Abstract

Based on recent results for potassium-exchanged optical waveguides in BK7 glass [Appl. Opt. 34, 455–458 (1995)], the feasibility of fiber-compatible waveguide fabrication for telecommunication wavelengths is studied. Modeling of waveguides gives the result that such waveguides with good properties cannot be achieved with this fabrication technique because of the observed saturation of diffusion depth.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. N. Weiss, R. Srivastava, “Determination of ion-exchanged channel waveguide profile parameters by mode-index measurements,” Appl. Opt. 34, 455–458 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A. Tervonen, “Theoretical analysis of ion-exchanged glass waveguides,” in Introduction to Glass Integrated Optics, S. I. Najafi, ed. (Artech House, Boston, Mass., 1992), pp. 73–105.
  3. A. N. Miliou, R. Srivastava, R. V. Ramaswamy, “A 1.3-μm directional coupler polarization splitter by ion exchange,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 220–225 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Miliou, H. Zhenguang, H. C. Cheng, R. Srivastava, R. V. Ramaswamy, “Fiber-compatible K+–Na+ ion-exchanged channel waveguides: fabrication and characterization,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1889–1897 (1989).
    [CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1993 (1)

A. N. Miliou, R. Srivastava, R. V. Ramaswamy, “A 1.3-μm directional coupler polarization splitter by ion exchange,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 220–225 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

A. Miliou, H. Zhenguang, H. C. Cheng, R. Srivastava, R. V. Ramaswamy, “Fiber-compatible K+–Na+ ion-exchanged channel waveguides: fabrication and characterization,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1889–1897 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, H. C.

A. Miliou, H. Zhenguang, H. C. Cheng, R. Srivastava, R. V. Ramaswamy, “Fiber-compatible K+–Na+ ion-exchanged channel waveguides: fabrication and characterization,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1889–1897 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Miliou, A.

A. Miliou, H. Zhenguang, H. C. Cheng, R. Srivastava, R. V. Ramaswamy, “Fiber-compatible K+–Na+ ion-exchanged channel waveguides: fabrication and characterization,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1889–1897 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Miliou, A. N.

A. N. Miliou, R. Srivastava, R. V. Ramaswamy, “A 1.3-μm directional coupler polarization splitter by ion exchange,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 220–225 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ramaswamy, R. V.

A. N. Miliou, R. Srivastava, R. V. Ramaswamy, “A 1.3-μm directional coupler polarization splitter by ion exchange,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 220–225 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Miliou, H. Zhenguang, H. C. Cheng, R. Srivastava, R. V. Ramaswamy, “Fiber-compatible K+–Na+ ion-exchanged channel waveguides: fabrication and characterization,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1889–1897 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Srivastava, R.

N. Weiss, R. Srivastava, “Determination of ion-exchanged channel waveguide profile parameters by mode-index measurements,” Appl. Opt. 34, 455–458 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. N. Miliou, R. Srivastava, R. V. Ramaswamy, “A 1.3-μm directional coupler polarization splitter by ion exchange,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 220–225 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Miliou, H. Zhenguang, H. C. Cheng, R. Srivastava, R. V. Ramaswamy, “Fiber-compatible K+–Na+ ion-exchanged channel waveguides: fabrication and characterization,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1889–1897 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Tervonen, A.

A. Tervonen, “Theoretical analysis of ion-exchanged glass waveguides,” in Introduction to Glass Integrated Optics, S. I. Najafi, ed. (Artech House, Boston, Mass., 1992), pp. 73–105.

Weiss, N.

Zhenguang, H.

A. Miliou, H. Zhenguang, H. C. Cheng, R. Srivastava, R. V. Ramaswamy, “Fiber-compatible K+–Na+ ion-exchanged channel waveguides: fabrication and characterization,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1889–1897 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Miliou, H. Zhenguang, H. C. Cheng, R. Srivastava, R. V. Ramaswamy, “Fiber-compatible K+–Na+ ion-exchanged channel waveguides: fabrication and characterization,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1889–1897 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

A. N. Miliou, R. Srivastava, R. V. Ramaswamy, “A 1.3-μm directional coupler polarization splitter by ion exchange,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 220–225 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

A. Tervonen, “Theoretical analysis of ion-exchanged glass waveguides,” in Introduction to Glass Integrated Optics, S. I. Najafi, ed. (Artech House, Boston, Mass., 1992), pp. 73–105.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Calculated guided-mode field distributions for TE and TM polarizations at λ = 1.55 μm and with w = 10 μm, t = 20 h. Field contours drawn at values 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, …, 0.9 of maximum.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated guided-mode field distributions for TE and TM polarizations at λ = 1.3 μm and with w = 10 μm, t = 11 h. Field contours drawn at values 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, …, 0.9 of maximum.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Calculated Normalized Mode Propagation Constants for Waveguides with Various Fabrication Parameters

Equations (1)

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n ( x , y ) = n s + Δ n erfc ( x / d x ) exp ( - y 2 / d y 2 )

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