Abstract

In identical exposure and processing conditions, we compare the exposure characteristics of soft-x-ray film, SIOFM-5FW, with Kodak101-05 and Ilford Q-plates in the soft-x-ray and extreme UV region below 100 nm, using D-19 and Phenisol developers. The experimental results show that for radiation greater than 10 nm, the response of SIOFM-5FW lies between the Kodak101-05 and the Ilford Q-plates but is closer to the former. For radiation of less than 10 nm, the SIOFM-5FW is more sensitive than the Kodak101-05 plate, with a higher saturated optical density, a higher dynamic range, and an obvious carbon K absorption edge structure in the spectra obtained. The effects of the two developers used on the exposure characteristics are discussed.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. Z. Z. Xu, P. Z. Fan, L. H. Lin, Y. L. Li, X. F. Wang, P. X. Lu, S. S. Han, R. X. Li, L. Sun, A. D. Qian, Z. G. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, “Short-wavelength lithiumlike x-ray laser development at Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (SIOFM),” in X-Ray Lasers 1992, E. Fill, ed. (International Colloquium on X-ray Lasers, Schliersee, Germany, 1992), pp. 75–82.
  7. P. X. Lu, P. Z. Fan, Z. Z. Xu, R. X. Li, X. F. Wang, Y. L. Li, Z. G. Zhang, S. S. Chen, “A simple in situ calibration technique for soft-x-ray film,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 2879–2882 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Z. Z. Xu, P. Z. Fan, L. H. Lin, Y. L. Li, X. F. Wang, R. X. Li, P. X. Lu, S. S. Han, L. Sun, A. D. Qian, Z. Q. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, “Short-wavelength soft-x-ray amplification in lithiumlike calcium plasma,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 485–489 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. K. Eidmann, T. Kishimoto, “Absolutely measured x-ray spectra from laser plasmas with targets of different elements,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 377–378 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. Eidmann, T. Kishimoto, P. Herrmann, J. Mizui, R. Pakula, R. Sigel, S. Witkowski, “Absolute soft-x-ray measurements with a transmission grating spectrometer,” Laser Part. Beams 4, 521–536 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. G. Hobby, N. J. Peacock, “Spectrograph calibration at soft-x-ray wavelengths I: from grating diffraction efficiency and plate response factors,” J. Phys. E 6, 854–857 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  12. W. Maixmer, “Kalibrierung von Fotoplatten des Type Ilford Q-plate in weichen Rontgengebiet mit einem Lasererzaugten Plasma als Strahlungsquelle,” Diplomarbeit (Fachhochschule Munchen, Munchen, 1992).

1994 (1)

Z. Z. Xu, P. Z. Fan, L. H. Lin, Y. L. Li, X. F. Wang, R. X. Li, P. X. Lu, S. S. Han, L. Sun, A. D. Qian, Z. Q. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, “Short-wavelength soft-x-ray amplification in lithiumlike calcium plasma,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 485–489 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

P. X. Lu, P. Z. Fan, Z. Z. Xu, R. X. Li, X. F. Wang, Y. L. Li, Z. G. Zhang, S. S. Chen, “A simple in situ calibration technique for soft-x-ray film,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 2879–2882 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1991 (1)

Yu. M. Alexandrov, K. Eidmann, D. A. Fedin, R. V. Fedorchuk, M. O. Koshevoi, V. A. Murashova, A. A. Ropasov, A. S. Shikanov, M. R. Shpolsky, M. N. Yakimenko, “Investigation of sensitometric characteristics of x-ray photoemulsions in the spectral range of 15–80 Å,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 308, 343–346 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

K. Eidmann, T. Kishimoto, “Absolutely measured x-ray spectra from laser plasmas with targets of different elements,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 377–378 (1986).
[CrossRef]

K. Eidmann, T. Kishimoto, P. Herrmann, J. Mizui, R. Pakula, R. Sigel, S. Witkowski, “Absolute soft-x-ray measurements with a transmission grating spectrometer,” Laser Part. Beams 4, 521–536 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

1974 (1)

R. C. Elton, L. J. Palumbo, “Radiative–Auger transitions in soft-x-ray plasma emission,” Phys. Rev. A 9, 1873–1884 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

M. G. Hobby, N. J. Peacock, “Spectrograph calibration at soft-x-ray wavelengths I: from grating diffraction efficiency and plate response factors,” J. Phys. E 6, 854–857 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Alexandrov, Yu. M.

Yu. M. Alexandrov, K. Eidmann, D. A. Fedin, R. V. Fedorchuk, M. O. Koshevoi, V. A. Murashova, A. A. Ropasov, A. S. Shikanov, M. R. Shpolsky, M. N. Yakimenko, “Investigation of sensitometric characteristics of x-ray photoemulsions in the spectral range of 15–80 Å,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 308, 343–346 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S. S.

P. X. Lu, P. Z. Fan, Z. Z. Xu, R. X. Li, X. F. Wang, Y. L. Li, Z. G. Zhang, S. S. Chen, “A simple in situ calibration technique for soft-x-ray film,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 2879–2882 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Eidmann, K.

W. Schwanda, K. Eidmann, “Calibration of Kodak101 x-ray film,” Appl. Opt. 31, 554–559 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu. M. Alexandrov, K. Eidmann, D. A. Fedin, R. V. Fedorchuk, M. O. Koshevoi, V. A. Murashova, A. A. Ropasov, A. S. Shikanov, M. R. Shpolsky, M. N. Yakimenko, “Investigation of sensitometric characteristics of x-ray photoemulsions in the spectral range of 15–80 Å,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 308, 343–346 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. Eidmann, T. Kishimoto, “Absolutely measured x-ray spectra from laser plasmas with targets of different elements,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 377–378 (1986).
[CrossRef]

K. Eidmann, T. Kishimoto, P. Herrmann, J. Mizui, R. Pakula, R. Sigel, S. Witkowski, “Absolute soft-x-ray measurements with a transmission grating spectrometer,” Laser Part. Beams 4, 521–536 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Elton, R. C.

R. C. Elton, L. J. Palumbo, “Radiative–Auger transitions in soft-x-ray plasma emission,” Phys. Rev. A 9, 1873–1884 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Fan, P. Z.

Z. Z. Xu, P. Z. Fan, L. H. Lin, Y. L. Li, X. F. Wang, R. X. Li, P. X. Lu, S. S. Han, L. Sun, A. D. Qian, Z. Q. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, “Short-wavelength soft-x-ray amplification in lithiumlike calcium plasma,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 485–489 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. X. Lu, P. Z. Fan, Z. Z. Xu, R. X. Li, X. F. Wang, Y. L. Li, Z. G. Zhang, S. S. Chen, “A simple in situ calibration technique for soft-x-ray film,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 2879–2882 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Z. Z. Xu, P. Z. Fan, L. H. Lin, Y. L. Li, X. F. Wang, P. X. Lu, S. S. Han, R. X. Li, L. Sun, A. D. Qian, Z. G. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, “Short-wavelength lithiumlike x-ray laser development at Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (SIOFM),” in X-Ray Lasers 1992, E. Fill, ed. (International Colloquium on X-ray Lasers, Schliersee, Germany, 1992), pp. 75–82.

Fedin, D. A.

Yu. M. Alexandrov, K. Eidmann, D. A. Fedin, R. V. Fedorchuk, M. O. Koshevoi, V. A. Murashova, A. A. Ropasov, A. S. Shikanov, M. R. Shpolsky, M. N. Yakimenko, “Investigation of sensitometric characteristics of x-ray photoemulsions in the spectral range of 15–80 Å,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 308, 343–346 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fedorchuk, R. V.

Yu. M. Alexandrov, K. Eidmann, D. A. Fedin, R. V. Fedorchuk, M. O. Koshevoi, V. A. Murashova, A. A. Ropasov, A. S. Shikanov, M. R. Shpolsky, M. N. Yakimenko, “Investigation of sensitometric characteristics of x-ray photoemulsions in the spectral range of 15–80 Å,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 308, 343–346 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Han, S. S.

Z. Z. Xu, P. Z. Fan, L. H. Lin, Y. L. Li, X. F. Wang, R. X. Li, P. X. Lu, S. S. Han, L. Sun, A. D. Qian, Z. Q. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, “Short-wavelength soft-x-ray amplification in lithiumlike calcium plasma,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 485–489 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Z. Xu, P. Z. Fan, L. H. Lin, Y. L. Li, X. F. Wang, P. X. Lu, S. S. Han, R. X. Li, L. Sun, A. D. Qian, Z. G. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, “Short-wavelength lithiumlike x-ray laser development at Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (SIOFM),” in X-Ray Lasers 1992, E. Fill, ed. (International Colloquium on X-ray Lasers, Schliersee, Germany, 1992), pp. 75–82.

Henke, B. L.

Herrmann, P.

