Abstract

We developed a rocket payload to perform in situ measurements of atmospheric ozone at the University of Houston. The ozone detector is a dual-beam UV-absorption photometer that uses the 253.7-nm radiation from a low-pressure mercury-vapor lamp to illuminate two identical absorption chambers. We describe the design features and the operation of the instrument. The fundamental resolution of the photometer is shown to be 2.7 × 1015 molecules m−3. We present the ozone profile measured during parachute descent following boosted ascent to 60 km by a Nike–Orion rocket. The uncertainty in the measurement of this ozone profile is estimated to be 8.2%.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. World Meteorological Organisation, Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion: 1991, Report 25 (World Meteorological Organisation, 1991).
  2. P. Aimedieu, A. J. Krueger, D. E. Robbins, P. C. Simon, “Ozone profile intercomparison based on simultaneous observations between 20 and 40 km,” Planet. Space Sci. 31, 801–807 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. Hilsenrath, W. Attmannspacher, A. Bass, W. Evans, R. Hagemeyer, R. A. Barnes, W. Komhyr, K. Mauersberger, J. Mentall, M. Proffitt, D. Robbins, S. Taylor, A. Torres, E. Weinstock, “Results from the Balloon Ozone Intercomparison Campaign (BOIC),” J. Geophys. Res. 91, 3137–3152 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. H. Proffitt, M. J. Steinkamp, J. A. Powell, R. J. McLaughlin, O. A. Mills, A. L. Schmeltekopf, T. L. Thompson, A. F. Tuck, T. Tyler, R. H. Winkler, K. R. Chan, “In-situ ozone measurements within the 1987 Antarctic ozone hole from a high-altitude ER-2 aircraft,” J. Geophys. Res. 94, 16547–16555 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. H. Proffitt, R. J. McLaughlin, “Fast response dual beam UV absorption photometer for use on stratospheric balloons,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 54, 1719–1728 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. B. DeMore, S. P. Sander, D. M. Golden, C. J. Howard, A. R. Ravishankara, C. E. Kolb, M. J. Molina, Chemical Kinetics and Photochemical Data for use in Stratospheric Modelling JPL pub. 94-26 (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., 1994).
  7. F. C. Strong, “Theoretical basis of Bouguer-Beer law of radiation absorption,” Anal. Chem. 24, 338–340 (1952).
    [CrossRef]
  8. B. Sen, “Development of ultraviolet absorption photometer for atmospheric ozone measurement and results from mid-latitude investigations,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Houston, Houston, Texas, 1992).
  9. D. E. Robbins, “NASA-JSC measurements during ‘la Campaigne d’Intercomparison d’Ozonometres’, Gap, France, June 1981,” Planet. Space Sci. 31, 761–765 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  10. CIRA, COSPAR International Reference Atmosphere (Akademie, Berlin, 1972).
  11. J. E. Ainsworth, J. R. Hagemeyer, E. I. Reed, “Error in Dasibi flight measurements of atmospheric ozone due to instrument wall-loss,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 8, 1071–1074 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. J. Hofmann, T. L. Deshler, P. Aimedieu, W. A. Matthews, P. V. Johnston, Y. Kondo, W. R. Sheldon, G. J. Byrne, J. R. Benbrook, “Stratospheric clouds and ozone depletion in Arctic during January 1989,” Nature (London) 340, 117–121 (1989).
    [CrossRef]

1989 (2)

M. H. Proffitt, M. J. Steinkamp, J. A. Powell, R. J. McLaughlin, O. A. Mills, A. L. Schmeltekopf, T. L. Thompson, A. F. Tuck, T. Tyler, R. H. Winkler, K. R. Chan, “In-situ ozone measurements within the 1987 Antarctic ozone hole from a high-altitude ER-2 aircraft,” J. Geophys. Res. 94, 16547–16555 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Hofmann, T. L. Deshler, P. Aimedieu, W. A. Matthews, P. V. Johnston, Y. Kondo, W. R. Sheldon, G. J. Byrne, J. R. Benbrook, “Stratospheric clouds and ozone depletion in Arctic during January 1989,” Nature (London) 340, 117–121 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

