Abstract

We describe the limitations on the use of conventional lenses in optical computing that arise from manufacturing tolerances. The consequences on maximum array size, minimum device size, and propagation delay of systems are discussed. Two experimental optical computing systems are then compared with these results. We show that there are maximum and minimum bounds on the focal length and the f-number of lenses imposed when manufacturing tolerances are considered. We also show that there are maximum bounds on image sizes and space–bandwidth products and trade-offs between spot size and system latency.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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  2. F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, F. A. P. Tooley, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, J. L. Brubaker, R. L. Morrison, S. L. Walker, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, S. J. Hinterlong, H. S. Hinton, E. Kerbis, “Six-stage digital free-space optical switching network using symmetrical self-electro-optic-effect devices,” Appl. Opt. 32, 5153–5171 (1993).
  3. A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “Evolution of the SEED technology—bistable logic gates to optoelectronic smart pixels,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 655–669 (1993).
  4. F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, H. S. Hinton, “Five-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic-effect device smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).
  5. F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Design and tolerancing comparisons for S-SEED-based free-space switching fabrics,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2697–2711 (1992).
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  10. A. C. Walker, I. R. Redmond, D. J. McKnight, R. G. A. Craig, G. S. Buller, P. Meredith, M. R. Taghizadeh, “Construction of an optical cellular logic image processor,” in Topical Meeting on Optical Computing, Z. I. Alferov, J. W. Goodman, A. L. Mikaelian, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1806, 373 (1992).
  11. H. S. Hinton, T. J. Cloonan, F. B. McCormick, A. L. Lentine, F. A. P. Tooley, “Free space digital optical systems,” Proc. IEEE 82, 1632–1649 (1994).
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  13. J. M. Sasian, F. B. McCormick, R. Webb, R. J. Crisci, K. O. Mersereau, R. P. Stawicki, “Design, assembly and testing of an objective lens for a free-space photonic switching system,” Opt. Eng. 32, 1871–1878 (1993).
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  17. J. R. Wullert, Y. Lu, “Limits of the capacity and density of holographic storage”, Appl. Opt. 33, 2192–2196 (1994).
  18. P. Koppa, P. Chavel, J. L. Oudar, R. Kuszelewicz, J. P. Schnell, J. P. Pocholle, “Optical-data self-routing using address decoding,” J. Phys. (Paris) 4, 2405–2411 (1994).
  19. W. J. Smith, Modern Optical Engineering: The Design of Optical Systems (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1990), Chap. 11, pp. 335–337.
  20. CODE V is a commercially available optical design package developed by Optical Research Associates, Pasadena, California.
  21. H. J. White, N. A. Brownjohn, C. Stace, G. M. Proudley, A. C. Walker, M. R. Taghizadeh, B. Robertson, C. P. Barrett, M. J. Birch, “Practical demonstration of a free space optical crossbar switch,” in Photonics in Switching, J. W. Goodman, R. C. Alferness, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 129–132.
  22. M. P. Y. Desmulliez, F. A. P. Tooley, J. Dines, N L. Grant, D. J. Goodwill, D. A. Baillie, B. S. Wherrett, P. Foulk, S. Ashcroft, P. Black, “Perfect-shuffle interconnected bitonic sorter: optoelectronic design,” Appl. Opt. 34, 5077–5090 (1995).
  23. T. J. Cloonan, G. W. Richards, R. L. Morrison, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, F. B. McCormick, S. J. Hinterlong, H. S. Hinton, “Shuffle-equivalent interconnection topologies based on computer-generated binary-phase gratings,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1405–1430 (1994).
  24. D. A. Baillie, F. A. P. Tooley, S. M. Prince, N. L. Grant, J. A. B. Dines, M. P. Y. Desmulliez, M. R. Taghizadeh, “Implementation of a 16-channel sorting module,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 5–7.
  25. D. J. Goodwill, A. C. Walker, C. R. Stanley, M. C. Holland, M. McElhinney, “Improvements in strain-balanced InGaAs/GaAs optical modulators for 1047 nm operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1192–1194 (1994).
  26. D. T. Neilson, D. J. Goodwill, L. C. Wilkinson, F. A. P. Tooley, A. C. Walker, C. R. Stanley, M McElhinney, F. Pottier, “InGaAs transceivers for smart pixels,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 148–150.
  27. A. J. Moseley, M. Q. Kearley, M. J. Goodwin, D. J. Robbins, J. Thompson, A. K. Wood, C. J. Groves-Kirkby, N. Carr, N. Maung, D. Clewitt, “8 channel InGaAs/InP quantum well asymmetric Fabry–Perot modulator hybridised with foundry VLSI silicon CMOS drive circuits,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1658–1660 (1992).
  28. K. W. Goossen, A. L. Lentine, J. A. Walker, L. A. D Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibeguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “Demonstration of a dense, high-speed optoelectronic technology integrated with silicon CMOS via flip-chip bonding and substrate removal,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 142–144.

1995

1994

T. J. Cloonan, G. W. Richards, R. L. Morrison, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, F. B. McCormick, S. J. Hinterlong, H. S. Hinton, “Shuffle-equivalent interconnection topologies based on computer-generated binary-phase gratings,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1405–1430 (1994).

D. J. Goodwill, A. C. Walker, C. R. Stanley, M. C. Holland, M. McElhinney, “Improvements in strain-balanced InGaAs/GaAs optical modulators for 1047 nm operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1192–1194 (1994).

F. B. McCormick, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, D. B. Buchholz, “155-Mb/s operation of a FET-SEED free-space switching network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1479–1481 (1994).

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, H. S. Hinton, “Five-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic-effect device smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).

H. S. Hinton, T. J. Cloonan, F. B. McCormick, A. L. Lentine, F. A. P. Tooley, “Free space digital optical systems,” Proc. IEEE 82, 1632–1649 (1994).

J. R. Wullert, Y. Lu, “Limits of the capacity and density of holographic storage”, Appl. Opt. 33, 2192–2196 (1994).

P. Koppa, P. Chavel, J. L. Oudar, R. Kuszelewicz, J. P. Schnell, J. P. Pocholle, “Optical-data self-routing using address decoding,” J. Phys. (Paris) 4, 2405–2411 (1994).

1993

J. M. Sasian, F. B. McCormick, R. Webb, R. J. Crisci, K. O. Mersereau, R. P. Stawicki, “Design, assembly and testing of an objective lens for a free-space photonic switching system,” Opt. Eng. 32, 1871–1878 (1993).

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, F. A. P. Tooley, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, J. L. Brubaker, R. L. Morrison, S. L. Walker, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, S. J. Hinterlong, H. S. Hinton, E. Kerbis, “Six-stage digital free-space optical switching network using symmetrical self-electro-optic-effect devices,” Appl. Opt. 32, 5153–5171 (1993).

