Abstract

We describe a smart-pixel circuit that permits the use of a GaAs/AlGaAs multiple quantum well diode to be used both as a detector for data input and a modulator for data output. The module provides the ability to double the number of inputs or outputs to the array and is well suited to cascaded optoelectronic system architectures that require bidirectional communition.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. A. B. Miller, M. D. Feuer, T. Y. Chang, S. C. Shank, J. E. Henry, D. J. Burrows, D. S. Chemla, “Field-effect transistor self-electro-optic effect device: integrated photodiode, quantum well modulator and transistor,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 61–64 (1989).
  2. K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. B. McCormick, T. Cloonan, F. Tooley, A. Lentine, J. Saisan, J. Brubaker, R. Morrison, S. Walker, R. Crisci, R. Novotny, S. Hinterlong, H. Hinton, E. Kerbis, “Six-stage digital freespace optical switching network using symmetric electro-optic-effect devices,” Appl. Opt. 32, 5153–5171 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. F. B. McCormick, T. Cloonan, A. Lentine, J. Saisan, R. Morrison, M. Beckman, S. Walker, M. Wojcik, S. Hinterlong, R. Crisci, R. Novotny, H. Hinton, “Five-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic-effect-device smart pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. R. G. Rozier, F. E. Kiamilev, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Design of a parallel photonic FFT processor,” J. Parallel Distrib. Comput. 41, 131–136 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. Marchand, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, S. Esener, U. Efron, “Optically augmented 3-D computer: technology and architecture,” J. Parallel Distrib. Comut. 41, 20–35 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. V. Krishnamoorthy, J. Mercklé, G. Yayla, J. Ford, G. Marsden, S. Esener, “New dimensions in D-STOP neural systems,” in Photonics for Processors, Neural Networks, and Memories, J. L. Horner, B. Javidi, S. T. Kowel, W. J. Miceli, eds., Proc. SPIE, 2026, 416–436 (1993).
  8. A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, T. K. Woodward, J. E. Ford, G. F. Aplin, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “3-D integration of MQW modulators over active sub-micron CMOS circuits: 375Mb/s transimpedance receiver-transmitter circuit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1288–1290 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. E. Ford, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, M. D. Feuer, “Transmissive fiber-optic packaging for reflective modulators,” in Proceedings of the LEOS Ninth Annual Meeting, Vol. 2 (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), pp. 244–245.

1997 (2)

R. G. Rozier, F. E. Kiamilev, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Design of a parallel photonic FFT processor,” J. Parallel Distrib. Comput. 41, 131–136 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Marchand, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, S. Esener, U. Efron, “Optically augmented 3-D computer: technology and architecture,” J. Parallel Distrib. Comut. 41, 20–35 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, T. K. Woodward, J. E. Ford, G. F. Aplin, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “3-D integration of MQW modulators over active sub-micron CMOS circuits: 375Mb/s transimpedance receiver-transmitter circuit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1288–1290 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

1989 (1)

D. A. B. Miller, M. D. Feuer, T. Y. Chang, S. C. Shank, J. E. Henry, D. J. Burrows, D. S. Chemla, “Field-effect transistor self-electro-optic effect device: integrated photodiode, quantum well modulator and transistor,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 61–64 (1989).

Aplin, G. F.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, T. K. Woodward, J. E. Ford, G. F. Aplin, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “3-D integration of MQW modulators over active sub-micron CMOS circuits: 375Mb/s transimpedance receiver-transmitter circuit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1288–1290 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bacon, D. D.

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Beckman, M.

Brubaker, J.

Burrows, D. J.

D. A. B. Miller, M. D. Feuer, T. Y. Chang, S. C. Shank, J. E. Henry, D. J. Burrows, D. S. Chemla, “Field-effect transistor self-electro-optic effect device: integrated photodiode, quantum well modulator and transistor,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 61–64 (1989).

Chang, T. Y.

D. A. B. Miller, M. D. Feuer, T. Y. Chang, S. C. Shank, J. E. Henry, D. J. Burrows, D. S. Chemla, “Field-effect transistor self-electro-optic effect device: integrated photodiode, quantum well modulator and transistor,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 61–64 (1989).

Chemla, D. S.

D. A. B. Miller, M. D. Feuer, T. Y. Chang, S. C. Shank, J. E. Henry, D. J. Burrows, D. S. Chemla, “Field-effect transistor self-electro-optic effect device: integrated photodiode, quantum well modulator and transistor,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 61–64 (1989).

Chirovsky, L. M. F.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, T. K. Woodward, J. E. Ford, G. F. Aplin, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “3-D integration of MQW modulators over active sub-micron CMOS circuits: 375Mb/s transimpedance receiver-transmitter circuit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1288–1290 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cloonan, T.

Crisci, R.

Cunningham, J. E.

J. E. Ford, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, M. D. Feuer, “Transmissive fiber-optic packaging for reflective modulators,” in Proceedings of the LEOS Ninth Annual Meeting, Vol. 2 (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), pp. 244–245.

D’Asaro, L. A.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, T. K. Woodward, J. E. Ford, G. F. Aplin, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “3-D integration of MQW modulators over active sub-micron CMOS circuits: 375Mb/s transimpedance receiver-transmitter circuit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1288–1290 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dahringer, D.

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, T. K. Woodward, J. E. Ford, G. F. Aplin, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “3-D integration of MQW modulators over active sub-micron CMOS circuits: 375Mb/s transimpedance receiver-transmitter circuit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1288–1290 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Efron, U.

P. Marchand, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, S. Esener, U. Efron, “Optically augmented 3-D computer: technology and architecture,” J. Parallel Distrib. Comut. 41, 20–35 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Esener, S.

P. Marchand, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, S. Esener, U. Efron, “Optically augmented 3-D computer: technology and architecture,” J. Parallel Distrib. Comut. 41, 20–35 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, J. Mercklé, G. Yayla, J. Ford, G. Marsden, S. Esener, “New dimensions in D-STOP neural systems,” in Photonics for Processors, Neural Networks, and Memories, J. L. Horner, B. Javidi, S. T. Kowel, W. J. Miceli, eds., Proc. SPIE, 2026, 416–436 (1993).

Feuer, M. D.

D. A. B. Miller, M. D. Feuer, T. Y. Chang, S. C. Shank, J. E. Henry, D. J. Burrows, D. S. Chemla, “Field-effect transistor self-electro-optic effect device: integrated photodiode, quantum well modulator and transistor,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 61–64 (1989).

J. E. Ford, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, M. D. Feuer, “Transmissive fiber-optic packaging for reflective modulators,” in Proceedings of the LEOS Ninth Annual Meeting, Vol. 2 (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), pp. 244–245.

Ford, J.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, J. Mercklé, G. Yayla, J. Ford, G. Marsden, S. Esener, “New dimensions in D-STOP neural systems,” in Photonics for Processors, Neural Networks, and Memories, J. L. Horner, B. Javidi, S. T. Kowel, W. J. Miceli, eds., Proc. SPIE, 2026, 416–436 (1993).

Ford, J. E.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, T. K. Woodward, J. E. Ford, G. F. Aplin, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “3-D integration of MQW modulators over active sub-micron CMOS circuits: 375Mb/s transimpedance receiver-transmitter circuit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1288–1290 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Ford, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, M. D. Feuer, “Transmissive fiber-optic packaging for reflective modulators,” in Proceedings of the LEOS Ninth Annual Meeting, Vol. 2 (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), pp. 244–245.

Goossen, K. W.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, T. K. Woodward, J. E. Ford, G. F. Aplin, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “3-D integration of MQW modulators over active sub-micron CMOS circuits: 375Mb/s transimpedance receiver-transmitter circuit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1288–1290 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Henry, J. E.

D. A. B. Miller, M. D. Feuer, T. Y. Chang, S. C. Shank, J. E. Henry, D. J. Burrows, D. S. Chemla, “Field-effect transistor self-electro-optic effect device: integrated photodiode, quantum well modulator and transistor,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 61–64 (1989).

Hinterlong, S.

Hinton, H.

Hui, S. P.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, T. K. Woodward, J. E. Ford, G. F. Aplin, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “3-D integration of MQW modulators over active sub-micron CMOS circuits: 375Mb/s transimpedance receiver-transmitter circuit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1288–1290 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kerbis, E.

