Abstract

The effects of phase shifts in laser beams transmitted by output couplers with a stepwise reflectivity profile have been experimentally investigated with a XeCl laser. It is shown that the phase distortions of the cavity output coupler affect significantly the propagation properties of the output laser beam but do not affect the output beam energy and pulse width.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), pp. 913–922.
  2. S. De Silvestri, P. Laporta, V. Magni, O. Svelto, B. Majocchi, “Unstable laser resonators with super-Gaussian mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 13, 201–203 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. K. J. Snell, N. McCarthy, M. Piché, P. Lavigne, “Single transverse mode oscillation from an unstable resonator Nd:YAG laser using a variable reflectivity mirror,” Opt. Commun. 65, 377–382 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. A. Belanger, C. Paré, “Unstable laser resonators with a specified output profile by using a graded-reflectivity mirror: geometrical optics limit,” Opt. Commun. 109, 507–517 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. Lavigne, N. McCarthy, J. G. Demers, “Design and characterization of complementary Gaussian reflectivity mirrors,” Appl. Opt. 24, 2581–2586 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. Flori, M. R. Perrone, A. Piegari, S. Scaglione, “Graded reflectance mirrors and phase-unifying mirrors for XeCl lasers,” Pure Appl. Opt. 3, 417–426 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Piché, D. Catin, “Enhancement of modal feedback in unstable resonators using mirrors with a phase step,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1135–1137 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. K. Yasui, M. Tanaka, S. Yagi, “Unstable resonators with phase-unifying coupler for high-power lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 530–531 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. Giuri, M. R. Perrone, D. Flori, A. Piegari, S. Scaglione, “Phase-unifying mirrors as output couplers of XeCl laser resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 655–658 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. V. B. Kaul’, S. V. Mel’chenko, M. R. Perrone, A. Piegari, V. F. Tarasenko, “Near diffraction limited output from a 100 ns XeCl laser fitted with a phase-unifying-cavity,” J. Mod. Opt. 42, 2229–2237 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. Yasui, “Laser resonators with phase-unifying couplers for high power lasers,” Pure Appl. Opt. 3, 593–599 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. Giuri, M. R. Perrone, V. Piccinno, “Output coupler design of unstable cavities for excimer lasers,” Appl. Opt. 36, 1143–1148 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

1995 (1)

V. B. Kaul’, S. V. Mel’chenko, M. R. Perrone, A. Piegari, V. F. Tarasenko, “Near diffraction limited output from a 100 ns XeCl laser fitted with a phase-unifying-cavity,” J. Mod. Opt. 42, 2229–2237 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (4)

K. Yasui, “Laser resonators with phase-unifying couplers for high power lasers,” Pure Appl. Opt. 3, 593–599 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. Flori, M. R. Perrone, A. Piegari, S. Scaglione, “Graded reflectance mirrors and phase-unifying mirrors for XeCl lasers,” Pure Appl. Opt. 3, 417–426 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Belanger, C. Paré, “Unstable laser resonators with a specified output profile by using a graded-reflectivity mirror: geometrical optics limit,” Opt. Commun. 109, 507–517 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. Giuri, M. R. Perrone, D. Flori, A. Piegari, S. Scaglione, “Phase-unifying mirrors as output couplers of XeCl laser resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 655–658 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1988 (3)

K. Yasui, M. Tanaka, S. Yagi, “Unstable resonators with phase-unifying coupler for high-power lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 530–531 (1988).
[CrossRef]

S. De Silvestri, P. Laporta, V. Magni, O. Svelto, B. Majocchi, “Unstable laser resonators with super-Gaussian mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 13, 201–203 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Snell, N. McCarthy, M. Piché, P. Lavigne, “Single transverse mode oscillation from an unstable resonator Nd:YAG laser using a variable reflectivity mirror,” Opt. Commun. 65, 377–382 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

Belanger, P. A.

P. A. Belanger, C. Paré, “Unstable laser resonators with a specified output profile by using a graded-reflectivity mirror: geometrical optics limit,” Opt. Commun. 109, 507–517 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Catin, D.

De Silvestri, S.

Demers, J. G.

Flori, D.

