Abstract

We report generation of broadly tunable (2.5–4 μm), narrow-band (0.04–0.35 cm−1) pulsed infrared radiation through a nanosecond optical parametric amplifier based on potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) pumped by the second harmonic of a 10-Hz Nd:YAG laser. Input radiation at signal wavelengths of 615–662 nm was derived from a pulsed tunable dye laser system. Advantages of this device are simplicity, the broad range of infrared wavelengths to which a single dye in the dye laser provides access, and conversion efficiencies > 10% at modest levels (< 150 μJ) of input radiation.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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  1. See, e.g., J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10 (1993);T. Y. Fan, B. H. T. Chai, eds., Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 431–488.
  2. V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals,(Springer, New York, 1991).
  3. S. J. Brosnan, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–431 (1979).
  4. D. W. Michael, K. Kolenbrander, J. M. Lisy, “New cavity design for a LiNbO3 optical parametric oscillator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1210–1212 (1986).
  5. T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, J. D. McDonald, “A scanning, single mode LiNbO3 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 69, 289–293 (1989).
  6. W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, C. L. Tang, “High-efficiency and narrow-linewidth operation of a two-crystal β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952–1954 (1990).
  7. W. R. Bosenberg, D. R. Guyer, S. E. Moody, “Single-frequency optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 368–369.
  8. W. R. Bosenberg, D. R. Guyer, “Broadly tunable, single frequency optical parametric frequency-conversion system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1716–1722 (1993).
  9. J. E. Bjorkholm, H. G. Danielmeyer, “Frequency control of a pulsed optical parametric oscillator by radiation injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 171–173 (1969);E. S. Cassedy, M. Jain, “A theoretical study of injection tuning of optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15,1290–1301 (1979).
  10. See, e.g.,Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckherdt, R. L. Beyer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial-mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014–2016 (1988);J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, R. Wallenstein, “Continuously tunable, injection seeded β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: spectroscopic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett.58, 1718–1720 (1991);A. Fix, T. Schröder, R. Wallenstein, J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, “Tunable β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: operating characteristics with and without injection seeding,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1744–1750 (1993);A. D. Fix, G. Goeritz, R. Urschel, D. Wildt, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, “Single-mode optical parametric oscillation system of BBO and KNbO3 tunable from the visible (0.42 μm) to the infrared,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, T. Y. Fan, B. H. T. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 458–460.
  11. D. C. Hovde, J. H. Timmermans, G. Scoles, K. K. Lehmann, “High power injection seeded optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 86, 294–300 (1991).
  12. N. P. Barnes, K. E. Murray, G. H. Watson, “Injection-seeded optical parametric oscillator,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, L. L. Chase, A. A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 356–360.
  13. C. E. Hamilton, W. R. Bosenberg, “Single-frequency injection-seeded KTP ring cavity optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 370–371.
  14. F. Huisken, A. Kulcke, D. Voelkel, C. Laush, J. M. Lisy, “A new infrared injection seeded optical parametric oscillator with high energy and narrow bandwidth output,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 805–807 (1993).
  15. M. J. T. Milton, T. D. Gardiner, G. Chourdakis, P. T. Woods, “Injection seeding of an infrared optical parametric oscillator with a tunable diode laser,” Opt. Lett. 19, 281–283 (1994).
  16. W. J. Alford, T. D. Raymond, A. V. Smith, “Characterization of a ring optical parametric oscillator,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, T. Y. Fan, B. H. T. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 476–479.
  17. B. P. Boczar, W. J. Scharpf, “Injection seeded optical parametric oscillator operating in the region of 486.1 nm,” Appl. Opt. 33, 979–981 (1994).
  18. R.A. Baumgartner, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 432–443 (1979).
  19. J. Q. Yao, T. S. Fahlen, “Calculations of optimum phase match parameters for the biaxial crystal KTiOPO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 55, 65–67 (1984).
  20. J. D. Bierlein, H. Vanherzeele, “Potassium titanyl phosphate: properties and new applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 622–633 (1989).
  21. R. Burnham, R. A. Stolzenberger, A. Pinto, “Infrared optical parametric oscillator in potassium titanyl phosphate,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 1, 27–28 (1989).
  22. K. Kato, “Parametric oscillation at 3.2 μm in KTP pumped at 1.064 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1137–1139 (1991).
  23. H. He, Q. Zhao, J. Guo, Y. Lu, Y. Liu, J. Wang, “Picosecond optical parametric generation in flux grown KTP,” Opt. Commun. 87, 33–35 (1992).
  24. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1980), p. 686.
  25. R. L. Byer, R. L. Herbst, “Parametric oscillation and mixing,” in Nonlinear Infrared Generation, Y. R. Shen, ed., Vol. 16 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), Chap. 3, pp. 96–97.
  26. W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Type II phase matching in a β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1819–1821 (1990).
  27. See, e.g.,Y. H. Pao, ed., Opto-Acoustic Spectroscopy and Detection (Academic, New York, 1977).
  28. W. J. Lafferty, R. J. Thibault, “High resolution infrared spectra of 12C2H2, 12C13CH2, and 13C2H2,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 14, 79–96 (1964).
  29. D. Guyer, Laservision, Inc., Bellevue, Wash. (personal communication, 1995).
  30. J. M. Boon-Engering, W. E. van der Veer, J. W. Gerritsen, W. Hogervorst, “Bandwidth studies of an injection-seeded β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 20, 380–382 (1995).
  31. M. J. Johnson, J. G. Haub, B. J. Orr, “Continuously tunable narrow-band operation of an injection-seeded ring-cavity optical parametric oscillator: spectroscopic applications,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1277–1279 (1995).
  32. J. F. Black, J. J. Valentini, “Compact, high-gain pulsed dye amplifier for weak cw sources,” Appl. Opt. 33, 3861–3864 (1994).
  33. W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, J. D. Bierlein, “Optical parametric frequency conversion properties of KTiOAsO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2765–2767 (1994);A. H. Kung, “Efficient conversion of high-power narrow-band Ti:sapphire laser radiation to the mid-infrared in KTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1107–1109 (1995).