K. Eidmann, T. Kishimoto, P. Herrmann, J. Mizui, R. Pakula, R. Sigel, S. Witkowski, “Absolute soft-x-ray measurements with a transmission grating spectrometer,” Laser Part. Beams 4, 521–536 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hobby, M. G.

M. G. Hobby, N. J. Peacock, “Spectrograph calibration at soft-x-ray wavelengths I: from grating diffraction efficiency and plate response factors,” J. Phys. E 6, 854–857 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Kishimoto, T.

K. Eidmann, T. Kishimoto, P. Herrmann, J. Mizui, R. Pakula, R. Sigel, S. Witkowski, “Absolute soft-x-ray measurements with a transmission grating spectrometer,” Laser Part. Beams 4, 521–536 (1986).
[CrossRef]

K. Eidmann, T. Kishimoto, “Absolutely measured x-ray spectra from laser plasmas with targets of different elements,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 377–378 (1986).
[CrossRef]

T. Kishimoto, “Absolute measurement of spectra emitted by laser-produced plasmas,” (Max-Plank-Institut für Quantenoptik, Garching, 1985).

Koshevoi, M. O.

Yu. M. Alexandrov, K. Eidmann, D. A. Fedin, R. V. Fedorchuk, M. O. Koshevoi, V. A. Murashova, A. A. Ropasov, A. S. Shikanov, M. R. Shpolsky, M. N. Yakimenko, “Investigation of sensitometric characteristics of x-ray photoemulsions in the spectral range of 15–80 Å,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 308, 343–346 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kwok, S. L.

Li, R. X.

Z. Z. Xu, P. Z. Fan, L. H. Lin, Y. L. Li, X. F. Wang, R. X. Li, P. X. Lu, S. S. Han, L. Sun, A. D. Qian, Z. Q. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, “Short-wavelength soft-x-ray amplification in lithiumlike calcium plasma,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 485–489 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. X. Lu, P. Z. Fan, Z. Z. Xu, R. X. Li, X. F. Wang, Y. L. Li, Z. G. Zhang, S. S. Chen, “A simple in situ calibration technique for soft-x-ray film,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 2879–2882 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Z. Z. Xu, P. Z. Fan, L. H. Lin, Y. L. Li, X. F. Wang, P. X. Lu, S. S. Han, R. X. Li, L. Sun, A. D. Qian, Z. G. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, “Short-wavelength lithiumlike x-ray laser development at Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (SIOFM),” in X-Ray Lasers 1992, E. Fill, ed. (International Colloquium on X-ray Lasers, Schliersee, Germany, 1992), pp. 75–82.

Li, Y. L.

Z. Z. Xu, P. Z. Fan, L. H. Lin, Y. L. Li, X. F. Wang, R. X. Li, P. X. Lu, S. S. Han, L. Sun, A. D. Qian, Z. Q. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, “Short-wavelength soft-x-ray amplification in lithiumlike calcium plasma,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 485–489 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. X. Lu, P. Z. Fan, Z. Z. Xu, R. X. Li, X. F. Wang, Y. L. Li, Z. G. Zhang, S. S. Chen, “A simple in situ calibration technique for soft-x-ray film,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 2879–2882 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Z. Z. Xu, P. Z. Fan, L. H. Lin, Y. L. Li, X. F. Wang, P. X. Lu, S. S. Han, R. X. Li, L. Sun, A. D. Qian, Z. G. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, “Short-wavelength lithiumlike x-ray laser development at Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (SIOFM),” in X-Ray Lasers 1992, E. Fill, ed. (International Colloquium on X-ray Lasers, Schliersee, Germany, 1992), pp. 75–82.

Lin, L. H.

Z. Z. Xu, P. Z. Fan, L. H. Lin, Y. L. Li, X. F. Wang, R. X. Li, P. X. Lu, S. S. Han, L. Sun, A. D. Qian, Z. Q. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, “Short-wavelength soft-x-ray amplification in lithiumlike calcium plasma,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 485–489 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Z. Xu, P. Z. Fan, L. H. Lin, Y. L. Li, X. F. Wang, P. X. Lu, S. S. Han, R. X. Li, L. Sun, A. D. Qian, Z. G. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, “Short-wavelength lithiumlike x-ray laser development at Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (SIOFM),” in X-Ray Lasers 1992, E. Fill, ed. (International Colloquium on X-ray Lasers, Schliersee, Germany, 1992), pp. 75–82.

Lu, P. X.

