Abstract

Polarization characterization of a Mach–Zehnder interferometer, based on the state of polarization (SOP) and power measurement at the interferometer output, is presented. We study the SOP and degree of polarization (DOP) of the output light, first as a function of the light power in each arm of the interferometer for a fixed input SOP and DOP, and second as a function of the SOP's in each arm of the interferometer for a fixed input power. Stokes formalism and the Poincaré sphere are used for simultaneous representation of the SOP and DOP, as well as their evolution. It is shown that the SOP and DOP stability and also the output light power are highly dependent on the light source coherence. Knowledge of these different parameters leads to configurations that allow simultaneous control of the SOP and DOP. We can hence realize a quasi-monochromatic nonpolarized light source, which is useful for the polarization-independent characterization of optical components.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
More Like This
Snapshot broadband polarization imaging based on Mach-Zehnder-grating interferometer

Ning Zhang, Jingping Zhu, Yunyao Zhang, and Kang Zong
Opt. Express 28(22) 33718-33730 (2020)

Phase-sharing using a Mach–Zehnder interferometer

Lijo Thomas, J. Solomon Ivan, P. A. Ameen Yasir, Richa Sharma, Rakesh Kumar Singh, C. S. Narayanamurthy, and K. S. Dasgupta
Appl. Opt. 54(4) 699-706 (2015)

Gaussian spatial-polarization entanglement in a folded Mach–Zehnder interferometer

S. Asokan and J. Solomon Ivan
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 37(5) 825-832 (2020)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (10)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (7)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription