Abstract

White-light imaging was accomplished by operation of a TeO2 acousto-optic tunable filter (AOTF) with 40 simultaneous overlapping passbands from 400 to 700 nm. The AOTF was chromatically compensated by a wedge applied to the output surface of the AOTF, and the measured spatial resolution correlated well with predictions. Switching off specific rf’s applied to the AOTF produced optical rejection corresponding to the inactive passbands. A rejection ratio of 30 dB was demonstrated, and the rejection level was found to be controlled by leakage through the sidelobes of adjacent passbands.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. E. Harris, R. W. Wallace, “Acousto-optic tunable filter,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 744–747 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. E. Harris, S. T. K. Nieh, D. K. Winslow, “Electronically tunable acousto-optic filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 325–326 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. D. Feichtner, M. Gottlieb, J. J. Conroy, “Tl3AsSe3 noncollinear acousto-optic filter operation at 10 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 1–3 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. S. Gottlieb, “Acousto-optic tunable filters,” in Design and Fabrication of Acousto-Optic Devices, A. P. Goutzoulis, D. R. Pape, eds. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1994), pp. 197–283.
  5. Y. Yano, A. Watanabe, “Acoustooptic TeO2 tunable filter using far-off-axis anisotropic Bragg diffraction,” Appl. Opt. 15, 2250–2258 (1976).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. I. C. Chang, “Tunable acousto-optic filters: an overview,” Opt. Eng. 16, 455–460 (1977).
  7. I. C. Chang, “Acousto-optic tunable filters,” Opt. Eng. 20, 824–829 (1981).
  8. A. Sivanayagam, D. Findlay, “High resolution noncollinear acoustooptic filters with variable passband characteristics: design,” Appl. Opt. 23, 4601–4608 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. P. A. Gass, J. R. Sambles, “Accurate design of a noncollinear acousto-optic tunable filter,” Opt. Lett. 16, 429–431 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. J. Taylor, S. E. Harris, S. T. K. Nieh, T. W. Hansch, “Electronic tuning of a dye laser using the acousto-optic filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 269–271 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. A. Coquin, K. W. Cheung, “Electronically tunable external cavity semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 24, 599–600 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. W. Cheung, S. C. Liew, C. N. Lo, “Experimental demonstration of multiwavelength optical network with microwave subcarriers,” Electron. Lett. 25, 381–383 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. W. Cheung, D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, B. L. Heffner, “Multiple channel operation of integrated acousto-optic tunable filter,” Electron. Lett. 25, 375–376 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  14. K. W. Cheung, S. C. Liew, C. N. Lo, “Simultaneous five-wavelength filtering at 2.2 nm wavelength separation using integrated-optic acousto-optic tunable filter with subcarrier detection,” Electron. Lett. 25, 636–637 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. W. Shipp, J. Biggins, C. W. Wade, “Performance characteristics of an electronically tunable acousto-optic filter for fast scanning spectrophotometry,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 47, 565–569 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. Hallikainen, J. Parkkinen, T. Jaaskelainen, “Acoustooptic color spectrometer,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 81–83 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Bardask, G. J. Wolga, “Acousto-optic spectrometer system used to monitor combustion processes,” Appl. Opt. 28, 4279–4285 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. Hatano, T. Nozowa, T. Murakami, T. Yamamoto, M. Shigehisa, S. Kimura, T. Takakuwa, N. Sakayanagi, T. Yano, A. Watanabe, “New type of rapid scanning circular dichroism spectropolarimeter using an acoustic optical filter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 52, 1311–1316 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  19. B. Bates, D. Halliwell, D. Findlay, “Astronomical spectrophotometry with an acoustooptic filter photometer,” Appl. Opt. 23, 257–260 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. I. Kurtz, R. Dwelle, P. Katzka, “Rapid scanning fluorescence spectroscopy using an acousto-optic tunable filter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 1996–2003 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  21. D. A. Glenar, J. J. Himan, B. Saif, J. Bergstrahl, “Acoustooptic imaging spectropolarimetry for remote detection sensing,” Appl. Opt. 33, 7412–7424 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. I. C. Chang, “Laser detection utilizing tunable acoustooptic filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 108–111 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  23. N. Uchida, “Optical properties of single-crystal paratellurite (TeO2),” Phys. Rev. B 4, 3736–3745 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  24. Y. Ohmachi, N. Uchida, “Temperature dependence of elastic, dielectric, and piezoelectric constants in TeO2 single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 41, 2307–2311 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  25. I. C. Chang, “Analysis of the noncollinear acousto-optic filter,” Electron. Lett. 11, 617–618 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  26. V. M. Epikhin, F. L. Vizen, L. L. Pal’tsev, “Acoustooptic filtering of arbitrarily polarized radiation,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 32, 1149–1153 (1987).
  27. V. B. Voloshinov, L. A. Kulakov, O. V. Mironov, “Scanning an optical image in the presence of acousto-optic light filtering,” Sov. J. Commun. Tech. & Electron. 34, 54–58 (1989).
  28. D. R. Suhre, M. Gottlieb, L. H. Taylor, N. T. Melamed, “Spatial resolution of imaging noncollinear acousto-optic filters,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2118–2121 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  29. N. Uchida, Y. Ohmachi, “Elastic and photoelastic properties of TeO2 single crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4692–4695 (1969).
    [CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1992 (1)

