Abstract

The design and manufacture of the band-defining filters and their associated dichroic beam splitter for the 11- and the 12-μm infrared channels of the advanced along-track scanning radiometer are described. The filter requirements that have led to the choice of coating designs, coating materials, disposition of coatings, and effects of polarization are discussed. Overall spectral throughputs of the filter and dichroic interaction for the two channels are also presented.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Edwards, R. Browning, J. Delderfield, D. J. Lee, K. A. Lidiard, R. S. Milborrow, P. H. McPherson, S. C. Peskett, G. M. Toplis, H. S. Taylor, I. Mason, G. Mason, A. Smith, S. Stringer, “The along track scanning radiometer—measurement of sea-surface temperature from ERS-1,” J. Br. Inter-planet. Soc. 43, 160–180 (1990).
  2. J. Delderfield, D. T. Llewellyn-Jones, R. Bernard, Y. de Javel, E. J. Williamson, I. Mason, D. R. Pick, I. J. Barton, “The along track scanning radiometer (ATSR) for ERS-1,” in Instrumentation for Optical Remote Sensing from Space, J. W. Lear, M. Monfils, S. L. Russak, J. S. Seeley, eds., Proc. SPIE589, 114–120 (1986).
  3. “AVHRR, advanced very high resolution radiometer, technical description,” NASA contract NAS5-26771 (ITT Aerospace/Optical Division, 1982).
  4. D. Tinkler, D. R. Pick, S. J. Stringer, C. G. Woods, “The design of the focal plane assembly for the along track scanning radiometer,” in Instrumentation for Optical Remote Sensing from Space, J. W. Lear, M. Monfils, S. L. Russak, J. S. Seeley, eds., Proc. SPIE589, 129–136 (1986).
  5. C. S. Evans, R. Hunneman, J. S. Seeley, A. Whatley, “Filters for the ν2 band of CO2; monitoring and control of layer deposition,” Appl. Opt. 15, 2736–2745 (1976).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. C. S. Evans, R. Hunneman, J. S. Seeley, “Optical thickness changes in freshly deposited layers of lead telluride,” J. Phys. D 9, 321–328 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  7. J. S. Seeley, “Simple nonpolarizing high pass filter,” Appl. Opt. 24, 742–744 (1985).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

T. Edwards, R. Browning, J. Delderfield, D. J. Lee, K. A. Lidiard, R. S. Milborrow, P. H. McPherson, S. C. Peskett, G. M. Toplis, H. S. Taylor, I. Mason, G. Mason, A. Smith, S. Stringer, “The along track scanning radiometer—measurement of sea-surface temperature from ERS-1,” J. Br. Inter-planet. Soc. 43, 160–180 (1990).

1985 (1)

1976 (2)

C. S. Evans, R. Hunneman, J. S. Seeley, A. Whatley, “Filters for the ν2 band of CO2; monitoring and control of layer deposition,” Appl. Opt. 15, 2736–2745 (1976).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Evans, R. Hunneman, J. S. Seeley, “Optical thickness changes in freshly deposited layers of lead telluride,” J. Phys. D 9, 321–328 (1976).
[Crossref]

Barton, I. J.

J. Delderfield, D. T. Llewellyn-Jones, R. Bernard, Y. de Javel, E. J. Williamson, I. Mason, D. R. Pick, I. J. Barton, “The along track scanning radiometer (ATSR) for ERS-1,” in Instrumentation for Optical Remote Sensing from Space, J. W. Lear, M. Monfils, S. L. Russak, J. S. Seeley, eds., Proc. SPIE589, 114–120 (1986).

Bernard, R.

J. Delderfield, D. T. Llewellyn-Jones, R. Bernard, Y. de Javel, E. J. Williamson, I. Mason, D. R. Pick, I. J. Barton, “The along track scanning radiometer (ATSR) for ERS-1,” in Instrumentation for Optical Remote Sensing from Space, J. W. Lear, M. Monfils, S. L. Russak, J. S. Seeley, eds., Proc. SPIE589, 114–120 (1986).

Browning, R.

T. Edwards, R. Browning, J. Delderfield, D. J. Lee, K. A. Lidiard, R. S. Milborrow, P. H. McPherson, S. C. Peskett, G. M. Toplis, H. S. Taylor, I. Mason, G. Mason, A. Smith, S. Stringer, “The along track scanning radiometer—measurement of sea-surface temperature from ERS-1,” J. Br. Inter-planet. Soc. 43, 160–180 (1990).

de Javel, Y.