E. Hilsenrath, W. Attmannspacher, A. Bass, W. Evans, R. Hagemeyer, R. A. Barnes, W. Komhyr, K. Mauersberger, J. Mentall, M. Proffitt, D. Robbins, S. Taylor, A. Torres, E. Weinstock, “Results from the Balloon Ozone Intercomparison Campaign (BOIC),” J. Geophys. Res. 91, 3137–3152 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1983 (3)

P. Aimedieu, A. J. Krueger, D. E. Robbins, P. C. Simon, “Ozone profile intercomparison based on simultaneous observations between 20 and 40 km,” Planet. Space Sci. 31, 801–807 (1983).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Proffitt, R. J. McLaughlin, “Fast response dual beam UV absorption photometer for use on stratospheric balloons,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 54, 1719–1728 (1983).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Robbins, “NASA-JSC measurements during ‘la Campaigne d’Intercomparison d’Ozonometres’, Gap, France, June 1981,” Planet. Space Sci. 31, 761–765 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

J. E. Ainsworth, J. R. Hagemeyer, E. I. Reed, “Error in Dasibi flight measurements of atmospheric ozone due to instrument wall-loss,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 8, 1071–1074 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1952 (1)

F. C. Strong, “Theoretical basis of Bouguer-Beer law of radiation absorption,” Anal. Chem. 24, 338–340 (1952).
[CrossRef]

Aimedieu, P.

D. J. Hofmann, T. L. Deshler, P. Aimedieu, W. A. Matthews, P. V. Johnston, Y. Kondo, W. R. Sheldon, G. J. Byrne, J. R. Benbrook, “Stratospheric clouds and ozone depletion in Arctic during January 1989,” Nature (London) 340, 117–121 (1989).
[CrossRef]

P. Aimedieu, A. J. Krueger, D. E. Robbins, P. C. Simon, “Ozone profile intercomparison based on simultaneous observations between 20 and 40 km,” Planet. Space Sci. 31, 801–807 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Ainsworth, J. E.

J. E. Ainsworth, J. R. Hagemeyer, E. I. Reed, “Error in Dasibi flight measurements of atmospheric ozone due to instrument wall-loss,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 8, 1071–1074 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Attmannspacher, W.

E. Hilsenrath, W. Attmannspacher, A. Bass, W. Evans, R. Hagemeyer, R. A. Barnes, W. Komhyr, K. Mauersberger, J. Mentall, M. Proffitt, D. Robbins, S. Taylor, A. Torres, E. Weinstock, “Results from the Balloon Ozone Intercomparison Campaign (BOIC),” J. Geophys. Res. 91, 3137–3152 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, R. A.

E. Hilsenrath, W. Attmannspacher, A. Bass, W. Evans, R. Hagemeyer, R. A. Barnes, W. Komhyr, K. Mauersberger, J. Mentall, M. Proffitt, D. Robbins, S. Taylor, A. Torres, E. Weinstock, “Results from the Balloon Ozone Intercomparison Campaign (BOIC),” J. Geophys. Res. 91, 3137–3152 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Bass, A.

E. Hilsenrath, W. Attmannspacher, A. Bass, W. Evans, R. Hagemeyer, R. A. Barnes, W. Komhyr, K. Mauersberger, J. Mentall, M. Proffitt, D. Robbins, S. Taylor, A. Torres, E. Weinstock, “Results from the Balloon Ozone Intercomparison Campaign (BOIC),” J. Geophys. Res. 91, 3137–3152 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Benbrook, J. R.

D. J. Hofmann, T. L. Deshler, P. Aimedieu, W. A. Matthews, P. V. Johnston, Y. Kondo, W. R. Sheldon, G. J. Byrne, J. R. Benbrook, “Stratospheric clouds and ozone depletion in Arctic during January 1989,” Nature (London) 340, 117–121 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Byrne, G. J.

