen, “Optoelectronic bitwise compare-and-exchange modules based on silicon/vertical cavity laser hybrid,” in Proceedings of the LEOS 1994 Summer Topical Meeting Digest on Smart PixelsIEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1994), paper P5, pp. 70–71.

Wojcik, M. J.

Wood, T. H.

D. A. B. Miller, D. S. Chemla, T. C. Damen, T. H. Wood, C. A. Burrus, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, “The quantum well self-electrooptic effect device: optoelectronic bistability and oscillation and self-linearized modulation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 1462–1476 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Woodward, T. K.

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two beam trans impedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, J. E. Ford, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, T. K. Woodward, M. C. Nuss, R. G. Rozier, F. E. Kiamilev, D. A. B. Miller, “The AMOEBA chip: an optoelectronic switch for multiprocessor networking using dense-WDM,” in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing with Optical Interconnections, Lahaina, Hawaii, 27–29 October 1996 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1996), pp. 94–100.

Yamaguchi, M.

Yamamoto, T.

Yukimatsu, K. I.

Appl. Opt. (13)

F. A. P. Tooley, S. Wakelin, “Design of a symmetric self-electro-optic-effect-device cellular-logic image processor,” Appl. Opt. 32, 1850–1862 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. A. Mitkas, S. A. Feld, F. R. Beyette, C. W. Wilmsen, “Optical digital comparison unit for equal-to, less-than, and greater-than determiniation,” Appl. Opt. 33, 806–814 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yamaguchi, T. Yamamoto, K. I. Yukimatsu, S. Matsuo, C. Amano, Y. Nakano, T. Kurokawa, “Experimental investigation of a digital free-space photonic switch that uses exciton absorption switch arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1337–1344 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Jennings, P. Horan, J. Hegarty, “Optical neural network with quantum well devices,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1469–1476 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. P. Y. Desmulliez, F. A. P. Tooley, J. A. B. Dines, N. L. Grant, D. J. Goodwill, D. Baillie, B. S. Wherrett, P. W. Foulk, S. Ashcroft, P. Black, “Perfect-shuffle interconnected bitonic sorter: optoelectronic design,” Appl. Opt. 34, 5077–5090 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Neifeld, J. D. Hayes, “Error-correction schemes for volume optical memories,” Appl. Opt. 34, 8183–8191 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Kane, T. J. Grycewicz, T. G. Kincaid, “Realizing optical logic with a smart-pixel spatial light modulator,” Appl. Opt. 35, 1249–1252 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. H. Szymanski, H. S. Hinton, “Reconfigurable intelligent optical backplane for parallel computing and communications,” Appl. Opt. 35, 1253–1268 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. B. Kuznia, A. A. Sawchuk, “Time multiplexing and control for optical cellular-hypercube arrays,” Appl. Opt. 35, 1836–1847 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. A. Mitkas, L. J. Irakliotis, F. R. Beyette, S. A. Feld, C. W. Wilmsen, “Optoelectronic data filter for selection and projection,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1345–1353 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kirk, T. Tabata, M. Ishikawa, “Design of an optoelectronic cellular processing system with a reconfigurable holographic interconnect,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1629–1639 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, F. A. P. Tooley, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, J. L. Brubaker, R. L. Morrison, S. L. Walker, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, S. J. Hinterlong, H. S. Hinton, E. Kerbis, “Six-stage digital free-space optical switching network using S-SEED’s,” Appl. Opt. 32, 5153–5171 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, H. S. Hinton, “Five-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic effect device smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

D. A. B. Miller, D. S. Chemla, T. C. Damen, T. H. Wood, C. A. Burrus, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, “The quantum well self-electrooptic effect device: optoelectronic bistability and oscillation and self-linearized modulation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 1462–1476 (1985).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Johnson, D. J. McKnight, I. Underwood, “Smart spatial light modulators using liquid crystals on silicon,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 699–726 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

D. J. Goodwill, K. E. Devenport, H. S. Hinton, “An ATM-based intelligent optical backplane using CMOS-SEED smart pixel arrays and free-space optical interconnect modules,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 85–96 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. K. Woodward, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, R. E. Leibenguth, “1-Gb/s two beam trans impedance smart-pixel optical receivers made from hybrid GaAs MQW modulators bonded to 0.8-µm silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 422–424 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

D. S. Wills, W. S. Lacy, C. Camperi-Ginestet, B. Buchanan, S. Wilkinson, M. Lee, N. M. Jokerst, M. Brooke, “A fine-grain, high-throughput architecture using through-wafer optical interconnect,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1085–1092 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Parallel Distr. Process. (1)

J.-H. Ha, T. M. Pinkston, “Speed DMON: cache coherence on an optical multichannel interconnect architecture,” J. Parallel Distr. Process. 41, 78–91 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

H. S. Hinton, T. J. Cloonan, F. B. McCormick, A. L. Lentine, F. A. P. Tooley, “Free-space digital optical systems,” Proc. IEEE 82, 1632–1648 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Other (17)

The classification system used in Table 1 is loosely based on that proposed by A. A. Sawchuk, L. Chen, S. R. Forrest, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, Calif., “A survey on smart pixel devices,” (personal communication, April1995).

M. H. Schuck, D. J. McKnight, K. M. Johnson, “Smart Pixel LCOS devices for projection display systems” in 1996 IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meetings: Smart Pixels, Keystone, Colo., 7–9 August 1996 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1996), pp. 11–12.

F. R. Beyette, P. A. Mitkas, S. A. Feld, C. W. Wilmsen, “Optoelectronic bitwise compare-and-exchange modules based on silicon/vertical cavity laser hybrid,” in Proceedings of the LEOS 1994 Summer Topical Meeting Digest on Smart PixelsIEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1994), paper P5, pp. 70–71.