1995 (2)

1994 (4)

B. P. Boczar, W. J. Scharpf, “Injection seeded optical parametric oscillator operating in the region of 486.1 nm,” Appl. Opt. 33, 979–981 (1994).

J. F. Black, J. J. Valentini, “Compact, high-gain pulsed dye amplifier for weak cw sources,” Appl. Opt. 33, 3861–3864 (1994).

M. J. T. Milton, T. D. Gardiner, G. Chourdakis, P. T. Woods, “Injection seeding of an infrared optical parametric oscillator with a tunable diode laser,” Opt. Lett. 19, 281–283 (1994).

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, J. D. Bierlein, “Optical parametric frequency conversion properties of KTiOAsO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2765–2767 (1994);A. H. Kung, “Efficient conversion of high-power narrow-band Ti:sapphire laser radiation to the mid-infrared in KTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1107–1109 (1995).

1993 (3)

F. Huisken, A. Kulcke, D. Voelkel, C. Laush, J. M. Lisy, “A new infrared injection seeded optical parametric oscillator with high energy and narrow bandwidth output,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 805–807 (1993).

See, e.g., J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10 (1993);T. Y. Fan, B. H. T. Chai, eds., Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 431–488.

W. R. Bosenberg, D. R. Guyer, “Broadly tunable, single frequency optical parametric frequency-conversion system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1716–1722 (1993).

1992 (1)

H. He, Q. Zhao, J. Guo, Y. Lu, Y. Liu, J. Wang, “Picosecond optical parametric generation in flux grown KTP,” Opt. Commun. 87, 33–35 (1992).

1991 (2)

K. Kato, “Parametric oscillation at 3.2 μm in KTP pumped at 1.064 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1137–1139 (1991).

D. C. Hovde, J. H. Timmermans, G. Scoles, K. K. Lehmann, “High power injection seeded optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 86, 294–300 (1991).

1990 (2)

W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, C. L. Tang, “High-efficiency and narrow-linewidth operation of a two-crystal β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952–1954 (1990).

W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Type II phase matching in a β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1819–1821 (1990).

1989 (3)

R. Burnham, R. A. Stolzenberger, A. Pinto, “Infrared optical parametric oscillator in potassium titanyl phosphate,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 1, 27–28 (1989).

J. D. Bierlein, H. Vanherzeele, “Potassium titanyl phosphate: properties and new applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 622–633 (1989).

T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, J. D. McDonald, “A scanning, single mode LiNbO3 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 69, 289–293 (1989).