D. J. Hofmann, T. L. Deshler, P. Aimedieu, W. A. Matthews, P. V. Johnston, Y. Kondo, W. R. Sheldon, G. J. Byrne, J. R. Benbrook, “Stratospheric clouds and ozone depletion in Arctic during January 1989,” Nature (London) 340, 117–121 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Chan, K. R.

M. H. Proffitt, M. J. Steinkamp, J. A. Powell, R. J. McLaughlin, O. A. Mills, A. L. Schmeltekopf, T. L. Thompson, A. F. Tuck, T. Tyler, R. H. Winkler, K. R. Chan, “In-situ ozone measurements within the 1987 Antarctic ozone hole from a high-altitude ER-2 aircraft,” J. Geophys. Res. 94, 16547–16555 (1989).
[CrossRef]

DeMore, W. B.

W. B. DeMore, S. P. Sander, D. M. Golden, C. J. Howard, A. R. Ravishankara, C. E. Kolb, M. J. Molina, Chemical Kinetics and Photochemical Data for use in Stratospheric Modelling JPL pub. 94-26 (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., 1994).

Deshler, T. L.

D. J. Hofmann, T. L. Deshler, P. Aimedieu, W. A. Matthews, P. V. Johnston, Y. Kondo, W. R. Sheldon, G. J. Byrne, J. R. Benbrook, “Stratospheric clouds and ozone depletion in Arctic during January 1989,” Nature (London) 340, 117–121 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Evans, W.

E. Hilsenrath, W. Attmannspacher, A. Bass, W. Evans, R. Hagemeyer, R. A. Barnes, W. Komhyr, K. Mauersberger, J. Mentall, M. Proffitt, D. Robbins, S. Taylor, A. Torres, E. Weinstock, “Results from the Balloon Ozone Intercomparison Campaign (BOIC),” J. Geophys. Res. 91, 3137–3152 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Golden, D. M.

W. B. DeMore, S. P. Sander, D. M. Golden, C. J. Howard, A. R. Ravishankara, C. E. Kolb, M. J. Molina, Chemical Kinetics and Photochemical Data for use in Stratospheric Modelling JPL pub. 94-26 (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., 1994).

Hagemeyer, J. R.

J. E. Ainsworth, J. R. Hagemeyer, E. I. Reed, “Error in Dasibi flight measurements of atmospheric ozone due to instrument wall-loss,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 8, 1071–1074 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Hagemeyer, R.

E. Hilsenrath, W. Attmannspacher, A. Bass, W. Evans, R. Hagemeyer, R. A. Barnes, W. Komhyr, K. Mauersberger, J. Mentall, M. Proffitt, D. Robbins, S. Taylor, A. Torres, E. Weinstock, “Results from the Balloon Ozone Intercomparison Campaign (BOIC),” J. Geophys. Res. 91, 3137–3152 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hilsenrath, E.

E. Hilsenrath, W. Attmannspacher, A. Bass, W. Evans, R. Hagemeyer, R. A. Barnes, W. Komhyr, K. Mauersberger, J. Mentall, M. Proffitt, D. Robbins, S. Taylor, A. Torres, E. Weinstock, “Results from the Balloon Ozone Intercomparison Campaign (BOIC),” J. Geophys. Res. 91, 3137–3152 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hofmann, D. J.

D. J. Hofmann, T. L. Deshler, P. Aimedieu, W. A. Matthews, P. V. Johnston, Y. Kondo, W. R. Sheldon, G. J. Byrne, J. R. Benbrook, “Stratospheric clouds and ozone depletion in Arctic during January 1989,” Nature (London) 340, 117–121 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Howard, C. J.

W. B. DeMore, S. P. Sander, D. M. Golden, C. J. Howard, A. R. Ravishankara, C. E. Kolb, M. J. Molina, Chemical Kinetics and Photochemical Data for use in Stratospheric Modelling JPL pub. 94-26 (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., 1994).

Johnston, P. V.

