Abstract

The design of a bigrating for use as a beam splitter is presented. It is based on a rigorous formulation of plane-wave scattering by a bigrating that is composed of two individual gratings oriented in different directions. Numerical results are carried out to optimize the design of a bigrating to perform 1 × 4 beam splitting in two dimensions and to examine its fabrication and operation tolerances. It is found that a bigrating can be designed to perform two functions: beam splitting and polarization purification.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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