D. R. Suhre, M. Gottlieb, L. H. Taylor, N. T. Melamed, “Spatial resolution of imaging noncollinear acousto-optic filters,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2118–2121 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1989 (5)

V. B. Voloshinov, L. A. Kulakov, O. V. Mironov, “Scanning an optical image in the presence of acousto-optic light filtering,” Sov. J. Commun. Tech. & Electron. 34, 54–58 (1989).

M. Bardask, G. J. Wolga, “Acousto-optic spectrometer system used to monitor combustion processes,” Appl. Opt. 28, 4279–4285 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Cheung, S. C. Liew, C. N. Lo, “Experimental demonstration of multiwavelength optical network with microwave subcarriers,” Electron. Lett. 25, 381–383 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Cheung, D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, B. L. Heffner, “Multiple channel operation of integrated acousto-optic tunable filter,” Electron. Lett. 25, 375–376 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Cheung, S. C. Liew, C. N. Lo, “Simultaneous five-wavelength filtering at 2.2 nm wavelength separation using integrated-optic acousto-optic tunable filter with subcarrier detection,” Electron. Lett. 25, 636–637 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (2)

G. A. Coquin, K. W. Cheung, “Electronically tunable external cavity semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 24, 599–600 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Hallikainen, J. Parkkinen, T. Jaaskelainen, “Acoustooptic color spectrometer,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 81–83 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

V. M. Epikhin, F. L. Vizen, L. L. Pal’tsev, “Acoustooptic filtering of arbitrarily polarized radiation,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 32, 1149–1153 (1987).

I. Kurtz, R. Dwelle, P. Katzka, “Rapid scanning fluorescence spectroscopy using an acousto-optic tunable filter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 1996–2003 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1984 (2)

1981 (2)

I. C. Chang, “Acousto-optic tunable filters,” Opt. Eng. 20, 824–829 (1981).

M. Hatano, T. Nozowa, T. Murakami, T. Yamamoto, M. Shigehisa, S. Kimura, T. Takakuwa, N. Sakayanagi, T. Yano, A. Watanabe, “New type of rapid scanning circular dichroism spectropolarimeter using an acoustic optical filter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 52, 1311–1316 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

J. D. Feichtner, M. Gottlieb, J. J. Conroy, “Tl3AsSe3 noncollinear acousto-optic filter operation at 10 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 1–3 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

I. C. Chang, “Laser detection utilizing tunable acoustooptic filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 108–111 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

I. C. Chang, “Tunable acousto-optic filters: an overview,” Opt. Eng. 16, 455–460 (1977).

1976 (2)

S. W. Shipp, J. Biggins, C. W. Wade, “Performance characteristics of an electronically tunable acousto-optic filter for fast scanning spectrophotometry,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 47, 565–569 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yano, A. Watanabe, “Acoustooptic TeO2 tunable filter using far-off-axis anisotropic Bragg diffraction,” Appl. Opt. 15, 2250–2258 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1975 (1)

