Abstract

Steady-state chirped-pulse amplification was applied to a five-stage dye amplifier system to extract available energy over the full gain duration and at the same time suppress the amplified spontaneous emission (ASE). An output energy of 41 mJ was generated with 1.4-ns chirped pulses having an ASE of 3% and a pumping efficiency of 8.8% for the final amplifier. After five-stage amplification these pulses were compressed to 320 fs FWHM.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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1994 (2)

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Divall, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).

S. Kane, J. Squire, J. V. Rudd, G. Mourou, “Hybrid grating-prism stretcher-compressor system with cubic phase and wavelength tunability and decreased alignment sensitivity,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1876–1878 (1994).

1993 (3)

1992 (1)

1991 (1)

1990 (1)

1988 (1)

1987 (2)

O. E. Martínez, “Design of high-power ultrashort pulse amplifiers by expansion and recompression,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1385–1387 (1987).

S. Szatmári, F.P. Schäfer, E. Müller-Horsche, W. Mückenheim, “Hybrid dye-excimer laser system for the generation of 80 fs, 900 GW pulses at 248 nm,” Opt. Commun. 63, 305–309 (1987).

1985 (1)

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).

1983 (1)

O. L. Bourne, A. J. Alcock, “A high-power, narrow line-width XeCl* oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 777–779 (1983).

1982 (1)

A. Migus, C. V. Shank, E. P. Ippen, R. L. Fork, “Amplification of subpicosecond optical pulses: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 101–109 (1982).

1981 (1)

1980 (1)

R. T. Hawkins, H. Egger, J. Bokor, C. K. Rhodes, “A tunable, ultrahigh spectral brightness KrF* excimer laser source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 391–392 (1980).

Alcock, A. J.

O. L. Bourne, A. J. Alcock, “A high-power, narrow line-width XeCl* oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 777–779 (1983).

Allais, I.

Barty, C. P. J.

Beaud, P.

Bethune, D. S.

Blair, R. J.

Bokor, J.

R. T. Hawkins, H. Egger, J. Bokor, C. K. Rhodes, “A tunable, ultrahigh spectral brightness KrF* excimer laser source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 391–392 (1980).

Bourne, O. L.

O. L. Bourne, A. J. Alcock, “A high-power, narrow line-width XeCl* oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 777–779 (1983).

Chai, B. H. T.

Clark, J. B.

J. D. Kafka, J. B. Clark, “Saturable amplification without pulse broadening,” in Ultrafast Phenomena VI, T. Yajima, K. Yoshihara, C. B. Harris, S. Shionoya, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), pp. 30–32.

Damerell, A. R.

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Divall, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).

Divall, E. J.

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Divall, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).

Egger, H.

R. T. Hawkins, H. Egger, J. Bokor, C. K. Rhodes, “A tunable, ultrahigh spectral brightness KrF* excimer laser source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 391–392 (1980).

Evans, J.

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Divall, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).

Falcone, R. W.

Fork, R. L.

A. Migus, C. V. Shank, E. P. Ippen, R. L. Fork, “Amplification of subpicosecond optical pulses: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 101–109 (1982).

Gordon, S.

Gosnell, T. R.

Hamster, H.

Hawkins, R. T.

R. T. Hawkins, H. Egger, J. Bokor, C. K. Rhodes, “A tunable, ultrahigh spectral brightness KrF* excimer laser source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 391–392 (1980).

Hirst, G. J.

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Divall, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).

Hooker, C. J.

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Divall, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).

Houliston, J. R.

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Divall, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).

Ippen, E. P.

A. Migus, C. V. Shank, E. P. Ippen, R. L. Fork, “Amplification of subpicosecond optical pulses: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 101–109 (1982).

Kafka, J. D.

J. D. Kafka, J. B. Clark, “Saturable amplification without pulse broadening,” in Ultrafast Phenomena VI, T. Yajima, K. Yoshihara, C. B. Harris, S. Shionoya, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), pp. 30–32.

Kane, S.

Kapteyn, H. C.

Key, M. H.

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Divall, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).

Kondo, K.

Kyrala, G. A.

Lee, P. H. Y.

Lemoff, B. E.

Lester, C. S.

Lister, J. M. D.

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Divall, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).

Martínez, O. E.

O. E. Martínez, “Design of high-power ultrashort pulse amplifiers by expansion and recompression,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1385–1387 (1987).

Mazataud, É.

Miesak, E. J.

Migus, A.

