Abstract

We report measurements of the wavelength dependence of the 3400-cm-1 Raman scattering cross section of liquid water for excitation wavelengths between 215 and 550 nm. Using previous measurements of the absolute Raman scattering cross section, we have determined an expression for the wavelength dependence of the absolute Raman cross section for water.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. B. R. Marshall, R. C. Smith, “Raman scattering and in-water ocean optical properties,” Appl. Opt. 29, 71–84 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. G. W. Faris, R. A. Copeland, K. Mortelmans, B. V. Bronk, “Spectrally resolved absolute fluorescence cross sections for bacillus spores,” Appl. Opt. 36, 958–967 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. H. Brooker, G. Hancock, B. C. Rice, J. Shapter, “Raman frequency and intensity studies of liquid H2O, H218O and D2O,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 20, 683–694 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. H. Chang, L. A. Young, “Seawater temperature measurements from Raman spectra,” (Advanced Research Projects Agency, Arlington, Va., July1972).
  5. N. P. Romanov, V. S. Shuklin, “Raman scattering cross section of liquid water,” Opt. Spectrosc. 48, 646–648 (1975).
  6. I. I. Kondilenko, P. A. Korotkov, V. A. Klimenko, O. P. Demyanenko, “Transverse cross section of the Raman scattering of the ν1 vibration of the water molecule in the liquid and gaseous states,” Opt. Spectrosc. 43, 384–386 (1977).
  7. R. B. Slusher, V. E. Derr, “Temperature dependence and cross sections of some Stokes and anti-Stokes Raman lines in ice Ih,” Appl. Opt. 14, 2116–2120 (1975).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. Sugihara, M. Kishino, M. Okami, “Contribution of Raman scattering to upward irradiance in the sea,” J. Oceanogr. Soc. Jpn. 40, 397–404 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. M. Penney, M. Lapp, “Raman-scattering cross sections for water vapor,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 422–425 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. Abe, M. Ito, “Effects of hydrogen bonding on the Raman intensities of methanol, ethanol, and water,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 7, 161–167 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. Schiebener, J. Straub, J. M. H. L. Sengers, J. S. Gallagher, “Refractive index of water and steam as function of wavelength, temperature and density,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 19, 677–717 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  12. W. K. Bischel, G. Black, “Wavelength dependence of Raman scattering cross sections from 200–600 nm,” in Excimer Lasers-1983, C. K. Rhodes, H. Egger, H. Pummer, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1983), pp. 181–187.

1997 (1)

1990 (2)

B. R. Marshall, R. C. Smith, “Raman scattering and in-water ocean optical properties,” Appl. Opt. 29, 71–84 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Schiebener, J. Straub, J. M. H. L. Sengers, J. S. Gallagher, “Refractive index of water and steam as function of wavelength, temperature and density,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 19, 677–717 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

M. H. Brooker, G. Hancock, B. C. Rice, J. Shapter, “Raman frequency and intensity studies of liquid H2O, H218O and D2O,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 20, 683–694 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

S. Sugihara, M. Kishino, M. Okami, “Contribution of Raman scattering to upward irradiance in the sea,” J. Oceanogr. Soc. Jpn. 40, 397–404 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

N. Abe, M. Ito, “Effects of hydrogen bonding on the Raman intensities of methanol, ethanol, and water,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 7, 161–167 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

I. I. Kondilenko, P. A. Korotkov, V. A. Klimenko, O. P. Demyanenko, “Transverse cross section of the Raman scattering of the ν1 vibration of the water molecule in the liquid and gaseous states,” Opt. Spectrosc. 43, 384–386 (1977).

1976 (1)

1975 (2)

R. B. Slusher, V. E. Derr, “Temperature dependence and cross sections of some Stokes and anti-Stokes Raman lines in ice Ih,” Appl. Opt. 14, 2116–2120 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. P. Romanov, V. S. Shuklin, “Raman scattering cross section of liquid water,” Opt. Spectrosc. 48, 646–648 (1975).

Abe, N.

N. Abe, M. Ito, “Effects of hydrogen bonding on the Raman intensities of methanol, ethanol, and water,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 7, 161–167 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Bischel, W. K.

W. K. Bischel, G. Black, “Wavelength dependence of Raman scattering cross sections from 200–600 nm,” in Excimer Lasers-1983, C. K. Rhodes, H. Egger, H. Pummer, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1983), pp. 181–187.

Black, G.

W. K. Bischel, G. Black, “Wavelength dependence of Raman scattering cross sections from 200–600 nm,” in Excimer Lasers-1983, C. K. Rhodes, H. Egger, H. Pummer, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1983), pp. 181–187.

Bronk, B. V.

Brooker, M. H.

M. H. Brooker, G. Hancock, B. C. Rice, J. Shapter, “Raman frequency and intensity studies of liquid H2O, H218O and D2O,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 20, 683–694 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Chang, C. H.

C. H. Chang, L. A. Young, “Seawater temperature measurements from Raman spectra,” (Advanced Research Projects Agency, Arlington, Va., July1972).

Copeland, R. A.

Demyanenko, O. P.

I. I. Kondilenko, P. A. Korotkov, V. A. Klimenko, O. P. Demyanenko, “Transverse cross section of the Raman scattering of the ν1 vibration of the water molecule in the liquid and gaseous states,” Opt. Spectrosc. 43, 384–386 (1977).

Derr, V. E.

Faris, G. W.

Gallagher, J. S.

P. Schiebener, J. Straub, J. M. H. L. Sengers, J. S. Gallagher, “Refractive index of water and steam as function of wavelength, temperature and density,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 19, 677–717 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hancock, G.

M. H. Brooker, G. Hancock, B. C. Rice, J. Shapter, “Raman frequency and intensity studies of liquid H2O, H218O and D2O,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 20, 683–694 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ito, M.

N. Abe, M. Ito, “Effects of hydrogen bonding on the Raman intensities of methanol, ethanol, and water,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 7, 161–167 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Kishino, M.

S. Sugihara, M. Kishino, M. Okami, “Contribution of Raman scattering to upward irradiance in the sea,” J. Oceanogr. Soc. Jpn. 40, 397–404 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Klimenko, V. A.

I. I. Kondilenko, P. A. Korotkov, V. A. Klimenko, O. P. Demyanenko, “Transverse cross section of the Raman scattering of the ν1 vibration of the water molecule in the liquid and gaseous states,” Opt. Spectrosc. 43, 384–386 (1977).

Kondilenko, I. I.

I. I. Kondilenko, P. A. Korotkov, V. A. Klimenko, O. P. Demyanenko, “Transverse cross section of the Raman scattering of the ν1 vibration of the water molecule in the liquid and gaseous states,” Opt. Spectrosc. 43, 384–386 (1977).

Korotkov, P. A.

I. I. Kondilenko, P. A. Korotkov, V. A. Klimenko, O. P. Demyanenko, “Transverse cross section of the Raman scattering of the ν1 vibration of the water molecule in the liquid and gaseous states,” Opt. Spectrosc. 43, 384–386 (1977).

Lapp, M.

Marshall, B. R.

Mortelmans, K.

Okami, M.

S. Sugihara, M. Kishino, M. Okami, “Contribution of Raman scattering to upward irradiance in the sea,” J. Oceanogr. Soc. Jpn. 40, 397–404 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Penney, C. M.

Rice, B. C.

M. H. Brooker, G. Hancock, B. C. Rice, J. Shapter, “Raman frequency and intensity studies of liquid H2O, H218O and D2O,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 20, 683–694 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Romanov, N. P.

N. P. Romanov, V. S. Shuklin, “Raman scattering cross section of liquid water,” Opt. Spectrosc. 48, 646–648 (1975).

Schiebener, P.

P. Schiebener, J. Straub, J. M. H. L. Sengers, J. S. Gallagher, “Refractive index of water and steam as function of wavelength, temperature and density,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 19, 677–717 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sengers, J. M. H. L.

P. Schiebener, J. Straub, J. M. H. L. Sengers, J. S. Gallagher, “Refractive index of water and steam as function of wavelength, temperature and density,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 19, 677–717 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shapter, J.

M. H. Brooker, G. Hancock, B. C. Rice, J. Shapter, “Raman frequency and intensity studies of liquid H2O, H218O and D2O,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 20, 683–694 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Shuklin, V. S.

N. P. Romanov, V. S. Shuklin, “Raman scattering cross section of liquid water,” Opt. Spectrosc. 48, 646–648 (1975).

Slusher, R. B.

Smith, R. C.

Straub, J.

P. Schiebener, J. Straub, J. M. H. L. Sengers, J. S. Gallagher, “Refractive index of water and steam as function of wavelength, temperature and density,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 19, 677–717 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sugihara, S.

S. Sugihara, M. Kishino, M. Okami, “Contribution of Raman scattering to upward irradiance in the sea,” J. Oceanogr. Soc. Jpn. 40, 397–404 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Young, L. A.

C. H. Chang, L. A. Young, “Seawater temperature measurements from Raman spectra,” (Advanced Research Projects Agency, Arlington, Va., July1972).

Appl. Opt. (3)

J. Oceanogr. Soc. Jpn. (1)

S. Sugihara, M. Kishino, M. Okami, “Contribution of Raman scattering to upward irradiance in the sea,” J. Oceanogr. Soc. Jpn. 40, 397–404 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data (1)

P. Schiebener, J. Straub, J. M. H. L. Sengers, J. S. Gallagher, “Refractive index of water and steam as function of wavelength, temperature and density,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 19, 677–717 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Raman Spectrosc. (2)

N. Abe, M. Ito, “Effects of hydrogen bonding on the Raman intensities of methanol, ethanol, and water,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 7, 161–167 (1978).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Brooker, G. Hancock, B. C. Rice, J. Shapter, “Raman frequency and intensity studies of liquid H2O, H218O and D2O,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 20, 683–694 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Spectrosc. (2)

N. P. Romanov, V. S. Shuklin, “Raman scattering cross section of liquid water,” Opt. Spectrosc. 48, 646–648 (1975).

I. I. Kondilenko, P. A. Korotkov, V. A. Klimenko, O. P. Demyanenko, “Transverse cross section of the Raman scattering of the ν1 vibration of the water molecule in the liquid and gaseous states,” Opt. Spectrosc. 43, 384–386 (1977).

Other (2)

C. H. Chang, L. A. Young, “Seawater temperature measurements from Raman spectra,” (Advanced Research Projects Agency, Arlington, Va., July1972).

W. K. Bischel, G. Black, “Wavelength dependence of Raman scattering cross sections from 200–600 nm,” in Excimer Lasers-1983, C. K. Rhodes, H. Egger, H. Pummer, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1983), pp. 181–187.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental apparatus for Raman scattering measurements.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Wavelength dependence of the Raman cross section for the 3400-cm-1 fundamental O–H stretch of liquid water. Where the error bars are omitted, they are typically less than the size of the points.

Equations (1)

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dσdΩ=Aνs4νi2-νp22,

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