Abstract

An optical design comparison is made between two 60° field-of-view long-eye-relief eyepieces used for viewing a flat image-intensifier P-43 phosphor screen output. One eyepiece contains both spherical glass elements and plastic aspheric elements. The other eyepiece consists of spherical glass elements and a diffractive surface. Both optical designs were optimized by use of identical system constraints for size and weight. The eyepiece containing the diffractive surface provided an improved modulation transfer function performance and has been fabricated and tested. The fabricated lens characteristics and modulation transfer function performance closely matched the design expectations.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. W. Chen, “Application of diffractive optical elements in visible and infrared optical systems,” in Lens Design, W. J. Smith, ed., Vol. CR41 of SPIE Critical Reviews Series (Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, Bellingham, Wash., 1992), pp. 158–172.
  2. W. J. Smith, Modern Lens Design A Resource Manual (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1992), p. 88.
  3. M. D. Missig, G. M. Morris, “Diffractive optics applied to eyepiece design,” Appl. Opt. 34, 2452–2461 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. C. G. Blough, M. J. Hoppe, D. R. Hand, W. G. Peck, “Achromatic eyepieces using a crylic diffractive lenses,” in Design, Fabrication, and Applications of Precision Plastic Optics, X. Ning, R. T. Hebert, eds., Proc. SPIE2600, 93–99 (1995).

1995 (1)

Blough, C. G.

C. G. Blough, M. J. Hoppe, D. R. Hand, W. G. Peck, “Achromatic eyepieces using a crylic diffractive lenses,” in Design, Fabrication, and Applications of Precision Plastic Optics, X. Ning, R. T. Hebert, eds., Proc. SPIE2600, 93–99 (1995).

Chen, C. W.

C. W. Chen, “Application of diffractive optical elements in visible and infrared optical systems,” in Lens Design, W. J. Smith, ed., Vol. CR41 of SPIE Critical Reviews Series (Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, Bellingham, Wash., 1992), pp. 158–172.

Hand, D. R.

C. G. Blough, M. J. Hoppe, D. R. Hand, W. G. Peck, “Achromatic eyepieces using a crylic diffractive lenses,” in Design, Fabrication, and Applications of Precision Plastic Optics, X. Ning, R. T. Hebert, eds., Proc. SPIE2600, 93–99 (1995).

Hoppe, M. J.

C. G. Blough, M. J. Hoppe, D. R. Hand, W. G. Peck, “Achromatic eyepieces using a crylic diffractive lenses,” in Design, Fabrication, and Applications of Precision Plastic Optics, X. Ning, R. T. Hebert, eds., Proc. SPIE2600, 93–99 (1995).

Missig, M. D.

Morris, G. M.

Peck, W. G.

C. G. Blough, M. J. Hoppe, D. R. Hand, W. G. Peck, “Achromatic eyepieces using a crylic diffractive lenses,” in Design, Fabrication, and Applications of Precision Plastic Optics, X. Ning, R. T. Hebert, eds., Proc. SPIE2600, 93–99 (1995).

Smith, W. J.

W. J. Smith, Modern Lens Design A Resource Manual (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1992), p. 88.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Other (3)

C. G. Blough, M. J. Hoppe, D. R. Hand, W. G. Peck, “Achromatic eyepieces using a crylic diffractive lenses,” in Design, Fabrication, and Applications of Precision Plastic Optics, X. Ning, R. T. Hebert, eds., Proc. SPIE2600, 93–99 (1995).

C. W. Chen, “Application of diffractive optical elements in visible and infrared optical systems,” in Lens Design, W. J. Smith, ed., Vol. CR41 of SPIE Critical Reviews Series (Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, Bellingham, Wash., 1992), pp. 158–172.

W. J. Smith, Modern Lens Design A Resource Manual (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1992), p. 88.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Eyepiece bandpass filter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Primary eyepiece (with diffractive surface) lens design drawing, (b) secondary eyepiece (with plastic aspherics) lens design drawing.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Transverse aberration curves for the primary eyepiece (15-mm pupil), (b) transverse aberration curves for the secondary eyepiece (15-mm pupil).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Field curves and distortion plots for the primary eyepiece, (b) field curves and distortion plots for the secondary eyepiece.

Tables (3)

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Table 1 Development Criteria for the AI2 Eyepiece

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Table 2 Sample MTF Data for the Secondary Eyepiece Design out to a 20° Semifield of Viewa

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Table 3 Performance Summary Design Comparisona

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