1988 (1)

See, e.g.,Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckherdt, R. L. Beyer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial-mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014–2016 (1988);J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, R. Wallenstein, “Continuously tunable, injection seeded β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: spectroscopic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett.58, 1718–1720 (1991);A. Fix, T. Schröder, R. Wallenstein, J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, “Tunable β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: operating characteristics with and without injection seeding,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1744–1750 (1993);A. D. Fix, G. Goeritz, R. Urschel, D. Wildt, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, “Single-mode optical parametric oscillation system of BBO and KNbO3 tunable from the visible (0.42 μm) to the infrared,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, T. Y. Fan, B. H. T. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 458–460.

1986 (1)

D. W. Michael, K. Kolenbrander, J. M. Lisy, “New cavity design for a LiNbO3 optical parametric oscillator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1210–1212 (1986).

1984 (1)

J. Q. Yao, T. S. Fahlen, “Calculations of optimum phase match parameters for the biaxial crystal KTiOPO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 55, 65–67 (1984).

1979 (2)

S. J. Brosnan, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–431 (1979).

R.A. Baumgartner, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 432–443 (1979).

1969 (1)

J. E. Bjorkholm, H. G. Danielmeyer, “Frequency control of a pulsed optical parametric oscillator by radiation injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 171–173 (1969);E. S. Cassedy, M. Jain, “A theoretical study of injection tuning of optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15,1290–1301 (1979).

1964 (1)

W. J. Lafferty, R. J. Thibault, “High resolution infrared spectra of 12C2H2, 12C13CH2, and 13C2H2,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 14, 79–96 (1964).

Alford, W. J.

W. J. Alford, T. D. Raymond, A. V. Smith, “Characterization of a ring optical parametric oscillator,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, T. Y. Fan, B. H. T. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 476–479.

Barnes, N. P.

N. P. Barnes, K. E. Murray, G. H. Watson, “Injection-seeded optical parametric oscillator,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, L. L. Chase, A. A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 356–360.

Baumgartner, R.A.

R.A. Baumgartner, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 432–443 (1979).

Beyer, R. L.

See, e.g.,Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckherdt, R. L. Beyer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial-mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014–2016 (1988);J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, R. Wallenstein, “Continuously tunable, injection seeded β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: spectroscopic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett.58, 1718–1720 (1991);A. Fix, T. Schröder, R. Wallenstein, J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, “Tunable β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: operating characteristics with and without injection seeding,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1744–1750 (1993);A. D. Fix, G. Goeritz, R. Urschel, D. Wildt, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, “Single-mode optical parametric oscillation system of BBO and KNbO3 tunable from the visible (0.42 μm) to the infrared,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, T. Y. Fan, B. H. T. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 458–460.

Bierlein, J. D.

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, J. D. Bierlein, “Optical parametric frequency conversion properties of KTiOAsO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2765–2767 (1994);A. H. Kung, “Efficient conversion of high-power narrow-band Ti:sapphire laser radiation to the mid-infrared in KTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1107–1109 (1995).

J. D. Bierlein, H. Vanherzeele, “Potassium titanyl phosphate: properties and new applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 622–633 (1989).

Bjorkholm, J. E.

J. E. Bjorkholm, H. G. Danielmeyer, “Frequency control of a pulsed optical parametric oscillator by radiation injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 171–173 (1969);E. S. Cassedy, M. Jain, “A theoretical study of injection tuning of optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15,1290–1301 (1979).

Black, J. F.

Boczar, B. P.

Boon-Engering, J. M.

Born, M.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1980), p. 686.

Bosenberg, W. R.

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, J. D. Bierlein, “Optical parametric frequency conversion properties of KTiOAsO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2765–2767 (1994);A. H. Kung, “Efficient conversion of high-power narrow-band Ti:sapphire laser radiation to the mid-infrared in KTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1107–1109 (1995).

W. R. Bosenberg, D. R. Guyer, “Broadly tunable, single frequency optical parametric frequency-conversion system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1716–1722 (1993).

W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Type II phase matching in a β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1819–1821 (1990).

W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, C. L. Tang, “High-efficiency and narrow-linewidth operation of a two-crystal β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952–1954 (1990).

C. E. Hamilton, W. R. Bosenberg, “Single-frequency injection-seeded KTP ring cavity optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 370–371.

W. R. Bosenberg, D. R. Guyer, S. E. Moody, “Single-frequency optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 368–369.