J. Delderfield, D. T. Llewellyn-Jones, R. Bernard, Y. de Javel, E. J. Williamson, I. Mason, D. R. Pick, I. J. Barton, “The along track scanning radiometer (ATSR) for ERS-1,” in Instrumentation for Optical Remote Sensing from Space, J. W. Lear, M. Monfils, S. L. Russak, J. S. Seeley, eds., Proc. SPIE589, 114–120 (1986).

Delderfield, J.

T. Edwards, R. Browning, J. Delderfield, D. J. Lee, K. A. Lidiard, R. S. Milborrow, P. H. McPherson, S. C. Peskett, G. M. Toplis, H. S. Taylor, I. Mason, G. Mason, A. Smith, S. Stringer, “The along track scanning radiometer—measurement of sea-surface temperature from ERS-1,” J. Br. Inter-planet. Soc. 43, 160–180 (1990).

J. Delderfield, D. T. Llewellyn-Jones, R. Bernard, Y. de Javel, E. J. Williamson, I. Mason, D. R. Pick, I. J. Barton, “The along track scanning radiometer (ATSR) for ERS-1,” in Instrumentation for Optical Remote Sensing from Space, J. W. Lear, M. Monfils, S. L. Russak, J. S. Seeley, eds., Proc. SPIE589, 114–120 (1986).

Edwards, T.

T. Edwards, R. Browning, J. Delderfield, D. J. Lee, K. A. Lidiard, R. S. Milborrow, P. H. McPherson, S. C. Peskett, G. M. Toplis, H. S. Taylor, I. Mason, G. Mason, A. Smith, S. Stringer, “The along track scanning radiometer—measurement of sea-surface temperature from ERS-1,” J. Br. Inter-planet. Soc. 43, 160–180 (1990).

Evans, C. S.

C. S. Evans, R. Hunneman, J. S. Seeley, A. Whatley, “Filters for the ν2 band of CO2; monitoring and control of layer deposition,” Appl. Opt. 15, 2736–2745 (1976).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Evans, R. Hunneman, J. S. Seeley, “Optical thickness changes in freshly deposited layers of lead telluride,” J. Phys. D 9, 321–328 (1976).
[Crossref]

Hunneman, R.

C. S. Evans, R. Hunneman, J. S. Seeley, “Optical thickness changes in freshly deposited layers of lead telluride,” J. Phys. D 9, 321–328 (1976).
[Crossref]

C. S. Evans, R. Hunneman, J. S. Seeley, A. Whatley, “Filters for the ν2 band of CO2; monitoring and control of layer deposition,” Appl. Opt. 15, 2736–2745 (1976).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, D. J.

T. Edwards, R. Browning, J. Delderfield, D. J. Lee, K. A. Lidiard, R. S. Milborrow, P. H. McPherson, S. C. Peskett, G. M. Toplis, H. S. Taylor, I. Mason, G. Mason, A. Smith, S. Stringer, “The along track scanning radiometer—measurement of sea-surface temperature from ERS-1,” J. Br. Inter-planet. Soc. 43, 160–180 (1990).

Lidiard, K. A.

T. Edwards, R. Browning, J. Delderfield, D. J. Lee, K. A. Lidiard, R. S. Milborrow, P. H. McPherson, S. C. Peskett, G. M. Toplis, H. S. Taylor, I. Mason, G. Mason, A. Smith, S. Stringer, “The along track scanning radiometer—measurement of sea-surface temperature from ERS-1,” J. Br. Inter-planet. Soc. 43, 160–180 (1990).

Llewellyn-Jones, D. T.

J. Delderfield, D. T. Llewellyn-Jones, R. Bernard, Y. de Javel, E. J. Williamson, I. Mason, D. R. Pick, I. J. Barton, “The along track scanning radiometer (ATSR) for ERS-1,” in Instrumentation for Optical Remote Sensing from Space, J. W. Lear, M. Monfils, S. L. Russak, J. S. Seeley, eds., Proc. SPIE589, 114–120 (1986).

Mason, G.

T. Edwards, R. Browning, J. Delderfield, D. J. Lee, K. A. Lidiard, R. S. Milborrow, P. H. McPherson, S. C. Peskett, G. M. Toplis, H. S. Taylor, I. Mason, G. Mason, A. Smith, S. Stringer, “The along track scanning radiometer—measurement of sea-surface temperature from ERS-1,” J. Br. Inter-planet. Soc. 43, 160–180 (1990).

