Abstract

Multilayer mirrors with a system wavelength resolution (λ/Δλ) as high as 30–50 are required for the diagnostics of cosmic plasmas with temperatures of 1–20 MK. Such a high wavelength resolution can be realized by increasing the number of layer pairs contributing to the reflectance, by selecting less-absorbing materials for both the reflector and the spacer, and by decreasing the thickness of the reflector. We have fabricated a multilayer mirror tuned to 284 Å with a silicon carbide reflector (20% thickness of the layer period) and an aluminum spacer and achieved λ/Δλ ∼ 26.8 with a peak reflectivity of ∼13.0%. This wavelength resolution is close to the value obtained with a numerical simulation and is considerably higher than the value obtained with the conventional Mo/Si multilayer.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. Mewe, E. H. B. M. Gronenschild, G. H. J. van den Oord, “Calculated X-radiation form optically thin plasmas. V,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 62, 197–254 (1985).
  2. R. Mewe, J. R. Lemen, G. H. J. van den Oord, “Calculated X-radiation form optically thin plasmas. VI. Improved calculations for continuum emission and approximation formulae for nonrelativistic average Gaunt factors,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 65, 511–536 (1986).
  3. J. P. Delaboudinere, G. E. Gabriel, G. E. Artzner, F. Millier, D. J. Michels, K. P. Dere, R. A. Howard, R. W. Kerplin, R. C. Catura, R. A. Stern, J. R. Lemen, W. M. Neupert, J. B. Gurman, P. Cugnon, A. Koeckelenbergh, E. L. Van Dessel, C. Jamar, A. Mausherat, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Marioge, “The extreme ultraviolet imaging telescope on board SOHO,” in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Microscopy, R. B. Hoover, ed., Proc. SPIE1160, 518–524, (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. W. Brosius, J. M. Davila, R. J. Thomas, “Measuring active and quiet-sun coronal plasma properties with extreme-ultraviolet spectra from SERTS,” Astrophys. J. Sup. Ser. 106, 143–1164 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. P. Delaboudinere, J. P. Chauvineau, “Metal oxide multilayer with narrow band pass,” in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Microscopy, R. B. Hoover, ed., Proc. SPIE1160, 260–263 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. P. Delaboudinere, J. F. Hochedez, J. P. Chauvineau, L. Valiergue, “Tuning multilayered mirrors light traps for rejection of 30.4-nm radiation,” in Multilayer and Grazing Incidence X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Projection Lithography, R. B. Hoover, A. B. Walker, eds., Proc. SPIE1742, 296–303 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  8. B. W. Smith, J. J. Bloch, D. Roussel-Dupre, “Metal multilayer mirrors for EUV wide field telescopes,” in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Microscopy, R. B. Hoover, ed., Proc. SPIE1160, 171–175 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. Spiller, Soft X-ray Optics (SPIE Press, Bellingham, Wash., 1994).
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  10. K. Murakami, H. Nakamura, T. Ohisino, M. Ohtani, H. Nagata, “Characterization of molybdenum/silicon multilayers deposited by ion beam sputtering and rf magnetron sputtering,” in Multilayer and Grazing Incidence X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Projection Lithography, R. B. Hoover, A. B. Walker, eds., Proc. SPIE1742, 614–620 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Morita, J. Fujita, K. Fukui, K. Sakai, M. Watanabe, E. Ishiguro, K. Yamashita, “Fusion and plasma diagnostic center-synchrotron radiation experiment (I),” (Institute of Plasma Physics, Nagoya University, 1987).
  12. H. S. Ogawa, D. R. McMullin, D. L. Judge, “Normal incidence spectrophotometer with high-density transmission grating technology and high-efficiency silicon photodiodes for absolute solar extreme-ultraviolet irradiance measurement,” Opt. Eng. 32, 3121–3125 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, J. C. Davis, “X-ray interactions: photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at E = 50–30,000 eV, Z = 1–92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54 (2), 181–342, (1993).

