A modified fringe-adjusted joint transform correlator is proposed that is able to accommodate noise in the input scene. The effect of noise in the input scene on the performance of the joint transform correlator is analyzed and quantified. When the target is embedded in a severely noise-corrupted input scene, it is shown that the proposed modified fringe-adjusted filter joint transform correlator delivers a better correlation performance and the capacity to accommodate this noise than does the fringe-adjusted filter-based correlator. When the power spectra of the input image and the reference image are subtracted from the power spectrum of the joint-input image, it is found that the noise effect on the output plane is independent of the objects in the input scene and originates from the convolution of the reference image and noise in the input scene.
© 1996 Optical Society of America
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