A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “Evolution of the SEED technology—bistable logic gates to optoelectronic smart pixels,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 655–669 (1993).

1992

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Design and tolerancing comparisons for S-SEED-based free-space switching fabrics,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2697–2711 (1992).

A. J. Moseley, M. Q. Kearley, M. J. Goodwin, D. J. Robbins, J. Thompson, A. K. Wood, C. J. Groves-Kirkby, N. Carr, N. Maung, D. Clewitt, “8 channel InGaAs/InP quantum well asymmetric Fabry–Perot modulator hybridised with foundry VLSI silicon CMOS drive circuits,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1658–1660 (1992).

1989

Asaro, L. A. D

K. W. Goossen, A. L. Lentine, J. A. Walker, L. A. D Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibeguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “Demonstration of a dense, high-speed optoelectronic technology integrated with silicon CMOS via flip-chip bonding and substrate removal,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 142–144.

Ashcroft, S.

Baillie, D. A.

M. P. Y. Desmulliez, F. A. P. Tooley, J. Dines, N L. Grant, D. J. Goodwill, D. A. Baillie, B. S. Wherrett, P. Foulk, S. Ashcroft, P. Black, “Perfect-shuffle interconnected bitonic sorter: optoelectronic design,” Appl. Opt. 34, 5077–5090 (1995).

D. A. Baillie, F. A. P. Tooley, S. M. Prince, N. L. Grant, J. A. B. Dines, M. P. Y. Desmulliez, M. R. Taghizadeh, “Implementation of a 16-channel sorting module,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 5–7.

Barrett, C. P.

H. J. White, N. A. Brownjohn, C. Stace, G. M. Proudley, A. C. Walker, M. R. Taghizadeh, B. Robertson, C. P. Barrett, M. J. Birch, “Practical demonstration of a free space optical crossbar switch,” in Photonics in Switching, J. W. Goodman, R. C. Alferness, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 129–132.

C. P. Barrett, A. C. Walker, D. T. Neilson, B. R. Robertson, “Optical design for crossbar systems,” in International Optical Design Conference, G. Forbes, ed., Vol. 22 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 292–295.

H. J. White, G. N. Proudley, C. Stace, N. A. Browjohn, R. Dawkins, A. C. Walker, M. R. Taghizadeh, C. P. Barrett, D. T. Neilson, W. A. Crossland, J. R. Brocklehurst, M. J. Mirch, “The OCPM demonstrator system,” in Photonics in Switching, Vol. 12 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), Postdeadline paper PPd1.

Beckman, M. G.

F. B. McCormick, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, D. B. Buchholz, “155-Mb/s operation of a FET-SEED free-space switching network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1479–1481 (1994).

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, H. S. Hinton, “Five-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic-effect device smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).

Birch, M. J.

H. J. White, N. A. Brownjohn, C. Stace, G. M. Proudley, A. C. Walker, M. R. Taghizadeh, B. Robertson, C. P. Barrett, M. J. Birch, “Practical demonstration of a free space optical crossbar switch,” in Photonics in Switching, J. W. Goodman, R. C. Alferness, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 129–132.

Black, P.

Brocklehurst, J. R.

H. J. White, G. N. Proudley, C. Stace, N. A. Browjohn, R. Dawkins, A. C. Walker, M. R. Taghizadeh, C. P. Barrett, D. T. Neilson, W. A. Crossland, J. R. Brocklehurst, M. J. Mirch, “The OCPM demonstrator system,” in Photonics in Switching, Vol. 12 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), Postdeadline paper PPd1.

Browjohn, N. A.

H. J. White, G. N. Proudley, C. Stace, N. A. Browjohn, R. Dawkins, A. C. Walker, M. R. Taghizadeh, C. P. Barrett, D. T. Neilson, W. A. Crossland, J. R. Brocklehurst, M. J. Mirch, “The OCPM demonstrator system,” in Photonics in Switching, Vol. 12 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), Postdeadline paper PPd1.

Brownjohn, N. A.

H. J. White, N. A. Brownjohn, C. Stace, G. M. Proudley, A. C. Walker, M. R. Taghizadeh, B. Robertson, C. P. Barrett, M. J. Birch, “Practical demonstration of a free space optical crossbar switch,” in Photonics in Switching, J. W. Goodman, R. C. Alferness, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 129–132.

Brubaker, J. L.

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, F. A. P. Tooley, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, J. L. Brubaker, R. L. Morrison, S. L. Walker, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, S. J. Hinterlong, H. S. Hinton, E. Kerbis, “Six-stage digital free-space optical switching network using symmetrical self-electro-optic-effect devices,” Appl. Opt. 32, 5153–5171 (1993).

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Design and tolerancing comparisons for S-SEED-based free-space switching fabrics,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2697–2711 (1992).

Buchholz, D. B.

F. B. McCormick, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, D. B. Buchholz, “155-Mb/s operation of a FET-SEED free-space switching network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1479–1481 (1994).

Buller, G. S.

A. C. Walker, I. R. Redmond, D. J. McKnight, R. G. A. Craig, G. S. Buller, P. Meredith, M. R. Taghizadeh, “Construction of an optical cellular logic image processor,” in Topical Meeting on Optical Computing, Z. I. Alferov, J. W. Goodman, A. L. Mikaelian, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1806, 373 (1992).

Carr, N.

A. J. Moseley, M. Q. Kearley, M. J. Goodwin, D. J. Robbins, J. Thompson, A. K. Wood, C. J. Groves-Kirkby, N. Carr, N. Maung, D. Clewitt, “8 channel InGaAs/InP quantum well asymmetric Fabry–Perot modulator hybridised with foundry VLSI silicon CMOS drive circuits,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1658–1660 (1992).

Chavel, P.

P. Koppa, P. Chavel, J. L. Oudar, R. Kuszelewicz, J. P. Schnell, J. P. Pocholle, “Optical-data self-routing using address decoding,” J. Phys. (Paris) 4, 2405–2411 (1994).

Chirovsky, L. M. F.

K. W. Goossen, A. L. Lentine, J. A. Walker, L. A. D Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibeguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “Demonstration of a dense, high-speed optoelectronic technology integrated with silicon CMOS via flip-chip bonding and substrate removal,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 142–144.

Clewitt, D.

A. J. Moseley, M. Q. Kearley, M. J. Goodwin, D. J. Robbins, J. Thompson, A. K. Wood, C. J. Groves-Kirkby, N. Carr, N. Maung, D. Clewitt, “8 channel InGaAs/InP quantum well asymmetric Fabry–Perot modulator hybridised with foundry VLSI silicon CMOS drive circuits,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1658–1660 (1992).

Cloonan, T. J.

H. S. Hinton, T. J. Cloonan, F. B. McCormick, A. L. Lentine, F. A. P. Tooley, “Free space digital optical systems,” Proc. IEEE 82, 1632–1649 (1994).

T. J. Cloonan, G. W. Richards, R. L. Morrison, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, F. B. McCormick, S. J. Hinterlong, H. S. Hinton, “Shuffle-equivalent interconnection topologies based on computer-generated binary-phase gratings,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1405–1430 (1994).

F. B. McCormick, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, D. B. Buchholz, “155-Mb/s operation of a FET-SEED free-space switching network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1479–1481 (1994).

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, H. S. Hinton, “Five-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic-effect device smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, F. A. P. Tooley, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, J. L. Brubaker, R. L. Morrison, S. L. Walker, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, S. J. Hinterlong, H. S. Hinton, E. Kerbis, “Six-stage digital free-space optical switching network using symmetrical self-electro-optic-effect devices,” Appl. Opt. 32, 5153–5171 (1993).

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Design and tolerancing comparisons for S-SEED-based free-space switching fabrics,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2697–2711 (1992).

Craig, R. G. A.

A. C. Walker, I. R. Redmond, D. J. McKnight, R. G. A. Craig, G. S. Buller, P. Meredith, M. R. Taghizadeh, “Construction of an optical cellular logic image processor,” in Topical Meeting on Optical Computing, Z. I. Alferov, J. W. Goodman, A. L. Mikaelian, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1806, 373 (1992).

Crisci, R. J.

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, H. S. Hinton, “Five-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic-effect device smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, F. A. P. Tooley, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, J. L. Brubaker, R. L. Morrison, S. L. Walker, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, S. J. Hinterlong, H. S. Hinton, E. Kerbis, “Six-stage digital free-space optical switching network using symmetrical self-electro-optic-effect devices,” Appl. Opt. 32, 5153–5171 (1993).

J. M. Sasian, F. B. McCormick, R. Webb, R. J. Crisci, K. O. Mersereau, R. P. Stawicki, “Design, assembly and testing of an objective lens for a free-space photonic switching system,” Opt. Eng. 32, 1871–1878 (1993).

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Design and tolerancing comparisons for S-SEED-based free-space switching fabrics,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2697–2711 (1992).

Crossland, W. A.

H. J. White, G. N. Proudley, C. Stace, N. A. Browjohn, R. Dawkins, A. C. Walker, M. R. Taghizadeh, C. P. Barrett, D. T. Neilson, W. A. Crossland, J. R. Brocklehurst, M. J. Mirch, “The OCPM demonstrator system,” in Photonics in Switching, Vol. 12 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), Postdeadline paper PPd1.

Dahringer, D.

K. W. Goossen, A. L. Lentine, J. A. Walker, L. A. D Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibeguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “Demonstration of a dense, high-speed optoelectronic technology integrated with silicon CMOS via flip-chip bonding and substrate removal,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 142–144.

Dawkins, R.

H. J. White, G. N. Proudley, C. Stace, N. A. Browjohn, R. Dawkins, A. C. Walker, M. R. Taghizadeh, C. P. Barrett, D. T. Neilson, W. A. Crossland, J. R. Brocklehurst, M. J. Mirch, “The OCPM demonstrator system,” in Photonics in Switching, Vol. 12 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), Postdeadline paper PPd1.

Desmulliez, M. P. Y.

M. P. Y. Desmulliez, F. A. P. Tooley, J. Dines, N L. Grant, D. J. Goodwill, D. A. Baillie, B. S. Wherrett, P. Foulk, S. Ashcroft, P. Black, “Perfect-shuffle interconnected bitonic sorter: optoelectronic design,” Appl. Opt. 34, 5077–5090 (1995).

D. A. Baillie, F. A. P. Tooley, S. M. Prince, N. L. Grant, J. A. B. Dines, M. P. Y. Desmulliez, M. R. Taghizadeh, “Implementation of a 16-channel sorting module,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 5–7.

Dines, J.

Dines, J. A. B.

D. A. Baillie, F. A. P. Tooley, S. M. Prince, N. L. Grant, J. A. B. Dines, M. P. Y. Desmulliez, M. R. Taghizadeh, “Implementation of a 16-channel sorting module,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 5–7.

Foulk, P.

Goodwill, D. J.

M. P. Y. Desmulliez, F. A. P. Tooley, J. Dines, N L. Grant, D. J. Goodwill, D. A. Baillie, B. S. Wherrett, P. Foulk, S. Ashcroft, P. Black, “Perfect-shuffle interconnected bitonic sorter: optoelectronic design,” Appl. Opt. 34, 5077–5090 (1995).

D. J. Goodwill, A. C. Walker, C. R. Stanley, M. C. Holland, M. McElhinney, “Improvements in strain-balanced InGaAs/GaAs optical modulators for 1047 nm operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1192–1194 (1994).

D. T. Neilson, D. J. Goodwill, L. C. Wilkinson, F. A. P. Tooley, A. C. Walker, C. R. Stanley, M McElhinney, F. Pottier, “InGaAs transceivers for smart pixels,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 148–150.

Goodwin, M. J.

A. J. Moseley, M. Q. Kearley, M. J. Goodwin, D. J. Robbins, J. Thompson, A. K. Wood, C. J. Groves-Kirkby, N. Carr, N. Maung, D. Clewitt, “8 channel InGaAs/InP quantum well asymmetric Fabry–Perot modulator hybridised with foundry VLSI silicon CMOS drive circuits,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1658–1660 (1992).

Goossen, K. W.

K. W. Goossen, A. L. Lentine, J. A. Walker, L. A. D Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibeguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “Demonstration of a dense, high-speed optoelectronic technology integrated with silicon CMOS via flip-chip bonding and substrate removal,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 142–144.

Grant, N L.

Grant, N. L.

D. A. Baillie, F. A. P. Tooley, S. M. Prince, N. L. Grant, J. A. B. Dines, M. P. Y. Desmulliez, M. R. Taghizadeh, “Implementation of a 16-channel sorting module,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 5–7.

Groves-Kirkby, C. J.

A. J. Moseley, M. Q. Kearley, M. J. Goodwin, D. J. Robbins, J. Thompson, A. K. Wood, C. J. Groves-Kirkby, N. Carr, N. Maung, D. Clewitt, “8 channel InGaAs/InP quantum well asymmetric Fabry–Perot modulator hybridised with foundry VLSI silicon CMOS drive circuits,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1658–1660 (1992).

Hegarty, J.

B. Kelly, J. Hegarty, P. Horan, F. Tooley, M. Taghizadeh, “Demonstration of a laterally inhibitive optical preprocessor using quantum well Fabry–Perot modulators,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 195–197.

Herron, M. J.

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Design and tolerancing comparisons for S-SEED-based free-space switching fabrics,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2697–2711 (1992).

Hinterlong, S. J.

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, H. S. Hinton, “Five-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic-effect device smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).

F. B. McCormick, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, D. B. Buchholz, “155-Mb/s operation of a FET-SEED free-space switching network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1479–1481 (1994).

T. J. Cloonan, G. W. Richards, R. L. Morrison, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, F. B. McCormick, S. J. Hinterlong, H. S. Hinton, “Shuffle-equivalent interconnection topologies based on computer-generated binary-phase gratings,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1405–1430 (1994).

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, F. A. P. Tooley, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, J. L. Brubaker, R. L. Morrison, S. L. Walker, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, S. J. Hinterlong, H. S. Hinton, E. Kerbis, “Six-stage digital free-space optical switching network using symmetrical self-electro-optic-effect devices,” Appl. Opt. 32, 5153–5171 (1993).

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Design and tolerancing comparisons for S-SEED-based free-space switching fabrics,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2697–2711 (1992).

Hinton, H. S.

Holland, M. C.

D. J. Goodwill, A. C. Walker, C. R. Stanley, M. C. Holland, M. McElhinney, “Improvements in strain-balanced InGaAs/GaAs optical modulators for 1047 nm operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1192–1194 (1994).

Horan, P.

B. Kelly, J. Hegarty, P. Horan, F. Tooley, M. Taghizadeh, “Demonstration of a laterally inhibitive optical preprocessor using quantum well Fabry–Perot modulators,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 195–197.

Hui, S. P.

K. W. Goossen, A. L. Lentine, J. A. Walker, L. A. D Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibeguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “Demonstration of a dense, high-speed optoelectronic technology integrated with silicon CMOS via flip-chip bonding and substrate removal,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 142–144.

Kearley, M. Q.

A. J. Moseley, M. Q. Kearley, M. J. Goodwin, D. J. Robbins, J. Thompson, A. K. Wood, C. J. Groves-Kirkby, N. Carr, N. Maung, D. Clewitt, “8 channel InGaAs/InP quantum well asymmetric Fabry–Perot modulator hybridised with foundry VLSI silicon CMOS drive circuits,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1658–1660 (1992).

Kelly, B.

B. Kelly, J. Hegarty, P. Horan, F. Tooley, M. Taghizadeh, “Demonstration of a laterally inhibitive optical preprocessor using quantum well Fabry–Perot modulators,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 195–197.

Kerbis, E.

Koppa, P.

P. Koppa, P. Chavel, J. L. Oudar, R. Kuszelewicz, J. P. Schnell, J. P. Pocholle, “Optical-data self-routing using address decoding,” J. Phys. (Paris) 4, 2405–2411 (1994).

Kossives, D.

K. W. Goossen, A. L. Lentine, J. A. Walker, L. A. D Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibeguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “Demonstration of a dense, high-speed optoelectronic technology integrated with silicon CMOS via flip-chip bonding and substrate removal,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 142–144.

Kuszelewicz, R.

P. Koppa, P. Chavel, J. L. Oudar, R. Kuszelewicz, J. P. Schnell, J. P. Pocholle, “Optical-data self-routing using address decoding,” J. Phys. (Paris) 4, 2405–2411 (1994).

Leibeguth, R.

K. W. Goossen, A. L. Lentine, J. A. Walker, L. A. D Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibeguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “Demonstration of a dense, high-speed optoelectronic technology integrated with silicon CMOS via flip-chip bonding and substrate removal,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 142–144.

Lentine, A. L.

H. S. Hinton, T. J. Cloonan, F. B. McCormick, A. L. Lentine, F. A. P. Tooley, “Free space digital optical systems,” Proc. IEEE 82, 1632–1649 (1994).

T. J. Cloonan, G. W. Richards, R. L. Morrison, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, F. B. McCormick, S. J. Hinterlong, H. S. Hinton, “Shuffle-equivalent interconnection topologies based on computer-generated binary-phase gratings,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1405–1430 (1994).

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, H. S. Hinton, “Five-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic-effect device smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).

F. B. McCormick, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, D. B. Buchholz, “155-Mb/s operation of a FET-SEED free-space switching network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1479–1481 (1994).

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, F. A. P. Tooley, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, J. L. Brubaker, R. L. Morrison, S. L. Walker, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, S. J. Hinterlong, H. S. Hinton, E. Kerbis, “Six-stage digital free-space optical switching network using symmetrical self-electro-optic-effect devices,” Appl. Opt. 32, 5153–5171 (1993).

A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “Evolution of the SEED technology—bistable logic gates to optoelectronic smart pixels,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 655–669 (1993).

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Design and tolerancing comparisons for S-SEED-based free-space switching fabrics,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2697–2711 (1992).

K. W. Goossen, A. L. Lentine, J. A. Walker, L. A. D Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibeguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “Demonstration of a dense, high-speed optoelectronic technology integrated with silicon CMOS via flip-chip bonding and substrate removal,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 142–144.

Lohmann, A. W.

Lu, Y.

Maung, N.

A. J. Moseley, M. Q. Kearley, M. J. Goodwin, D. J. Robbins, J. Thompson, A. K. Wood, C. J. Groves-Kirkby, N. Carr, N. Maung, D. Clewitt, “8 channel InGaAs/InP quantum well asymmetric Fabry–Perot modulator hybridised with foundry VLSI silicon CMOS drive circuits,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1658–1660 (1992).

McCormick, F. B.

H. S. Hinton, T. J. Cloonan, F. B. McCormick, A. L. Lentine, F. A. P. Tooley, “Free space digital optical systems,” Proc. IEEE 82, 1632–1649 (1994).

T. J. Cloonan, G. W. Richards, R. L. Morrison, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, F. B. McCormick, S. J. Hinterlong, H. S. Hinton, “Shuffle-equivalent interconnection topologies based on computer-generated binary-phase gratings,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1405–1430 (1994).

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, H. S. Hinton, “Five-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic-effect device smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).

F. B. McCormick, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, D. B. Buchholz, “155-Mb/s operation of a FET-SEED free-space switching network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1479–1481 (1994).

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, F. A. P. Tooley, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, J. L. Brubaker, R. L. Morrison, S. L. Walker, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, S. J. Hinterlong, H. S. Hinton, E. Kerbis, “Six-stage digital free-space optical switching network using symmetrical self-electro-optic-effect devices,” Appl. Opt. 32, 5153–5171 (1993).

J. M. Sasian, F. B. McCormick, R. Webb, R. J. Crisci, K. O. Mersereau, R. P. Stawicki, “Design, assembly and testing of an objective lens for a free-space photonic switching system,” Opt. Eng. 32, 1871–1878 (1993).

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Design and tolerancing comparisons for S-SEED-based free-space switching fabrics,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2697–2711 (1992).

McElhinney, M

D. T. Neilson, D. J. Goodwill, L. C. Wilkinson, F. A. P. Tooley, A. C. Walker, C. R. Stanley, M McElhinney, F. Pottier, “InGaAs transceivers for smart pixels,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 148–150.

McElhinney, M.

D. J. Goodwill, A. C. Walker, C. R. Stanley, M. C. Holland, M. McElhinney, “Improvements in strain-balanced InGaAs/GaAs optical modulators for 1047 nm operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1192–1194 (1994).

McKnight, D. J.

A. C. Walker, I. R. Redmond, D. J. McKnight, R. G. A. Craig, G. S. Buller, P. Meredith, M. R. Taghizadeh, “Construction of an optical cellular logic image processor,” in Topical Meeting on Optical Computing, Z. I. Alferov, J. W. Goodman, A. L. Mikaelian, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1806, 373 (1992).

Meredith, P.

A. C. Walker, I. R. Redmond, D. J. McKnight, R. G. A. Craig, G. S. Buller, P. Meredith, M. R. Taghizadeh, “Construction of an optical cellular logic image processor,” in Topical Meeting on Optical Computing, Z. I. Alferov, J. W. Goodman, A. L. Mikaelian, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1806, 373 (1992).

Mersereau, K. O.

J. M. Sasian, F. B. McCormick, R. Webb, R. J. Crisci, K. O. Mersereau, R. P. Stawicki, “Design, assembly and testing of an objective lens for a free-space photonic switching system,” Opt. Eng. 32, 1871–1878 (1993).

Miller, D. A. B.

A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “Evolution of the SEED technology—bistable logic gates to optoelectronic smart pixels,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 655–669 (1993).

K. W. Goossen, A. L. Lentine, J. A. Walker, L. A. D Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibeguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “Demonstration of a dense, high-speed optoelectronic technology integrated with silicon CMOS via flip-chip bonding and substrate removal,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 142–144.

Mirch, M. J.

H. J. White, G. N. Proudley, C. Stace, N. A. Browjohn, R. Dawkins, A. C. Walker, M. R. Taghizadeh, C. P. Barrett, D. T. Neilson, W. A. Crossland, J. R. Brocklehurst, M. J. Mirch, “The OCPM demonstrator system,” in Photonics in Switching, Vol. 12 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), Postdeadline paper PPd1.

Morrison, R. L.

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, H. S. Hinton, “Five-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic-effect device smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).

F. B. McCormick, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, D. B. Buchholz, “155-Mb/s operation of a FET-SEED free-space switching network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1479–1481 (1994).

T. J. Cloonan, G. W. Richards, R. L. Morrison, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, F. B. McCormick, S. J. Hinterlong, H. S. Hinton, “Shuffle-equivalent interconnection topologies based on computer-generated binary-phase gratings,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1405–1430 (1994).

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, F. A. P. Tooley, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, J. L. Brubaker, R. L. Morrison, S. L. Walker, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, S. J. Hinterlong, H. S. Hinton, E. Kerbis, “Six-stage digital free-space optical switching network using symmetrical self-electro-optic-effect devices,” Appl. Opt. 32, 5153–5171 (1993).

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Design and tolerancing comparisons for S-SEED-based free-space switching fabrics,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2697–2711 (1992).

Moseley, A. J.

A. J. Moseley, M. Q. Kearley, M. J. Goodwin, D. J. Robbins, J. Thompson, A. K. Wood, C. J. Groves-Kirkby, N. Carr, N. Maung, D. Clewitt, “8 channel InGaAs/InP quantum well asymmetric Fabry–Perot modulator hybridised with foundry VLSI silicon CMOS drive circuits,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1658–1660 (1992).

Neilson, D. T.

H. J. White, G. N. Proudley, C. Stace, N. A. Browjohn, R. Dawkins, A. C. Walker, M. R. Taghizadeh, C. P. Barrett, D. T. Neilson, W. A. Crossland, J. R. Brocklehurst, M. J. Mirch, “The OCPM demonstrator system,” in Photonics in Switching, Vol. 12 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), Postdeadline paper PPd1.

C. P. Barrett, A. C. Walker, D. T. Neilson, B. R. Robertson, “Optical design for crossbar systems,” in International Optical Design Conference, G. Forbes, ed., Vol. 22 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 292–295.

D. T. Neilson, D. J. Goodwill, L. C. Wilkinson, F. A. P. Tooley, A. C. Walker, C. R. Stanley, M McElhinney, F. Pottier, “InGaAs transceivers for smart pixels,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 148–150.

Novotny, R. A.

Oudar, J. L.

P. Koppa, P. Chavel, J. L. Oudar, R. Kuszelewicz, J. P. Schnell, J. P. Pocholle, “Optical-data self-routing using address decoding,” J. Phys. (Paris) 4, 2405–2411 (1994).

Plummer, J. L.

J. L. Plummer, “Tolerancing for economies in mass production of optics,” in Contemporary Optical Systems and Components Specifications, R. E. Fischer, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.181, 90–111 (1979).

Pocholle, J. P.

P. Koppa, P. Chavel, J. L. Oudar, R. Kuszelewicz, J. P. Schnell, J. P. Pocholle, “Optical-data self-routing using address decoding,” J. Phys. (Paris) 4, 2405–2411 (1994).

Pottier, F.

D. T. Neilson, D. J. Goodwill, L. C. Wilkinson, F. A. P. Tooley, A. C. Walker, C. R. Stanley, M McElhinney, F. Pottier, “InGaAs transceivers for smart pixels,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 148–150.

Prince, S. M.

D. A. Baillie, F. A. P. Tooley, S. M. Prince, N. L. Grant, J. A. B. Dines, M. P. Y. Desmulliez, M. R. Taghizadeh, “Implementation of a 16-channel sorting module,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 5–7.

S. M. Prince, F. A. P. Tooley, M. R. Taghizadeh, “Dynami- cally interconnected S-SEEDs,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 83–85.

Proudley, G. M.

H. J. White, N. A. Brownjohn, C. Stace, G. M. Proudley, A. C. Walker, M. R. Taghizadeh, B. Robertson, C. P. Barrett, M. J. Birch, “Practical demonstration of a free space optical crossbar switch,” in Photonics in Switching, J. W. Goodman, R. C. Alferness, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 129–132.

Proudley, G. N.

H. J. White, G. N. Proudley, C. Stace, N. A. Browjohn, R. Dawkins, A. C. Walker, M. R. Taghizadeh, C. P. Barrett, D. T. Neilson, W. A. Crossland, J. R. Brocklehurst, M. J. Mirch, “The OCPM demonstrator system,” in Photonics in Switching, Vol. 12 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), Postdeadline paper PPd1.

Redmond, I. R.

A. C. Walker, I. R. Redmond, D. J. McKnight, R. G. A. Craig, G. S. Buller, P. Meredith, M. R. Taghizadeh, “Construction of an optical cellular logic image processor,” in Topical Meeting on Optical Computing, Z. I. Alferov, J. W. Goodman, A. L. Mikaelian, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1806, 373 (1992).

Richards, G. W.

Robbins, D. J.

A. J. Moseley, M. Q. Kearley, M. J. Goodwin, D. J. Robbins, J. Thompson, A. K. Wood, C. J. Groves-Kirkby, N. Carr, N. Maung, D. Clewitt, “8 channel InGaAs/InP quantum well asymmetric Fabry–Perot modulator hybridised with foundry VLSI silicon CMOS drive circuits,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1658–1660 (1992).

Robertson, B.

H. J. White, N. A. Brownjohn, C. Stace, G. M. Proudley, A. C. Walker, M. R. Taghizadeh, B. Robertson, C. P. Barrett, M. J. Birch, “Practical demonstration of a free space optical crossbar switch,” in Photonics in Switching, J. W. Goodman, R. C. Alferness, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 129–132.

Robertson, B. R.

C. P. Barrett, A. C. Walker, D. T. Neilson, B. R. Robertson, “Optical design for crossbar systems,” in International Optical Design Conference, G. Forbes, ed., Vol. 22 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 292–295.

Sasian, J. M.

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, H. S. Hinton, “Five-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic-effect device smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).

F. B. McCormick, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, D. B. Buchholz, “155-Mb/s operation of a FET-SEED free-space switching network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1479–1481 (1994).

T. J. Cloonan, G. W. Richards, R. L. Morrison, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, F. B. McCormick, S. J. Hinterlong, H. S. Hinton, “Shuffle-equivalent interconnection topologies based on computer-generated binary-phase gratings,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1405–1430 (1994).

J. M. Sasian, F. B. McCormick, R. Webb, R. J. Crisci, K. O. Mersereau, R. P. Stawicki, “Design, assembly and testing of an objective lens for a free-space photonic switching system,” Opt. Eng. 32, 1871–1878 (1993).

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, F. A. P. Tooley, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, J. L. Brubaker, R. L. Morrison, S. L. Walker, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, S. J. Hinterlong, H. S. Hinton, E. Kerbis, “Six-stage digital free-space optical switching network using symmetrical self-electro-optic-effect devices,” Appl. Opt. 32, 5153–5171 (1993).

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Design and tolerancing comparisons for S-SEED-based free-space switching fabrics,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2697–2711 (1992).

J. M. Sasian, “Symmetry and imaging potential in lens design,” in International Optical Design Conference, G. Forbes, ed., Vol. 22 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 177–180.

Schnell, J. P.

P. Koppa, P. Chavel, J. L. Oudar, R. Kuszelewicz, J. P. Schnell, J. P. Pocholle, “Optical-data self-routing using address decoding,” J. Phys. (Paris) 4, 2405–2411 (1994).

Smith, W. J.

W. J. Smith, Modern Optical Engineering: The Design of Optical Systems (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1990), Chap. 11, pp. 335–337.

Stace, C.

H. J. White, N. A. Brownjohn, C. Stace, G. M. Proudley, A. C. Walker, M. R. Taghizadeh, B. Robertson, C. P. Barrett, M. J. Birch, “Practical demonstration of a free space optical crossbar switch,” in Photonics in Switching, J. W. Goodman, R. C. Alferness, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 129–132.

H. J. White, G. N. Proudley, C. Stace, N. A. Browjohn, R. Dawkins, A. C. Walker, M. R. Taghizadeh, C. P. Barrett, D. T. Neilson, W. A. Crossland, J. R. Brocklehurst, M. J. Mirch, “The OCPM demonstrator system,” in Photonics in Switching, Vol. 12 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), Postdeadline paper PPd1.

Stanley, C. R.

D. J. Goodwill, A. C. Walker, C. R. Stanley, M. C. Holland, M. McElhinney, “Improvements in strain-balanced InGaAs/GaAs optical modulators for 1047 nm operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1192–1194 (1994).

D. T. Neilson, D. J. Goodwill, L. C. Wilkinson, F. A. P. Tooley, A. C. Walker, C. R. Stanley, M McElhinney, F. Pottier, “InGaAs transceivers for smart pixels,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 148–150.

Stawicki, R. P.

J. M. Sasian, F. B. McCormick, R. Webb, R. J. Crisci, K. O. Mersereau, R. P. Stawicki, “Design, assembly and testing of an objective lens for a free-space photonic switching system,” Opt. Eng. 32, 1871–1878 (1993).

Taghizadeh, M.

B. Kelly, J. Hegarty, P. Horan, F. Tooley, M. Taghizadeh, “Demonstration of a laterally inhibitive optical preprocessor using quantum well Fabry–Perot modulators,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 195–197.

Taghizadeh, M. R.

H. J. White, G. N. Proudley, C. Stace, N. A. Browjohn, R. Dawkins, A. C. Walker, M. R. Taghizadeh, C. P. Barrett, D. T. Neilson, W. A. Crossland, J. R. Brocklehurst, M. J. Mirch, “The OCPM demonstrator system,” in Photonics in Switching, Vol. 12 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), Postdeadline paper PPd1.

S. M. Prince, F. A. P. Tooley, M. R. Taghizadeh, “Dynami- cally interconnected S-SEEDs,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 83–85.

A. C. Walker, I. R. Redmond, D. J. McKnight, R. G. A. Craig, G. S. Buller, P. Meredith, M. R. Taghizadeh, “Construction of an optical cellular logic image processor,” in Topical Meeting on Optical Computing, Z. I. Alferov, J. W. Goodman, A. L. Mikaelian, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1806, 373 (1992).

H. J. White, N. A. Brownjohn, C. Stace, G. M. Proudley, A. C. Walker, M. R. Taghizadeh, B. Robertson, C. P. Barrett, M. J. Birch, “Practical demonstration of a free space optical crossbar switch,” in Photonics in Switching, J. W. Goodman, R. C. Alferness, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 129–132.

D. A. Baillie, F. A. P. Tooley, S. M. Prince, N. L. Grant, J. A. B. Dines, M. P. Y. Desmulliez, M. R. Taghizadeh, “Implementation of a 16-channel sorting module,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 5–7.

Thompson, J.

A. J. Moseley, M. Q. Kearley, M. J. Goodwin, D. J. Robbins, J. Thompson, A. K. Wood, C. J. Groves-Kirkby, N. Carr, N. Maung, D. Clewitt, “8 channel InGaAs/InP quantum well asymmetric Fabry–Perot modulator hybridised with foundry VLSI silicon CMOS drive circuits,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1658–1660 (1992).

Tooley, F.

B. Kelly, J. Hegarty, P. Horan, F. Tooley, M. Taghizadeh, “Demonstration of a laterally inhibitive optical preprocessor using quantum well Fabry–Perot modulators,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 195–197.

Tooley, F. A. P.

M. P. Y. Desmulliez, F. A. P. Tooley, J. Dines, N L. Grant, D. J. Goodwill, D. A. Baillie, B. S. Wherrett, P. Foulk, S. Ashcroft, P. Black, “Perfect-shuffle interconnected bitonic sorter: optoelectronic design,” Appl. Opt. 34, 5077–5090 (1995).