Brosnan, S. J.

S. J. Brosnan, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–431 (1979).

Burnham, R.

R. Burnham, R. A. Stolzenberger, A. Pinto, “Infrared optical parametric oscillator in potassium titanyl phosphate,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 1, 27–28 (1989).

Byer, R. L.

S. J. Brosnan, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–431 (1979).

R.A. Baumgartner, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 432–443 (1979).

R. L. Byer, R. L. Herbst, “Parametric oscillation and mixing,” in Nonlinear Infrared Generation, Y. R. Shen, ed., Vol. 16 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), Chap. 3, pp. 96–97.

Cheng, L. K.

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, J. D. Bierlein, “Optical parametric frequency conversion properties of KTiOAsO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2765–2767 (1994);A. H. Kung, “Efficient conversion of high-power narrow-band Ti:sapphire laser radiation to the mid-infrared in KTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1107–1109 (1995).

Chourdakis, G.

Danielmeyer, H. G.

J. E. Bjorkholm, H. G. Danielmeyer, “Frequency control of a pulsed optical parametric oscillator by radiation injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 171–173 (1969);E. S. Cassedy, M. Jain, “A theoretical study of injection tuning of optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15,1290–1301 (1979).

Dmitriev, V. G.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals,(Springer, New York, 1991).

Eckherdt, R. C.

See, e.g.,Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckherdt, R. L. Beyer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial-mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014–2016 (1988);J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, R. Wallenstein, “Continuously tunable, injection seeded β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: spectroscopic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett.58, 1718–1720 (1991);A. Fix, T. Schröder, R. Wallenstein, J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, “Tunable β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: operating characteristics with and without injection seeding,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1744–1750 (1993);A. D. Fix, G. Goeritz, R. Urschel, D. Wildt, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, “Single-mode optical parametric oscillation system of BBO and KNbO3 tunable from the visible (0.42 μm) to the infrared,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, T. Y. Fan, B. H. T. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 458–460.

Fahlen, T. S.

J. Q. Yao, T. S. Fahlen, “Calculations of optimum phase match parameters for the biaxial crystal KTiOPO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 55, 65–67 (1984).

Fan, Y. X.

See, e.g.,Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckherdt, R. L. Beyer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial-mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014–2016 (1988);J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, R. Wallenstein, “Continuously tunable, injection seeded β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: spectroscopic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett.58, 1718–1720 (1991);A. Fix, T. Schröder, R. Wallenstein, J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, “Tunable β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: operating characteristics with and without injection seeding,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1744–1750 (1993);A. D. Fix, G. Goeritz, R. Urschel, D. Wildt, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, “Single-mode optical parametric oscillation system of BBO and KNbO3 tunable from the visible (0.42 μm) to the infrared,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, T. Y. Fan, B. H. T. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 458–460.

Gardiner, T. D.

Gerritsen, J. W.

Guo, J.

H. He, Q. Zhao, J. Guo, Y. Lu, Y. Liu, J. Wang, “Picosecond optical parametric generation in flux grown KTP,” Opt. Commun. 87, 33–35 (1992).

Gurzadyan, G. G.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals,(Springer, New York, 1991).

Guyer, D.

D. Guyer, Laservision, Inc., Bellevue, Wash. (personal communication, 1995).

Guyer, D. R.

W. R. Bosenberg, D. R. Guyer, “Broadly tunable, single frequency optical parametric frequency-conversion system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1716–1722 (1993).

W. R. Bosenberg, D. R. Guyer, S. E. Moody, “Single-frequency optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 368–369.

Hamilton, C. E.

C. E. Hamilton, W. R. Bosenberg, “Single-frequency injection-seeded KTP ring cavity optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 370–371.

Haub, J. G.

He, H.

H. He, Q. Zhao, J. Guo, Y. Lu, Y. Liu, J. Wang, “Picosecond optical parametric generation in flux grown KTP,” Opt. Commun. 87, 33–35 (1992).

Herbst, R. L.

R. L. Byer, R. L. Herbst, “Parametric oscillation and mixing,” in Nonlinear Infrared Generation, Y. R. Shen, ed., Vol. 16 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), Chap. 3, pp. 96–97.

Hogervorst, W.

Hovde, D. C.

D. C. Hovde, J. H. Timmermans, G. Scoles, K. K. Lehmann, “High power injection seeded optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 86, 294–300 (1991).