1996 (1)

J. W. Brosius, J. M. Davila, R. J. Thomas, “Measuring active and quiet-sun coronal plasma properties with extreme-ultraviolet spectra from SERTS,” Astrophys. J. Sup. Ser. 106, 143–1164 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

H. S. Ogawa, D. R. McMullin, D. L. Judge, “Normal incidence spectrophotometer with high-density transmission grating technology and high-efficiency silicon photodiodes for absolute solar extreme-ultraviolet irradiance measurement,” Opt. Eng. 32, 3121–3125 (1993).
[CrossRef]

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, J. C. Davis, “X-ray interactions: photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at E = 50–30,000 eV, Z = 1–92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54 (2), 181–342, (1993).

1986 (1)

R. Mewe, J. R. Lemen, G. H. J. van den Oord, “Calculated X-radiation form optically thin plasmas. VI. Improved calculations for continuum emission and approximation formulae for nonrelativistic average Gaunt factors,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 65, 511–536 (1986).

1985 (1)

R. Mewe, E. H. B. M. Gronenschild, G. H. J. van den Oord, “Calculated X-radiation form optically thin plasmas. V,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 62, 197–254 (1985).

Artzner, G. E.

J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Delaboudinere, G. E. Gabriel, G. E. Artzner, F. Millier, D. J. Michels, K. P. Dere, R. A. Howard, R. W. Kerplin, R. C. Catura, R. A. Stern, J. R. Lemen, W. M. Neupert, J. B. Gurman, P. Cugnon, A. Koeckelenbergh, E. L. Van Dessel, C. Jamar, A. Mausherat, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Marioge, “The extreme ultraviolet imaging telescope on board SOHO,” in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Microscopy, R. B. Hoover, ed., Proc. SPIE1160, 518–524, (1989).
[CrossRef]

Au, B.

J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bloch, J. J.

B. W. Smith, J. J. Bloch, D. Roussel-Dupre, “Metal multilayer mirrors for EUV wide field telescopes,” in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Microscopy, R. B. Hoover, ed., Proc. SPIE1160, 171–175 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Brosius, J. W.

J. W. Brosius, J. M. Davila, R. J. Thomas, “Measuring active and quiet-sun coronal plasma properties with extreme-ultraviolet spectra from SERTS,” Astrophys. J. Sup. Ser. 106, 143–1164 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Brunaud, J.

J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Catura, R. C.

J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Delaboudinere, G. E. Gabriel, G. E. Artzner, F. Millier, D. J. Michels, K. P. Dere, R. A. Howard, R. W. Kerplin, R. C. Catura, R. A. Stern, J. R. Lemen, W. M. Neupert, J. B. Gurman, P. Cugnon, A. Koeckelenbergh, E. L. Van Dessel, C. Jamar, A. Mausherat, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Marioge, “The extreme ultraviolet imaging telescope on board SOHO,” in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Microscopy, R. B. Hoover, ed., Proc. SPIE1160, 518–524, (1989).
[CrossRef]

Chauvineau, J. P.

J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Delaboudinere, J. F. Hochedez, J. P. Chauvineau, L. Valiergue, “Tuning multilayered mirrors light traps for rejection of 30.4-nm radiation,” in Multilayer and Grazing Incidence X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Projection Lithography, R. B. Hoover, A. B. Walker, eds., Proc. SPIE1742, 296–303 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Delaboudinere, J. P. Chauvineau, “Metal oxide multilayer with narrow band pass,” in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Microscopy, R. B. Hoover, ed., Proc. SPIE1160, 260–263 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Delaboudinere, G. E. Gabriel, G. E. Artzner, F. Millier, D. J. Michels, K. P. Dere, R. A. Howard, R. W. Kerplin, R. C. Catura, R. A. Stern, J. R. Lemen, W. M. Neupert, J. B. Gurman, P. Cugnon, A. Koeckelenbergh, E. L. Van Dessel, C. Jamar, A. Mausherat, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Marioge, “The extreme ultraviolet imaging telescope on board SOHO,” in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Microscopy, R. B. Hoover, ed., Proc. SPIE1160, 518–524, (1989).
[CrossRef]

Clette, F.

J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cugnon, P.

