Abstract

Heavy fluorocarbon liquids were found to be an ideal medium for high-power stimulated Brillouin scattering experiments. Fluorinert FC-75 gives high reflectivity, near 98%, and excellent fidelity in phase conjugation of 14-J, 18-ns optical pulses. The complete removal of microparticle impurities was found to be essential for avoiding laser damage in a high-energy operation. A method of purification based on ultrafiltration has been developed.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. B. Dane, L. E. Zapata, W. A. Neuman, M. A. Norton, L. A. Hackel, “Design and operation of a 150W near diffraction limited laser amplifier with SBS wavefront correction,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 148–163 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  2. D. S. Sumida, D. C. Jones, D. A. Rockwell, “An 8.2J phase-conjugate solid-state laser coherently combining eight parallel amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2617–2627 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  3. R. J. St. Pierre, H. Injeyan, J. G. Berg, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, R. Senn, G. Harpole, C. Florentino, F. Groark, “Diode array-pumped kilowatt lasers (DAPKL) program,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1995), paper CPD30.
  4. G. A. Pasmanik, A. I. Makarov, A. A. Shilov, “Nonlinear optics concept for high-peak-power lasers,” Laser Part. Beams 9, 329–337 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  5. G. Wen, J. Lu, D. Fan, X. Deng, “Active SBS mirror applied to ICF,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Solid-State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion (SPIE, Bellingham, Wash., 1995), paper W5.
  6. N. F. Andreev, E. Khazanov, G. E. Pasmanik, “Applications of Brillouin cells to high repetition rate solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 330–341 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  7. H. Injeyan, R. S. Pierre, M. Valley, C. Clendenning, J. Munch, R. Weurker, “Applications of stimulated Brillouin scattering in high power solid-state lasers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1994), paper CMC4.
  8. M. J. Damzen, M. H. R. Hutchinson, W. A. Schroeder, “Direct measurement of the acoustic decay times of hypersonic waves generated by SBS,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 328–334 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  9. K. Yoshida, H. Yoshida, K. A. Tanaka, S. Nakai, “Phase-conjugate mirrors using organic solvent vapor,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992, paper CTuO3.
  10. 3M Catalog and Information Bulletin on Fluorinert Liquids (3M, St. Paul, Minn., 55144-1000).
  11. D. Pohl, W. Kaiser, “Time-resolved investigations of stimulated Brillouin scattering in transparent and absorbing media: determination of phonon lifetimes,” Phys. Rev. B 1, 31–43 (1970).
    [Crossref]
  12. H. J. Eichler, R. Menzel, R. Sander, B. Smandek, “Reflectivity enhancement of stimulated Brillouin scattering liquids by purification,” Opt. Commun. 89, 260–262 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  13. R. A. Mullen, J. N. Matossian, “Quenching optical breakdown with an applied electric field,” Opt. Lett. 15, 601–603 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

C. B. Dane, L. E. Zapata, W. A. Neuman, M. A. Norton, L. A. Hackel, “Design and operation of a 150W near diffraction limited laser amplifier with SBS wavefront correction,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 148–163 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

D. S. Sumida, D. C. Jones, D. A. Rockwell, “An 8.2J phase-conjugate solid-state laser coherently combining eight parallel amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2617–2627 (1994).
[Crossref]

1992 (2)

N. F. Andreev, E. Khazanov, G. E. Pasmanik, “Applications of Brillouin cells to high repetition rate solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 330–341 (1992).
[Crossref]

H. J. Eichler, R. Menzel, R. Sander, B. Smandek, “Reflectivity enhancement of stimulated Brillouin scattering liquids by purification,” Opt. Commun. 89, 260–262 (1992).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

G. A. Pasmanik, A. I. Makarov, A. A. Shilov, “Nonlinear optics concept for high-peak-power lasers,” Laser Part. Beams 9, 329–337 (1991).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

1987 (1)

M. J. Damzen, M. H. R. Hutchinson, W. A. Schroeder, “Direct measurement of the acoustic decay times of hypersonic waves generated by SBS,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 328–334 (1987).
[Crossref]

1970 (1)

D. Pohl, W. Kaiser, “Time-resolved investigations of stimulated Brillouin scattering in transparent and absorbing media: determination of phonon lifetimes,” Phys. Rev. B 1, 31–43 (1970).
[Crossref]

Andreev, N. F.

N. F. Andreev, E. Khazanov, G. E. Pasmanik, “Applications of Brillouin cells to high repetition rate solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 330–341 (1992).
[Crossref]

Berg, J. G.

R. J. St. Pierre, H. Injeyan, J. G. Berg, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, R. Senn, G. Harpole, C. Florentino, F. Groark, “Diode array-pumped kilowatt lasers (DAPKL) program,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1995), paper CPD30.