I. C. Chang, “Analysis of the noncollinear acousto-optic filter,” Electron. Lett. 11, 617–618 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1971 (2)

N. Uchida, “Optical properties of single-crystal paratellurite (TeO2),” Phys. Rev. B 4, 3736–3745 (1971).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Taylor, S. E. Harris, S. T. K. Nieh, T. W. Hansch, “Electronic tuning of a dye laser using the acousto-optic filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 269–271 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

Y. Ohmachi, N. Uchida, “Temperature dependence of elastic, dielectric, and piezoelectric constants in TeO2 single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 41, 2307–2311 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1969 (3)

S. E. Harris, S. T. K. Nieh, D. K. Winslow, “Electronically tunable acousto-optic filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 325–326 (1969).
[CrossRef]

N. Uchida, Y. Ohmachi, “Elastic and photoelastic properties of TeO2 single crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4692–4695 (1969).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris, R. W. Wallace, “Acousto-optic tunable filter,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 744–747 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Baran, J. E.

K. W. Cheung, D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, B. L. Heffner, “Multiple channel operation of integrated acousto-optic tunable filter,” Electron. Lett. 25, 375–376 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bardask, M.

Bates, B.

Bergstrahl, J.

Biggins, J.

S. W. Shipp, J. Biggins, C. W. Wade, “Performance characteristics of an electronically tunable acousto-optic filter for fast scanning spectrophotometry,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 47, 565–569 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Chang, I. C.

I. C. Chang, “Acousto-optic tunable filters,” Opt. Eng. 20, 824–829 (1981).

I. C. Chang, “Laser detection utilizing tunable acoustooptic filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 108–111 (1978).
[CrossRef]

I. C. Chang, “Tunable acousto-optic filters: an overview,” Opt. Eng. 16, 455–460 (1977).

I. C. Chang, “Analysis of the noncollinear acousto-optic filter,” Electron. Lett. 11, 617–618 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Cheung, K. W.

K. W. Cheung, S. C. Liew, C. N. Lo, “Simultaneous five-wavelength filtering at 2.2 nm wavelength separation using integrated-optic acousto-optic tunable filter with subcarrier detection,” Electron. Lett. 25, 636–637 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Cheung, S. C. Liew, C. N. Lo, “Experimental demonstration of multiwavelength optical network with microwave subcarriers,” Electron. Lett. 25, 381–383 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Cheung, D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, B. L. Heffner, “Multiple channel operation of integrated acousto-optic tunable filter,” Electron. Lett. 25, 375–376 (1989).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Coquin, K. W. Cheung, “Electronically tunable external cavity semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 24, 599–600 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Conroy, J. J.

J. D. Feichtner, M. Gottlieb, J. J. Conroy, “Tl3AsSe3 noncollinear acousto-optic filter operation at 10 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 1–3 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Coquin, G. A.

G. A. Coquin, K. W. Cheung, “Electronically tunable external cavity semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 24, 599–600 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Dwelle, R.

I. Kurtz, R. Dwelle, P. Katzka, “Rapid scanning fluorescence spectroscopy using an acousto-optic tunable filter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 1996–2003 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Epikhin, V. M.

V. M. Epikhin, F. L. Vizen, L. L. Pal’tsev, “Acoustooptic filtering of arbitrarily polarized radiation,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 32, 1149–1153 (1987).

Feichtner, J. D.

J. D. Feichtner, M. Gottlieb, J. J. Conroy, “Tl3AsSe3 noncollinear acousto-optic filter operation at 10 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 1–3 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Findlay, D.

Gass, P. A.

Glenar, D. A.

Gottlieb, M.

D. R. Suhre, M. Gottlieb, L. H. Taylor, N. T. Melamed, “Spatial resolution of imaging noncollinear acousto-optic filters,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2118–2121 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Feichtner, M. Gottlieb, J. J. Conroy, “Tl3AsSe3 noncollinear acousto-optic filter operation at 10 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 1–3 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Gottlieb, M. S.

M. S. Gottlieb, “Acousto-optic tunable filters,” in Design and Fabrication of Acousto-Optic Devices, A. P. Goutzoulis, D. R. Pape, eds. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1994), pp. 197–283.