J. P. Delaboudinere, G. E. Gabriel, G. E. Artzner, F. Millier, D. J. Michels, K. P. Dere, R. A. Howard, R. W. Kerplin, R. C. Catura, R. A. Stern, J. R. Lemen, W. M. Neupert, J. B. Gurman, P. Cugnon, A. Koeckelenbergh, E. L. Van Dessel, C. Jamar, A. Mausherat, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Marioge, “The extreme ultraviolet imaging telescope on board SOHO,” in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Microscopy, R. B. Hoover, ed., Proc. SPIE1160, 518–524, (1989).
[CrossRef]

Cugono, P.

J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Davila, J. M.

J. W. Brosius, J. M. Davila, R. J. Thomas, “Measuring active and quiet-sun coronal plasma properties with extreme-ultraviolet spectra from SERTS,” Astrophys. J. Sup. Ser. 106, 143–1164 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Davis, J. C.

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, J. C. Davis, “X-ray interactions: photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at E = 50–30,000 eV, Z = 1–92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54 (2), 181–342, (1993).

Deeper, K. P.

J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Defise, J. M.

J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Delaboudinere, J. P.

J. P. Delaboudinere, J. P. Chauvineau, “Metal oxide multilayer with narrow band pass,” in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Microscopy, R. B. Hoover, ed., Proc. SPIE1160, 260–263 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Delaboudinere, J. F. Hochedez, J. P. Chauvineau, L. Valiergue, “Tuning multilayered mirrors light traps for rejection of 30.4-nm radiation,” in Multilayer and Grazing Incidence X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Projection Lithography, R. B. Hoover, A. B. Walker, eds., Proc. SPIE1742, 296–303 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Delaboudinere, G. E. Gabriel, G. E. Artzner, F. Millier, D. J. Michels, K. P. Dere, R. A. Howard, R. W. Kerplin, R. C. Catura, R. A. Stern, J. R. Lemen, W. M. Neupert, J. B. Gurman, P. Cugnon, A. Koeckelenbergh, E. L. Van Dessel, C. Jamar, A. Mausherat, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Marioge, “The extreme ultraviolet imaging telescope on board SOHO,” in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Microscopy, R. B. Hoover, ed., Proc. SPIE1160, 518–524, (1989).
[CrossRef]

Delaboudiniere, J. P.

J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dere, K. P.

J. P. Delaboudinere, G. E. Gabriel, G. E. Artzner, F. Millier, D. J. Michels, K. P. Dere, R. A. Howard, R. W. Kerplin, R. C. Catura, R. A. Stern, J. R. Lemen, W. M. Neupert, J. B. Gurman, P. Cugnon, A. Koeckelenbergh, E. L. Van Dessel, C. Jamar, A. Mausherat, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Marioge, “The extreme ultraviolet imaging telescope on board SOHO,” in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Microscopy, R. B. Hoover, ed., Proc. SPIE1160, 518–524, (1989).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, J.

S. Morita, J. Fujita, K. Fukui, K. Sakai, M. Watanabe, E. Ishiguro, K. Yamashita, “Fusion and plasma diagnostic center-synchrotron radiation experiment (I),” (Institute of Plasma Physics, Nagoya University, 1987).

Fukui, K.

S. Morita, J. Fujita, K. Fukui, K. Sakai, M. Watanabe, E. Ishiguro, K. Yamashita, “Fusion and plasma diagnostic center-synchrotron radiation experiment (I),” (Institute of Plasma Physics, Nagoya University, 1987).

Gabriel, A. H.

J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gabriel, G. E.

J. P. Delaboudinere, G. E. Gabriel, G. E. Artzner, F. Millier, D. J. Michels, K. P. Dere, R. A. Howard, R. W. Kerplin, R. C. Catura, R. A. Stern, J. R. Lemen, W. M. Neupert, J. B. Gurman, P. Cugnon, A. Koeckelenbergh, E. L. Van Dessel, C. Jamar, A. Mausherat, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Marioge, “The extreme ultraviolet imaging telescope on board SOHO,” in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Microscopy, R. B. Hoover, ed., Proc. SPIE1160, 518–524, (1989).
[CrossRef]

Gronenschild, E. H. B. M.

