Abstract

We address the problem of shaping the radiant intensity distribution of a highly nonparaxial coherent field by means of a diffractive element located in the plane of the beam waist. To be capable of wide-angle energy redistribution the element must necessarily contain wavelength-scale transverse features, and consequently it must be designed on the basis of rigorous diffraction theory. We consider, in particular, wide-angle Gaussian to flat-top beam shaping in one dimension. Scalar designs are provided and their validity is evaluated by rigorous diffraction theory, which is also used for optimization deep inside the nonparaxial domain, where the scalar designs fail. Experimental verification is provided by means of electron-beam lithography.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (8)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (10)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription