Abstract

A polarizing interferometer requires a rotation of 45° between the input polarizer and beam-splitter polarizer. If substrate polarizers are used, however, the p polarization should be transmitted at both polarizers for highest efficiency. An out-of-plane configuration is presented that satisfies both criteria.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. H. Martin, E. Puplett, “Polarizing interferometric spectrometry for the millimeter and submillimeter spectrum,” Infrared Phys. 10, 105–109 (1969).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. Mather, T. Kelsall, “The Cosmic Background Explorer Satellite,” Phys. Scr. 21, 671–677 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  3. V. Kunde, G. Bjoraker, J. Brasunas, B. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, D. Jennings, P. Romani, R. Maichle, D. Gautier, R. Courtin, A. Marten, G. Michel, M. Abbas, L. Herath, R. Carlson, “Infrared spectroscopic remote sensing from the Cassini orbiter,” in Optical Spectroscopic Instrumentation and Techniques for the 1990s: Applications in Astronomy, Chemistry, and Physics, J. M. Lerner, B. J. McNamara, eds., Proc. SPIE 1318, 123–132 (1990).
  4. P. W. Maymon, M. G. Dittman, B. A. Pasquale, D. E. Jennings, K. I. Mehalick, C. J. Trout, “Optical design of the composite infrared spectrometer (CIRS) for the Cassini orbiter,” in Space Astronomical Telescopes and Instruments II, P. Y. Bely, J. B. Breckinridge, eds., Proc. SPIE 1945, 100–111 (1993).
  5. B. Carli, F. Mencaraglia, A. Bonetti, “Submillimeter high-resolution FT spectrometer for atmospheric studies,” Appl. Opt. 23, 2594–2603 (1984).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. P. Ade, Queen Mary and Westfield College, The University of London (personal communication), 1995.

1984 (1)

1980 (1)

J. Mather, T. Kelsall, “The Cosmic Background Explorer Satellite,” Phys. Scr. 21, 671–677 (1980).
[Crossref]

1969 (1)

D. H. Martin, E. Puplett, “Polarizing interferometric spectrometry for the millimeter and submillimeter spectrum,” Infrared Phys. 10, 105–109 (1969).
[Crossref]

Abbas, M.

V. Kunde, G. Bjoraker, J. Brasunas, B. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, D. Jennings, P. Romani, R. Maichle, D. Gautier, R. Courtin, A. Marten, G. Michel, M. Abbas, L. Herath, R. Carlson, “Infrared spectroscopic remote sensing from the Cassini orbiter,” in Optical Spectroscopic Instrumentation and Techniques for the 1990s: Applications in Astronomy, Chemistry, and Physics, J. M. Lerner, B. J. McNamara, eds., Proc. SPIE 1318, 123–132 (1990).

Ade, P.

P. Ade, Queen Mary and Westfield College, The University of London (personal communication), 1995.

Bjoraker, G.

V. Kunde, G. Bjoraker, J. Brasunas, B. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, D. Jennings, P. Romani, R. Maichle, D. Gautier, R. Courtin, A. Marten, G. Michel, M. Abbas, L. Herath, R. Carlson, “Infrared spectroscopic remote sensing from the Cassini orbiter,” in Optical Spectroscopic Instrumentation and Techniques for the 1990s: Applications in Astronomy, Chemistry, and Physics, J. M. Lerner, B. J. McNamara, eds., Proc. SPIE 1318, 123–132 (1990).

Bonetti, A.

Brasunas, J.

V. Kunde, G. Bjoraker, J. Brasunas, B. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, D. Jennings, P. Romani, R. Maichle, D. Gautier, R. Courtin, A. Marten, G. Michel, M. Abbas, L. Herath, R. Carlson, “Infrared spectroscopic remote sensing from the Cassini orbiter,” in Optical Spectroscopic Instrumentation and Techniques for the 1990s: Applications in Astronomy, Chemistry, and Physics, J. M. Lerner, B. J. McNamara, eds., Proc. SPIE 1318, 123–132 (1990).

Carli, B.

Carlson, R.