Huisken, F.

F. Huisken, A. Kulcke, D. Voelkel, C. Laush, J. M. Lisy, “A new infrared injection seeded optical parametric oscillator with high energy and narrow bandwidth output,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 805–807 (1993).

Johnson, M. J.

Kato, K.

K. Kato, “Parametric oscillation at 3.2 μm in KTP pumped at 1.064 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1137–1139 (1991).

Kim, H. L.

T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, J. D. McDonald, “A scanning, single mode LiNbO3 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 69, 289–293 (1989).

Kolenbrander, K.

D. W. Michael, K. Kolenbrander, J. M. Lisy, “New cavity design for a LiNbO3 optical parametric oscillator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1210–1212 (1986).

Kulcke, A.

F. Huisken, A. Kulcke, D. Voelkel, C. Laush, J. M. Lisy, “A new infrared injection seeded optical parametric oscillator with high energy and narrow bandwidth output,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 805–807 (1993).

Lafferty, W. J.

W. J. Lafferty, R. J. Thibault, “High resolution infrared spectra of 12C2H2, 12C13CH2, and 13C2H2,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 14, 79–96 (1964).

Laush, C.

F. Huisken, A. Kulcke, D. Voelkel, C. Laush, J. M. Lisy, “A new infrared injection seeded optical parametric oscillator with high energy and narrow bandwidth output,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 805–807 (1993).

Lehmann, K. K.

D. C. Hovde, J. H. Timmermans, G. Scoles, K. K. Lehmann, “High power injection seeded optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 86, 294–300 (1991).

Lisy, J. M.

F. Huisken, A. Kulcke, D. Voelkel, C. Laush, J. M. Lisy, “A new infrared injection seeded optical parametric oscillator with high energy and narrow bandwidth output,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 805–807 (1993).

D. W. Michael, K. Kolenbrander, J. M. Lisy, “New cavity design for a LiNbO3 optical parametric oscillator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1210–1212 (1986).

Liu, Y.

H. He, Q. Zhao, J. Guo, Y. Lu, Y. Liu, J. Wang, “Picosecond optical parametric generation in flux grown KTP,” Opt. Commun. 87, 33–35 (1992).

Lu, Y.

H. He, Q. Zhao, J. Guo, Y. Lu, Y. Liu, J. Wang, “Picosecond optical parametric generation in flux grown KTP,” Opt. Commun. 87, 33–35 (1992).

McDonald, J. D.

T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, J. D. McDonald, “A scanning, single mode LiNbO3 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 69, 289–293 (1989).

Michael, D. W.

D. W. Michael, K. Kolenbrander, J. M. Lisy, “New cavity design for a LiNbO3 optical parametric oscillator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1210–1212 (1986).

Milton, M. J. T.

Minton, T. K.

T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, J. D. McDonald, “A scanning, single mode LiNbO3 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 69, 289–293 (1989).

Moody, S. E.

W. R. Bosenberg, D. R. Guyer, S. E. Moody, “Single-frequency optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 368–369.

Murray, K. E.

N. P. Barnes, K. E. Murray, G. H. Watson, “Injection-seeded optical parametric oscillator,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, L. L. Chase, A. A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 356–360.

Nikogosyan, D. N.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals,(Springer, New York, 1991).

Nolting, J.

See, e.g.,Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckherdt, R. L. Beyer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial-mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014–2016 (1988);J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, R. Wallenstein, “Continuously tunable, injection seeded β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: spectroscopic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett.58, 1718–1720 (1991);A. Fix, T. Schröder, R. Wallenstein, J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, “Tunable β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: operating characteristics with and without injection seeding,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1744–1750 (1993);A. D. Fix, G. Goeritz, R. Urschel, D. Wildt, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, “Single-mode optical parametric oscillation system of BBO and KNbO3 tunable from the visible (0.42 μm) to the infrared,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, T. Y. Fan, B. H. T. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 458–460.

Orr, B. J.

Pelouch, W. S.

W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, C. L. Tang, “High-efficiency and narrow-linewidth operation of a two-crystal β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952–1954 (1990).

Pinto, A.

R. Burnham, R. A. Stolzenberger, A. Pinto, “Infrared optical parametric oscillator in potassium titanyl phosphate,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 1, 27–28 (1989).

Raymond, T. D.

