Abstract

Luminescent layers are prepared by the implantation of kilo-electron-volt Er ions into tantalum pentoxide (Ta2O5) thin films made by ion plating. The implantation fluences range from 3.3 × 1014 to 2 × 1015 ions/cm2, and the energies range from 190 to 380 keV. Refractive index, extinction coefficient, and losses on guided propagation are investigated. We show that these Er-implanted layers present an absorption as low as that of the nonimplanted films. When optically pumped with an Ar+ laser (λ = 0.488 μm) beam, implanted films show peaked fluorescence spectra centered near 1.53 and 0.532 μm. We show that the fluorescence intensity is correlated with the intensity of the pump beam in the region where Er ions are implanted. Radiation patterns of Er ions located inside a single layer or inside a Ta2O5/SiO2 dielectric stack made by ion plating are also investigated. We show that, in any case, spontaneous emission of Er ions can be spatially controlled.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Shuto, K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, Y. Ohmori, M. Horiguchi, “Erbium-doped phosphosilicate glass waveguide amplifier fabricated by PECVD,” Electro. Lett. 29, 139–141 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  2. I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, D. Pelenc, S. J. Field, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Large, A. C. Tropper, “Growth and low-threshold laser oscillation of an epitaxially grown Nd:YAG waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 17, 810–812 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, Q. He, M. de Michelli, D. B. Ostrowsky, “Integrated Q-switched Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1428–1429 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. Daran, L. E. Bausa, A. Munoz-Yagüe, C. Fontaine, “Er3+ doping CaF2 layers by molecular beam epitaxy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2616–2618 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, K. Shuto, M. Yasu, M. Kodayashi, M. Horiguchi, “Amplification in erbium-doped silica-based planar lightwave circuits,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1818–1819 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. Nykolak, M. Hanner, P. C. Becker, J. Shmulovich, Y. H. Wong, “Systems evaluation of an Er3+-doped planar waveguide amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1185–1187 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Bahtat, M. Bouazaoui, M. Bahtat, J. Mugnier, “Fluoresecence of Er3+ ions in TiO2 planar waveguides prepared by a sol-gel process,” Opt. Commun. 111, 55–60 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Nilsson, B. Jaskorynska, P. Blixt, “Performance reduction and design modification of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers resulting from pair-induced quenching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1427–1429 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. N. Favennec, L’Implantation Ionique pour la Microélectronique et Pour L’Optique (Masson, Paris, 1993), Chap. 3, p. 63.
  10. See, for example, P. N. Favennec, H. L’Haridon, M. Salvi, D. Moutonnet, Y. Le Guillou, “Luminescence of erbium implanted in various semiconductors: IV,III-V and II-VI materials,” Electron. Lett. 25, 718–719 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Polman, D. C. Jacobson, D. J. Eaglesham, R. C. Kistler, J. M. Poate, “Optical doping waveguide by MeV Er implantation,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 3778–3784 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  12. E. F. Schubert, A. M. Vredenberg, N. E. J. Hunt, Y. H. Wong, P. C. Becker, J. M. Poate, D. C. Jacobson, L. C. Feldman, G. J. Zydzik, “Giant enhancement of luminescence intensity in Er doped Si/SiO2 resonnant cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1381–1383 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. K. Pulker, Coatings on Glass (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1984), pp. 247–256.
  14. H. Yokayama, “Physics and device applications of optical microcavities,” Science 256, 66–70 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  15. F. Flory, D. Berthier, H. Rigneault, L. Roux, “Consequence of Ti and Li implantations on the optical properties of single layers of Ta2O5,” in Optical Interference Coatings, Vol. 17 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 309–311.
  16. M. Commandré, P. Roche, “Characterization of absorption by photothermal deflection,” in Thin Films For Optical Systems, F. Flory, ed. (Dekker, New York, 1995), pp. 329–366.
  17. F. Flory, “Guided wave techniques for the characterization of optical coatings,” in Thin Films For Optical Systems, F. Flory, ed. (Dekker, New York, 1995), pp. 393–454.
  18. F. Flory, R. Mollenhauer, E. Pelletier, “Utility of multidielectric coatings for realization of waveguides,” in Optical Interference Coatings, F. Abeles, ed., Proc. SPIE2253, 903–910 (1994).
  19. G. Blasse, B. C. Grabmaier, Luminescent Materials (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), Chap. 2, p. 26.
  20. H. Rigneault, F. Flory, S. Monneret, “Nonlinear totally reflecting prism coupler: thermomechanic effects and intensity dependant refractive index of thin films,” Appl. Opt. 34, 4358–4368 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides (Academic, New York, 1974), pp. 1–49.
  22. Y. Yamamoto, R. E. Slusher, “Optical processes in microcavities,” Phys. Today 46(6), 66–73 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  23. E. M. Purcell, “Spontaneous emission probabilities at radio frequencies,” Phys. Rev. 69, 681 (1946).
  24. P. Goy, J. M. Raimond, M. Gross, S. Haroche, “Observation of cavity-enhanced single atom spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 1903–1906 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  25. F. DeMartini, G. Innocenti, G. R. Jacobivitz, P. Mataloni, “Anomalous spontaneous emission time in a microscopic optical cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2995–2957 (1987).
  26. M. Suzuki, H. Yokoyama, S. D. Brorson, E. P. Ippen, “Observation of spontaneous emission lifetime change of dye-containing Langmuir–Blodgett films in optical microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 998–1000 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  27. Y. Yamamoto, Coherence, Amplification, and Quantum Effects in Semiconductor Lasers (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1991), pp. 561–615.
  28. N. J. Hunt, E. F. Shubert, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, R. F. Kopf, R. A. Logan, G. J. Zydzik, “High efficiency, narrow spectrum resonant cavity light emitting diodes,” in Confined Electrons and Photons. New Physics and Applications, C. Weisbuch, E. Burstein, eds. Vol. 3 of NATO API Series (Plenum, New York, 1995), pp. 701–725.
  29. E. Snoeks, A. Landijk, A. Polman, “Measuring and modifying the spontaneous emission rate of erbium near an interface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2459–2462 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. K. H. Drexhage, “Interaction of light with monomolecular dye layers,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1974), pp. 163–232.
  31. C. Amra, “The role of interfaces and bulks in the energy balance of a thin film multilayer,” Optical Interference Coatings, Vol. 17 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 185–186.
  32. X.-P. Feng, K. Ujihara, “Quantum theory of spontaneous emission in a one-dimensional optical cavity with two-side output coupling,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 2668–2676 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. G. Bjork, S. Machida, Y. Yamamoto, K. Igeta, “Modification of spontaneous emission rate in planar dielectric microcavity structures,” Phys. Rev. A 44, 669–681 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. C. Amra, P. Roche, D. Torriccini, “Multiwavelength (0.45–10.6 μm) angle-resolved scatterometer or how to extend the optical window,” Appl. Opt. 32, 5462–5474 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. Y. Yamamoto, S. Machida, K. Igeta, Y. Horikoshi, “Enhanced and inhibited spontaneous emission of free excitons in GaAs quantum wells in a microcavity,” in Coherence and Quantum Optics VI, J. H. Eberly, ed. (Plenum, New York, 1990), pp. 1249–1257.