V. Kunde, G. Bjoraker, J. Brasunas, B. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, D. Jennings, P. Romani, R. Maichle, D. Gautier, R. Courtin, A. Marten, G. Michel, M. Abbas, L. Herath, R. Carlson, “Infrared spectroscopic remote sensing from the Cassini orbiter,” in Optical Spectroscopic Instrumentation and Techniques for the 1990s: Applications in Astronomy, Chemistry, and Physics, J. M. Lerner, B. J. McNamara, eds., Proc. SPIE 1318, 123–132 (1990).

Conrath, B.

V. Kunde, G. Bjoraker, J. Brasunas, B. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, D. Jennings, P. Romani, R. Maichle, D. Gautier, R. Courtin, A. Marten, G. Michel, M. Abbas, L. Herath, R. Carlson, “Infrared spectroscopic remote sensing from the Cassini orbiter,” in Optical Spectroscopic Instrumentation and Techniques for the 1990s: Applications in Astronomy, Chemistry, and Physics, J. M. Lerner, B. J. McNamara, eds., Proc. SPIE 1318, 123–132 (1990).

Courtin, R.

V. Kunde, G. Bjoraker, J. Brasunas, B. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, D. Jennings, P. Romani, R. Maichle, D. Gautier, R. Courtin, A. Marten, G. Michel, M. Abbas, L. Herath, R. Carlson, “Infrared spectroscopic remote sensing from the Cassini orbiter,” in Optical Spectroscopic Instrumentation and Techniques for the 1990s: Applications in Astronomy, Chemistry, and Physics, J. M. Lerner, B. J. McNamara, eds., Proc. SPIE 1318, 123–132 (1990).

Dittman, M. G.

P. W. Maymon, M. G. Dittman, B. A. Pasquale, D. E. Jennings, K. I. Mehalick, C. J. Trout, “Optical design of the composite infrared spectrometer (CIRS) for the Cassini orbiter,” in Space Astronomical Telescopes and Instruments II, P. Y. Bely, J. B. Breckinridge, eds., Proc. SPIE 1945, 100–111 (1993).

Flasar, F. M.

V. Kunde, G. Bjoraker, J. Brasunas, B. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, D. Jennings, P. Romani, R. Maichle, D. Gautier, R. Courtin, A. Marten, G. Michel, M. Abbas, L. Herath, R. Carlson, “Infrared spectroscopic remote sensing from the Cassini orbiter,” in Optical Spectroscopic Instrumentation and Techniques for the 1990s: Applications in Astronomy, Chemistry, and Physics, J. M. Lerner, B. J. McNamara, eds., Proc. SPIE 1318, 123–132 (1990).

Gautier, D.

V. Kunde, G. Bjoraker, J. Brasunas, B. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, D. Jennings, P. Romani, R. Maichle, D. Gautier, R. Courtin, A. Marten, G. Michel, M. Abbas, L. Herath, R. Carlson, “Infrared spectroscopic remote sensing from the Cassini orbiter,” in Optical Spectroscopic Instrumentation and Techniques for the 1990s: Applications in Astronomy, Chemistry, and Physics, J. M. Lerner, B. J. McNamara, eds., Proc. SPIE 1318, 123–132 (1990).

Herath, L.

V. Kunde, G. Bjoraker, J. Brasunas, B. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, D. Jennings, P. Romani, R. Maichle, D. Gautier, R. Courtin, A. Marten, G. Michel, M. Abbas, L. Herath, R. Carlson, “Infrared spectroscopic remote sensing from the Cassini orbiter,” in Optical Spectroscopic Instrumentation and Techniques for the 1990s: Applications in Astronomy, Chemistry, and Physics, J. M. Lerner, B. J. McNamara, eds., Proc. SPIE 1318, 123–132 (1990).

Jennings, D.

V. Kunde, G. Bjoraker, J. Brasunas, B. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, D. Jennings, P. Romani, R. Maichle, D. Gautier, R. Courtin, A. Marten, G. Michel, M. Abbas, L. Herath, R. Carlson, “Infrared spectroscopic remote sensing from the Cassini orbiter,” in Optical Spectroscopic Instrumentation and Techniques for the 1990s: Applications in Astronomy, Chemistry, and Physics, J. M. Lerner, B. J. McNamara, eds., Proc. SPIE 1318, 123–132 (1990).

Jennings, D. E.

P. W. Maymon, M. G. Dittman, B. A. Pasquale, D. E. Jennings, K. I. Mehalick, C. J. Trout, “Optical design of the composite infrared spectrometer (CIRS) for the Cassini orbiter,” in Space Astronomical Telescopes and Instruments II, P. Y. Bely, J. B. Breckinridge, eds., Proc. SPIE 1945, 100–111 (1993).

Kelsall, T.

J. Mather, T. Kelsall, “The Cosmic Background Explorer Satellite,” Phys. Scr. 21, 671–677 (1980).
[Crossref]

Kunde, V.

V. Kunde, G. Bjoraker, J. Brasunas, B. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, D. Jennings, P. Romani, R. Maichle, D. Gautier, R. Courtin, A. Marten, G. Michel, M. Abbas, L. Herath, R. Carlson, “Infrared spectroscopic remote sensing from the Cassini orbiter,” in Optical Spectroscopic Instrumentation and Techniques for the 1990s: Applications in Astronomy, Chemistry, and Physics, J. M. Lerner, B. J. McNamara, eds., Proc. SPIE 1318, 123–132 (1990).

Maichle, R.

V. Kunde, G. Bjoraker, J. Brasunas, B. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, D. Jennings, P. Romani, R. Maichle, D. Gautier, R. Courtin, A. Marten, G. Michel, M. Abbas, L. Herath, R. Carlson, “Infrared spectroscopic remote sensing from the Cassini orbiter,” in Optical Spectroscopic Instrumentation and Techniques for the 1990s: Applications in Astronomy, Chemistry, and Physics, J. M. Lerner, B. J. McNamara, eds., Proc. SPIE 1318, 123–132 (1990).

Marten, A.

V. Kunde, G. Bjoraker, J. Brasunas, B. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, D. Jennings, P. Romani, R. Maichle, D. Gautier, R. Courtin, A. Marten, G. Michel, M. Abbas, L. Herath, R. Carlson, “Infrared spectroscopic remote sensing from the Cassini orbiter,” in Optical Spectroscopic Instrumentation and Techniques for the 1990s: Applications in Astronomy, Chemistry, and Physics, J. M. Lerner, B. J. McNamara, eds., Proc. SPIE 1318, 123–132 (1990).

Martin, D. H.

D. H. Martin, E. Puplett, “Polarizing interferometric spectrometry for the millimeter and submillimeter spectrum,” Infrared Phys. 10, 105–109 (1969).
[Crossref]

Mather, J.

J. Mather, T. Kelsall, “The Cosmic Background Explorer Satellite,” Phys. Scr. 21, 671–677 (1980).
[Crossref]

Maymon, P. W.

P. W. Maymon, M. G. Dittman, B. A. Pasquale, D. E. Jennings, K. I. Mehalick, C. J. Trout, “Optical design of the composite infrared spectrometer (CIRS) for the Cassini orbiter,” in Space Astronomical Telescopes and Instruments II, P. Y. Bely, J. B. Breckinridge, eds., Proc. SPIE 1945, 100–111 (1993).

Mehalick, K. I.

P. W. Maymon, M. G. Dittman, B. A. Pasquale, D. E. Jennings, K. I. Mehalick, C. J. Trout, “Optical design of the composite infrared spectrometer (CIRS) for the Cassini orbiter,” in Space Astronomical Telescopes and Instruments II, P. Y. Bely, J. B. Breckinridge, eds., Proc. SPIE 1945, 100–111 (1993).

Mencaraglia, F.

Michel, G.