D. J. Hofmann, T. L. Deshler, P. Aimedieu, W. A. Matthews, P. V. Johnston, Y. Kondo, W. R. Sheldon, G. J. Byrne, J. R. Benbrook, “Stratospheric clouds and ozone depletion in Arctic during January 1989,” Nature (London) 340, 117–121 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kolb, C. E.

W. B. DeMore, S. P. Sander, D. M. Golden, C. J. Howard, A. R. Ravishankara, C. E. Kolb, M. J. Molina, Chemical Kinetics and Photochemical Data for use in Stratospheric Modelling JPL pub. 94-26 (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., 1994).

Komhyr, W.

E. Hilsenrath, W. Attmannspacher, A. Bass, W. Evans, R. Hagemeyer, R. A. Barnes, W. Komhyr, K. Mauersberger, J. Mentall, M. Proffitt, D. Robbins, S. Taylor, A. Torres, E. Weinstock, “Results from the Balloon Ozone Intercomparison Campaign (BOIC),” J. Geophys. Res. 91, 3137–3152 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, Y.

D. J. Hofmann, T. L. Deshler, P. Aimedieu, W. A. Matthews, P. V. Johnston, Y. Kondo, W. R. Sheldon, G. J. Byrne, J. R. Benbrook, “Stratospheric clouds and ozone depletion in Arctic during January 1989,” Nature (London) 340, 117–121 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Krueger, A. J.

P. Aimedieu, A. J. Krueger, D. E. Robbins, P. C. Simon, “Ozone profile intercomparison based on simultaneous observations between 20 and 40 km,” Planet. Space Sci. 31, 801–807 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Matthews, W. A.

D. J. Hofmann, T. L. Deshler, P. Aimedieu, W. A. Matthews, P. V. Johnston, Y. Kondo, W. R. Sheldon, G. J. Byrne, J. R. Benbrook, “Stratospheric clouds and ozone depletion in Arctic during January 1989,” Nature (London) 340, 117–121 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Mauersberger, K.

E. Hilsenrath, W. Attmannspacher, A. Bass, W. Evans, R. Hagemeyer, R. A. Barnes, W. Komhyr, K. Mauersberger, J. Mentall, M. Proffitt, D. Robbins, S. Taylor, A. Torres, E. Weinstock, “Results from the Balloon Ozone Intercomparison Campaign (BOIC),” J. Geophys. Res. 91, 3137–3152 (1986).
[CrossRef]

McLaughlin, R. J.

M. H. Proffitt, M. J. Steinkamp, J. A. Powell, R. J. McLaughlin, O. A. Mills, A. L. Schmeltekopf, T. L. Thompson, A. F. Tuck, T. Tyler, R. H. Winkler, K. R. Chan, “In-situ ozone measurements within the 1987 Antarctic ozone hole from a high-altitude ER-2 aircraft,” J. Geophys. Res. 94, 16547–16555 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Proffitt, R. J. McLaughlin, “Fast response dual beam UV absorption photometer for use on stratospheric balloons,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 54, 1719–1728 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Mentall, J.

E. Hilsenrath, W. Attmannspacher, A. Bass, W. Evans, R. Hagemeyer, R. A. Barnes, W. Komhyr, K. Mauersberger, J. Mentall, M. Proffitt, D. Robbins, S. Taylor, A. Torres, E. Weinstock, “Results from the Balloon Ozone Intercomparison Campaign (BOIC),” J. Geophys. Res. 91, 3137–3152 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Mills, O. A.

M. H. Proffitt, M. J. Steinkamp, J. A. Powell, R. J. McLaughlin, O. A. Mills, A. L. Schmeltekopf, T. L. Thompson, A. F. Tuck, T. Tyler, R. H. Winkler, K. R. Chan, “In-situ ozone measurements within the 1987 Antarctic ozone hole from a high-altitude ER-2 aircraft,” J. Geophys. Res. 94, 16547–16555 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Molina, M. J.

W. B. DeMore, S. P. Sander, D. M. Golden, C. J. Howard, A. R. Ravishankara, C. E. Kolb, M. J. Molina, Chemical Kinetics and Photochemical Data for use in Stratospheric Modelling JPL pub. 94-26 (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., 1994).

Powell, J. A.

M. H. Proffitt, M. J. Steinkamp, J. A. Powell, R. J. McLaughlin, O. A. Mills, A. L. Schmeltekopf, T. L. Thompson, A. F. Tuck, T. Tyler, R. H. Winkler, K. R. Chan, “In-situ ozone measurements within the 1987 Antarctic ozone hole from a high-altitude ER-2 aircraft,” J. Geophys. Res. 94, 16547–16555 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Proffitt, M.

E. Hilsenrath, W. Attmannspacher, A. Bass, W. Evans, R. Hagemeyer, R. A. Barnes, W. Komhyr, K. Mauersberger, J. Mentall, M. Proffitt, D. Robbins, S. Taylor, A. Torres, E. Weinstock, “Results from the Balloon Ozone Intercomparison Campaign (BOIC),” J. Geophys. Res. 91, 3137–3152 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Proffitt, M. H.

M. H. Proffitt, M. J. Steinkamp, J. A. Powell, R. J. McLaughlin, O. A. Mills, A. L. Schmeltekopf, T. L. Thompson, A. F. Tuck, T. Tyler, R. H. Winkler, K. R. Chan, “In-situ ozone measurements within the 1987 Antarctic ozone hole from a high-altitude ER-2 aircraft,” J. Geophys. Res. 94, 16547–16555 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Proffitt, R. J. McLaughlin, “Fast response dual beam UV absorption photometer for use on stratospheric balloons,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 54, 1719–1728 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Ravishankara, A. R.

W. B. DeMore, S. P. Sander, D. M. Golden, C. J. Howard, A. R. Ravishankara, C. E. Kolb, M. J. Molina, Chemical Kinetics and Photochemical Data for use in Stratospheric Modelling JPL pub. 94-26 (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., 1994).

Reed, E. I.

J. E. Ainsworth, J. R. Hagemeyer, E. I. Reed, “Error in Dasibi flight measurements of atmospheric ozone due to instrument wall-loss,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 8, 1071–1074 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Robbins, D.

E. Hilsenrath, W. Attmannspacher, A. Bass, W. Evans, R. Hagemeyer, R. A. Barnes, W. Komhyr, K. Mauersberger, J. Mentall, M. Proffitt, D. Robbins, S. Taylor, A. Torres, E. Weinstock, “Results from the Balloon Ozone Intercomparison Campaign (BOIC),” J. Geophys. Res. 91, 3137–3152 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Robbins, D. E.

P. Aimedieu, A. J. Krueger, D. E. Robbins, P. C. Simon, “Ozone profile intercomparison based on simultaneous observations between 20 and 40 km,” Planet. Space Sci. 31, 801–807 (1983).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Robbins, “NASA-JSC measurements during ‘la Campaigne d’Intercomparison d’Ozonometres’, Gap, France, June 1981,” Planet. Space Sci. 31, 761–765 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Sander, S. P.

W. B. DeMore, S. P. Sander, D. M. Golden, C. J. Howard, A. R. Ravishankara, C. E. Kolb, M. J. Molina, Chemical Kinetics and Photochemical Data for use in Stratospheric Modelling JPL pub. 94-26 (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., 1994).

Schmeltekopf, A. L.

M. H. Proffitt, M. J. Steinkamp, J. A. Powell, R. J. McLaughlin, O. A. Mills, A. L. Schmeltekopf, T. L. Thompson, A. F. Tuck, T. Tyler, R. H. Winkler, K. R. Chan, “In-situ ozone measurements within the 1987 Antarctic ozone hole from a high-altitude ER-2 aircraft,” J. Geophys. Res. 94, 16547–16555 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sen, B.

B. Sen, “Development of ultraviolet absorption photometer for atmospheric ozone measurement and results from mid-latitude investigations,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Houston, Houston, Texas, 1992).

Sheldon, W. R.

D. J. Hofmann, T. L. Deshler, P. Aimedieu, W. A. Matthews, P. V. Johnston, Y. Kondo, W. R. Sheldon, G. J. Byrne, J. R. Benbrook, “Stratospheric clouds and ozone depletion in Arctic during January 1989,” Nature (London) 340, 117–121 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Simon, P. C.

P. Aimedieu, A. J. Krueger, D. E. Robbins, P. C. Simon, “Ozone profile intercomparison based on simultaneous observations between 20 and 40 km,” Planet. Space Sci. 31, 801–807 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Steinkamp, M. J.

M. H. Proffitt, M. J. Steinkamp, J. A. Powell, R. J. McLaughlin, O. A. Mills, A. L. Schmeltekopf, T. L. Thompson, A. F. Tuck, T. Tyler, R. H. Winkler, K. R. Chan, “In-situ ozone measurements within the 1987 Antarctic ozone hole from a high-altitude ER-2 aircraft,” J. Geophys. Res. 94, 16547–16555 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Strong, F. C.

F. C. Strong, “Theoretical basis of Bouguer-Beer law of radiation absorption,” Anal. Chem. 24, 338–340 (1952).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, S.

E. Hilsenrath, W. Attmannspacher, A. Bass, W. Evans, R. Hagemeyer, R. A. Barnes, W. Komhyr, K. Mauersberger, J. Mentall, M. Proffitt, D. Robbins, S. Taylor, A. Torres, E. Weinstock, “Results from the Balloon Ozone Intercomparison Campaign (BOIC),” J. Geophys. Res. 91, 3137–3152 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, T. L.

M. H. Proffitt, M. J. Steinkamp, J. A. Powell, R. J. McLaughlin, O. A. Mills, A. L. Schmeltekopf, T. L. Thompson, A. F. Tuck, T. Tyler, R. H. Winkler, K. R. Chan, “In-situ ozone measurements within the 1987 Antarctic ozone hole from a high-altitude ER-2 aircraft,” J. Geophys. Res. 94, 16547–16555 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Torres, A.

E. Hilsenrath, W. Attmannspacher, A. Bass, W. Evans, R. Hagemeyer, R. A. Barnes, W. Komhyr, K. Mauersberger, J. Mentall, M. Proffitt, D. Robbins, S. Taylor, A. Torres, E. Weinstock, “Results from the Balloon Ozone Intercomparison Campaign (BOIC),” J. Geophys. Res. 91, 3137–3152 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Tuck, A. F.

M. H. Proffitt, M. J. Steinkamp, J. A. Powell, R. J. McLaughlin, O. A. Mills, A. L. Schmeltekopf, T. L. Thompson, A. F. Tuck, T. Tyler, R. H. Winkler, K. R. Chan, “In-situ ozone measurements within the 1987 Antarctic ozone hole from a high-altitude ER-2 aircraft,” J. Geophys. Res. 94, 16547–16555 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Tyler, T.

M. H. Proffitt, M. J. Steinkamp, J. A. Powell, R. J. McLaughlin, O. A. Mills, A. L. Schmeltekopf, T. L. Thompson, A. F. Tuck, T. Tyler, R. H. Winkler, K. R. Chan, “In-situ ozone measurements within the 1987 Antarctic ozone hole from a high-altitude ER-2 aircraft,” J. Geophys. Res. 94, 16547–16555 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Weinstock, E.

E. Hilsenrath, W. Attmannspacher, A. Bass, W. Evans, R. Hagemeyer, R. A. Barnes, W. Komhyr, K. Mauersberger, J. Mentall, M. Proffitt, D. Robbins, S. Taylor, A. Torres, E. Weinstock, “Results from the Balloon Ozone Intercomparison Campaign (BOIC),” J. Geophys. Res. 91, 3137–3152 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Winkler, R. H.