H. S. Hinton, T. J. Cloonan, F. B. McCormick, A. L. Lentine, F. A. P. Tooley, “Free space digital optical systems,” Proc. IEEE 82, 1632–1649 (1994).

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, F. A. P. Tooley, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, J. L. Brubaker, R. L. Morrison, S. L. Walker, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, S. J. Hinterlong, H. S. Hinton, E. Kerbis, “Six-stage digital free-space optical switching network using symmetrical self-electro-optic-effect devices,” Appl. Opt. 32, 5153–5171 (1993).

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Design and tolerancing comparisons for S-SEED-based free-space switching fabrics,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2697–2711 (1992).

S. M. Prince, F. A. P. Tooley, M. R. Taghizadeh, “Dynami- cally interconnected S-SEEDs,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 83–85.

D. A. Baillie, F. A. P. Tooley, S. M. Prince, N. L. Grant, J. A. B. Dines, M. P. Y. Desmulliez, M. R. Taghizadeh, “Implementation of a 16-channel sorting module,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 5–7.

D. T. Neilson, D. J. Goodwill, L. C. Wilkinson, F. A. P. Tooley, A. C. Walker, C. R. Stanley, M McElhinney, F. Pottier, “InGaAs transceivers for smart pixels,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 148–150.

Tseng, B.

K. W. Goossen, A. L. Lentine, J. A. Walker, L. A. D Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibeguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “Demonstration of a dense, high-speed optoelectronic technology integrated with silicon CMOS via flip-chip bonding and substrate removal,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 142–144.

Walker, A. C.

D. J. Goodwill, A. C. Walker, C. R. Stanley, M. C. Holland, M. McElhinney, “Improvements in strain-balanced InGaAs/GaAs optical modulators for 1047 nm operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1192–1194 (1994).

H. J. White, N. A. Brownjohn, C. Stace, G. M. Proudley, A. C. Walker, M. R. Taghizadeh, B. Robertson, C. P. Barrett, M. J. Birch, “Practical demonstration of a free space optical crossbar switch,” in Photonics in Switching, J. W. Goodman, R. C. Alferness, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 129–132.

C. P. Barrett, A. C. Walker, D. T. Neilson, B. R. Robertson, “Optical design for crossbar systems,” in International Optical Design Conference, G. Forbes, ed., Vol. 22 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 292–295.

H. J. White, G. N. Proudley, C. Stace, N. A. Browjohn, R. Dawkins, A. C. Walker, M. R. Taghizadeh, C. P. Barrett, D. T. Neilson, W. A. Crossland, J. R. Brocklehurst, M. J. Mirch, “The OCPM demonstrator system,” in Photonics in Switching, Vol. 12 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), Postdeadline paper PPd1.

A. C. Walker, I. R. Redmond, D. J. McKnight, R. G. A. Craig, G. S. Buller, P. Meredith, M. R. Taghizadeh, “Construction of an optical cellular logic image processor,” in Topical Meeting on Optical Computing, Z. I. Alferov, J. W. Goodman, A. L. Mikaelian, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1806, 373 (1992).

D. T. Neilson, D. J. Goodwill, L. C. Wilkinson, F. A. P. Tooley, A. C. Walker, C. R. Stanley, M McElhinney, F. Pottier, “InGaAs transceivers for smart pixels,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 148–150.

Walker, J. A.

K. W. Goossen, A. L. Lentine, J. A. Walker, L. A. D Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibeguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “Demonstration of a dense, high-speed optoelectronic technology integrated with silicon CMOS via flip-chip bonding and substrate removal,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 142–144.

Walker, S. L.

Webb, R.

J. M. Sasian, F. B. McCormick, R. Webb, R. J. Crisci, K. O. Mersereau, R. P. Stawicki, “Design, assembly and testing of an objective lens for a free-space photonic switching system,” Opt. Eng. 32, 1871–1878 (1993).

Wherrett, B. S.

White, H. J.

H. J. White, N. A. Brownjohn, C. Stace, G. M. Proudley, A. C. Walker, M. R. Taghizadeh, B. Robertson, C. P. Barrett, M. J. Birch, “Practical demonstration of a free space optical crossbar switch,” in Photonics in Switching, J. W. Goodman, R. C. Alferness, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 129–132.

H. J. White, G. N. Proudley, C. Stace, N. A. Browjohn, R. Dawkins, A. C. Walker, M. R. Taghizadeh, C. P. Barrett, D. T. Neilson, W. A. Crossland, J. R. Brocklehurst, M. J. Mirch, “The OCPM demonstrator system,” in Photonics in Switching, Vol. 12 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), Postdeadline paper PPd1.

Wilkinson, L. C.

D. T. Neilson, D. J. Goodwill, L. C. Wilkinson, F. A. P. Tooley, A. C. Walker, C. R. Stanley, M McElhinney, F. Pottier, “InGaAs transceivers for smart pixels,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 148–150.

Willey, R. R.

R. R. Willey, “The impact of tight tolerances and other factors on the cost of optical components,” in Optical Systems Engineering IV, P. R. Yoder, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.518, 106–111 (1984).

Wojcik, M. J.

F. B. McCormick, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, D. B. Buchholz, “155-Mb/s operation of a FET-SEED free-space switching network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1479–1481 (1994).

F. B. McCormick, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, J. M. Sasian, R. L. Morrison, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, R. J. Crisci, R. A. Novotny, H. S. Hinton, “Five-stage free-space optical switching network with field-effect transistor self-electro-optic-effect device smart-pixel arrays,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1601–1618 (1994).

Wood, A. K.

A. J. Moseley, M. Q. Kearley, M. J. Goodwin, D. J. Robbins, J. Thompson, A. K. Wood, C. J. Groves-Kirkby, N. Carr, N. Maung, D. Clewitt, “8 channel InGaAs/InP quantum well asymmetric Fabry–Perot modulator hybridised with foundry VLSI silicon CMOS drive circuits,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1658–1660 (1992).

Wullert, J. R.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

D. J. Goodwill, A. C. Walker, C. R. Stanley, M. C. Holland, M. McElhinney, “Improvements in strain-balanced InGaAs/GaAs optical modulators for 1047 nm operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1192–1194 (1994).

Appl. Opt.

Electron. Lett.

A. J. Moseley, M. Q. Kearley, M. J. Goodwin, D. J. Robbins, J. Thompson, A. K. Wood, C. J. Groves-Kirkby, N. Carr, N. Maung, D. Clewitt, “8 channel InGaAs/InP quantum well asymmetric Fabry–Perot modulator hybridised with foundry VLSI silicon CMOS drive circuits,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1658–1660 (1992).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

A. L. Lentine, D. A. B. Miller, “Evolution of the SEED technology—bistable logic gates to optoelectronic smart pixels,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 655–669 (1993).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

F. B. McCormick, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, D. B. Buchholz, “155-Mb/s operation of a FET-SEED free-space switching network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1479–1481 (1994).