Clendenning, C.

H. Injeyan, R. S. Pierre, M. Valley, C. Clendenning, J. Munch, R. Weurker, “Applications of stimulated Brillouin scattering in high power solid-state lasers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1994), paper CMC4.

Damzen, M. J.

M. J. Damzen, M. H. R. Hutchinson, W. A. Schroeder, “Direct measurement of the acoustic decay times of hypersonic waves generated by SBS,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 328–334 (1987).
[Crossref]

Dane, C. B.

C. B. Dane, L. E. Zapata, W. A. Neuman, M. A. Norton, L. A. Hackel, “Design and operation of a 150W near diffraction limited laser amplifier with SBS wavefront correction,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 148–163 (1995).
[Crossref]

Deng, X.

G. Wen, J. Lu, D. Fan, X. Deng, “Active SBS mirror applied to ICF,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Solid-State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion (SPIE, Bellingham, Wash., 1995), paper W5.

Eichler, H. J.

H. J. Eichler, R. Menzel, R. Sander, B. Smandek, “Reflectivity enhancement of stimulated Brillouin scattering liquids by purification,” Opt. Commun. 89, 260–262 (1992).
[Crossref]

Fan, D.

G. Wen, J. Lu, D. Fan, X. Deng, “Active SBS mirror applied to ICF,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Solid-State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion (SPIE, Bellingham, Wash., 1995), paper W5.

Florentino, C.

R. J. St. Pierre, H. Injeyan, J. G. Berg, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, R. Senn, G. Harpole, C. Florentino, F. Groark, “Diode array-pumped kilowatt lasers (DAPKL) program,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1995), paper CPD30.

Groark, F.

R. J. St. Pierre, H. Injeyan, J. G. Berg, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, R. Senn, G. Harpole, C. Florentino, F. Groark, “Diode array-pumped kilowatt lasers (DAPKL) program,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1995), paper CPD30.

Hackel, L. A.

C. B. Dane, L. E. Zapata, W. A. Neuman, M. A. Norton, L. A. Hackel, “Design and operation of a 150W near diffraction limited laser amplifier with SBS wavefront correction,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 148–163 (1995).
[Crossref]

Harpole, G.

R. J. St. Pierre, H. Injeyan, J. G. Berg, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, R. Senn, G. Harpole, C. Florentino, F. Groark, “Diode array-pumped kilowatt lasers (DAPKL) program,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1995), paper CPD30.

Hilyard, R. C.

R. J. St. Pierre, H. Injeyan, J. G. Berg, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, R. Senn, G. Harpole, C. Florentino, F. Groark, “Diode array-pumped kilowatt lasers (DAPKL) program,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1995), paper CPD30.

Hutchinson, M. H. R.

M. J. Damzen, M. H. R. Hutchinson, W. A. Schroeder, “Direct measurement of the acoustic decay times of hypersonic waves generated by SBS,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 328–334 (1987).
[Crossref]

Injeyan, H.

H. Injeyan, R. S. Pierre, M. Valley, C. Clendenning, J. Munch, R. Weurker, “Applications of stimulated Brillouin scattering in high power solid-state lasers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1994), paper CMC4.

R. J. St. Pierre, H. Injeyan, J. G. Berg, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, R. Senn, G. Harpole, C. Florentino, F. Groark, “Diode array-pumped kilowatt lasers (DAPKL) program,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1995), paper CPD30.

Jones, D. C.

D. S. Sumida, D. C. Jones, D. A. Rockwell, “An 8.2J phase-conjugate solid-state laser coherently combining eight parallel amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2617–2627 (1994).
[Crossref]

Kaiser, W.

D. Pohl, W. Kaiser, “Time-resolved investigations of stimulated Brillouin scattering in transparent and absorbing media: determination of phonon lifetimes,” Phys. Rev. B 1, 31–43 (1970).
[Crossref]

Khazanov, E.

N. F. Andreev, E. Khazanov, G. E. Pasmanik, “Applications of Brillouin cells to high repetition rate solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 330–341 (1992).
[Crossref]

Lu, J.

G. Wen, J. Lu, D. Fan, X. Deng, “Active SBS mirror applied to ICF,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Solid-State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion (SPIE, Bellingham, Wash., 1995), paper W5.

Makarov, A. I.

G. A. Pasmanik, A. I. Makarov, A. A. Shilov, “Nonlinear optics concept for high-peak-power lasers,” Laser Part. Beams 9, 329–337 (1991).
[Crossref]

Matossian, J. N.

Menzel, R.

H. J. Eichler, R. Menzel, R. Sander, B. Smandek, “Reflectivity enhancement of stimulated Brillouin scattering liquids by purification,” Opt. Commun. 89, 260–262 (1992).
[Crossref]

Mullen, R. A.

Munch, J.

H. Injeyan, R. S. Pierre, M. Valley, C. Clendenning, J. Munch, R. Weurker, “Applications of stimulated Brillouin scattering in high power solid-state lasers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1994), paper CMC4.

Nakai, S.

K. Yoshida, H. Yoshida, K. A. Tanaka, S. Nakai, “Phase-conjugate mirrors using organic solvent vapor,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992, paper CTuO3.

Neuman, W. A.

C. B. Dane, L. E. Zapata, W. A. Neuman, M. A. Norton, L. A. Hackel, “Design and operation of a 150W near diffraction limited laser amplifier with SBS wavefront correction,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 148–163 (1995).
[Crossref]

Norton, M. A.

C. B. Dane, L. E. Zapata, W. A. Neuman, M. A. Norton, L. A. Hackel, “Design and operation of a 150W near diffraction limited laser amplifier with SBS wavefront correction,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 148–163 (1995).
[Crossref]

Pasmanik, G. A.

G. A. Pasmanik, A. I. Makarov, A. A. Shilov, “Nonlinear optics concept for high-peak-power lasers,” Laser Part. Beams 9, 329–337 (1991).
[Crossref]

Pasmanik, G. E.

N. F. Andreev, E. Khazanov, G. E. Pasmanik, “Applications of Brillouin cells to high repetition rate solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 330–341 (1992).
[Crossref]

Pierre, R. S.

H. Injeyan, R. S. Pierre, M. Valley, C. Clendenning, J. Munch, R. Weurker, “Applications of stimulated Brillouin scattering in high power solid-state lasers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1994), paper CMC4.

Pohl, D.

D. Pohl, W. Kaiser, “Time-resolved investigations of stimulated Brillouin scattering in transparent and absorbing media: determination of phonon lifetimes,” Phys. Rev. B 1, 31–43 (1970).
[Crossref]

Rockwell, D. A.

D. S. Sumida, D. C. Jones, D. A. Rockwell, “An 8.2J phase-conjugate solid-state laser coherently combining eight parallel amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2617–2627 (1994).
[Crossref]

Sander, R.

H. J. Eichler, R. Menzel, R. Sander, B. Smandek, “Reflectivity enhancement of stimulated Brillouin scattering liquids by purification,” Opt. Commun. 89, 260–262 (1992).
[Crossref]

Schroeder, W. A.

M. J. Damzen, M. H. R. Hutchinson, W. A. Schroeder, “Direct measurement of the acoustic decay times of hypersonic waves generated by SBS,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 328–334 (1987).
[Crossref]

Senn, R.

R. J. St. Pierre, H. Injeyan, J. G. Berg, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, R. Senn, G. Harpole, C. Florentino, F. Groark, “Diode array-pumped kilowatt lasers (DAPKL) program,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1995), paper CPD30.

Shilov, A. A.

G. A. Pasmanik, A. I. Makarov, A. A. Shilov, “Nonlinear optics concept for high-peak-power lasers,” Laser Part. Beams 9, 329–337 (1991).
[Crossref]

Smandek, B.

H. J. Eichler, R. Menzel, R. Sander, B. Smandek, “Reflectivity enhancement of stimulated Brillouin scattering liquids by purification,” Opt. Commun. 89, 260–262 (1992).
[Crossref]

St. Pierre, R. J.

R. J. St. Pierre, H. Injeyan, J. G. Berg, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, R. Senn, G. Harpole, C. Florentino, F. Groark, “Diode array-pumped kilowatt lasers (DAPKL) program,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1995), paper CPD30.

Sumida, D. S.

D. S. Sumida, D. C. Jones, D. A. Rockwell, “An 8.2J phase-conjugate solid-state laser coherently combining eight parallel amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2617–2627 (1994).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, K. A.

K. Yoshida, H. Yoshida, K. A. Tanaka, S. Nakai, “Phase-conjugate mirrors using organic solvent vapor,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992, paper CTuO3.

Valley, M.

H. Injeyan, R. S. Pierre, M. Valley, C. Clendenning, J. Munch, R. Weurker, “Applications of stimulated Brillouin scattering in high power solid-state lasers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1994), paper CMC4.

Weber, M. E.

R. J. St. Pierre, H. Injeyan, J. G. Berg, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, R. Senn, G. Harpole, C. Florentino, F. Groark, “Diode array-pumped kilowatt lasers (DAPKL) program,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1995), paper CPD30.

Wen, G.

G. Wen, J. Lu, D. Fan, X. Deng, “Active SBS mirror applied to ICF,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Solid-State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion (SPIE, Bellingham, Wash., 1995), paper W5.

Weurker, R.