1995 (2)

E. Snoeks, A. Landijk, A. Polman, “Measuring and modifying the spontaneous emission rate of erbium near an interface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2459–2462 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Rigneault, F. Flory, S. Monneret, “Nonlinear totally reflecting prism coupler: thermomechanic effects and intensity dependant refractive index of thin films,” Appl. Opt. 34, 4358–4368 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

A. Bahtat, M. Bouazaoui, M. Bahtat, J. Mugnier, “Fluoresecence of Er3+ ions in TiO2 planar waveguides prepared by a sol-gel process,” Opt. Commun. 111, 55–60 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (7)

J. Nilsson, B. Jaskorynska, P. Blixt, “Performance reduction and design modification of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers resulting from pair-induced quenching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1427–1429 (1993).
[CrossRef]

E. Daran, L. E. Bausa, A. Munoz-Yagüe, C. Fontaine, “Er3+ doping CaF2 layers by molecular beam epitaxy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2616–2618 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. Nykolak, M. Hanner, P. C. Becker, J. Shmulovich, Y. H. Wong, “Systems evaluation of an Er3+-doped planar waveguide amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1185–1187 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. Yokayama, “Physics and device applications of optical microcavities,” Science 256, 66–70 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yamamoto, R. E. Slusher, “Optical processes in microcavities,” Phys. Today 46(6), 66–73 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. Amra, P. Roche, D. Torriccini, “Multiwavelength (0.45–10.6 μm) angle-resolved scatterometer or how to extend the optical window,” Appl. Opt. 32, 5462–5474 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Shuto, K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, Y. Ohmori, M. Horiguchi, “Erbium-doped phosphosilicate glass waveguide amplifier fabricated by PECVD,” Electro. Lett. 29, 139–141 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (4)

I. Chartier, B. Ferrand, D. Pelenc, S. J. Field, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Large, A. C. Tropper, “Growth and low-threshold laser oscillation of an epitaxially grown Nd:YAG waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 17, 810–812 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, Q. He, M. de Michelli, D. B. Ostrowsky, “Integrated Q-switched Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1428–1429 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, K. Shuto, M. Yasu, M. Kodayashi, M. Horiguchi, “Amplification in erbium-doped silica-based planar lightwave circuits,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1818–1819 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. F. Schubert, A. M. Vredenberg, N. E. J. Hunt, Y. H. Wong, P. C. Becker, J. M. Poate, D. C. Jacobson, L. C. Feldman, G. J. Zydzik, “Giant enhancement of luminescence intensity in Er doped Si/SiO2 resonnant cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1381–1383 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (3)

A. Polman, D. C. Jacobson, D. J. Eaglesham, R. C. Kistler, J. M. Poate, “Optical doping waveguide by MeV Er implantation,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 3778–3784 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Suzuki, H. Yokoyama, S. D. Brorson, E. P. Ippen, “Observation of spontaneous emission lifetime change of dye-containing Langmuir–Blodgett films in optical microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 998–1000 (1991).
[CrossRef]

G. Bjork, S. Machida, Y. Yamamoto, K. Igeta, “Modification of spontaneous emission rate in planar dielectric microcavity structures,” Phys. Rev. A 44, 669–681 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

X.-P. Feng, K. Ujihara, “Quantum theory of spontaneous emission in a one-dimensional optical cavity with two-side output coupling,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 2668–2676 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

See, for example, P. N. Favennec, H. L’Haridon, M. Salvi, D. Moutonnet, Y. Le Guillou, “Luminescence of erbium implanted in various semiconductors: IV,III-V and II-VI materials,” Electron. Lett. 25, 718–719 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

F. DeMartini, G. Innocenti, G. R. Jacobivitz, P. Mataloni, “Anomalous spontaneous emission time in a microscopic optical cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2995–2957 (1987).

1983 (1)

P. Goy, J. M. Raimond, M. Gross, S. Haroche, “Observation of cavity-enhanced single atom spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 1903–1906 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1946 (1)

E. M. Purcell, “Spontaneous emission probabilities at radio frequencies,” Phys. Rev. 69, 681 (1946).

Amra, C.

C. Amra, P. Roche, D. Torriccini, “Multiwavelength (0.45–10.6 μm) angle-resolved scatterometer or how to extend the optical window,” Appl. Opt. 32, 5462–5474 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Amra, “The role of interfaces and bulks in the energy balance of a thin film multilayer,” Optical Interference Coatings, Vol. 17 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 185–186.

Bahtat, A.

A. Bahtat, M. Bouazaoui, M. Bahtat, J. Mugnier, “Fluoresecence of Er3+ ions in TiO2 planar waveguides prepared by a sol-gel process,” Opt. Commun. 111, 55–60 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bahtat, M.

A. Bahtat, M. Bouazaoui, M. Bahtat, J. Mugnier, “Fluoresecence of Er3+ ions in TiO2 planar waveguides prepared by a sol-gel process,” Opt. Commun. 111, 55–60 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bausa, L. E.

E. Daran, L. E. Bausa, A. Munoz-Yagüe, C. Fontaine, “Er3+ doping CaF2 layers by molecular beam epitaxy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2616–2618 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Becker, P. C.

G. Nykolak, M. Hanner, P. C. Becker, J. Shmulovich, Y. H. Wong, “Systems evaluation of an Er3+-doped planar waveguide amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1185–1187 (1993).
[CrossRef]

E. F. Schubert, A. M. Vredenberg, N. E. J. Hunt, Y. H. Wong, P. C. Becker, J. M. Poate, D. C. Jacobson, L. C. Feldman, G. J. Zydzik, “Giant enhancement of luminescence intensity in Er doped Si/SiO2 resonnant cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1381–1383 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Berthier, D.

F. Flory, D. Berthier, H. Rigneault, L. Roux, “Consequence of Ti and Li implantations on the optical properties of single layers of Ta2O5,” in Optical Interference Coatings, Vol. 17 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 309–311.

Bjork, G.

G. Bjork, S. Machida, Y. Yamamoto, K. Igeta, “Modification of spontaneous emission rate in planar dielectric microcavity structures,” Phys. Rev. A 44, 669–681 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blasse, G.

G. Blasse, B. C. Grabmaier, Luminescent Materials (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), Chap. 2, p. 26.

Blixt, P.

J. Nilsson, B. Jaskorynska, P. Blixt, “Performance reduction and design modification of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers resulting from pair-induced quenching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1427–1429 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bouazaoui, M.

A. Bahtat, M. Bouazaoui, M. Bahtat, J. Mugnier, “Fluoresecence of Er3+ ions in TiO2 planar waveguides prepared by a sol-gel process,” Opt. Commun. 111, 55–60 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Brorson, S. D.

M. Suzuki, H. Yokoyama, S. D. Brorson, E. P. Ippen, “Observation of spontaneous emission lifetime change of dye-containing Langmuir–Blodgett films in optical microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 998–1000 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chartier, I.

Cho, A. Y.

N. J. Hunt, E. F. Shubert, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, R. F. Kopf, R. A. Logan, G. J. Zydzik, “High efficiency, narrow spectrum resonant cavity light emitting diodes,” in Confined Electrons and Photons. New Physics and Applications, C. Weisbuch, E. Burstein, eds. Vol. 3 of NATO API Series (Plenum, New York, 1995), pp. 701–725.

Commandré, M.

M. Commandré, P. Roche, “Characterization of absorption by photothermal deflection,” in Thin Films For Optical Systems, F. Flory, ed. (Dekker, New York, 1995), pp. 329–366.

Daran, E.

E. Daran, L. E. Bausa, A. Munoz-Yagüe, C. Fontaine, “Er3+ doping CaF2 layers by molecular beam epitaxy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2616–2618 (1993).
[CrossRef]

de Michelli, M.

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, Q. He, M. de Michelli, D. B. Ostrowsky, “Integrated Q-switched Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1428–1429 (1992).
[CrossRef]

DeMartini, F.

F. DeMartini, G. Innocenti, G. R. Jacobivitz, P. Mataloni, “Anomalous spontaneous emission time in a microscopic optical cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2995–2957 (1987).

Drexhage, K. H.

K. H. Drexhage, “Interaction of light with monomolecular dye layers,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1974), pp. 163–232.

Eaglesham, D. J.

A. Polman, D. C. Jacobson, D. J. Eaglesham, R. C. Kistler, J. M. Poate, “Optical doping waveguide by MeV Er implantation,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 3778–3784 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Favennec, P. N.