M. H. Proffitt, M. J. Steinkamp, J. A. Powell, R. J. McLaughlin, O. A. Mills, A. L. Schmeltekopf, T. L. Thompson, A. F. Tuck, T. Tyler, R. H. Winkler, K. R. Chan, “In-situ ozone measurements within the 1987 Antarctic ozone hole from a high-altitude ER-2 aircraft,” J. Geophys. Res. 94, 16547–16555 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Chem. (1)

F. C. Strong, “Theoretical basis of Bouguer-Beer law of radiation absorption,” Anal. Chem. 24, 338–340 (1952).
[CrossRef]

Geophys. Res. Lett. (1)

J. E. Ainsworth, J. R. Hagemeyer, E. I. Reed, “Error in Dasibi flight measurements of atmospheric ozone due to instrument wall-loss,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 8, 1071–1074 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (2)

E. Hilsenrath, W. Attmannspacher, A. Bass, W. Evans, R. Hagemeyer, R. A. Barnes, W. Komhyr, K. Mauersberger, J. Mentall, M. Proffitt, D. Robbins, S. Taylor, A. Torres, E. Weinstock, “Results from the Balloon Ozone Intercomparison Campaign (BOIC),” J. Geophys. Res. 91, 3137–3152 (1986).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Proffitt, M. J. Steinkamp, J. A. Powell, R. J. McLaughlin, O. A. Mills, A. L. Schmeltekopf, T. L. Thompson, A. F. Tuck, T. Tyler, R. H. Winkler, K. R. Chan, “In-situ ozone measurements within the 1987 Antarctic ozone hole from a high-altitude ER-2 aircraft,” J. Geophys. Res. 94, 16547–16555 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London) (1)

D. J. Hofmann, T. L. Deshler, P. Aimedieu, W. A. Matthews, P. V. Johnston, Y. Kondo, W. R. Sheldon, G. J. Byrne, J. R. Benbrook, “Stratospheric clouds and ozone depletion in Arctic during January 1989,” Nature (London) 340, 117–121 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Planet. Space Sci. (2)

D. E. Robbins, “NASA-JSC measurements during ‘la Campaigne d’Intercomparison d’Ozonometres’, Gap, France, June 1981,” Planet. Space Sci. 31, 761–765 (1983).
[CrossRef]

P. Aimedieu, A. J. Krueger, D. E. Robbins, P. C. Simon, “Ozone profile intercomparison based on simultaneous observations between 20 and 40 km,” Planet. Space Sci. 31, 801–807 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

M. H. Proffitt, R. J. McLaughlin, “Fast response dual beam UV absorption photometer for use on stratospheric balloons,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 54, 1719–1728 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

W. B. DeMore, S. P. Sander, D. M. Golden, C. J. Howard, A. R. Ravishankara, C. E. Kolb, M. J. Molina, Chemical Kinetics and Photochemical Data for use in Stratospheric Modelling JPL pub. 94-26 (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., 1994).

World Meteorological Organisation, Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion: 1991, Report 25 (World Meteorological Organisation, 1991).

B. Sen, “Development of ultraviolet absorption photometer for atmospheric ozone measurement and results from mid-latitude investigations,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Houston, Houston, Texas, 1992).

CIRA, COSPAR International Reference Atmosphere (Akademie, Berlin, 1972).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Block diagram of the UH dual-column UV-absorption photometer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Profile of ozone volume mixing ratio measured by the rocket-boosted photometer during a 1-h parachute descent. Measurement was made over Wallops Island Flight Facility, Virginia, (38 °N, 75 °W).

Tables (1)

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Table 1 UH UV-Photometer Accuracy

Equations (4)

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I = I 0 exp [ - σ ( O 3 ) c L ]
( O 3 ) c = 1 σ L log e ( I 0 I ) ,
( O 3 ) a m b = ( O 3 ) c P c T a m b T c P a m b ,
f ( O 3 ) a m b = ( O 3 ) a m b ( M ) = ( O 3 ) c k T c P c ,

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