W. J. Alford, T. D. Raymond, A. V. Smith, “Characterization of a ring optical parametric oscillator,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, T. Y. Fan, B. H. T. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 476–479.

Reid, S. A.

T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, J. D. McDonald, “A scanning, single mode LiNbO3 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 69, 289–293 (1989).

Scharpf, W. J.

Scoles, G.

D. C. Hovde, J. H. Timmermans, G. Scoles, K. K. Lehmann, “High power injection seeded optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 86, 294–300 (1991).

Smith, A. V.

W. J. Alford, T. D. Raymond, A. V. Smith, “Characterization of a ring optical parametric oscillator,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, T. Y. Fan, B. H. T. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 476–479.

Stolzenberger, R. A.

R. Burnham, R. A. Stolzenberger, A. Pinto, “Infrared optical parametric oscillator in potassium titanyl phosphate,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 1, 27–28 (1989).

Tang, C. L.

W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, C. L. Tang, “High-efficiency and narrow-linewidth operation of a two-crystal β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952–1954 (1990).

W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Type II phase matching in a β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1819–1821 (1990).

Thibault, R. J.

W. J. Lafferty, R. J. Thibault, “High resolution infrared spectra of 12C2H2, 12C13CH2, and 13C2H2,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 14, 79–96 (1964).

Timmermans, J. H.

D. C. Hovde, J. H. Timmermans, G. Scoles, K. K. Lehmann, “High power injection seeded optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 86, 294–300 (1991).

Valentini, J. J.

van der Veer, W. E.

Vanherzeele, H.

Voelkel, D.

F. Huisken, A. Kulcke, D. Voelkel, C. Laush, J. M. Lisy, “A new infrared injection seeded optical parametric oscillator with high energy and narrow bandwidth output,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 805–807 (1993).

Wallenstein, R.

See, e.g.,Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckherdt, R. L. Beyer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial-mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014–2016 (1988);J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, R. Wallenstein, “Continuously tunable, injection seeded β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: spectroscopic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett.58, 1718–1720 (1991);A. Fix, T. Schröder, R. Wallenstein, J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, “Tunable β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: operating characteristics with and without injection seeding,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1744–1750 (1993);A. D. Fix, G. Goeritz, R. Urschel, D. Wildt, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, “Single-mode optical parametric oscillation system of BBO and KNbO3 tunable from the visible (0.42 μm) to the infrared,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, T. Y. Fan, B. H. T. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 458–460.

Wang, J.

H. He, Q. Zhao, J. Guo, Y. Lu, Y. Liu, J. Wang, “Picosecond optical parametric generation in flux grown KTP,” Opt. Commun. 87, 33–35 (1992).

Watson, G. H.

N. P. Barnes, K. E. Murray, G. H. Watson, “Injection-seeded optical parametric oscillator,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, L. L. Chase, A. A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 356–360.

Wolf, E.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1980), p. 686.

Woods, P. T.

Yao, J. Q.

J. Q. Yao, T. S. Fahlen, “Calculations of optimum phase match parameters for the biaxial crystal KTiOPO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 55, 65–67 (1984).

Zhao, Q.

H. He, Q. Zhao, J. Guo, Y. Lu, Y. Liu, J. Wang, “Picosecond optical parametric generation in flux grown KTP,” Opt. Commun. 87, 33–35 (1992).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, J. D. Bierlein, “Optical parametric frequency conversion properties of KTiOAsO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2765–2767 (1994);A. H. Kung, “Efficient conversion of high-power narrow-band Ti:sapphire laser radiation to the mid-infrared in KTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1107–1109 (1995).

W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Type II phase matching in a β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1819–1821 (1990).

J. E. Bjorkholm, H. G. Danielmeyer, “Frequency control of a pulsed optical parametric oscillator by radiation injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 171–173 (1969);E. S. Cassedy, M. Jain, “A theoretical study of injection tuning of optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15,1290–1301 (1979).

See, e.g.,Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckherdt, R. L. Beyer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial-mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014–2016 (1988);J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, R. Wallenstein, “Continuously tunable, injection seeded β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: spectroscopic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett.58, 1718–1720 (1991);A. Fix, T. Schröder, R. Wallenstein, J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, “Tunable β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: operating characteristics with and without injection seeding,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1744–1750 (1993);A. D. Fix, G. Goeritz, R. Urschel, D. Wildt, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, “Single-mode optical parametric oscillation system of BBO and KNbO3 tunable from the visible (0.42 μm) to the infrared,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, T. Y. Fan, B. H. T. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 458–460.

W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, C. L. Tang, “High-efficiency and narrow-linewidth operation of a two-crystal β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952–1954 (1990).

F. Huisken, A. Kulcke, D. Voelkel, C. Laush, J. M. Lisy, “A new infrared injection seeded optical parametric oscillator with high energy and narrow bandwidth output,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 805–807 (1993).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

R.A. Baumgartner, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 432–443 (1979).

S. J. Brosnan, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–431 (1979).

K. Kato, “Parametric oscillation at 3.2 μm in KTP pumped at 1.064 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1137–1139 (1991).

IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. (1)

R. Burnham, R. A. Stolzenberger, A. Pinto, “Infrared optical parametric oscillator in potassium titanyl phosphate,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 1, 27–28 (1989).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. Q. Yao, T. S. Fahlen, “Calculations of optimum phase match parameters for the biaxial crystal KTiOPO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 55, 65–67 (1984).

J. Mol. Spectrosc. (1)

W. J. Lafferty, R. J. Thibault, “High resolution infrared spectra of 12C2H2, 12C13CH2, and 13C2H2,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 14, 79–96 (1964).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

See, e.g., J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10 (1993);T. Y. Fan, B. H. T. Chai, eds., Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 431–488.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Commun. (3)

H. He, Q. Zhao, J. Guo, Y. Lu, Y. Liu, J. Wang, “Picosecond optical parametric generation in flux grown KTP,” Opt. Commun. 87, 33–35 (1992).

D. C. Hovde, J. H. Timmermans, G. Scoles, K. K. Lehmann, “High power injection seeded optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 86, 294–300 (1991).

T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, J. D. McDonald, “A scanning, single mode LiNbO3 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 69, 289–293 (1989).

Opt. Lett. (3)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

D. W. Michael, K. Kolenbrander, J. M. Lisy, “New cavity design for a LiNbO3 optical parametric oscillator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1210–1212 (1986).

Other (9)

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals,(Springer, New York, 1991).

N. P. Barnes, K. E. Murray, G. H. Watson, “Injection-seeded optical parametric oscillator,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, L. L. Chase, A. A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 356–360.

C. E. Hamilton, W. R. Bosenberg, “Single-frequency injection-seeded KTP ring cavity optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 370–371.

W. J. Alford, T. D. Raymond, A. V. Smith, “Characterization of a ring optical parametric oscillator,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, T. Y. Fan, B. H. T. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 476–479.

W. R. Bosenberg, D. R. Guyer, S. E. Moody, “Single-frequency optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 368–369.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1980), p. 686.

R. L. Byer, R. L. Herbst, “Parametric oscillation and mixing,” in Nonlinear Infrared Generation, Y. R. Shen, ed., Vol. 16 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), Chap. 3, pp. 96–97.

D. Guyer, Laservision, Inc., Bellevue, Wash. (personal communication, 1995).

See, e.g.,Y. H. Pao, ed., Opto-Acoustic Spectroscopy and Detection (Academic, New York, 1977).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic view of the tunable parametric amplifier. The individual components are described in the text.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Output energy of the OPA as a function of 532-nm pump energy for multimode and single-longitudinal-mode (SLM) pump radiation. The signal wavelength was 646.5 nm, and the input signal pulse energy was 120 μJ. The idler pulse energies were measured directly and scaled by the ratio of photon energies (ω s i ) to obtain the reported signal pulse energies.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Relative variation in idler and input signal pulse energies over the tuning curve of Rhodamine 640 dye. (b) Same as (a) but for Rhodamine 610 dye.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Photoacoustic spectra of C2H2 in the R-branch region of the higher energy band of the ν 3/ν 2+ν 4+ν 5 Fermi dyad obtained with SLM pump radiation and (a) broadband (∼0.35-cm−1) and (b) narrow-band (∼0.04-cm−1) input signal radiation. Assignments of the main rotational lines are noted. Idler bandwidths of (a) 0.35 cm−1 and (b) 0.04 cm−1 are inferred from the widths of the absorption lines.

Equations (2)

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G = cosh 2 ( Γ l ) ,
Γ = ( 8 π 2 I p c 0 n s n i n p λ s λ i ) 1 / 2 d eff .

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