We describe an incoherent correlator, based on the shadow-casting principle, that is able to implement any real-valued linear correlation filter. The correlation filter and the input image are displayed on commercial liquid-crystal television (LCTV) panels. Although it cannot handle high-resolution images, the incoherent correlator is lensless, compact, low cost, and uses a white-light source. A bipolar technique is devised to represent any linear filter, computed from a single reference image or composite, in the correlator. We demonstrate experimentally the efficiency of the design in the case of optimal trade-off (OT) filters and optimal trade-off synthetic discriminant function (OT–SDF) filters.
© 1996 Optical Society of America
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