J. Phys. (Paris)

P. Koppa, P. Chavel, J. L. Oudar, R. Kuszelewicz, J. P. Schnell, J. P. Pocholle, “Optical-data self-routing using address decoding,” J. Phys. (Paris) 4, 2405–2411 (1994).

Opt. Eng.

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Design and tolerancing comparisons for S-SEED-based free-space switching fabrics,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2697–2711 (1992).

Opt. Eng.

J. M. Sasian, F. B. McCormick, R. Webb, R. J. Crisci, K. O. Mersereau, R. P. Stawicki, “Design, assembly and testing of an objective lens for a free-space photonic switching system,” Opt. Eng. 32, 1871–1878 (1993).

Proc. IEEE

H. S. Hinton, T. J. Cloonan, F. B. McCormick, A. L. Lentine, F. A. P. Tooley, “Free space digital optical systems,” Proc. IEEE 82, 1632–1649 (1994).

Other

J. M. Sasian, “Symmetry and imaging potential in lens design,” in International Optical Design Conference, G. Forbes, ed., Vol. 22 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 177–180.

S. M. Prince, F. A. P. Tooley, M. R. Taghizadeh, “Dynami- cally interconnected S-SEEDs,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 83–85.

B. Kelly, J. Hegarty, P. Horan, F. Tooley, M. Taghizadeh, “Demonstration of a laterally inhibitive optical preprocessor using quantum well Fabry–Perot modulators,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 195–197.

C. P. Barrett, A. C. Walker, D. T. Neilson, B. R. Robertson, “Optical design for crossbar systems,” in International Optical Design Conference, G. Forbes, ed., Vol. 22 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 292–295.

H. J. White, G. N. Proudley, C. Stace, N. A. Browjohn, R. Dawkins, A. C. Walker, M. R. Taghizadeh, C. P. Barrett, D. T. Neilson, W. A. Crossland, J. R. Brocklehurst, M. J. Mirch, “The OCPM demonstrator system,” in Photonics in Switching, Vol. 12 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), Postdeadline paper PPd1.

A. C. Walker, I. R. Redmond, D. J. McKnight, R. G. A. Craig, G. S. Buller, P. Meredith, M. R. Taghizadeh, “Construction of an optical cellular logic image processor,” in Topical Meeting on Optical Computing, Z. I. Alferov, J. W. Goodman, A. L. Mikaelian, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1806, 373 (1992).

R. R. Willey, “The impact of tight tolerances and other factors on the cost of optical components,” in Optical Systems Engineering IV, P. R. Yoder, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.518, 106–111 (1984).

J. L. Plummer, “Tolerancing for economies in mass production of optics,” in Contemporary Optical Systems and Components Specifications, R. E. Fischer, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.181, 90–111 (1979).

D. A. Baillie, F. A. P. Tooley, S. M. Prince, N. L. Grant, J. A. B. Dines, M. P. Y. Desmulliez, M. R. Taghizadeh, “Implementation of a 16-channel sorting module,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 5–7.

W. J. Smith, Modern Optical Engineering: The Design of Optical Systems (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1990), Chap. 11, pp. 335–337.

CODE V is a commercially available optical design package developed by Optical Research Associates, Pasadena, California.

H. J. White, N. A. Brownjohn, C. Stace, G. M. Proudley, A. C. Walker, M. R. Taghizadeh, B. Robertson, C. P. Barrett, M. J. Birch, “Practical demonstration of a free space optical crossbar switch,” in Photonics in Switching, J. W. Goodman, R. C. Alferness, eds., Vol. 16 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 129–132.

K. W. Goossen, A. L. Lentine, J. A. Walker, L. A. D Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. Tseng, R. Leibeguth, D. Kossives, D. Dahringer, L. M. F. Chirovsky, D. A. B. Miller, “Demonstration of a dense, high-speed optoelectronic technology integrated with silicon CMOS via flip-chip bonding and substrate removal,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 142–144.

D. T. Neilson, D. J. Goodwill, L. C. Wilkinson, F. A. P. Tooley, A. C. Walker, C. R. Stanley, M McElhinney, F. Pottier, “InGaAs transceivers for smart pixels,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 148–150.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Relative spot size (90% encircled energy) of a Gaussian beam as a function of the WFE. Data points for lenses perturbed as for manufacturing errors are shown. A best fit, along with upper and lower (95%) bounds, is shown.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Theoretical variation of aberration (WFE) contributions from astigmatism, coma, and spherical aberrations with focal length.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Theoretical variation of aberration (WFE) with focal length and f/# for (a) fixed image size case and (b) fixed space–bandwidth case. All the first-, third-, and fifth-order terms in table 1 are included, and the coefficients were the same for both cases.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Each analysis used a set of lenses derived from a starting lens. Pictured here are the starting lenses for the three-, four-, and five-element sets.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Results from CODE V simulations of (a) three-element, (b) four-element, (c) five-element lenses. Graphs show the variation in the RMS WFE with the focal length for the lenses run at f/4 for three levels of manufacturing error: dotted curve, zero manufacturing error; solid curve, loose tolerance; dashed curve, tight tolerance.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Variations in the RMS WFE with an EFL and f/# for a fixed image size with (a) no manufacturing error, (b) tight tolerances, (c) loose tolerances. (Contour lines are at 0.01 spacing up to a maximum of 0.2.)

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Variations in RMS WFE with an EFL and f/# for a fixed-space–bandwidth product with (a) no manufacturing error, (b) tight tolerances, (c) loose tolerances. (Contour lines are at 0.01 spacing up to a maximum of 0.2.)

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

30-mm EFL lens design for sorting-node system.

Tables (4)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Scaling of First-, Third-, and Fifth-Order Aberrations for Fixed-Image-Size (I) and Fixed-Bandwidth Cases (b 2) with EFL (f) and NA (a)

Tables Icon

Table 2 Tolerances Used

Tables Icon

Table 3 Maximum Image Sizes and Their Corresponding EFL's for Various fi #'s with Corresponding Spot Sizes at 790 nm and the Two Tolerance Sets

Tables Icon

Table 4. EFL’s (mm) for the Lenses in the Sorting-Node System that give the 30-μm Spot Size as a Function of f/#

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

= 2 . 14 λ   f / # [ ( w / w 0 ) 2 + 1 ] 1 / 2 ,
T = ( C AST a θ 2 + C COM a 2 θ + C SPH a 3 ) f ,
θ  1 / f ,
T C AST ( a l 2 / f ) + C COM a 2 l + C SPH f a 3 .
θ  ( b / a f ) ,
T C AST ( b 2 / a f ) + C COM b a + C SPH f a 3 .

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