R. Mewe, E. H. B. M. Gronenschild, G. H. J. van den Oord, “Calculated X-radiation form optically thin plasmas. V,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 62, 197–254 (1985).

Gullikson, E. M.

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, J. C. Davis, “X-ray interactions: photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at E = 50–30,000 eV, Z = 1–92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54 (2), 181–342, (1993).

Gurman, J. B.

J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Delaboudinere, G. E. Gabriel, G. E. Artzner, F. Millier, D. J. Michels, K. P. Dere, R. A. Howard, R. W. Kerplin, R. C. Catura, R. A. Stern, J. R. Lemen, W. M. Neupert, J. B. Gurman, P. Cugnon, A. Koeckelenbergh, E. L. Van Dessel, C. Jamar, A. Mausherat, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Marioge, “The extreme ultraviolet imaging telescope on board SOHO,” in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Microscopy, R. B. Hoover, ed., Proc. SPIE1160, 518–524, (1989).
[CrossRef]

Henke, B. L.

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, J. C. Davis, “X-ray interactions: photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at E = 50–30,000 eV, Z = 1–92,” At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54 (2), 181–342, (1993).

Hochedez, J. F.

J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Delaboudinere, J. F. Hochedez, J. P. Chauvineau, L. Valiergue, “Tuning multilayered mirrors light traps for rejection of 30.4-nm radiation,” in Multilayer and Grazing Incidence X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Projection Lithography, R. B. Hoover, A. B. Walker, eds., Proc. SPIE1742, 296–303 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Howard, R. A.

J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Delaboudinere, G. E. Gabriel, G. E. Artzner, F. Millier, D. J. Michels, K. P. Dere, R. A. Howard, R. W. Kerplin, R. C. Catura, R. A. Stern, J. R. Lemen, W. M. Neupert, J. B. Gurman, P. Cugnon, A. Koeckelenbergh, E. L. Van Dessel, C. Jamar, A. Mausherat, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Marioge, “The extreme ultraviolet imaging telescope on board SOHO,” in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Microscopy, R. B. Hoover, ed., Proc. SPIE1160, 518–524, (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ishiguro, E.

S. Morita, J. Fujita, K. Fukui, K. Sakai, M. Watanabe, E. Ishiguro, K. Yamashita, “Fusion and plasma diagnostic center-synchrotron radiation experiment (I),” (Institute of Plasma Physics, Nagoya University, 1987).

Jamar, C.

J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Delaboudinere, G. E. Gabriel, G. E. Artzner, F. Millier, D. J. Michels, K. P. Dere, R. A. Howard, R. W. Kerplin, R. C. Catura, R. A. Stern, J. R. Lemen, W. M. Neupert, J. B. Gurman, P. Cugnon, A. Koeckelenbergh, E. L. Van Dessel, C. Jamar, A. Mausherat, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Marioge, “The extreme ultraviolet imaging telescope on board SOHO,” in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Microscopy, R. B. Hoover, ed., Proc. SPIE1160, 518–524, (1989).
[CrossRef]

Judge, D. L.

H. S. Ogawa, D. R. McMullin, D. L. Judge, “Normal incidence spectrophotometer with high-density transmission grating technology and high-efficiency silicon photodiodes for absolute solar extreme-ultraviolet irradiance measurement,” Opt. Eng. 32, 3121–3125 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kerplin, R. W.

J. P. Delaboudinere, G. E. Gabriel, G. E. Artzner, F. Millier, D. J. Michels, K. P. Dere, R. A. Howard, R. W. Kerplin, R. C. Catura, R. A. Stern, J. R. Lemen, W. M. Neupert, J. B. Gurman, P. Cugnon, A. Koeckelenbergh, E. L. Van Dessel, C. Jamar, A. Mausherat, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Marioge, “The extreme ultraviolet imaging telescope on board SOHO,” in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Microscopy, R. B. Hoover, ed., Proc. SPIE1160, 518–524, (1989).
[CrossRef]

Koeckelenbergh, A.

