M. I. Mishchenko, J. W. Hovenier, “Depolarization of light backscattered
by randomly oriented nonspherical particles,”
Opt. Lett. 20, 1356–1358
(1995).

L. R. Bissonnette, D. L. Hutt, “Multiply scattered aerosol lidar
returns: inversion method and comparison with in situ
measurements,” Appl. Opt. 34, 6959–6975
(1995).

C. Flesia, P. Schwendimann, “Analytical multiple-scattering
extension of the Mie theory: the LIDAR equation,”
Appl. Phys. B 60, 331–334
(1995).

E. P. Zege, I. L. Katsev, I. N. Polonsky, “Analytical solution to LIDAR return
signals from clouds with regard to multiple
scattering,” Appl. Phys. B 60, 345–353
(1995).

P. Bruscaglioni, A. Ismaelli, G. Zaccanti, “Monte-Carlo calculations of LIDAR
returns: procedure and results,” Appl. Phys.
B 60, 325–329
(1995).

A. V. Starkov, M. Noormohammadian, U. G. Oppel, “A stochastic model for a
variance-reduction Monte-Carlo method for the calculation of light
transport,” Appl. Phys. B 60, 335–340
(1995).

D. M. Winker, L. R. Poole, “Monte-Carlo calculations of cloud
returns for ground-based and space-based LIDARS,”
Appl. Phys. B 60, 341–344
(1995).

C. Werner, J. Streicher, H. Herrmann, H.-G. Dahn, “Multiple-scattering lidar
experiments,” Opt. Eng. 31, 1731–1745
(1992).

P. Bruscaglioni, A. Ismaelli, G. Zaccanti, “Simple scaling relationships for
calculation of lidar returns from turbid media in multiple scattering
regime,” J. Mod. Opt. 39, 1003–1015
(1992).

C. F. Bohren, S. B. Singham, “Backscattering by non-spherical
particles: a review of methods and suggested new
approaches,” J. Geophys. Res. 96, 5269–5277
(1991).

K. Sassen, “The polarization lidar technique for
cloud research: a review and current assessment,”
Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 72, 1848–1866
(1991).

A. Mugnai, W. J. Wiscombe, “Scattering from nonspherical Chebyshev
particles. 1: Cross sections, single-scattering albedo, asymmetry factor,
and backscattered fraction,” Appl.
Opt. 25, 1235–1244
(1986).

L. R. Bissonnette, “Sensitivity analysis of lidar inversion
algorithms,” Appl. Opt. 25, 2122–2125
(1986).

J. D. Klett, “Stable analytical inversion solution
for processing lidar returns,” Appl.
Opt. 20, 211–220
(1981).

P. Bruscaglioni, “On the contribution of double
scattering to the lidar returns from clouds,”
Opt. Commun. 27, 9–12
(1978).

R. J. Allen, C. M. R. Platt, “Lidar for multiple backscattering and
depolarization observation,” Appl.
Opt. 16, 3193–3199
(1977).

P. C. Waterman, “Symmetry, unitarity and geometry in
electromagnetic scattering,” Phys. Rev.
D 3, 825–839
(1971).

P. C. Waterman, “Matrix formulation for electromagnetic
scattering,” Proc. IEEE 53, 805–812
(1965).

R. J. Allen, C. M. R. Platt, “Lidar for multiple backscattering and
depolarization observation,” Appl.
Opt. 16, 3193–3199
(1977).

C. F. Bohren, S. B. Singham, “Backscattering by non-spherical
particles: a review of methods and suggested new
approaches,” J. Geophys. Res. 96, 5269–5277
(1991).

C. F. Bohren, D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small
Particles (Wiley-Interscience,
New York,
1983).

P. Bruscaglioni, A. Ismaelli, G. Zaccanti, “Monte-Carlo calculations of LIDAR
returns: procedure and results,” Appl. Phys.
B 60, 325–329
(1995).

P. Bruscaglioni, A. Ismaelli, G. Zaccanti, “Simple scaling relationships for
calculation of lidar returns from turbid media in multiple scattering
regime,” J. Mod. Opt. 39, 1003–1015
(1992).

P. Bruscaglioni, “On the contribution of double
scattering to the lidar returns from clouds,”
Opt. Commun. 27, 9–12
(1978).

P. Bruscaglioni, G. Zaccanti, “Multiple scattering in dense
media,” in Scattering in Volumes and
Surfaces, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. C. Dainty, eds. (Elsevier,
New York,
1990).

C. Werner, J. Streicher, H. Herrmann, H.-G. Dahn, “Multiple-scattering lidar
experiments,” Opt. Eng. 31, 1731–1745
(1992).

D. Deirmendjian, Electromagnetic Scattering on Spherical
Polydispersions (Elsevier,
New York,
1968).

C. Flesia, P. Schwendimann, “Analytical multiple-scattering
extension of the Mie theory: the LIDAR equation,”
Appl. Phys. B 60, 331–334
(1995).

C. Werner, J. Streicher, H. Herrmann, H.-G. Dahn, “Multiple-scattering lidar
experiments,” Opt. Eng. 31, 1731–1745
(1992).

P. Barber, S. C. Hill, Light Scattering by Particles: Computational
Methods (World Scientific,
Singapore,
1990).

C. F. Bohren, D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small
Particles (Wiley-Interscience,
New York,
1983).

A. Ishimaru, Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random
Media (Academic,
New York,
1978).

P. Bruscaglioni, A. Ismaelli, G. Zaccanti, “Monte-Carlo calculations of LIDAR
returns: procedure and results,” Appl. Phys.
B 60, 325–329
(1995).

P. Bruscaglioni, A. Ismaelli, G. Zaccanti, “Simple scaling relationships for
calculation of lidar returns from turbid media in multiple scattering
regime,” J. Mod. Opt. 39, 1003–1015
(1992).

E. P. Zege, I. L. Katsev, I. N. Polonsky, “Analytical solution to LIDAR return
signals from clouds with regard to multiple
scattering,” Appl. Phys. B 60, 345–353
(1995).

J. D. Klett, “Lidar inversion with variable
backscatter/extinction ratio,” Appl.
Opt. 24, 1638–1643
(1985).

J. D. Klett, “Stable analytical inversion solution
for processing lidar returns,” Appl.
Opt. 20, 211–220
(1981).

A. Mugnai, W. J. Wiscombe, “Scattering from nonspherical Chebyshev
particles. 3: Variability in angular scattering
patterns,” Appl. Opt. 28, 3061–3073
(1989).

W. J. Wiscombe, A. Mugnai, “Scattering from nonspherical Chebyshev
particles. 2: Means of angular scattering patterns,”
Appl. Opt. 27, 2405–2421
(1988).

A. Mugnai, W. J. Wiscombe, “Scattering from nonspherical Chebyshev
particles. 1: Cross sections, single-scattering albedo, asymmetry factor,
and backscattered fraction,” Appl.
Opt. 25, 1235–1244
(1986).

W. J. Wiscombe, A. Mugnai, “Single scattering from non-spherical
Chebyshev particles: a compendium of calculations,”
(NASA Goddard Space Flight
Center, Greenbelt, Md.,
1986).

A. V. Starkov, M. Noormohammadian, U. G. Oppel, “A stochastic model for a
variance-reduction Monte-Carlo method for the calculation of light
transport,” Appl. Phys. B 60, 335–340
(1995).

A. V. Starkov, M. Noormohammadian, U. G. Oppel, “A stochastic model for a
variance-reduction Monte-Carlo method for the calculation of light
transport,” Appl. Phys. B 60, 335–340
(1995).

R. J. Allen, C. M. R. Platt, “Lidar for multiple backscattering and
depolarization observation,” Appl.
Opt. 16, 3193–3199
(1977).

E. P. Zege, I. L. Katsev, I. N. Polonsky, “Analytical solution to LIDAR return
signals from clouds with regard to multiple
scattering,” Appl. Phys. B 60, 345–353
(1995).

D. M. Winker, L. R. Poole, “Monte-Carlo calculations of cloud
returns for ground-based and space-based LIDARS,”
Appl. Phys. B 60, 341–344
(1995).

K. Sassen, “The polarization lidar technique for
cloud research: a review and current assessment,”
Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 72, 1848–1866
(1991).

C. Flesia, P. Schwendimann, “Analytical multiple-scattering
extension of the Mie theory: the LIDAR equation,”
Appl. Phys. B 60, 331–334
(1995).

C. F. Bohren, S. B. Singham, “Backscattering by non-spherical
particles: a review of methods and suggested new
approaches,” J. Geophys. Res. 96, 5269–5277
(1991).

A. V. Starkov, M. Noormohammadian, U. G. Oppel, “A stochastic model for a
variance-reduction Monte-Carlo method for the calculation of light
transport,” Appl. Phys. B 60, 335–340
(1995).

C. Werner, J. Streicher, H. Herrmann, H.-G. Dahn, “Multiple-scattering lidar
experiments,” Opt. Eng. 31, 1731–1745
(1992).

H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles
(Dover, New
York, 1981).

P. C. Waterman, “Symmetry, unitarity and geometry in
electromagnetic scattering,” Phys. Rev.
D 3, 825–839
(1971).

P. C. Waterman, “Matrix formulation for electromagnetic
scattering,” Proc. IEEE 53, 805–812
(1965).

C. Werner, J. Streicher, H. Herrmann, H.-G. Dahn, “Multiple-scattering lidar
experiments,” Opt. Eng. 31, 1731–1745
(1992).

D. M. Winker, L. R. Poole, “Monte-Carlo calculations of cloud
returns for ground-based and space-based LIDARS,”
Appl. Phys. B 60, 341–344
(1995).

A. Mugnai, W. J. Wiscombe, “Scattering from nonspherical Chebyshev
particles. 3: Variability in angular scattering
patterns,” Appl. Opt. 28, 3061–3073
(1989).

W. J. Wiscombe, A. Mugnai, “Scattering from nonspherical Chebyshev
particles. 2: Means of angular scattering patterns,”
Appl. Opt. 27, 2405–2421
(1988).

A. Mugnai, W. J. Wiscombe, “Scattering from nonspherical Chebyshev
particles. 1: Cross sections, single-scattering albedo, asymmetry factor,
and backscattered fraction,” Appl.
Opt. 25, 1235–1244
(1986).

W. J. Wiscombe, A. Mugnai, “Single scattering from non-spherical
Chebyshev particles: a compendium of calculations,”
(NASA Goddard Space Flight
Center, Greenbelt, Md.,
1986).

D. C. Woods, “Examples of realistic aerosol particles
collected in a cascade impactor,” in Light
Scattering by Irregularly Shaped Particles, D. W. Schuerman, ed. (Plenum,
New York,
1980).

P. Bruscaglioni, A. Ismaelli, G. Zaccanti, “Monte-Carlo calculations of LIDAR
returns: procedure and results,” Appl. Phys.
B 60, 325–329
(1995).

P. Bruscaglioni, A. Ismaelli, G. Zaccanti, “Simple scaling relationships for
calculation of lidar returns from turbid media in multiple scattering
regime,” J. Mod. Opt. 39, 1003–1015
(1992).

P. Bruscaglioni, G. Zaccanti, “Multiple scattering in dense
media,” in Scattering in Volumes and
Surfaces, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. C. Dainty, eds. (Elsevier,
New York,
1990).

E. P. Zege, I. L. Katsev, I. N. Polonsky, “Analytical solution to LIDAR return
signals from clouds with regard to multiple
scattering,” Appl. Phys. B 60, 345–353
(1995).

J. D. Klett, “Stable analytical inversion solution
for processing lidar returns,” Appl.
Opt. 20, 211–220
(1981).

J. D. Klett, “Lidar inversion with variable
backscatter/extinction ratio,” Appl.
Opt. 24, 1638–1643
(1985).

R. J. Allen, C. M. R. Platt, “Lidar for multiple backscattering and
depolarization observation,” Appl.
Opt. 16, 3193–3199
(1977).

A. Mugnai, W. J. Wiscombe, “Scattering from nonspherical Chebyshev
particles. 1: Cross sections, single-scattering albedo, asymmetry factor,
and backscattered fraction,” Appl.
Opt. 25, 1235–1244
(1986).

W. J. Wiscombe, A. Mugnai, “Scattering from nonspherical Chebyshev
particles. 2: Means of angular scattering patterns,”
Appl. Opt. 27, 2405–2421
(1988).

A. Mugnai, W. J. Wiscombe, “Scattering from nonspherical Chebyshev
particles. 3: Variability in angular scattering
patterns,” Appl. Opt. 28, 3061–3073
(1989).

L. R. Bissonnette, D. L. Hutt, “Multiply scattered aerosol lidar
returns: inversion method and comparison with in situ
measurements,” Appl. Opt. 34, 6959–6975
(1995).

S. R. Pal, A. I. Carswell, “Polarization anisotropy in lidar
multiple scattering from atmospheric clouds,”
Appl. Opt. 24, 3464–3471
(1985).

L. R. Bissonnette, “Sensitivity analysis of lidar inversion
algorithms,” Appl. Opt. 25, 2122–2125
(1986).

P. Barber, C. Yeh, “Scattering of electromagnetic waves by
arbitrarily shaped dielectric particles,”
Appl. Opt. 14, 2864–2872
(1975).

S. Asano, G. Yamamoto, “Light scattering by a spheroidal
particle,” Appl. Opt. 14, 29–49
(1975).

P. Bruscaglioni, A. Ismaelli, G. Zaccanti, “Monte-Carlo calculations of LIDAR
returns: procedure and results,” Appl. Phys.
B 60, 325–329
(1995).

A. V. Starkov, M. Noormohammadian, U. G. Oppel, “A stochastic model for a
variance-reduction Monte-Carlo method for the calculation of light
transport,” Appl. Phys. B 60, 335–340
(1995).

D. M. Winker, L. R. Poole, “Monte-Carlo calculations of cloud
returns for ground-based and space-based LIDARS,”
Appl. Phys. B 60, 341–344
(1995).

C. Flesia, P. Schwendimann, “Analytical multiple-scattering
extension of the Mie theory: the LIDAR equation,”
Appl. Phys. B 60, 331–334
(1995).

E. P. Zege, I. L. Katsev, I. N. Polonsky, “Analytical solution to LIDAR return
signals from clouds with regard to multiple
scattering,” Appl. Phys. B 60, 345–353
(1995).

K. Sassen, “The polarization lidar technique for
cloud research: a review and current assessment,”
Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 72, 1848–1866
(1991).

C. F. Bohren, S. B. Singham, “Backscattering by non-spherical
particles: a review of methods and suggested new
approaches,” J. Geophys. Res. 96, 5269–5277
(1991).

P. Bruscaglioni, A. Ismaelli, G. Zaccanti, “Simple scaling relationships for
calculation of lidar returns from turbid media in multiple scattering
regime,” J. Mod. Opt. 39, 1003–1015
(1992).

P. Bruscaglioni, “On the contribution of double
scattering to the lidar returns from clouds,”
Opt. Commun. 27, 9–12
(1978).

C. Werner, J. Streicher, H. Herrmann, H.-G. Dahn, “Multiple-scattering lidar
experiments,” Opt. Eng. 31, 1731–1745
(1992).

P. C. Waterman, “Symmetry, unitarity and geometry in
electromagnetic scattering,” Phys. Rev.
D 3, 825–839
(1971).

P. C. Waterman, “Matrix formulation for electromagnetic
scattering,” Proc. IEEE 53, 805–812
(1965).

P. Barber, S. C. Hill, Light Scattering by Particles: Computational
Methods (World Scientific,
Singapore,
1990).

P. Bruscaglioni, G. Zaccanti, “Multiple scattering in dense
media,” in Scattering in Volumes and
Surfaces, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. C. Dainty, eds. (Elsevier,
New York,
1990).

A. Ishimaru, Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random
Media (Academic,
New York,
1978).

D. Deirmendjian, Electromagnetic Scattering on Spherical
Polydispersions (Elsevier,
New York,
1968).

H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles
(Dover, New
York, 1981).

D. C. Woods, “Examples of realistic aerosol particles
collected in a cascade impactor,” in Light
Scattering by Irregularly Shaped Particles, D. W. Schuerman, ed. (Plenum,
New York,
1980).

C. F. Bohren, D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small
Particles (Wiley-Interscience,
New York,
1983).

W. J. Wiscombe, A. Mugnai, “Single scattering from non-spherical
Chebyshev particles: a compendium of calculations,”
(NASA Goddard Space Flight
Center, Greenbelt, Md.,
1986).