H. Injeyan, R. S. Pierre, M. Valley, C. Clendenning, J. Munch, R. Weurker, “Applications of stimulated Brillouin scattering in high power solid-state lasers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1994), paper CMC4.

Wickham, M. G.

R. J. St. Pierre, H. Injeyan, J. G. Berg, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, R. Senn, G. Harpole, C. Florentino, F. Groark, “Diode array-pumped kilowatt lasers (DAPKL) program,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1995), paper CPD30.

Yoshida, H.

K. Yoshida, H. Yoshida, K. A. Tanaka, S. Nakai, “Phase-conjugate mirrors using organic solvent vapor,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992, paper CTuO3.

Yoshida, K.

K. Yoshida, H. Yoshida, K. A. Tanaka, S. Nakai, “Phase-conjugate mirrors using organic solvent vapor,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992, paper CTuO3.

Zapata, L. E.

C. B. Dane, L. E. Zapata, W. A. Neuman, M. A. Norton, L. A. Hackel, “Design and operation of a 150W near diffraction limited laser amplifier with SBS wavefront correction,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 148–163 (1995).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (4)

C. B. Dane, L. E. Zapata, W. A. Neuman, M. A. Norton, L. A. Hackel, “Design and operation of a 150W near diffraction limited laser amplifier with SBS wavefront correction,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 148–163 (1995).
[Crossref]

D. S. Sumida, D. C. Jones, D. A. Rockwell, “An 8.2J phase-conjugate solid-state laser coherently combining eight parallel amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2617–2627 (1994).
[Crossref]

N. F. Andreev, E. Khazanov, G. E. Pasmanik, “Applications of Brillouin cells to high repetition rate solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 330–341 (1992).
[Crossref]

M. J. Damzen, M. H. R. Hutchinson, W. A. Schroeder, “Direct measurement of the acoustic decay times of hypersonic waves generated by SBS,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 328–334 (1987).
[Crossref]

Laser Part. Beams (1)

G. A. Pasmanik, A. I. Makarov, A. A. Shilov, “Nonlinear optics concept for high-peak-power lasers,” Laser Part. Beams 9, 329–337 (1991).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

H. J. Eichler, R. Menzel, R. Sander, B. Smandek, “Reflectivity enhancement of stimulated Brillouin scattering liquids by purification,” Opt. Commun. 89, 260–262 (1992).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

D. Pohl, W. Kaiser, “Time-resolved investigations of stimulated Brillouin scattering in transparent and absorbing media: determination of phonon lifetimes,” Phys. Rev. B 1, 31–43 (1970).
[Crossref]

Other (5)

G. Wen, J. Lu, D. Fan, X. Deng, “Active SBS mirror applied to ICF,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Solid-State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion (SPIE, Bellingham, Wash., 1995), paper W5.

R. J. St. Pierre, H. Injeyan, J. G. Berg, R. C. Hilyard, M. E. Weber, M. G. Wickham, R. Senn, G. Harpole, C. Florentino, F. Groark, “Diode array-pumped kilowatt lasers (DAPKL) program,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1995), paper CPD30.

K. Yoshida, H. Yoshida, K. A. Tanaka, S. Nakai, “Phase-conjugate mirrors using organic solvent vapor,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992, paper CTuO3.

3M Catalog and Information Bulletin on Fluorinert Liquids (3M, St. Paul, Minn., 55144-1000).

H. Injeyan, R. S. Pierre, M. Valley, C. Clendenning, J. Munch, R. Weurker, “Applications of stimulated Brillouin scattering in high power solid-state lasers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1994), paper CMC4.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical layout of the experiment for measuring SBS reflectivity, near-field, and far-field fidelities. BS’s, beam splitters; NFP, near-field pattern; FFP, far-field pattern.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

SBS reflectivity of a single-transverse-mode pump beam focused into the 500-mm- (2000-mm-) long glass cell containing ultrapure FC-75 with 200-mm (1500-mm) focusing lenses.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Oscilloscope traces of (a) typical input and reflected temporal waveforms, (b) reflected temporal waveform for a reflected energy of 10 J, (c) transmitted temporal waveforms for three incident energies. The laser beam was focused into the 500-mm-long cell with a 200-mm focal-length lens.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

NFP’s of the reflected beam by (a) HR mirror, (b) SBS mirror with 200-mm focal-length lens and also (c) 1500-mm focal-length lens. The peripheral fringe that is due to diffraction by a hard aperture is missing in the phase-conjugated patterns.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spot size of FFP’s when a single SBS generator with ultrapure FC-75 is used compared with the case of a conventional HR mirror.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Physical Properties of Fluorinert Liquids

Tables Icon

Table 2 SBS- Related Properties of Fluorinert Liquids

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