Hallikainen, J.

J. Hallikainen, J. Parkkinen, T. Jaaskelainen, “Acoustooptic color spectrometer,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 81–83 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Halliwell, D.

Hansch, T. W.

D. J. Taylor, S. E. Harris, S. T. K. Nieh, T. W. Hansch, “Electronic tuning of a dye laser using the acousto-optic filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 269–271 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

D. J. Taylor, S. E. Harris, S. T. K. Nieh, T. W. Hansch, “Electronic tuning of a dye laser using the acousto-optic filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 269–271 (1971).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris, S. T. K. Nieh, D. K. Winslow, “Electronically tunable acousto-optic filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 325–326 (1969).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris, R. W. Wallace, “Acousto-optic tunable filter,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 744–747 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Hatano, M.

M. Hatano, T. Nozowa, T. Murakami, T. Yamamoto, M. Shigehisa, S. Kimura, T. Takakuwa, N. Sakayanagi, T. Yano, A. Watanabe, “New type of rapid scanning circular dichroism spectropolarimeter using an acoustic optical filter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 52, 1311–1316 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Heffner, B. L.

K. W. Cheung, D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, B. L. Heffner, “Multiple channel operation of integrated acousto-optic tunable filter,” Electron. Lett. 25, 375–376 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Himan, J. J.

Jaaskelainen, T.

J. Hallikainen, J. Parkkinen, T. Jaaskelainen, “Acoustooptic color spectrometer,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 81–83 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Katzka, P.

I. Kurtz, R. Dwelle, P. Katzka, “Rapid scanning fluorescence spectroscopy using an acousto-optic tunable filter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 1996–2003 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, S.

M. Hatano, T. Nozowa, T. Murakami, T. Yamamoto, M. Shigehisa, S. Kimura, T. Takakuwa, N. Sakayanagi, T. Yano, A. Watanabe, “New type of rapid scanning circular dichroism spectropolarimeter using an acoustic optical filter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 52, 1311–1316 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Kulakov, L. A.

V. B. Voloshinov, L. A. Kulakov, O. V. Mironov, “Scanning an optical image in the presence of acousto-optic light filtering,” Sov. J. Commun. Tech. & Electron. 34, 54–58 (1989).

Kurtz, I.

I. Kurtz, R. Dwelle, P. Katzka, “Rapid scanning fluorescence spectroscopy using an acousto-optic tunable filter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 1996–2003 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Liew, S. C.

K. W. Cheung, S. C. Liew, C. N. Lo, “Experimental demonstration of multiwavelength optical network with microwave subcarriers,” Electron. Lett. 25, 381–383 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Cheung, S. C. Liew, C. N. Lo, “Simultaneous five-wavelength filtering at 2.2 nm wavelength separation using integrated-optic acousto-optic tunable filter with subcarrier detection,” Electron. Lett. 25, 636–637 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lo, C. N.

K. W. Cheung, S. C. Liew, C. N. Lo, “Simultaneous five-wavelength filtering at 2.2 nm wavelength separation using integrated-optic acousto-optic tunable filter with subcarrier detection,” Electron. Lett. 25, 636–637 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Cheung, S. C. Liew, C. N. Lo, “Experimental demonstration of multiwavelength optical network with microwave subcarriers,” Electron. Lett. 25, 381–383 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Melamed, N. T.

D. R. Suhre, M. Gottlieb, L. H. Taylor, N. T. Melamed, “Spatial resolution of imaging noncollinear acousto-optic filters,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2118–2121 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mironov, O. V.

V. B. Voloshinov, L. A. Kulakov, O. V. Mironov, “Scanning an optical image in the presence of acousto-optic light filtering,” Sov. J. Commun. Tech. & Electron. 34, 54–58 (1989).

Murakami, T.

M. Hatano, T. Nozowa, T. Murakami, T. Yamamoto, M. Shigehisa, S. Kimura, T. Takakuwa, N. Sakayanagi, T. Yano, A. Watanabe, “New type of rapid scanning circular dichroism spectropolarimeter using an acoustic optical filter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 52, 1311–1316 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Nieh, S. T. K.