See, for example, P. N. Favennec, H. L’Haridon, M. Salvi, D. Moutonnet, Y. Le Guillou, “Luminescence of erbium implanted in various semiconductors: IV,III-V and II-VI materials,” Electron. Lett. 25, 718–719 (1989).
[CrossRef]

P. N. Favennec, L’Implantation Ionique pour la Microélectronique et Pour L’Optique (Masson, Paris, 1993), Chap. 3, p. 63.

Feldman, L. C.

E. F. Schubert, A. M. Vredenberg, N. E. J. Hunt, Y. H. Wong, P. C. Becker, J. M. Poate, D. C. Jacobson, L. C. Feldman, G. J. Zydzik, “Giant enhancement of luminescence intensity in Er doped Si/SiO2 resonnant cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1381–1383 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Feng, X.-P.

X.-P. Feng, K. Ujihara, “Quantum theory of spontaneous emission in a one-dimensional optical cavity with two-side output coupling,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 2668–2676 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferrand, B.

Field, S. J.

Flory, F.

H. Rigneault, F. Flory, S. Monneret, “Nonlinear totally reflecting prism coupler: thermomechanic effects and intensity dependant refractive index of thin films,” Appl. Opt. 34, 4358–4368 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Flory, R. Mollenhauer, E. Pelletier, “Utility of multidielectric coatings for realization of waveguides,” in Optical Interference Coatings, F. Abeles, ed., Proc. SPIE2253, 903–910 (1994).

F. Flory, D. Berthier, H. Rigneault, L. Roux, “Consequence of Ti and Li implantations on the optical properties of single layers of Ta2O5,” in Optical Interference Coatings, Vol. 17 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 309–311.

F. Flory, “Guided wave techniques for the characterization of optical coatings,” in Thin Films For Optical Systems, F. Flory, ed. (Dekker, New York, 1995), pp. 393–454.

Fontaine, C.

E. Daran, L. E. Bausa, A. Munoz-Yagüe, C. Fontaine, “Er3+ doping CaF2 layers by molecular beam epitaxy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2616–2618 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Goy, P.

P. Goy, J. M. Raimond, M. Gross, S. Haroche, “Observation of cavity-enhanced single atom spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 1903–1906 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Grabmaier, B. C.

G. Blasse, B. C. Grabmaier, Luminescent Materials (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), Chap. 2, p. 26.

Gross, M.

P. Goy, J. M. Raimond, M. Gross, S. Haroche, “Observation of cavity-enhanced single atom spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 1903–1906 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

Hanner, M.

G. Nykolak, M. Hanner, P. C. Becker, J. Shmulovich, Y. H. Wong, “Systems evaluation of an Er3+-doped planar waveguide amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1185–1187 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Haroche, S.

P. Goy, J. M. Raimond, M. Gross, S. Haroche, “Observation of cavity-enhanced single atom spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 1903–1906 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hattori, K.

K. Shuto, K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, Y. Ohmori, M. Horiguchi, “Erbium-doped phosphosilicate glass waveguide amplifier fabricated by PECVD,” Electro. Lett. 29, 139–141 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, K. Shuto, M. Yasu, M. Kodayashi, M. Horiguchi, “Amplification in erbium-doped silica-based planar lightwave circuits,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1818–1819 (1992).
[CrossRef]

He, Q.

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, Q. He, M. de Michelli, D. B. Ostrowsky, “Integrated Q-switched Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1428–1429 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Horiguchi, M.

K. Shuto, K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, Y. Ohmori, M. Horiguchi, “Erbium-doped phosphosilicate glass waveguide amplifier fabricated by PECVD,” Electro. Lett. 29, 139–141 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, K. Shuto, M. Yasu, M. Kodayashi, M. Horiguchi, “Amplification in erbium-doped silica-based planar lightwave circuits,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1818–1819 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Horikoshi, Y.

Y. Yamamoto, S. Machida, K. Igeta, Y. Horikoshi, “Enhanced and inhibited spontaneous emission of free excitons in GaAs quantum wells in a microcavity,” in Coherence and Quantum Optics VI, J. H. Eberly, ed. (Plenum, New York, 1990), pp. 1249–1257.

Hunt, N. E. J.

E. F. Schubert, A. M. Vredenberg, N. E. J. Hunt, Y. H. Wong, P. C. Becker, J. M. Poate, D. C. Jacobson, L. C. Feldman, G. J. Zydzik, “Giant enhancement of luminescence intensity in Er doped Si/SiO2 resonnant cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1381–1383 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hunt, N. J.

N. J. Hunt, E. F. Shubert, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, R. F. Kopf, R. A. Logan, G. J. Zydzik, “High efficiency, narrow spectrum resonant cavity light emitting diodes,” in Confined Electrons and Photons. New Physics and Applications, C. Weisbuch, E. Burstein, eds. Vol. 3 of NATO API Series (Plenum, New York, 1995), pp. 701–725.

Igeta, K.

G. Bjork, S. Machida, Y. Yamamoto, K. Igeta, “Modification of spontaneous emission rate in planar dielectric microcavity structures,” Phys. Rev. A 44, 669–681 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yamamoto, S. Machida, K. Igeta, Y. Horikoshi, “Enhanced and inhibited spontaneous emission of free excitons in GaAs quantum wells in a microcavity,” in Coherence and Quantum Optics VI, J. H. Eberly, ed. (Plenum, New York, 1990), pp. 1249–1257.

Innocenti, G.

F. DeMartini, G. Innocenti, G. R. Jacobivitz, P. Mataloni, “Anomalous spontaneous emission time in a microscopic optical cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2995–2957 (1987).

Ippen, E. P.

M. Suzuki, H. Yokoyama, S. D. Brorson, E. P. Ippen, “Observation of spontaneous emission lifetime change of dye-containing Langmuir–Blodgett films in optical microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 998–1000 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jacobivitz, G. R.

F. DeMartini, G. Innocenti, G. R. Jacobivitz, P. Mataloni, “Anomalous spontaneous emission time in a microscopic optical cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2995–2957 (1987).

Jacobson, D. C.

E. F. Schubert, A. M. Vredenberg, N. E. J. Hunt, Y. H. Wong, P. C. Becker, J. M. Poate, D. C. Jacobson, L. C. Feldman, G. J. Zydzik, “Giant enhancement of luminescence intensity in Er doped Si/SiO2 resonnant cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1381–1383 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. Polman, D. C. Jacobson, D. J. Eaglesham, R. C. Kistler, J. M. Poate, “Optical doping waveguide by MeV Er implantation,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 3778–3784 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jaskorynska, B.

J. Nilsson, B. Jaskorynska, P. Blixt, “Performance reduction and design modification of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers resulting from pair-induced quenching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1427–1429 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kistler, R. C.

A. Polman, D. C. Jacobson, D. J. Eaglesham, R. C. Kistler, J. M. Poate, “Optical doping waveguide by MeV Er implantation,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 3778–3784 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kitagawa, T.

K. Shuto, K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, Y. Ohmori, M. Horiguchi, “Erbium-doped phosphosilicate glass waveguide amplifier fabricated by PECVD,” Electro. Lett. 29, 139–141 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, K. Shuto, M. Yasu, M. Kodayashi, M. Horiguchi, “Amplification in erbium-doped silica-based planar lightwave circuits,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1818–1819 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kodayashi, M.

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, K. Shuto, M. Yasu, M. Kodayashi, M. Horiguchi, “Amplification in erbium-doped silica-based planar lightwave circuits,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1818–1819 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kopf, R. F.

N. J. Hunt, E. F. Shubert, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, R. F. Kopf, R. A. Logan, G. J. Zydzik, “High efficiency, narrow spectrum resonant cavity light emitting diodes,” in Confined Electrons and Photons. New Physics and Applications, C. Weisbuch, E. Burstein, eds. Vol. 3 of NATO API Series (Plenum, New York, 1995), pp. 701–725.

L’Haridon, H.

See, for example, P. N. Favennec, H. L’Haridon, M. Salvi, D. Moutonnet, Y. Le Guillou, “Luminescence of erbium implanted in various semiconductors: IV,III-V and II-VI materials,” Electron. Lett. 25, 718–719 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lallier, E.

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, Q. He, M. de Michelli, D. B. Ostrowsky, “Integrated Q-switched Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1428–1429 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Landijk, A.

E. Snoeks, A. Landijk, A. Polman, “Measuring and modifying the spontaneous emission rate of erbium near an interface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2459–2462 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Large, A. C.

Le Guillou, Y.

See, for example, P. N. Favennec, H. L’Haridon, M. Salvi, D. Moutonnet, Y. Le Guillou, “Luminescence of erbium implanted in various semiconductors: IV,III-V and II-VI materials,” Electron. Lett. 25, 718–719 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Logan, R. A.

N. J. Hunt, E. F. Shubert, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, R. F. Kopf, R. A. Logan, G. J. Zydzik, “High efficiency, narrow spectrum resonant cavity light emitting diodes,” in Confined Electrons and Photons. New Physics and Applications, C. Weisbuch, E. Burstein, eds. Vol. 3 of NATO API Series (Plenum, New York, 1995), pp. 701–725.

Machida, S.

G. Bjork, S. Machida, Y. Yamamoto, K. Igeta, “Modification of spontaneous emission rate in planar dielectric microcavity structures,” Phys. Rev. A 44, 669–681 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yamamoto, S. Machida, K. Igeta, Y. Horikoshi, “Enhanced and inhibited spontaneous emission of free excitons in GaAs quantum wells in a microcavity,” in Coherence and Quantum Optics VI, J. H. Eberly, ed. (Plenum, New York, 1990), pp. 1249–1257.

Marcuse, D.

D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides (Academic, New York, 1974), pp. 1–49.

Mataloni, P.

F. DeMartini, G. Innocenti, G. R. Jacobivitz, P. Mataloni, “Anomalous spontaneous emission time in a microscopic optical cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2995–2957 (1987).

Mollenhauer, R.

F. Flory, R. Mollenhauer, E. Pelletier, “Utility of multidielectric coatings for realization of waveguides,” in Optical Interference Coatings, F. Abeles, ed., Proc. SPIE2253, 903–910 (1994).

Monneret, S.

Moutonnet, D.

See, for example, P. N. Favennec, H. L’Haridon, M. Salvi, D. Moutonnet, Y. Le Guillou, “Luminescence of erbium implanted in various semiconductors: IV,III-V and II-VI materials,” Electron. Lett. 25, 718–719 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Mugnier, J.