J. P. Delaboudinere, G. E. Gabriel, G. E. Artzner, F. Millier, D. J. Michels, K. P. Dere, R. A. Howard, R. W. Kerplin, R. C. Catura, R. A. Stern, J. R. Lemen, W. M. Neupert, J. B. Gurman, P. Cugnon, A. Koeckelenbergh, E. L. Van Dessel, C. Jamar, A. Mausherat, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Marioge, “The extreme ultraviolet imaging telescope on board SOHO,” in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Microscopy, R. B. Hoover, ed., Proc. SPIE1160, 518–524, (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kreplin, R.

J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lemen, J. R.

J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. Mewe, J. R. Lemen, G. H. J. van den Oord, “Calculated X-radiation form optically thin plasmas. VI. Improved calculations for continuum emission and approximation formulae for nonrelativistic average Gaunt factors,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 65, 511–536 (1986).

J. P. Delaboudinere, G. E. Gabriel, G. E. Artzner, F. Millier, D. J. Michels, K. P. Dere, R. A. Howard, R. W. Kerplin, R. C. Catura, R. A. Stern, J. R. Lemen, W. M. Neupert, J. B. Gurman, P. Cugnon, A. Koeckelenbergh, E. L. Van Dessel, C. Jamar, A. Mausherat, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Marioge, “The extreme ultraviolet imaging telescope on board SOHO,” in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Microscopy, R. B. Hoover, ed., Proc. SPIE1160, 518–524, (1989).
[CrossRef]

Marioge, J. P.

J. P. Delaboudinere, G. E. Gabriel, G. E. Artzner, F. Millier, D. J. Michels, K. P. Dere, R. A. Howard, R. W. Kerplin, R. C. Catura, R. A. Stern, J. R. Lemen, W. M. Neupert, J. B. Gurman, P. Cugnon, A. Koeckelenbergh, E. L. Van Dessel, C. Jamar, A. Mausherat, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Marioge, “The extreme ultraviolet imaging telescope on board SOHO,” in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Microscopy, R. B. Hoover, ed., Proc. SPIE1160, 518–524, (1989).
[CrossRef]

Maucherat, A.

J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mausherat, A.

J. P. Delaboudinere, G. E. Gabriel, G. E. Artzner, F. Millier, D. J. Michels, K. P. Dere, R. A. Howard, R. W. Kerplin, R. C. Catura, R. A. Stern, J. R. Lemen, W. M. Neupert, J. B. Gurman, P. Cugnon, A. Koeckelenbergh, E. L. Van Dessel, C. Jamar, A. Mausherat, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Marioge, “The extreme ultraviolet imaging telescope on board SOHO,” in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Microscopy, R. B. Hoover, ed., Proc. SPIE1160, 518–524, (1989).
[CrossRef]

McMullin, D. R.

H. S. Ogawa, D. R. McMullin, D. L. Judge, “Normal incidence spectrophotometer with high-density transmission grating technology and high-efficiency silicon photodiodes for absolute solar extreme-ultraviolet irradiance measurement,” Opt. Eng. 32, 3121–3125 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mewe, R.

R. Mewe, J. R. Lemen, G. H. J. van den Oord, “Calculated X-radiation form optically thin plasmas. VI. Improved calculations for continuum emission and approximation formulae for nonrelativistic average Gaunt factors,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 65, 511–536 (1986).

R. Mewe, E. H. B. M. Gronenschild, G. H. J. van den Oord, “Calculated X-radiation form optically thin plasmas. V,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 62, 197–254 (1985).

Michels, D. J.

J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Delaboudinere, G. E. Gabriel, G. E. Artzner, F. Millier, D. J. Michels, K. P. Dere, R. A. Howard, R. W. Kerplin, R. C. Catura, R. A. Stern, J. R. Lemen, W. M. Neupert, J. B. Gurman, P. Cugnon, A. Koeckelenbergh, E. L. Van Dessel, C. Jamar, A. Mausherat, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Marioge, “The extreme ultraviolet imaging telescope on board SOHO,” in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Microscopy, R. B. Hoover, ed., Proc. SPIE1160, 518–524, (1989).
[CrossRef]

Millier, F.