Z. Z. Xu, P. Z. Fan, L. H. Lin, Y. L. Li, X. F. Wang, R. X. Li, P. X. Lu, S. S. Han, L. Sun, A. D. Qian, Z. Q. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, “Short-wavelength soft-x-ray amplification in lithiumlike calcium plasma,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 485–489 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. X. Lu, P. Z. Fan, Z. Z. Xu, R. X. Li, X. F. Wang, Y. L. Li, Z. G. Zhang, S. S. Chen, “A simple in situ calibration technique for soft-x-ray film,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 2879–2882 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Z. Z. Xu, P. Z. Fan, L. H. Lin, Y. L. Li, X. F. Wang, P. X. Lu, S. S. Han, R. X. Li, L. Sun, A. D. Qian, Z. G. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, “Short-wavelength lithiumlike x-ray laser development at Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (SIOFM),” in X-Ray Lasers 1992, E. Fill, ed. (International Colloquium on X-ray Lasers, Schliersee, Germany, 1992), pp. 75–82.

Maixmer, W.

W. Maixmer, “Kalibrierung von Fotoplatten des Type Ilford Q-plate in weichen Rontgengebiet mit einem Lasererzaugten Plasma als Strahlungsquelle,” Diplomarbeit (Fachhochschule Munchen, Munchen, 1992).

Mizui, J.

K. Eidmann, T. Kishimoto, P. Herrmann, J. Mizui, R. Pakula, R. Sigel, S. Witkowski, “Absolute soft-x-ray measurements with a transmission grating spectrometer,” Laser Part. Beams 4, 521–536 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Murashova, V. A.

Yu. M. Alexandrov, K. Eidmann, D. A. Fedin, R. V. Fedorchuk, M. O. Koshevoi, V. A. Murashova, A. A. Ropasov, A. S. Shikanov, M. R. Shpolsky, M. N. Yakimenko, “Investigation of sensitometric characteristics of x-ray photoemulsions in the spectral range of 15–80 Å,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 308, 343–346 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Pakula, R.

K. Eidmann, T. Kishimoto, P. Herrmann, J. Mizui, R. Pakula, R. Sigel, S. Witkowski, “Absolute soft-x-ray measurements with a transmission grating spectrometer,” Laser Part. Beams 4, 521–536 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Palumbo, L. J.

R. C. Elton, L. J. Palumbo, “Radiative–Auger transitions in soft-x-ray plasma emission,” Phys. Rev. A 9, 1873–1884 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Peacock, N. J.

M. G. Hobby, N. J. Peacock, “Spectrograph calibration at soft-x-ray wavelengths I: from grating diffraction efficiency and plate response factors,” J. Phys. E 6, 854–857 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Qian, A. D.

Z. Z. Xu, P. Z. Fan, L. H. Lin, Y. L. Li, X. F. Wang, R. X. Li, P. X. Lu, S. S. Han, L. Sun, A. D. Qian, Z. Q. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, “Short-wavelength soft-x-ray amplification in lithiumlike calcium plasma,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 485–489 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Z. Xu, P. Z. Fan, L. H. Lin, Y. L. Li, X. F. Wang, P. X. Lu, S. S. Han, R. X. Li, L. Sun, A. D. Qian, Z. G. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, “Short-wavelength lithiumlike x-ray laser development at Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (SIOFM),” in X-Ray Lasers 1992, E. Fill, ed. (International Colloquium on X-ray Lasers, Schliersee, Germany, 1992), pp. 75–82.

Ropasov, A. A.

Yu. M. Alexandrov, K. Eidmann, D. A. Fedin, R. V. Fedorchuk, M. O. Koshevoi, V. A. Murashova, A. A. Ropasov, A. S. Shikanov, M. R. Shpolsky, M. N. Yakimenko, “Investigation of sensitometric characteristics of x-ray photoemulsions in the spectral range of 15–80 Å,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 308, 343–346 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Schwanda, W.

Shikanov, A. S.

Yu. M. Alexandrov, K. Eidmann, D. A. Fedin, R. V. Fedorchuk, M. O. Koshevoi, V. A. Murashova, A. A. Ropasov, A. S. Shikanov, M. R. Shpolsky, M. N. Yakimenko, “Investigation of sensitometric characteristics of x-ray photoemulsions in the spectral range of 15–80 Å,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 308, 343–346 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Shpolsky, M. R.

Yu. M. Alexandrov, K. Eidmann, D. A. Fedin, R. V. Fedorchuk, M. O. Koshevoi, V. A. Murashova, A. A. Ropasov, A. S. Shikanov, M. R. Shpolsky, M. N. Yakimenko, “Investigation of sensitometric characteristics of x-ray photoemulsions in the spectral range of 15–80 Å,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 308, 343–346 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sigel, R.