C. Rouyer, É. Mazataud, I. Allais, A. Pierre, S. Seznec, C. Sauteret, G. Mourou, A. Migus, “Generation of 50-TW femtosecond pulses in a Ti:sapphire/Nd:glass chain,” Opt. Lett. 18, 214–216 (1993).

A. Migus, C. V. Shank, E. P. Ippen, R. L. Fork, “Amplification of subpicosecond optical pulses: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 101–109 (1982).

Mizoguchi, M.

Mourou, G.

Mückenheim, W.

S. Szatmári, F.P. Schäfer, E. Müller-Horsche, W. Mückenheim, “Hybrid dye-excimer laser system for the generation of 80 fs, 900 GW pulses at 248 nm,” Opt. Commun. 63, 305–309 (1987).

Müller-Horsche, E.

S. Szatmári, F.P. Schäfer, E. Müller-Horsche, W. Mückenheim, “Hybrid dye-excimer laser system for the generation of 80 fs, 900 GW pulses at 248 nm,” Opt. Commun. 63, 305–309 (1987).

Murnane, M. M.

Nathel, H.

Osvay, K.

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Divall, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).

Pierre, A.

Rhodes, C. K.

R. T. Hawkins, H. Egger, J. Bokor, C. K. Rhodes, “A tunable, ultrahigh spectral brightness KrF* excimer laser source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 391–392 (1980).

Richardson, M. C.

Roberts, J. P.

Ross, I. N.

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Divall, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).

Rouyer, C.

Rudd, J. V.

Sauteret, C.

Schäfer, F.P.

S. Szatmári, F.P. Schäfer, E. Müller-Horsche, W. Mückenheim, “Hybrid dye-excimer laser system for the generation of 80 fs, 900 GW pulses at 248 nm,” Opt. Commun. 63, 305–309 (1987).

Seznec, S.

Shank, C. V.

A. Migus, C. V. Shank, E. P. Ippen, R. L. Fork, “Amplification of subpicosecond optical pulses: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 101–109 (1982).

Shaw, M. J.

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Divall, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).

Squire, J.

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).

Sullivan, A.

Szatmári, S.

S. Szatmári, F.P. Schäfer, E. Müller-Horsche, W. Mückenheim, “Hybrid dye-excimer laser system for the generation of 80 fs, 900 GW pulses at 248 nm,” Opt. Commun. 63, 305–309 (1987).

Tallman, C. R.

Taylor, A. J.

Watanabe, S.

White, W.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

R. T. Hawkins, H. Egger, J. Bokor, C. K. Rhodes, “A tunable, ultrahigh spectral brightness KrF* excimer laser source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 391–392 (1980).

O. L. Bourne, A. J. Alcock, “A high-power, narrow line-width XeCl* oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 777–779 (1983).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

O. E. Martínez, “Design of high-power ultrashort pulse amplifiers by expansion and recompression,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1385–1387 (1987).

A. Migus, C. V. Shank, E. P. Ippen, R. L. Fork, “Amplification of subpicosecond optical pulses: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 101–109 (1982).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Commun. (3)

I. N. Ross, A. R. Damerell, E. J. Divall, J. Evans, G. J. Hirst, C. J. Hooker, J. R. Houliston, M. H. Key, J. M. D. Lister, K. Osvay, M. J. Shaw, “A1 TW KrF laser using chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Commun. 109, 288–295 (1994).

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).

S. Szatmári, F.P. Schäfer, E. Müller-Horsche, W. Mückenheim, “Hybrid dye-excimer laser system for the generation of 80 fs, 900 GW pulses at 248 nm,” Opt. Commun. 63, 305–309 (1987).

Opt. Lett. (6)

Other (1)

J. D. Kafka, J. B. Clark, “Saturable amplification without pulse broadening,” in Ultrafast Phenomena VI, T. Yajima, K. Yoshihara, C. B. Harris, S. Shionoya, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), pp. 30–32.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Five-stage dye amplifier system based on steady-state CPA.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Configuration of the stretcher and the compressor.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Double-pass amplifier of the third stage of the system, (b) four-pass amplifier of the fourth and fifth stages of the system.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Autocorrelation traces of (a) the oscillator and (b) the compressed pulse after the final stage.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spectra (a) after stretching, (b) after the fourth stage, (c) after the final stage.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Temporal evolution of a chirped pulse through a dye amplifier: (a) after stretching, (b) after final amplification before compression.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Spectrum of the ASE before entering the prism.

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