Mason, I.

T. Edwards, R. Browning, J. Delderfield, D. J. Lee, K. A. Lidiard, R. S. Milborrow, P. H. McPherson, S. C. Peskett, G. M. Toplis, H. S. Taylor, I. Mason, G. Mason, A. Smith, S. Stringer, “The along track scanning radiometer—measurement of sea-surface temperature from ERS-1,” J. Br. Inter-planet. Soc. 43, 160–180 (1990).

J. Delderfield, D. T. Llewellyn-Jones, R. Bernard, Y. de Javel, E. J. Williamson, I. Mason, D. R. Pick, I. J. Barton, “The along track scanning radiometer (ATSR) for ERS-1,” in Instrumentation for Optical Remote Sensing from Space, J. W. Lear, M. Monfils, S. L. Russak, J. S. Seeley, eds., Proc. SPIE589, 114–120 (1986).

McPherson, P. H.

T. Edwards, R. Browning, J. Delderfield, D. J. Lee, K. A. Lidiard, R. S. Milborrow, P. H. McPherson, S. C. Peskett, G. M. Toplis, H. S. Taylor, I. Mason, G. Mason, A. Smith, S. Stringer, “The along track scanning radiometer—measurement of sea-surface temperature from ERS-1,” J. Br. Inter-planet. Soc. 43, 160–180 (1990).

Milborrow, R. S.

T. Edwards, R. Browning, J. Delderfield, D. J. Lee, K. A. Lidiard, R. S. Milborrow, P. H. McPherson, S. C. Peskett, G. M. Toplis, H. S. Taylor, I. Mason, G. Mason, A. Smith, S. Stringer, “The along track scanning radiometer—measurement of sea-surface temperature from ERS-1,” J. Br. Inter-planet. Soc. 43, 160–180 (1990).

Peskett, S. C.

T. Edwards, R. Browning, J. Delderfield, D. J. Lee, K. A. Lidiard, R. S. Milborrow, P. H. McPherson, S. C. Peskett, G. M. Toplis, H. S. Taylor, I. Mason, G. Mason, A. Smith, S. Stringer, “The along track scanning radiometer—measurement of sea-surface temperature from ERS-1,” J. Br. Inter-planet. Soc. 43, 160–180 (1990).

Pick, D. R.

J. Delderfield, D. T. Llewellyn-Jones, R. Bernard, Y. de Javel, E. J. Williamson, I. Mason, D. R. Pick, I. J. Barton, “The along track scanning radiometer (ATSR) for ERS-1,” in Instrumentation for Optical Remote Sensing from Space, J. W. Lear, M. Monfils, S. L. Russak, J. S. Seeley, eds., Proc. SPIE589, 114–120 (1986).

D. Tinkler, D. R. Pick, S. J. Stringer, C. G. Woods, “The design of the focal plane assembly for the along track scanning radiometer,” in Instrumentation for Optical Remote Sensing from Space, J. W. Lear, M. Monfils, S. L. Russak, J. S. Seeley, eds., Proc. SPIE589, 129–136 (1986).

Seeley, J. S.

Smith, A.

T. Edwards, R. Browning, J. Delderfield, D. J. Lee, K. A. Lidiard, R. S. Milborrow, P. H. McPherson, S. C. Peskett, G. M. Toplis, H. S. Taylor, I. Mason, G. Mason, A. Smith, S. Stringer, “The along track scanning radiometer—measurement of sea-surface temperature from ERS-1,” J. Br. Inter-planet. Soc. 43, 160–180 (1990).

Stringer, S.

T. Edwards, R. Browning, J. Delderfield, D. J. Lee, K. A. Lidiard, R. S. Milborrow, P. H. McPherson, S. C. Peskett, G. M. Toplis, H. S. Taylor, I. Mason, G. Mason, A. Smith, S. Stringer, “The along track scanning radiometer—measurement of sea-surface temperature from ERS-1,” J. Br. Inter-planet. Soc. 43, 160–180 (1990).

Stringer, S. J.

D. Tinkler, D. R. Pick, S. J. Stringer, C. G. Woods, “The design of the focal plane assembly for the along track scanning radiometer,” in Instrumentation for Optical Remote Sensing from Space, J. W. Lear, M. Monfils, S. L. Russak, J. S. Seeley, eds., Proc. SPIE589, 129–136 (1986).