J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Delaboudinere, G. E. Gabriel, G. E. Artzner, F. Millier, D. J. Michels, K. P. Dere, R. A. Howard, R. W. Kerplin, R. C. Catura, R. A. Stern, J. R. Lemen, W. M. Neupert, J. B. Gurman, P. Cugnon, A. Koeckelenbergh, E. L. Van Dessel, C. Jamar, A. Mausherat, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Marioge, “The extreme ultraviolet imaging telescope on board SOHO,” in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Microscopy, R. B. Hoover, ed., Proc. SPIE1160, 518–524, (1989).
[CrossRef]

Morioge, J. P.

J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Morita, S.

S. Morita, J. Fujita, K. Fukui, K. Sakai, M. Watanabe, E. Ishiguro, K. Yamashita, “Fusion and plasma diagnostic center-synchrotron radiation experiment (I),” (Institute of Plasma Physics, Nagoya University, 1987).

Moses, J. D.

J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Murakami, K.

K. Murakami, H. Nakamura, T. Ohisino, M. Ohtani, H. Nagata, “Characterization of molybdenum/silicon multilayers deposited by ion beam sputtering and rf magnetron sputtering,” in Multilayer and Grazing Incidence X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Projection Lithography, R. B. Hoover, A. B. Walker, eds., Proc. SPIE1742, 614–620 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nagata, H.

K. Murakami, H. Nakamura, T. Ohisino, M. Ohtani, H. Nagata, “Characterization of molybdenum/silicon multilayers deposited by ion beam sputtering and rf magnetron sputtering,” in Multilayer and Grazing Incidence X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Projection Lithography, R. B. Hoover, A. B. Walker, eds., Proc. SPIE1742, 614–620 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, H.

K. Murakami, H. Nakamura, T. Ohisino, M. Ohtani, H. Nagata, “Characterization of molybdenum/silicon multilayers deposited by ion beam sputtering and rf magnetron sputtering,” in Multilayer and Grazing Incidence X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Projection Lithography, R. B. Hoover, A. B. Walker, eds., Proc. SPIE1742, 614–620 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Neupert, W. M.

J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Delaboudinere, G. E. Gabriel, G. E. Artzner, F. Millier, D. J. Michels, K. P. Dere, R. A. Howard, R. W. Kerplin, R. C. Catura, R. A. Stern, J. R. Lemen, W. M. Neupert, J. B. Gurman, P. Cugnon, A. Koeckelenbergh, E. L. Van Dessel, C. Jamar, A. Mausherat, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Marioge, “The extreme ultraviolet imaging telescope on board SOHO,” in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Microscopy, R. B. Hoover, ed., Proc. SPIE1160, 518–524, (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, H. S.

H. S. Ogawa, D. R. McMullin, D. L. Judge, “Normal incidence spectrophotometer with high-density transmission grating technology and high-efficiency silicon photodiodes for absolute solar extreme-ultraviolet irradiance measurement,” Opt. Eng. 32, 3121–3125 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ohisino, T.

K. Murakami, H. Nakamura, T. Ohisino, M. Ohtani, H. Nagata, “Characterization of molybdenum/silicon multilayers deposited by ion beam sputtering and rf magnetron sputtering,” in Multilayer and Grazing Incidence X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Projection Lithography, R. B. Hoover, A. B. Walker, eds., Proc. SPIE1742, 614–620 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ohtani, M.

K. Murakami, H. Nakamura, T. Ohisino, M. Ohtani, H. Nagata, “Characterization of molybdenum/silicon multilayers deposited by ion beam sputtering and rf magnetron sputtering,” in Multilayer and Grazing Incidence X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Projection Lithography, R. B. Hoover, A. B. Walker, eds., Proc. SPIE1742, 614–620 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Rochus, P.

J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Roussel-Dupre, D.

B. W. Smith, J. J. Bloch, D. Roussel-Dupre, “Metal multilayer mirrors for EUV wide field telescopes,” in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Microscopy, R. B. Hoover, ed., Proc. SPIE1160, 171–175 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sakai, K.

S. Morita, J. Fujita, K. Fukui, K. Sakai, M. Watanabe, E. Ishiguro, K. Yamashita, “Fusion and plasma diagnostic center-synchrotron radiation experiment (I),” (Institute of Plasma Physics, Nagoya University, 1987).

Shing, L.

J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Smith, B. W.

B. W. Smith, J. J. Bloch, D. Roussel-Dupre, “Metal multilayer mirrors for EUV wide field telescopes,” in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Microscopy, R. B. Hoover, ed., Proc. SPIE1160, 171–175 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Song, X. Y.

J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Spiller, E.

E. Spiller, Soft X-ray Optics (SPIE Press, Bellingham, Wash., 1994).
[CrossRef]

Stern, R. A.

J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Delaboudinere, G. E. Gabriel, G. E. Artzner, F. Millier, D. J. Michels, K. P. Dere, R. A. Howard, R. W. Kerplin, R. C. Catura, R. A. Stern, J. R. Lemen, W. M. Neupert, J. B. Gurman, P. Cugnon, A. Koeckelenbergh, E. L. Van Dessel, C. Jamar, A. Mausherat, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Marioge, “The extreme ultraviolet imaging telescope on board SOHO,” in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Microscopy, R. B. Hoover, ed., Proc. SPIE1160, 518–524, (1989).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, R. J.

J. W. Brosius, J. M. Davila, R. J. Thomas, “Measuring active and quiet-sun coronal plasma properties with extreme-ultraviolet spectra from SERTS,” Astrophys. J. Sup. Ser. 106, 143–1164 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Valiergue, L.

J. P. Delaboudinere, J. F. Hochedez, J. P. Chauvineau, L. Valiergue, “Tuning multilayered mirrors light traps for rejection of 30.4-nm radiation,” in Multilayer and Grazing Incidence X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Projection Lithography, R. B. Hoover, A. B. Walker, eds., Proc. SPIE1742, 296–303 (1994).
[CrossRef]

van den Oord, G. H. J.

R. Mewe, J. R. Lemen, G. H. J. van den Oord, “Calculated X-radiation form optically thin plasmas. VI. Improved calculations for continuum emission and approximation formulae for nonrelativistic average Gaunt factors,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 65, 511–536 (1986).

R. Mewe, E. H. B. M. Gronenschild, G. H. J. van den Oord, “Calculated X-radiation form optically thin plasmas. V,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 62, 197–254 (1985).

Van Dessel, E. L.

J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Delaboudinere, G. E. Gabriel, G. E. Artzner, F. Millier, D. J. Michels, K. P. Dere, R. A. Howard, R. W. Kerplin, R. C. Catura, R. A. Stern, J. R. Lemen, W. M. Neupert, J. B. Gurman, P. Cugnon, A. Koeckelenbergh, E. L. Van Dessel, C. Jamar, A. Mausherat, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Marioge, “The extreme ultraviolet imaging telescope on board SOHO,” in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Microscopy, R. B. Hoover, ed., Proc. SPIE1160, 518–524, (1989).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, M.

S. Morita, J. Fujita, K. Fukui, K. Sakai, M. Watanabe, E. Ishiguro, K. Yamashita, “Fusion and plasma diagnostic center-synchrotron radiation experiment (I),” (Institute of Plasma Physics, Nagoya University, 1987).

Yamashita, K.

S. Morita, J. Fujita, K. Fukui, K. Sakai, M. Watanabe, E. Ishiguro, K. Yamashita, “Fusion and plasma diagnostic center-synchrotron radiation experiment (I),” (Institute of Plasma Physics, Nagoya University, 1987).

Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. (2)

R. Mewe, E. H. B. M. Gronenschild, G. H. J. van den Oord, “Calculated X-radiation form optically thin plasmas. V,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 62, 197–254 (1985).

R. Mewe, J. R. Lemen, G. H. J. van den Oord, “Calculated X-radiation form optically thin plasmas. VI. Improved calculations for continuum emission and approximation formulae for nonrelativistic average Gaunt factors,” Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 65, 511–536 (1986).