P. J. Stanko, F. R. Beyette, E. M. Hayes, R. D. Snyder, S. A. Feld, P. A. Mitkas, C. W. Wilmsen, “An optoelectronic recirculating sorter based on CMOS/VCSEL smart pixel array: architecture and system demonstration,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 88–89.

A. H. Sayles, B. L. Shoop, E. K. Ressler, “A novel smart pixel network for signal processing applications,” in Proceedings of the LEOS 1996 Summer Topical Meeting on Smart Pixels Technical Digest, (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1996), pp. 86–87.

M. Raksapatcharawong, T. M. Pinkston, “Modeling optical k-ary n-cube interconnection networks,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1996), pp. 122–123.

M. Raksapatcharawong, T. M. Pinkston, “Anoptical interconnect model for k-ary n-cube wormhole networks,” In Proceedings of the Tenth International Parallel Processing Symposium (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1996), pp. 666–672.

L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, S. P. Hui, B. T. Tseng, L. A. D’Asaro, R. E. Leibenguth, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, G. Livescu, D. Dahringer, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Bucholz, “A high speed optoelectronic chip with 4352 optical inputs/outputs for a 256 × 256 ATM switching fabric,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 82–83.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, J. E. Ford, K. W. Goossen, J. W. Walker, B. Tseng, S. P. Hui, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, T. K. Woodward, M. C. Nuss, R. G. Rozier, F. E. Kiamilev, D. A. B. Miller, “The AMOEBA chip: an optoelectronic switch for multiprocessor networking using dense-WDM,” in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing with Optical Interconnections, Lahaina, Hawaii, 27–29 October 1996 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1996), pp. 94–100.

H. S. Hinton, “Intelligent optical backplanes,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Massively Parallel Processing Using Optical Interconnections (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1995), pp. 133–143.

D. V. Plant, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, M. H. Ayliffe, G. C. Boisset, D. J. Goodwill, D. N. Kabal, R. Iyer, Y. S. Liu, D. R. Rolston, W. M. Roberston, M. R. Taghizadeh, “A multistage CMOS-SEED optical backplane demonstration system,” in Proceedings of the 1996 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing Technical Digest (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1996), Vol. 1, pp. 14–15.

S. S. Sherif, T. H. Szymanski, H. S. Hinton, “Design and implementation of a field programmable smart pixel array,” in Proceedings of the LEOS 1996 Summer Topical Meeting Digest on Smart Pixels (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), pp. 78–79.

T. M. Pinkston, M. Raksapatcharawong, Y. Choi, “Smart-pixel implementation of network router deadlock handling mechanisms,” in Proceedings of the Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1997), pp. 159–161.

P. W. Dowd, J. Chu, “Photonic architectures for distributed shared memory,” In Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Massively Parallel Processing Using Optical Interconnections (IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1994), pp. 151–161.

J.-H. Ha, T. M. Pinkston, “Token-based media access protocols for wavelength division multiplexed optically interconnected multiprocessors,” in Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Optics and Computer Science (WOCS) at the Eleventh International Parallel Processing Symposium, Geneva, Switzerland, April 1997.

F. E. Kiamilev, J. S. Lambirth, R. G. Rozier, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Design of a 64-bit, 100 MIPS microprocessor core IC for hybrid CMOS-SEED technology,” in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on MPPOI, pages 53–60. IEEE Computer Society, October1996.

A. L. Lentine, R. A. Novotny, D. J. Reiley, R. L. Morrison, J. M. Sasian, M. Beckman, D. B. Buchholz, S. J. Hinterlong, T. J. Cloonan, G. W. Richards, F. B. McCormick, “Demonstration of an experimental single-chip opto-electronic switching system,” in Proceedings of the IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting (IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, San Diego, Calif., 1995), postdeadline paper PD2.5.

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Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Conceptual diagram of the DMON interconnect architecture.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

OMNI interface between a node and the DMON interconnect.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

OMNI’s data-path core. Dec. Reg. File, decrementing register file.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Cointegration of level 1, level 3, and level 5 pixel modules. Opt_Int, optical input; Opt_Outt, optical output; Rcvr, receiver; Xmtr, transmitter; MUX multiplexor; DEMUX, demultiplexor, CLK, clock.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

asynch_token spice simulations: Curve 1, clock; curve 2, e_input_token; curve 3, o_input_token; curve 4, select; curve 5, grab_token; curve 6, token_grabbed; curve 7, regen_token; curve 8, output_token.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Cointegration of level 1, level 4, and level 5 pixel modules.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Channel-access situation: Node 2 →λ1 node 1, node 4 →λ2 node 2, node 1 →λ4 node 4, and node 3 →λc nodes 1–4 (control-channel broadcast). λ3 and λb are idle during this transmission period.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Channel-access situation: Node 3 →λ1 node 1, node 1 →λ2 node 2, node 2 →λ4 node 4, and node 4 →λb nodes 1–4 (broadcast channel. λ4 and λc are idle during this transmission period.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Transmitter circuitry for converting CMOS-level voltages (Vin) to dual-rail optical intensity coded signals.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Receiver circuit detects a dual-rail optical intensity coded signal and converts it to a CMOS signal (Vout).

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Microphotograph of the OMNI chip.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Optical module for creating optical links between the OMNI chips in a ring-connected network.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Photograph of a mounted OMNI chip in our modular optical test and experimentation system.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Functional Taxonomy of Smart Pixels

Tables Icon

Table 2 Reservation–Status Tablea

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