Abstract

The fractional correlation is a new operation that can easily be implemented by optical means. This operation might be useful for shift-variant pattern recognition and for image restoration. The Wiener filter is the optimal filter according to the minimal square-error criterion. For a given spectral noise that distorts the reference image, this filter is optimal for restoring an image in noise. A fractional Wiener filter is suggested for restoring reference objects in a fractional correlation system. The new filter sometimes performs better than the conventional Wiener filter.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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