V. Kunde, G. Bjoraker, J. Brasunas, B. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, D. Jennings, P. Romani, R. Maichle, D. Gautier, R. Courtin, A. Marten, G. Michel, M. Abbas, L. Herath, R. Carlson, “Infrared spectroscopic remote sensing from the Cassini orbiter,” in Optical Spectroscopic Instrumentation and Techniques for the 1990s: Applications in Astronomy, Chemistry, and Physics, J. M. Lerner, B. J. McNamara, eds., Proc. SPIE 1318, 123–132 (1990).

Pasquale, B. A.

P. W. Maymon, M. G. Dittman, B. A. Pasquale, D. E. Jennings, K. I. Mehalick, C. J. Trout, “Optical design of the composite infrared spectrometer (CIRS) for the Cassini orbiter,” in Space Astronomical Telescopes and Instruments II, P. Y. Bely, J. B. Breckinridge, eds., Proc. SPIE 1945, 100–111 (1993).

Puplett, E.

D. H. Martin, E. Puplett, “Polarizing interferometric spectrometry for the millimeter and submillimeter spectrum,” Infrared Phys. 10, 105–109 (1969).
[Crossref]

Romani, P.

V. Kunde, G. Bjoraker, J. Brasunas, B. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, D. Jennings, P. Romani, R. Maichle, D. Gautier, R. Courtin, A. Marten, G. Michel, M. Abbas, L. Herath, R. Carlson, “Infrared spectroscopic remote sensing from the Cassini orbiter,” in Optical Spectroscopic Instrumentation and Techniques for the 1990s: Applications in Astronomy, Chemistry, and Physics, J. M. Lerner, B. J. McNamara, eds., Proc. SPIE 1318, 123–132 (1990).

Trout, C. J.

P. W. Maymon, M. G. Dittman, B. A. Pasquale, D. E. Jennings, K. I. Mehalick, C. J. Trout, “Optical design of the composite infrared spectrometer (CIRS) for the Cassini orbiter,” in Space Astronomical Telescopes and Instruments II, P. Y. Bely, J. B. Breckinridge, eds., Proc. SPIE 1945, 100–111 (1993).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Infrared Phys. (1)

D. H. Martin, E. Puplett, “Polarizing interferometric spectrometry for the millimeter and submillimeter spectrum,” Infrared Phys. 10, 105–109 (1969).
[Crossref]

Phys. Scr. (1)

J. Mather, T. Kelsall, “The Cosmic Background Explorer Satellite,” Phys. Scr. 21, 671–677 (1980).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

V. Kunde, G. Bjoraker, J. Brasunas, B. Conrath, F. M. Flasar, D. Jennings, P. Romani, R. Maichle, D. Gautier, R. Courtin, A. Marten, G. Michel, M. Abbas, L. Herath, R. Carlson, “Infrared spectroscopic remote sensing from the Cassini orbiter,” in Optical Spectroscopic Instrumentation and Techniques for the 1990s: Applications in Astronomy, Chemistry, and Physics, J. M. Lerner, B. J. McNamara, eds., Proc. SPIE 1318, 123–132 (1990).

P. W. Maymon, M. G. Dittman, B. A. Pasquale, D. E. Jennings, K. I. Mehalick, C. J. Trout, “Optical design of the composite infrared spectrometer (CIRS) for the Cassini orbiter,” in Space Astronomical Telescopes and Instruments II, P. Y. Bely, J. B. Breckinridge, eds., Proc. SPIE 1945, 100–111 (1993).

P. Ade, Queen Mary and Westfield College, The University of London (personal communication), 1995.

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Folded polarizing interferometer has a plane ABC that is perpendicular to the wires of the input–output polarizer and a plane BCD that is perpendicular to the wires of the beam splitter. The required 45° rotation of the polarization of the beam with respect to the beam splitter is accomplished by the fold along line BC between the mirrors. In (a) the incident angle, θ, is in the ABC plane. The retroreflectors beyond beam splitter D are not shown. Angle θ determines the fold configuration, characterized either by angle ϕ in (b) or by angle α in (c).

Equations (2)

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ϕ = arctan [ tan ( 22.5 ) sin ( θ ) ] , = arctan [ 0.414 sin ( θ ) ] .
α = arctan [ 0.414 sin ( β ) ] ,

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