A minimum-mean-square-error filter is proposed to detect a noisy target in spatially nonoverlapping background noise. In this model, both the background noise that is spatially nonoverlapping with the target and the noise that is additive to the target and the input image are considered. The criterion used to design the filter is to minimize the mean-square-error between the filter output and a delta function located at the target position in the presence of the noise. Computer-simulation results for a number of noisy input images are presented, and the performance of the filter is determined. We also test the filter discrimination against undesired objects and tolerance to target distortions, such as rotation and scaling.
© 1996 Optical Society of America
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