Astrophys. J. Sup. Ser. (1)

J. W. Brosius, J. M. Davila, R. J. Thomas, “Measuring active and quiet-sun coronal plasma properties with extreme-ultraviolet spectra from SERTS,” Astrophys. J. Sup. Ser. 106, 143–1164 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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Opt. Eng. (1)

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J. P. Delaboudiniere, G. E. Artzner, J. Brunaud, A. H. Gabriel, J. F. Hochedez, F. Millier, X. Y. Song, B. Au, K. P. Deeper, R. A. Howard, R. Kreplin, D. J. Michels, J. D. Moses, J. M. Defise, C. Jamar, P. Rochus, J. P. Chauvineau, J. P. Morioge, R. C. Catura, J. R. Lemen, L. Shing, R. A. Stern, J. B. Gurman, W. M. Neupert, A. Maucherat, F. Clette, P. Cugono, E. L. Van Dessel, “EIT: Extreme-ultraviolet imaging telescope for the SOHO Mission,” Sol. Phys. 162, 291–312 (1995).
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J. P. Delaboudinere, J. F. Hochedez, J. P. Chauvineau, L. Valiergue, “Tuning multilayered mirrors light traps for rejection of 30.4-nm radiation,” in Multilayer and Grazing Incidence X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Projection Lithography, R. B. Hoover, A. B. Walker, eds., Proc. SPIE1742, 296–303 (1994).
[CrossRef]

B. W. Smith, J. J. Bloch, D. Roussel-Dupre, “Metal multilayer mirrors for EUV wide field telescopes,” in X-Ray/EUV Optics for Astronomy and Microscopy, R. B. Hoover, ed., Proc. SPIE1160, 171–175 (1989).
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E. Spiller, Soft X-ray Optics (SPIE Press, Bellingham, Wash., 1994).
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[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Temperature sensitivity of various emission lines observed with varying wavelength resolution. The profiles depend on the wavelength resolution λ/Δλ, and high wavelength resolution is necessary to isolate a single-temperature component.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated reflectivity profile of the fabricated multilayers for 284 Å.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Fig. 3. Dispersion profile of the 284-Å beam from the plane grating monochromator: (a) measurement without an aluminum filter, (b) measurement with a 1000-Å Al filter. Higher-order lines are removed by the aluminum filter.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured grazing-incidence x-ray diffraction profile (dotted line) at 1.54 Å and the calculated curves (solid line) fitted to the measurements.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured reflectivity profile around the peak reflectivity (Γ = 0.2); θ, angle of incidence (near normal). Measurements were carried out at three different angles of 80.0°, 85.0°, and 89.0°.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Measured reflectivity profile around the peak reflectivity (Γ = 0.4); θ, angle of incidence (near normal). Measurements were carried out at three different angles of 80.0°, 85.0°, and 89.0°.

Tables (4)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Emission Line Candidates for the Temperature Diagnostics of Cosmic High-Temperature Plasmasa

Tables Icon

Table 2 Design Parameters of the Multilayersa

Tables Icon

Table 3 Structure Parameters Obtained from the Grazing-Incidence X-ray Diffraction Measurement at the Copper K-α Linea

Tables Icon

Table 4 Measured and Calculated Peak Wavelength λpeak, Peak Reflectivity Rpeak, and Wavelength Resolution λ/Δλ (Δλ = FWHM Width of the Reflectivity Profile) as a Function of the Incident Anglea

Equations (11)

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λΔλ=mNeff,
INIi=exp-μdNeff1,
R=Neffnr-nsnr+ns2  Neffδr-δs24,
μ=Γμr+1-Γμs=Γμr-μs+μs.
RmsRcal=exp-4πsin θλσ2=exp-2πσd2.
λpeak=2d sin θ1-2δ-δ2sin2 θ1/2,
Δλpeak=2dδ-1Δdd-2dδΔδδ182Δdd-18Δδδ,
n=1-δ-iβ,
δ=reλ2Naρ2πA f1,
β=reλ2Naρ2πA f2,
μ=4πλ β.

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