K. Eidmann, T. Kishimoto, P. Herrmann, J. Mizui, R. Pakula, R. Sigel, S. Witkowski, “Absolute soft-x-ray measurements with a transmission grating spectrometer,” Laser Part. Beams 4, 521–536 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Sun, L.

Z. Z. Xu, P. Z. Fan, L. H. Lin, Y. L. Li, X. F. Wang, R. X. Li, P. X. Lu, S. S. Han, L. Sun, A. D. Qian, Z. Q. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, “Short-wavelength soft-x-ray amplification in lithiumlike calcium plasma,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 485–489 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Z. Xu, P. Z. Fan, L. H. Lin, Y. L. Li, X. F. Wang, P. X. Lu, S. S. Han, R. X. Li, L. Sun, A. D. Qian, Z. G. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, “Short-wavelength lithiumlike x-ray laser development at Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (SIOFM),” in X-Ray Lasers 1992, E. Fill, ed. (International Colloquium on X-ray Lasers, Schliersee, Germany, 1992), pp. 75–82.

Uejio, J. Y.

Wang, X. F.

Z. Z. Xu, P. Z. Fan, L. H. Lin, Y. L. Li, X. F. Wang, R. X. Li, P. X. Lu, S. S. Han, L. Sun, A. D. Qian, Z. Q. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, “Short-wavelength soft-x-ray amplification in lithiumlike calcium plasma,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 485–489 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. X. Lu, P. Z. Fan, Z. Z. Xu, R. X. Li, X. F. Wang, Y. L. Li, Z. G. Zhang, S. S. Chen, “A simple in situ calibration technique for soft-x-ray film,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 2879–2882 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Z. Z. Xu, P. Z. Fan, L. H. Lin, Y. L. Li, X. F. Wang, P. X. Lu, S. S. Han, R. X. Li, L. Sun, A. D. Qian, Z. G. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, “Short-wavelength lithiumlike x-ray laser development at Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (SIOFM),” in X-Ray Lasers 1992, E. Fill, ed. (International Colloquium on X-ray Lasers, Schliersee, Germany, 1992), pp. 75–82.

Witkowski, S.

K. Eidmann, T. Kishimoto, P. Herrmann, J. Mizui, R. Pakula, R. Sigel, S. Witkowski, “Absolute soft-x-ray measurements with a transmission grating spectrometer,” Laser Part. Beams 4, 521–536 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z. Z.

Z. Z. Xu, P. Z. Fan, L. H. Lin, Y. L. Li, X. F. Wang, R. X. Li, P. X. Lu, S. S. Han, L. Sun, A. D. Qian, Z. Q. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, “Short-wavelength soft-x-ray amplification in lithiumlike calcium plasma,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 485–489 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. X. Lu, P. Z. Fan, Z. Z. Xu, R. X. Li, X. F. Wang, Y. L. Li, Z. G. Zhang, S. S. Chen, “A simple in situ calibration technique for soft-x-ray film,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 2879–2882 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Z. Z. Xu, P. Z. Fan, L. H. Lin, Y. L. Li, X. F. Wang, P. X. Lu, S. S. Han, R. X. Li, L. Sun, A. D. Qian, Z. G. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, “Short-wavelength lithiumlike x-ray laser development at Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (SIOFM),” in X-Ray Lasers 1992, E. Fill, ed. (International Colloquium on X-ray Lasers, Schliersee, Germany, 1992), pp. 75–82.

Yakimenko, M. N.

Yu. M. Alexandrov, K. Eidmann, D. A. Fedin, R. V. Fedorchuk, M. O. Koshevoi, V. A. Murashova, A. A. Ropasov, A. S. Shikanov, M. R. Shpolsky, M. N. Yakimenko, “Investigation of sensitometric characteristics of x-ray photoemulsions in the spectral range of 15–80 Å,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 308, 343–346 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Yamad, H. T.

Young, G. C.

Zhang, Z. G.

P. X. Lu, P. Z. Fan, Z. Z. Xu, R. X. Li, X. F. Wang, Y. L. Li, Z. G. Zhang, S. S. Chen, “A simple in situ calibration technique for soft-x-ray film,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 2879–2882 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Z. Z. Xu, P. Z. Fan, L. H. Lin, Y. L. Li, X. F. Wang, P. X. Lu, S. S. Han, R. X. Li, L. Sun, A. D. Qian, Z. G. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, “Short-wavelength lithiumlike x-ray laser development at Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (SIOFM),” in X-Ray Lasers 1992, E. Fill, ed. (International Colloquium on X-ray Lasers, Schliersee, Germany, 1992), pp. 75–82.