D. J. Taylor, S. E. Harris, S. T. K. Nieh, T. W. Hansch, “Electronic tuning of a dye laser using the acousto-optic filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 269–271 (1971).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris, S. T. K. Nieh, D. K. Winslow, “Electronically tunable acousto-optic filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 325–326 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Nozowa, T.

M. Hatano, T. Nozowa, T. Murakami, T. Yamamoto, M. Shigehisa, S. Kimura, T. Takakuwa, N. Sakayanagi, T. Yano, A. Watanabe, “New type of rapid scanning circular dichroism spectropolarimeter using an acoustic optical filter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 52, 1311–1316 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Ohmachi, Y.

Y. Ohmachi, N. Uchida, “Temperature dependence of elastic, dielectric, and piezoelectric constants in TeO2 single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 41, 2307–2311 (1970).
[CrossRef]

N. Uchida, Y. Ohmachi, “Elastic and photoelastic properties of TeO2 single crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4692–4695 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Pal’tsev, L. L.

V. M. Epikhin, F. L. Vizen, L. L. Pal’tsev, “Acoustooptic filtering of arbitrarily polarized radiation,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 32, 1149–1153 (1987).

Parkkinen, J.

J. Hallikainen, J. Parkkinen, T. Jaaskelainen, “Acoustooptic color spectrometer,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 81–83 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Saif, B.

Sakayanagi, N.

M. Hatano, T. Nozowa, T. Murakami, T. Yamamoto, M. Shigehisa, S. Kimura, T. Takakuwa, N. Sakayanagi, T. Yano, A. Watanabe, “New type of rapid scanning circular dichroism spectropolarimeter using an acoustic optical filter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 52, 1311–1316 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Sambles, J. R.

Shigehisa, M.

M. Hatano, T. Nozowa, T. Murakami, T. Yamamoto, M. Shigehisa, S. Kimura, T. Takakuwa, N. Sakayanagi, T. Yano, A. Watanabe, “New type of rapid scanning circular dichroism spectropolarimeter using an acoustic optical filter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 52, 1311–1316 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Shipp, S. W.

S. W. Shipp, J. Biggins, C. W. Wade, “Performance characteristics of an electronically tunable acousto-optic filter for fast scanning spectrophotometry,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 47, 565–569 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Sivanayagam, A.

Smith, D. A.

K. W. Cheung, D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, B. L. Heffner, “Multiple channel operation of integrated acousto-optic tunable filter,” Electron. Lett. 25, 375–376 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Suhre, D. R.

D. R. Suhre, M. Gottlieb, L. H. Taylor, N. T. Melamed, “Spatial resolution of imaging noncollinear acousto-optic filters,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2118–2121 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Takakuwa, T.

M. Hatano, T. Nozowa, T. Murakami, T. Yamamoto, M. Shigehisa, S. Kimura, T. Takakuwa, N. Sakayanagi, T. Yano, A. Watanabe, “New type of rapid scanning circular dichroism spectropolarimeter using an acoustic optical filter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 52, 1311–1316 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, D. J.

D. J. Taylor, S. E. Harris, S. T. K. Nieh, T. W. Hansch, “Electronic tuning of a dye laser using the acousto-optic filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 269–271 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, L. H.

D. R. Suhre, M. Gottlieb, L. H. Taylor, N. T. Melamed, “Spatial resolution of imaging noncollinear acousto-optic filters,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2118–2121 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Uchida, N.

N. Uchida, “Optical properties of single-crystal paratellurite (TeO2),” Phys. Rev. B 4, 3736–3745 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ohmachi, N. Uchida, “Temperature dependence of elastic, dielectric, and piezoelectric constants in TeO2 single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 41, 2307–2311 (1970).
[CrossRef]

N. Uchida, Y. Ohmachi, “Elastic and photoelastic properties of TeO2 single crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4692–4695 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Vizen, F. L.

V. M. Epikhin, F. L. Vizen, L. L. Pal’tsev, “Acoustooptic filtering of arbitrarily polarized radiation,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 32, 1149–1153 (1987).

Voloshinov, V. B.

V. B. Voloshinov, L. A. Kulakov, O. V. Mironov, “Scanning an optical image in the presence of acousto-optic light filtering,” Sov. J. Commun. Tech. & Electron. 34, 54–58 (1989).

Wade, C. W.

S. W. Shipp, J. Biggins, C. W. Wade, “Performance characteristics of an electronically tunable acousto-optic filter for fast scanning spectrophotometry,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 47, 565–569 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Wallace, R. W.

Watanabe, A.

M. Hatano, T. Nozowa, T. Murakami, T. Yamamoto, M. Shigehisa, S. Kimura, T. Takakuwa, N. Sakayanagi, T. Yano, A. Watanabe, “New type of rapid scanning circular dichroism spectropolarimeter using an acoustic optical filter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 52, 1311–1316 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yano, A. Watanabe, “Acoustooptic TeO2 tunable filter using far-off-axis anisotropic Bragg diffraction,” Appl. Opt. 15, 2250–2258 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Winslow, D. K.

S. E. Harris, S. T. K. Nieh, D. K. Winslow, “Electronically tunable acousto-optic filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 325–326 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Wolga, G. J.

Yamamoto, T.

M. Hatano, T. Nozowa, T. Murakami, T. Yamamoto, M. Shigehisa, S. Kimura, T. Takakuwa, N. Sakayanagi, T. Yano, A. Watanabe, “New type of rapid scanning circular dichroism spectropolarimeter using an acoustic optical filter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 52, 1311–1316 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Yano, T.

M. Hatano, T. Nozowa, T. Murakami, T. Yamamoto, M. Shigehisa, S. Kimura, T. Takakuwa, N. Sakayanagi, T. Yano, A. Watanabe, “New type of rapid scanning circular dichroism spectropolarimeter using an acoustic optical filter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 52, 1311–1316 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Yano, Y.

Appl. Opt. (5)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

S. E. Harris, S. T. K. Nieh, D. K. Winslow, “Electronically tunable acousto-optic filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 325–326 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Feichtner, M. Gottlieb, J. J. Conroy, “Tl3AsSe3 noncollinear acousto-optic filter operation at 10 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 1–3 (1979).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Taylor, S. E. Harris, S. T. K. Nieh, T. W. Hansch, “Electronic tuning of a dye laser using the acousto-optic filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 269–271 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (5)

G. A. Coquin, K. W. Cheung, “Electronically tunable external cavity semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 24, 599–600 (1988).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Cheung, S. C. Liew, C. N. Lo, “Experimental demonstration of multiwavelength optical network with microwave subcarriers,” Electron. Lett. 25, 381–383 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Cheung, D. A. Smith, J. E. Baran, B. L. Heffner, “Multiple channel operation of integrated acousto-optic tunable filter,” Electron. Lett. 25, 375–376 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Cheung, S. C. Liew, C. N. Lo, “Simultaneous five-wavelength filtering at 2.2 nm wavelength separation using integrated-optic acousto-optic tunable filter with subcarrier detection,” Electron. Lett. 25, 636–637 (1989).
[CrossRef]

I. C. Chang, “Analysis of the noncollinear acousto-optic filter,” Electron. Lett. 11, 617–618 (1975).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

I. C. Chang, “Laser detection utilizing tunable acoustooptic filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 108–111 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

Y. Ohmachi, N. Uchida, “Temperature dependence of elastic, dielectric, and piezoelectric constants in TeO2 single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 41, 2307–2311 (1970).
[CrossRef]

N. Uchida, Y. Ohmachi, “Elastic and photoelastic properties of TeO2 single crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4692–4695 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Eng. (3)

D. R. Suhre, M. Gottlieb, L. H. Taylor, N. T. Melamed, “Spatial resolution of imaging noncollinear acousto-optic filters,” Opt. Eng. 31, 2118–2121 (1992).
[CrossRef]

I. C. Chang, “Tunable acousto-optic filters: an overview,” Opt. Eng. 16, 455–460 (1977).

I. C. Chang, “Acousto-optic tunable filters,” Opt. Eng. 20, 824–829 (1981).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

N. Uchida, “Optical properties of single-crystal paratellurite (TeO2),” Phys. Rev. B 4, 3736–3745 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (4)