Kiamilev, F. E.

R. G. Rozier, F. E. Kiamilev, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Design of a parallel photonic FFT processor,” J. Parallel Distrib. Comput. 41, 131–136 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kossives, D.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, T. K. Woodward, J. E. Ford, G. F. Aplin, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “3-D integration of MQW modulators over active sub-micron CMOS circuits: 375Mb/s transimpedance receiver-transmitter circuit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1288–1290 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Krishnamoorthy, A. V.

P. Marchand, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, S. Esener, U. Efron, “Optically augmented 3-D computer: technology and architecture,” J. Parallel Distrib. Comut. 41, 20–35 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Rozier, F. E. Kiamilev, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Design of a parallel photonic FFT processor,” J. Parallel Distrib. Comput. 41, 131–136 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, T. K. Woodward, J. E. Ford, G. F. Aplin, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “3-D integration of MQW modulators over active sub-micron CMOS circuits: 375Mb/s transimpedance receiver-transmitter circuit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1288–1290 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, J. Mercklé, G. Yayla, J. Ford, G. Marsden, S. Esener, “New dimensions in D-STOP neural systems,” in Photonics for Processors, Neural Networks, and Memories, J. L. Horner, B. Javidi, S. T. Kowel, W. J. Miceli, eds., Proc. SPIE, 2026, 416–436 (1993).

Leibenguth, R.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, T. K. Woodward, J. E. Ford, G. F. Aplin, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “3-D integration of MQW modulators over active sub-micron CMOS circuits: 375Mb/s transimpedance receiver-transmitter circuit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1288–1290 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lentine, A.

Lentine, A. L.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, T. K. Woodward, J. E. Ford, G. F. Aplin, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “3-D integration of MQW modulators over active sub-micron CMOS circuits: 375Mb/s transimpedance receiver-transmitter circuit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1288–1290 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Marchand, P.

P. Marchand, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, S. Esener, U. Efron, “Optically augmented 3-D computer: technology and architecture,” J. Parallel Distrib. Comut. 41, 20–35 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Marsden, G.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, J. Mercklé, G. Yayla, J. Ford, G. Marsden, S. Esener, “New dimensions in D-STOP neural systems,” in Photonics for Processors, Neural Networks, and Memories, J. L. Horner, B. Javidi, S. T. Kowel, W. J. Miceli, eds., Proc. SPIE, 2026, 416–436 (1993).

McCormick, F. B.

Mercklé, J.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, J. Mercklé, G. Yayla, J. Ford, G. Marsden, S. Esener, “New dimensions in D-STOP neural systems,” in Photonics for Processors, Neural Networks, and Memories, J. L. Horner, B. Javidi, S. T. Kowel, W. J. Miceli, eds., Proc. SPIE, 2026, 416–436 (1993).

Miller, D. A. B.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, T. K. Woodward, J. E. Ford, G. F. Aplin, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “3-D integration of MQW modulators over active sub-micron CMOS circuits: 375Mb/s transimpedance receiver-transmitter circuit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1288–1290 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. A. B. Miller, M. D. Feuer, T. Y. Chang, S. C. Shank, J. E. Henry, D. J. Burrows, D. S. Chemla, “Field-effect transistor self-electro-optic effect device: integrated photodiode, quantum well modulator and transistor,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 61–64 (1989).

Morrison, R.

Novotny, R.

Rozier, R. G.

R. G. Rozier, F. E. Kiamilev, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Design of a parallel photonic FFT processor,” J. Parallel Distrib. Comput. 41, 131–136 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Saisan, J.

Shank, S. C.

D. A. B. Miller, M. D. Feuer, T. Y. Chang, S. C. Shank, J. E. Henry, D. J. Burrows, D. S. Chemla, “Field-effect transistor self-electro-optic effect device: integrated photodiode, quantum well modulator and transistor,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 61–64 (1989).

Tooley, F.

Tseng, B.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, T. K. Woodward, J. E. Ford, G. F. Aplin, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “3-D integration of MQW modulators over active sub-micron CMOS circuits: 375Mb/s transimpedance receiver-transmitter circuit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1288–1290 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Walker, J. A.

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, T. K. Woodward, J. E. Ford, G. F. Aplin, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “3-D integration of MQW modulators over active sub-micron CMOS circuits: 375Mb/s transimpedance receiver-transmitter circuit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1288–1290 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Ford, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, M. D. Feuer, “Transmissive fiber-optic packaging for reflective modulators,” in Proceedings of the LEOS Ninth Annual Meeting, Vol. 2 (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), pp. 244–245.

Walker, S.

Wojcik, M.

Woodward, T. K.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, T. K. Woodward, J. E. Ford, G. F. Aplin, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “3-D integration of MQW modulators over active sub-micron CMOS circuits: 375Mb/s transimpedance receiver-transmitter circuit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1288–1290 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yayla, G.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, J. Mercklé, G. Yayla, J. Ford, G. Marsden, S. Esener, “New dimensions in D-STOP neural systems,” in Photonics for Processors, Neural Networks, and Memories, J. L. Horner, B. Javidi, S. T. Kowel, W. J. Miceli, eds., Proc. SPIE, 2026, 416–436 (1993).

Appl. Opt. (2)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, T. K. Woodward, J. E. Ford, G. F. Aplin, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “3-D integration of MQW modulators over active sub-micron CMOS circuits: 375Mb/s transimpedance receiver-transmitter circuit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1288–1290 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. A. B. Miller, M. D. Feuer, T. Y. Chang, S. C. Shank, J. E. Henry, D. J. Burrows, D. S. Chemla, “Field-effect transistor self-electro-optic effect device: integrated photodiode, quantum well modulator and transistor,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 61–64 (1989).

K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibenguth, D. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “GaAs MQW modulators integrated with silicon CMOS,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 360–362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Parallel Distrib. Comput. (1)

R. G. Rozier, F. E. Kiamilev, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Design of a parallel photonic FFT processor,” J. Parallel Distrib. Comput. 41, 131–136 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Parallel Distrib. Comut. (1)

P. Marchand, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, S. Esener, U. Efron, “Optically augmented 3-D computer: technology and architecture,” J. Parallel Distrib. Comut. 41, 20–35 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, J. Mercklé, G. Yayla, J. Ford, G. Marsden, S. Esener, “New dimensions in D-STOP neural systems,” in Photonics for Processors, Neural Networks, and Memories, J. L. Horner, B. Javidi, S. T. Kowel, W. J. Miceli, eds., Proc. SPIE, 2026, 416–436 (1993).

J. E. Ford, J. A. Walker, J. E. Cunningham, M. D. Feuer, “Transmissive fiber-optic packaging for reflective modulators,” in Proceedings of the LEOS Ninth Annual Meeting, Vol. 2 (Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, Piscataway, N.J., 1996), pp. 244–245.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagrams of the dual-function receiver–transmitter circuit: (a) The same diode or diode pair (for two-beam receivers) used for both optical input and output. (b) The control channels Ø and Ø2 are complementary signals. When Ø = 1, the circuit acts as a transmitter; when Ø2 = 1, the circuit behaves as a receiver. The additional pass gate is used to reset the receiver–transmitter (when Ø1 = 1) input to the proper operating potential Vtune between the transmit and receive phases. (c) In the fabricated circuit, a simple inverter buffer was used as the transmitter, and a transimpedance amplifier circuit constituted the receiver front end.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Microphotograph of the fabricated circuit. The diodes are 20 µm × 50 µm and are situated directly above the circuit.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Operation of the dual-function circuit as (a) a receiver at 300 Mbits/s and (b) a transmitter at 300 Mbits/s. The maximum bit rate of the circuit was measured to be 400 Mbits/s, limited by the receiver bandwidth.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Receiver operation at 200 Mbit/s with reconfiguration at 5 MHz (top trace). The receiver-enabling signal (Ø2) had a 45% duty cycle (bottom trace). (b) Modulator operation at 200 Mbits/s with reconfiguration at 5 MHz (top trace). The modulator-enabling signal (Ø) had a 45% duty cycle (bottom trace). A short pulse (10% duty cycle) was applied to the reset signal (Ø1) before the transmit and receive cycles.

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