A. Bahtat, M. Bouazaoui, M. Bahtat, J. Mugnier, “Fluoresecence of Er3+ ions in TiO2 planar waveguides prepared by a sol-gel process,” Opt. Commun. 111, 55–60 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Munoz-Yagüe, A.

E. Daran, L. E. Bausa, A. Munoz-Yagüe, C. Fontaine, “Er3+ doping CaF2 layers by molecular beam epitaxy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2616–2618 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

J. Nilsson, B. Jaskorynska, P. Blixt, “Performance reduction and design modification of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers resulting from pair-induced quenching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1427–1429 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nykolak, G.

G. Nykolak, M. Hanner, P. C. Becker, J. Shmulovich, Y. H. Wong, “Systems evaluation of an Er3+-doped planar waveguide amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1185–1187 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ohmori, Y.

K. Shuto, K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, Y. Ohmori, M. Horiguchi, “Erbium-doped phosphosilicate glass waveguide amplifier fabricated by PECVD,” Electro. Lett. 29, 139–141 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ostrowsky, D. B.

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, Q. He, M. de Michelli, D. B. Ostrowsky, “Integrated Q-switched Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1428–1429 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Papuchon, M.

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, Q. He, M. de Michelli, D. B. Ostrowsky, “Integrated Q-switched Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1428–1429 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Pelenc, D.

Pelletier, E.

F. Flory, R. Mollenhauer, E. Pelletier, “Utility of multidielectric coatings for realization of waveguides,” in Optical Interference Coatings, F. Abeles, ed., Proc. SPIE2253, 903–910 (1994).

Poate, J. M.

E. F. Schubert, A. M. Vredenberg, N. E. J. Hunt, Y. H. Wong, P. C. Becker, J. M. Poate, D. C. Jacobson, L. C. Feldman, G. J. Zydzik, “Giant enhancement of luminescence intensity in Er doped Si/SiO2 resonnant cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1381–1383 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. Polman, D. C. Jacobson, D. J. Eaglesham, R. C. Kistler, J. M. Poate, “Optical doping waveguide by MeV Er implantation,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 3778–3784 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Pocholle, J. P.

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, Q. He, M. de Michelli, D. B. Ostrowsky, “Integrated Q-switched Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1428–1429 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Polman, A.

E. Snoeks, A. Landijk, A. Polman, “Measuring and modifying the spontaneous emission rate of erbium near an interface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2459–2462 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Polman, D. C. Jacobson, D. J. Eaglesham, R. C. Kistler, J. M. Poate, “Optical doping waveguide by MeV Er implantation,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 3778–3784 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Pulker, H. K.

H. K. Pulker, Coatings on Glass (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1984), pp. 247–256.

Purcell, E. M.

E. M. Purcell, “Spontaneous emission probabilities at radio frequencies,” Phys. Rev. 69, 681 (1946).

Raimond, J. M.

P. Goy, J. M. Raimond, M. Gross, S. Haroche, “Observation of cavity-enhanced single atom spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 1903–1906 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Rigneault, H.

H. Rigneault, F. Flory, S. Monneret, “Nonlinear totally reflecting prism coupler: thermomechanic effects and intensity dependant refractive index of thin films,” Appl. Opt. 34, 4358–4368 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Flory, D. Berthier, H. Rigneault, L. Roux, “Consequence of Ti and Li implantations on the optical properties of single layers of Ta2O5,” in Optical Interference Coatings, Vol. 17 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 309–311.

Roche, P.

C. Amra, P. Roche, D. Torriccini, “Multiwavelength (0.45–10.6 μm) angle-resolved scatterometer or how to extend the optical window,” Appl. Opt. 32, 5462–5474 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Commandré, P. Roche, “Characterization of absorption by photothermal deflection,” in Thin Films For Optical Systems, F. Flory, ed. (Dekker, New York, 1995), pp. 329–366.

Roux, L.

F. Flory, D. Berthier, H. Rigneault, L. Roux, “Consequence of Ti and Li implantations on the optical properties of single layers of Ta2O5,” in Optical Interference Coatings, Vol. 17 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 309–311.

Salvi, M.

See, for example, P. N. Favennec, H. L’Haridon, M. Salvi, D. Moutonnet, Y. Le Guillou, “Luminescence of erbium implanted in various semiconductors: IV,III-V and II-VI materials,” Electron. Lett. 25, 718–719 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Schubert, E. F.

E. F. Schubert, A. M. Vredenberg, N. E. J. Hunt, Y. H. Wong, P. C. Becker, J. M. Poate, D. C. Jacobson, L. C. Feldman, G. J. Zydzik, “Giant enhancement of luminescence intensity in Er doped Si/SiO2 resonnant cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1381–1383 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shmulovich, J.

G. Nykolak, M. Hanner, P. C. Becker, J. Shmulovich, Y. H. Wong, “Systems evaluation of an Er3+-doped planar waveguide amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1185–1187 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shubert, E. F.

N. J. Hunt, E. F. Shubert, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, R. F. Kopf, R. A. Logan, G. J. Zydzik, “High efficiency, narrow spectrum resonant cavity light emitting diodes,” in Confined Electrons and Photons. New Physics and Applications, C. Weisbuch, E. Burstein, eds. Vol. 3 of NATO API Series (Plenum, New York, 1995), pp. 701–725.