M. Hatano, T. Nozowa, T. Murakami, T. Yamamoto, M. Shigehisa, S. Kimura, T. Takakuwa, N. Sakayanagi, T. Yano, A. Watanabe, “New type of rapid scanning circular dichroism spectropolarimeter using an acoustic optical filter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 52, 1311–1316 (1981).
[CrossRef]

I. Kurtz, R. Dwelle, P. Katzka, “Rapid scanning fluorescence spectroscopy using an acousto-optic tunable filter,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 1996–2003 (1987).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Commun. Tech. & Electron. (1)

V. B. Voloshinov, L. A. Kulakov, O. V. Mironov, “Scanning an optical image in the presence of acousto-optic light filtering,” Sov. J. Commun. Tech. & Electron. 34, 54–58 (1989).

Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. (1)

V. M. Epikhin, F. L. Vizen, L. L. Pal’tsev, “Acoustooptic filtering of arbitrarily polarized radiation,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 32, 1149–1153 (1987).

Other (1)

M. S. Gottlieb, “Acousto-optic tunable filters,” in Design and Fabrication of Acousto-Optic Devices, A. P. Goutzoulis, D. R. Pape, eds. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1994), pp. 197–283.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Noncollinear AOTF with multiple passbands used as a rejection filter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Wave-vector diagram for noncollinear AOTF interaction.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output face wedge angle geometry for scene shift correction.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calculated output angular deviation over 400–700 nm for TeO2 AOTF having various wedge angles.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Schematic diagram of white-light imaging AOTF system.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Resolution chart imaged through the AOTF showing a horizontal resolution of 730 μrad.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Resolution chart with laser beam showing (a) all channels present, (b) 4 channels removed, (c) 8 channels removed, and (d) 12 channels removed.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 TeO2 Refractive-Index Coefficients

Tables Icon

Table 2 Transmission Efficiency, Acoustic Intensity, and Angular Aperture for a 12° Incidence Design Angle TeO2 AOTF with Various Numbers of Passbands

Tables Icon

Table 3 Calculated and Measured AOTF Rejection Ratio as a Function of the Number of Channels Shut Off

Equations (21)

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k d = k i + k a ,
k i = 2 π n i / λ o , k d = 2 π n d / λ o , k a = 2 π / Λ ,
n i = ( cos 2 θ i / n o 2 + sin 2 θ i / n e 2 ) 1 / 2 ,
n = 1 + A λ o 2 / ( λ o 2 B 2 ) + C λ o 2 / ( λ o 2 D 2 ) ,
tan θ d = ( n o / n e ) 2 tan θ i ,
tan θ a = ( n i sin θ i n d sin θ d ) / ( n i cos θ i n d cos θ d ) ,
λ o 2 f a 2 / V a 2 = n o 2 + n i 2 2 n o n i cos ( θ i θ d ) ,
V a 2 = V ss 2 sin 2 θ a + V fs 2 cos 2 θ a ,
sin β = n o sin ( θ i θ d θ w ) ,
cot ( θ i θ a ) = ( n i / n o ) / sin ( θ i θ d ) cot ( θ i θ d ) ,
Δ β / Δ λ o = ( f a 2 / n i V a 2 ) λ o / sin ( θ i θ d ) ,
Δ β / Δ λ o = f a / V a .
M 2 ( θ i ) = M 2 ( V ss / V a ) 3 cos ( 2 θ i ) ,
T o = sin 2 [ π 2 M 2 ( θ i ) I a L 2 / ( 2 λ o 2 ) ] 1 / 2 ,
L = L t cos ( θ s θ a ) / sin ( θ i θ s ) ,
tan ( θ s ) = ( V ss / V fs ) 2 tan ( θ a ) .
Δ λ bw = 1 . 8 πλ o 2 / ( b λ L sin 2 θ i ) ,
2 π [ Δ n λ o ( Δ n ) / λ o ] ,
Δ Ω = n o 2 π ( λ o / Δ n L ) / | F θ F ϕ | 1 / 2 ,
F θ = 2 cos 2 θ i sin 2 θ i , F ϕ = 2 cos 2 θ i + sin 2 θ i .
T = T o sinc 2 ( 0 . 9 Δ λ / Δ λ bw ) ,

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