Taylor, H. S.

T. Edwards, R. Browning, J. Delderfield, D. J. Lee, K. A. Lidiard, R. S. Milborrow, P. H. McPherson, S. C. Peskett, G. M. Toplis, H. S. Taylor, I. Mason, G. Mason, A. Smith, S. Stringer, “The along track scanning radiometer—measurement of sea-surface temperature from ERS-1,” J. Br. Inter-planet. Soc. 43, 160–180 (1990).

Tinkler, D.

D. Tinkler, D. R. Pick, S. J. Stringer, C. G. Woods, “The design of the focal plane assembly for the along track scanning radiometer,” in Instrumentation for Optical Remote Sensing from Space, J. W. Lear, M. Monfils, S. L. Russak, J. S. Seeley, eds., Proc. SPIE589, 129–136 (1986).

Toplis, G. M.

T. Edwards, R. Browning, J. Delderfield, D. J. Lee, K. A. Lidiard, R. S. Milborrow, P. H. McPherson, S. C. Peskett, G. M. Toplis, H. S. Taylor, I. Mason, G. Mason, A. Smith, S. Stringer, “The along track scanning radiometer—measurement of sea-surface temperature from ERS-1,” J. Br. Inter-planet. Soc. 43, 160–180 (1990).

Whatley, A.

Williamson, E. J.

J. Delderfield, D. T. Llewellyn-Jones, R. Bernard, Y. de Javel, E. J. Williamson, I. Mason, D. R. Pick, I. J. Barton, “The along track scanning radiometer (ATSR) for ERS-1,” in Instrumentation for Optical Remote Sensing from Space, J. W. Lear, M. Monfils, S. L. Russak, J. S. Seeley, eds., Proc. SPIE589, 114–120 (1986).

Woods, C. G.

D. Tinkler, D. R. Pick, S. J. Stringer, C. G. Woods, “The design of the focal plane assembly for the along track scanning radiometer,” in Instrumentation for Optical Remote Sensing from Space, J. W. Lear, M. Monfils, S. L. Russak, J. S. Seeley, eds., Proc. SPIE589, 129–136 (1986).

Appl. Opt. (2)

J. Br. Inter-planet. Soc. (1)

T. Edwards, R. Browning, J. Delderfield, D. J. Lee, K. A. Lidiard, R. S. Milborrow, P. H. McPherson, S. C. Peskett, G. M. Toplis, H. S. Taylor, I. Mason, G. Mason, A. Smith, S. Stringer, “The along track scanning radiometer—measurement of sea-surface temperature from ERS-1,” J. Br. Inter-planet. Soc. 43, 160–180 (1990).

J. Phys. D (1)

C. S. Evans, R. Hunneman, J. S. Seeley, “Optical thickness changes in freshly deposited layers of lead telluride,” J. Phys. D 9, 321–328 (1976).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

J. Delderfield, D. T. Llewellyn-Jones, R. Bernard, Y. de Javel, E. J. Williamson, I. Mason, D. R. Pick, I. J. Barton, “The along track scanning radiometer (ATSR) for ERS-1,” in Instrumentation for Optical Remote Sensing from Space, J. W. Lear, M. Monfils, S. L. Russak, J. S. Seeley, eds., Proc. SPIE589, 114–120 (1986).

“AVHRR, advanced very high resolution radiometer, technical description,” NASA contract NAS5-26771 (ITT Aerospace/Optical Division, 1982).

D. Tinkler, D. R. Pick, S. J. Stringer, C. G. Woods, “The design of the focal plane assembly for the along track scanning radiometer,” in Instrumentation for Optical Remote Sensing from Space, J. W. Lear, M. Monfils, S. L. Russak, J. S. Seeley, eds., Proc. SPIE589, 129–136 (1986).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

AATSR focal-plane baseplate assembly. FPA, focal-plane array.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Nonpolarizing high-pass edge filter design (after Seeley7), (b) nonpolarizing high-pass edge filter design after optimization of layer thicknesses, (c) optimized Chebyshev high-pass edge filter design for comparison.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

AATSR 11-μm filter showing computed performance at normal incidence in parallel light and in a cone of 22° half-angle, showing shift and polarization split.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Filter–dichroic beam splitter (BS2) interaction. Calculation is inclusive of absorption and shows polarization effects (assuming ideal spectral placement).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

AATSR combined filter–dichroic beam splitter (BS2) system response. Spectral measurements include the effects of polarization.

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