D. Flori, M. R. Perrone, A. Piegari, S. Scaglione, “Graded reflectance mirrors and phase-unifying mirrors for XeCl lasers,” Pure Appl. Opt. 3, 417–426 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. Giuri, M. R. Perrone, D. Flori, A. Piegari, S. Scaglione, “Phase-unifying mirrors as output couplers of XeCl laser resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 655–658 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Giuri, C.

C. Giuri, M. R. Perrone, V. Piccinno, “Output coupler design of unstable cavities for excimer lasers,” Appl. Opt. 36, 1143–1148 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Giuri, M. R. Perrone, D. Flori, A. Piegari, S. Scaglione, “Phase-unifying mirrors as output couplers of XeCl laser resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 655–658 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kaul’, V. B.

V. B. Kaul’, S. V. Mel’chenko, M. R. Perrone, A. Piegari, V. F. Tarasenko, “Near diffraction limited output from a 100 ns XeCl laser fitted with a phase-unifying-cavity,” J. Mod. Opt. 42, 2229–2237 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Laporta, P.

Lavigne, P.

K. J. Snell, N. McCarthy, M. Piché, P. Lavigne, “Single transverse mode oscillation from an unstable resonator Nd:YAG laser using a variable reflectivity mirror,” Opt. Commun. 65, 377–382 (1988).
[CrossRef]

P. Lavigne, N. McCarthy, J. G. Demers, “Design and characterization of complementary Gaussian reflectivity mirrors,” Appl. Opt. 24, 2581–2586 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Magni, V.

Majocchi, B.

McCarthy, N.

K. J. Snell, N. McCarthy, M. Piché, P. Lavigne, “Single transverse mode oscillation from an unstable resonator Nd:YAG laser using a variable reflectivity mirror,” Opt. Commun. 65, 377–382 (1988).
[CrossRef]

P. Lavigne, N. McCarthy, J. G. Demers, “Design and characterization of complementary Gaussian reflectivity mirrors,” Appl. Opt. 24, 2581–2586 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mel’chenko, S. V.

V. B. Kaul’, S. V. Mel’chenko, M. R. Perrone, A. Piegari, V. F. Tarasenko, “Near diffraction limited output from a 100 ns XeCl laser fitted with a phase-unifying-cavity,” J. Mod. Opt. 42, 2229–2237 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Paré, C.

P. A. Belanger, C. Paré, “Unstable laser resonators with a specified output profile by using a graded-reflectivity mirror: geometrical optics limit,” Opt. Commun. 109, 507–517 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Perrone, M. R.

C. Giuri, M. R. Perrone, V. Piccinno, “Output coupler design of unstable cavities for excimer lasers,” Appl. Opt. 36, 1143–1148 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. B. Kaul’, S. V. Mel’chenko, M. R. Perrone, A. Piegari, V. F. Tarasenko, “Near diffraction limited output from a 100 ns XeCl laser fitted with a phase-unifying-cavity,” J. Mod. Opt. 42, 2229–2237 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Giuri, M. R. Perrone, D. Flori, A. Piegari, S. Scaglione, “Phase-unifying mirrors as output couplers of XeCl laser resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 655–658 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. Flori, M. R. Perrone, A. Piegari, S. Scaglione, “Graded reflectance mirrors and phase-unifying mirrors for XeCl lasers,” Pure Appl. Opt. 3, 417–426 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Piccinno, V.

Piché, M.

M. Piché, D. Catin, “Enhancement of modal feedback in unstable resonators using mirrors with a phase step,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1135–1137 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Snell, N. McCarthy, M. Piché, P. Lavigne, “Single transverse mode oscillation from an unstable resonator Nd:YAG laser using a variable reflectivity mirror,” Opt. Commun. 65, 377–382 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Piegari, A.

V. B. Kaul’, S. V. Mel’chenko, M. R. Perrone, A. Piegari, V. F. Tarasenko, “Near diffraction limited output from a 100 ns XeCl laser fitted with a phase-unifying-cavity,” J. Mod. Opt. 42, 2229–2237 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Giuri, M. R. Perrone, D. Flori, A. Piegari, S. Scaglione, “Phase-unifying mirrors as output couplers of XeCl laser resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 655–658 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. Flori, M. R. Perrone, A. Piegari, S. Scaglione, “Graded reflectance mirrors and phase-unifying mirrors for XeCl lasers,” Pure Appl. Opt. 3, 417–426 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Scaglione, S.

D. Flori, M. R. Perrone, A. Piegari, S. Scaglione, “Graded reflectance mirrors and phase-unifying mirrors for XeCl lasers,” Pure Appl. Opt. 3, 417–426 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. Giuri, M. R. Perrone, D. Flori, A. Piegari, S. Scaglione, “Phase-unifying mirrors as output couplers of XeCl laser resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 655–658 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), pp. 913–922.

Snell, K. J.

K. J. Snell, N. McCarthy, M. Piché, P. Lavigne, “Single transverse mode oscillation from an unstable resonator Nd:YAG laser using a variable reflectivity mirror,” Opt. Commun. 65, 377–382 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Svelto, O.

Tanaka, M.

K. Yasui, M. Tanaka, S. Yagi, “Unstable resonators with phase-unifying coupler for high-power lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 530–531 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Tarasenko, V. F.

V. B. Kaul’, S. V. Mel’chenko, M. R. Perrone, A. Piegari, V. F. Tarasenko, “Near diffraction limited output from a 100 ns XeCl laser fitted with a phase-unifying-cavity,” J. Mod. Opt. 42, 2229–2237 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yagi, S.

K. Yasui, M. Tanaka, S. Yagi, “Unstable resonators with phase-unifying coupler for high-power lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 530–531 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Yasui, K.

K. Yasui, “Laser resonators with phase-unifying couplers for high power lasers,” Pure Appl. Opt. 3, 593–599 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Yasui, M. Tanaka, S. Yagi, “Unstable resonators with phase-unifying coupler for high-power lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 530–531 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

K. Yasui, M. Tanaka, S. Yagi, “Unstable resonators with phase-unifying coupler for high-power lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 530–531 (1988).
[CrossRef]

C. Giuri, M. R. Perrone, D. Flori, A. Piegari, S. Scaglione, “Phase-unifying mirrors as output couplers of XeCl laser resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 655–658 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

V. B. Kaul’, S. V. Mel’chenko, M. R. Perrone, A. Piegari, V. F. Tarasenko, “Near diffraction limited output from a 100 ns XeCl laser fitted with a phase-unifying-cavity,” J. Mod. Opt. 42, 2229–2237 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

K. J. Snell, N. McCarthy, M. Piché, P. Lavigne, “Single transverse mode oscillation from an unstable resonator Nd:YAG laser using a variable reflectivity mirror,” Opt. Commun. 65, 377–382 (1988).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Belanger, C. Paré, “Unstable laser resonators with a specified output profile by using a graded-reflectivity mirror: geometrical optics limit,” Opt. Commun. 109, 507–517 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Pure Appl. Opt. (2)

D. Flori, M. R. Perrone, A. Piegari, S. Scaglione, “Graded reflectance mirrors and phase-unifying mirrors for XeCl lasers,” Pure Appl. Opt. 3, 417–426 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Yasui, “Laser resonators with phase-unifying couplers for high power lasers,” Pure Appl. Opt. 3, 593–599 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), pp. 913–922.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Coating structure and phase variation for (a) the PU mirror and (b) the SR mirror.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Time evolution of the laser pulse at a charging voltage of Va = 38 kV.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Normalized intensity profiles of the output laser beam a few centimeters from the output coupler and at different times from the onset of the laser pulse for the SR unstable cavity (upper traces) and for the PU unstable cavity (lower traces). The solid curves represent interpolating curves.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Intensity profiles of the output beam at (a) 9 m, (b) 19 m, (c) 31 from the output coupler for the SR unstable cavity (upper traces) and for the PU unstable cavity (lower traces).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Percentage of energy transmitted through calibrated apertures at the focus of a 10-m lens for the PU unstable cavity (filled circles) and for the SR unstable cavity (open circles).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Normalized far-field intensity profiles at different times from the onset of the laser pulse for the SR unstable cavity (upper traces) and for the PU unstable cavity (lower traces). The solid curves represent interpolating curves.

Metrics