Zhang, Z. Q.

Z. Z. Xu, P. Z. Fan, L. H. Lin, Y. L. Li, X. F. Wang, R. X. Li, P. X. Lu, S. S. Han, L. Sun, A. D. Qian, Z. Q. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, “Short-wavelength soft-x-ray amplification in lithiumlike calcium plasma,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 485–489 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, J. Z.

Z. Z. Xu, P. Z. Fan, L. H. Lin, Y. L. Li, X. F. Wang, R. X. Li, P. X. Lu, S. S. Han, L. Sun, A. D. Qian, Z. Q. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, “Short-wavelength soft-x-ray amplification in lithiumlike calcium plasma,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 485–489 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Z. Xu, P. Z. Fan, L. H. Lin, Y. L. Li, X. F. Wang, P. X. Lu, S. S. Han, R. X. Li, L. Sun, A. D. Qian, Z. G. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, “Short-wavelength lithiumlike x-ray laser development at Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (SIOFM),” in X-Ray Lasers 1992, E. Fill, ed. (International Colloquium on X-ray Lasers, Schliersee, Germany, 1992), pp. 75–82.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Eidmann, T. Kishimoto, “Absolutely measured x-ray spectra from laser plasmas with targets of different elements,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 377–378 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. E (1)

M. G. Hobby, N. J. Peacock, “Spectrograph calibration at soft-x-ray wavelengths I: from grating diffraction efficiency and plate response factors,” J. Phys. E 6, 854–857 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Laser Part. Beams (1)

K. Eidmann, T. Kishimoto, P. Herrmann, J. Mizui, R. Pakula, R. Sigel, S. Witkowski, “Absolute soft-x-ray measurements with a transmission grating spectrometer,” Laser Part. Beams 4, 521–536 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (1)

Yu. M. Alexandrov, K. Eidmann, D. A. Fedin, R. V. Fedorchuk, M. O. Koshevoi, V. A. Murashova, A. A. Ropasov, A. S. Shikanov, M. R. Shpolsky, M. N. Yakimenko, “Investigation of sensitometric characteristics of x-ray photoemulsions in the spectral range of 15–80 Å,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 308, 343–346 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

R. C. Elton, L. J. Palumbo, “Radiative–Auger transitions in soft-x-ray plasma emission,” Phys. Rev. A 9, 1873–1884 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Z. Z. Xu, P. Z. Fan, L. H. Lin, Y. L. Li, X. F. Wang, R. X. Li, P. X. Lu, S. S. Han, L. Sun, A. D. Qian, Z. Q. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, “Short-wavelength soft-x-ray amplification in lithiumlike calcium plasma,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 485–489 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

P. X. Lu, P. Z. Fan, Z. Z. Xu, R. X. Li, X. F. Wang, Y. L. Li, Z. G. Zhang, S. S. Chen, “A simple in situ calibration technique for soft-x-ray film,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 2879–2882 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

T. Kishimoto, “Absolute measurement of spectra emitted by laser-produced plasmas,” (Max-Plank-Institut für Quantenoptik, Garching, 1985).

Z. Z. Xu, P. Z. Fan, L. H. Lin, Y. L. Li, X. F. Wang, P. X. Lu, S. S. Han, R. X. Li, L. Sun, A. D. Qian, Z. G. Zhang, J. Z. Zhou, “Short-wavelength lithiumlike x-ray laser development at Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (SIOFM),” in X-Ray Lasers 1992, E. Fill, ed. (International Colloquium on X-ray Lasers, Schliersee, Germany, 1992), pp. 75–82.

W. Maixmer, “Kalibrierung von Fotoplatten des Type Ilford Q-plate in weichen Rontgengebiet mit einem Lasererzaugten Plasma als Strahlungsquelle,” Diplomarbeit (Fachhochschule Munchen, Munchen, 1992).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Spectra of W target laser plasmas, taken with Kodak101-05, SIOFM-5FW, and Ilford Q emulsions (a) with D-19 developer and (b) with Phenisol developer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Microdensitometer traces of unfiltered spectra from W target laser plasmas taken with Kodak101-05, SIOFM-5FW, and Ilford Q emulsions (a) with D-19 developer and (b) with Phenisol developer.

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