Shuto, K.

K. Shuto, K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, Y. Ohmori, M. Horiguchi, “Erbium-doped phosphosilicate glass waveguide amplifier fabricated by PECVD,” Electro. Lett. 29, 139–141 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, K. Shuto, M. Yasu, M. Kodayashi, M. Horiguchi, “Amplification in erbium-doped silica-based planar lightwave circuits,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1818–1819 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sivco, D. L.

N. J. Hunt, E. F. Shubert, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, R. F. Kopf, R. A. Logan, G. J. Zydzik, “High efficiency, narrow spectrum resonant cavity light emitting diodes,” in Confined Electrons and Photons. New Physics and Applications, C. Weisbuch, E. Burstein, eds. Vol. 3 of NATO API Series (Plenum, New York, 1995), pp. 701–725.

Slusher, R. E.

Y. Yamamoto, R. E. Slusher, “Optical processes in microcavities,” Phys. Today 46(6), 66–73 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Snoeks, E.

E. Snoeks, A. Landijk, A. Polman, “Measuring and modifying the spontaneous emission rate of erbium near an interface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2459–2462 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suzuki, M.

M. Suzuki, H. Yokoyama, S. D. Brorson, E. P. Ippen, “Observation of spontaneous emission lifetime change of dye-containing Langmuir–Blodgett films in optical microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 998–1000 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Torriccini, D.

Tropper, A. C.

Ujihara, K.

X.-P. Feng, K. Ujihara, “Quantum theory of spontaneous emission in a one-dimensional optical cavity with two-side output coupling,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 2668–2676 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vredenberg, A. M.

E. F. Schubert, A. M. Vredenberg, N. E. J. Hunt, Y. H. Wong, P. C. Becker, J. M. Poate, D. C. Jacobson, L. C. Feldman, G. J. Zydzik, “Giant enhancement of luminescence intensity in Er doped Si/SiO2 resonnant cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1381–1383 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wong, Y. H.

G. Nykolak, M. Hanner, P. C. Becker, J. Shmulovich, Y. H. Wong, “Systems evaluation of an Er3+-doped planar waveguide amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1185–1187 (1993).
[CrossRef]

E. F. Schubert, A. M. Vredenberg, N. E. J. Hunt, Y. H. Wong, P. C. Becker, J. M. Poate, D. C. Jacobson, L. C. Feldman, G. J. Zydzik, “Giant enhancement of luminescence intensity in Er doped Si/SiO2 resonnant cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1381–1383 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

Y. Yamamoto, R. E. Slusher, “Optical processes in microcavities,” Phys. Today 46(6), 66–73 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. Bjork, S. Machida, Y. Yamamoto, K. Igeta, “Modification of spontaneous emission rate in planar dielectric microcavity structures,” Phys. Rev. A 44, 669–681 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yamamoto, S. Machida, K. Igeta, Y. Horikoshi, “Enhanced and inhibited spontaneous emission of free excitons in GaAs quantum wells in a microcavity,” in Coherence and Quantum Optics VI, J. H. Eberly, ed. (Plenum, New York, 1990), pp. 1249–1257.

Y. Yamamoto, Coherence, Amplification, and Quantum Effects in Semiconductor Lasers (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1991), pp. 561–615.

Yasu, M.

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, K. Shuto, M. Yasu, M. Kodayashi, M. Horiguchi, “Amplification in erbium-doped silica-based planar lightwave circuits,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1818–1819 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yokayama, H.

H. Yokayama, “Physics and device applications of optical microcavities,” Science 256, 66–70 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yokoyama, H.

M. Suzuki, H. Yokoyama, S. D. Brorson, E. P. Ippen, “Observation of spontaneous emission lifetime change of dye-containing Langmuir–Blodgett films in optical microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 998–1000 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zydzik, G. J.

E. F. Schubert, A. M. Vredenberg, N. E. J. Hunt, Y. H. Wong, P. C. Becker, J. M. Poate, D. C. Jacobson, L. C. Feldman, G. J. Zydzik, “Giant enhancement of luminescence intensity in Er doped Si/SiO2 resonnant cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1381–1383 (1992).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Hunt, E. F. Shubert, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, R. F. Kopf, R. A. Logan, G. J. Zydzik, “High efficiency, narrow spectrum resonant cavity light emitting diodes,” in Confined Electrons and Photons. New Physics and Applications, C. Weisbuch, E. Burstein, eds. Vol. 3 of NATO API Series (Plenum, New York, 1995), pp. 701–725.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

M. Suzuki, H. Yokoyama, S. D. Brorson, E. P. Ippen, “Observation of spontaneous emission lifetime change of dye-containing Langmuir–Blodgett films in optical microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 998–1000 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. Daran, L. E. Bausa, A. Munoz-Yagüe, C. Fontaine, “Er3+ doping CaF2 layers by molecular beam epitaxy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2616–2618 (1993).
[CrossRef]

E. F. Schubert, A. M. Vredenberg, N. E. J. Hunt, Y. H. Wong, P. C. Becker, J. M. Poate, D. C. Jacobson, L. C. Feldman, G. J. Zydzik, “Giant enhancement of luminescence intensity in Er doped Si/SiO2 resonnant cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1381–1383 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Electro. Lett. (1)

K. Shuto, K. Hattori, T. Kitagawa, Y. Ohmori, M. Horiguchi, “Erbium-doped phosphosilicate glass waveguide amplifier fabricated by PECVD,” Electro. Lett. 29, 139–141 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, Q. He, M. de Michelli, D. B. Ostrowsky, “Integrated Q-switched Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1428–1429 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. Kitagawa, K. Hattori, K. Shuto, M. Yasu, M. Kodayashi, M. Horiguchi, “Amplification in erbium-doped silica-based planar lightwave circuits,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1818–1819 (1992).
[CrossRef]

See, for example, P. N. Favennec, H. L’Haridon, M. Salvi, D. Moutonnet, Y. Le Guillou, “Luminescence of erbium implanted in various semiconductors: IV,III-V and II-VI materials,” Electron. Lett. 25, 718–719 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

J. Nilsson, B. Jaskorynska, P. Blixt, “Performance reduction and design modification of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers resulting from pair-induced quenching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1427–1429 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. Nykolak, M. Hanner, P. C. Becker, J. Shmulovich, Y. H. Wong, “Systems evaluation of an Er3+-doped planar waveguide amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1185–1187 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. Polman, D. C. Jacobson, D. J. Eaglesham, R. C. Kistler, J. M. Poate, “Optical doping waveguide by MeV Er implantation,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 3778–3784 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Bahtat, M. Bouazaoui, M. Bahtat, J. Mugnier, “Fluoresecence of Er3+ ions in TiO2 planar waveguides prepared by a sol-gel process,” Opt. Commun. 111, 55–60 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. (1)

E. M. Purcell, “Spontaneous emission probabilities at radio frequencies,” Phys. Rev. 69, 681 (1946).

Phys. Rev. A (2)

X.-P. Feng, K. Ujihara, “Quantum theory of spontaneous emission in a one-dimensional optical cavity with two-side output coupling,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 2668–2676 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Bjork, S. Machida, Y. Yamamoto, K. Igeta, “Modification of spontaneous emission rate in planar dielectric microcavity structures,” Phys. Rev. A 44, 669–681 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

E. Snoeks, A. Landijk, A. Polman, “Measuring and modifying the spontaneous emission rate of erbium near an interface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2459–2462 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Goy, J. M. Raimond, M. Gross, S. Haroche, “Observation of cavity-enhanced single atom spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 1903–1906 (1983).
[CrossRef]

F. DeMartini, G. Innocenti, G. R. Jacobivitz, P. Mataloni, “Anomalous spontaneous emission time in a microscopic optical cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2995–2957 (1987).

Phys. Today (1)

Y. Yamamoto, R. E. Slusher, “Optical processes in microcavities,” Phys. Today 46(6), 66–73 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

H. Yokayama, “Physics and device applications of optical microcavities,” Science 256, 66–70 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Other (13)

F. Flory, D. Berthier, H. Rigneault, L. Roux, “Consequence of Ti and Li implantations on the optical properties of single layers of Ta2O5,” in Optical Interference Coatings, Vol. 17 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 309–311.

M. Commandré, P. Roche, “Characterization of absorption by photothermal deflection,” in Thin Films For Optical Systems, F. Flory, ed. (Dekker, New York, 1995), pp. 329–366.

F. Flory, “Guided wave techniques for the characterization of optical coatings,” in Thin Films For Optical Systems, F. Flory, ed. (Dekker, New York, 1995), pp. 393–454.

F. Flory, R. Mollenhauer, E. Pelletier, “Utility of multidielectric coatings for realization of waveguides,” in Optical Interference Coatings, F. Abeles, ed., Proc. SPIE2253, 903–910 (1994).

G. Blasse, B. C. Grabmaier, Luminescent Materials (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), Chap. 2, p. 26.

D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides (Academic, New York, 1974), pp. 1–49.

H. K. Pulker, Coatings on Glass (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1984), pp. 247–256.

P. N. Favennec, L’Implantation Ionique pour la Microélectronique et Pour L’Optique (Masson, Paris, 1993), Chap. 3, p. 63.

Y. Yamamoto, Coherence, Amplification, and Quantum Effects in Semiconductor Lasers (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1991), pp. 561–615.

N. J. Hunt, E. F. Shubert, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, R. F. Kopf, R. A. Logan, G. J. Zydzik, “High efficiency, narrow spectrum resonant cavity light emitting diodes,” in Confined Electrons and Photons. New Physics and Applications, C. Weisbuch, E. Burstein, eds. Vol. 3 of NATO API Series (Plenum, New York, 1995), pp. 701–725.

K. H. Drexhage, “Interaction of light with monomolecular dye layers,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1974), pp. 163–232.

C. Amra, “The role of interfaces and bulks in the energy balance of a thin film multilayer,” Optical Interference Coatings, Vol. 17 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 185–186.

Y. Yamamoto, S. Machida, K. Igeta, Y. Horikoshi, “Enhanced and inhibited spontaneous emission of free excitons in GaAs quantum wells in a microcavity,” in Coherence and Quantum Optics VI, J. H. Eberly, ed. (Plenum, New York, 1990), pp. 1249–1257.

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