Abstract

A special type of resonator with an intracavity wide-aperture active mirror was built, and a concave spherical bimorph active corrector was investigated. An increase of laser beam quality by a factor of 2–2.5 was achieved in a multimode regime of laser generation with an intracavity-controlled mirror. It was shown that various radiation mode structures could be formed at the laser output and in the far-field zone.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C. Pare, P.-A. Belanger, “Custom laser resonators using graded-phase mirrors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 355–362 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Yu. A. Anan’ev, Laser Resonators and the Beam Divergence Problem, A. Higler, ed. (n.p., Bristol, 1992).
  3. E. F. Ishenko, E. F. Reshetin, “Aspherical open optical cavity,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 51, 581–583 (1981).
  4. M. Lax, C. E. Greninger, W. H. Louisell, W. B. McKnight, “Large-mode-volume stable resonators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 65, 642–648 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. van Neste, C. Pare, R. L. Lachance, P.-A. Belanger, “Graded-phase mirror resonator with a super-Gaussian output in a CW-CO2 laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2663–2669 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. McCarthy, P. Lavinge, “Optical resonators with Gaussian reflectivity mirrors: output beam characteristics,” Appl. Opt. 24, 3845–3850 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. V. Goncharsky, V. V. Popov, V. V. Stepanov, Introduction to Computer Optics (Moscow State University, Moscow, 1991). (in Russian)
  8. H. Haidner, P. Kipfer, J. T. Sheridan, J. Schwider, W. Stork, N. Streibl, M. Collischon, “Diffractive optical elements for the infrared,” in Quality and Reliability for Optical Systems, J. W. Bilbro, ed., Proc. SPIE 1983, 666–667 (1993).
  9. S. A. Gnedoy, A. V. Kudryashov, V. V. Samarkin, V. P. Yakunin, “Use of an intracavity adaptive mirror in control of the radiation emitted from a copper vapor laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1182–1183 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. S. Akhmanov, M. A. Vorontsov, A. V. Kudryashov, V. Ya. Panchenko, V. K. Popov, A. Ya. Poroikov, V. I. Shmalgauzen, “Control of spatial characteristics of excimer laser radiation by an intracavity controlled mirror,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 955–956 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  11. W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1976).
  12. H. P. Kortz, R. Ifflander, H. Weber, “Stability and beam divergence of multimode lasers with internal variable lenses,” Appl. Opt. 20, 4124–4134 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. W. Koechner, “Absorbed pump power, thermal profile and stresses in a cw pumped Nd:YAG crystal,” Appl. Opt. 9, 1429–1434 (1970).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. K. N. Evtyukhov, B. Zborzhil, L. N. Kaptsov, “Influence of thermal extraction in active element on the frequency stability of CW YAG laser radiation,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Priborostr. 26, 91–95 (1983) (in Russian).
  15. U. Wittrock, “High power rod, slab and tube lasers,” in Solid State Lasers, NATO ASI Series B: Physics (Plenum, New York, 1993), Vol. 317, pp. 45–66.
  16. G. M. Zverev, Yu. D. Golyaev, Lasers on Crystals and Their Application, (Radio i Svyaz’, Moscow, 1994) (in Russian).
  17. S. G. Lipson, E. Steinhaus, “Bimorph piezoelectric flexible mirror,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 478–481 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. A. Vorontsov, A. V. Kudryashov, S. I. Nazarkin, V. I. Shmalgauzen, “Flexible mirror for adaptive light-beam formation systems,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 839–841 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. V. Kudryashov, A. V. Seliverstov, “Controlled diagnostic interferometer with laser diode,” in 16th Congress of the International Commission for Optics: Optics as a Key to High Technology, G. Akos, T. Lippenyi, G. Lupkovics, A. Podmoniczky, eds., Proc. SPIE 1983, 730–731 (1993).
  20. M. A. Vorontsov, S. A. Gnedoi, A. V. Kudryashov, V. V. Samarkin, V. I. Shmalgauzen, V. P. Yakunin, “Controlled mirrors based on semi-passive bimorph piezoelements,” Preprint NICTL RAN 29 (1987) (in Russian).
  21. M. A. Vorontsov, G. M. Izakson, A. V. Kudryashov, G. A. Kosheleva, S. I. Nazarkin, Yu. F. Suslov, V. I. Shmalgauzen, “Adaptive cooled mirror for the resonator of an industrial laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 888 (1985).
    [CrossRef]

1994 (1)

R. van Neste, C. Pare, R. L. Lachance, P.-A. Belanger, “Graded-phase mirror resonator with a super-Gaussian output in a CW-CO2 laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2663–2669 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

C. Pare, P.-A. Belanger, “Custom laser resonators using graded-phase mirrors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 355–362 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

S. A. Gnedoy, A. V. Kudryashov, V. V. Samarkin, V. P. Yakunin, “Use of an intracavity adaptive mirror in control of the radiation emitted from a copper vapor laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1182–1183 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

A. S. Akhmanov, M. A. Vorontsov, A. V. Kudryashov, V. Ya. Panchenko, V. K. Popov, A. Ya. Poroikov, V. I. Shmalgauzen, “Control of spatial characteristics of excimer laser radiation by an intracavity controlled mirror,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 955–956 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

M. A. Vorontsov, G. M. Izakson, A. V. Kudryashov, G. A. Kosheleva, S. I. Nazarkin, Yu. F. Suslov, V. I. Shmalgauzen, “Adaptive cooled mirror for the resonator of an industrial laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 888 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (2)

M. A. Vorontsov, A. V. Kudryashov, S. I. Nazarkin, V. I. Shmalgauzen, “Flexible mirror for adaptive light-beam formation systems,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 839–841 (1984).
[CrossRef]

N. McCarthy, P. Lavinge, “Optical resonators with Gaussian reflectivity mirrors: output beam characteristics,” Appl. Opt. 24, 3845–3850 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

K. N. Evtyukhov, B. Zborzhil, L. N. Kaptsov, “Influence of thermal extraction in active element on the frequency stability of CW YAG laser radiation,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Priborostr. 26, 91–95 (1983) (in Russian).

1981 (2)

1979 (1)

1975 (1)

1970 (1)

Akhmanov, A. S.

A. S. Akhmanov, M. A. Vorontsov, A. V. Kudryashov, V. Ya. Panchenko, V. K. Popov, A. Ya. Poroikov, V. I. Shmalgauzen, “Control of spatial characteristics of excimer laser radiation by an intracavity controlled mirror,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 955–956 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Anan’ev, Yu. A.

Yu. A. Anan’ev, Laser Resonators and the Beam Divergence Problem, A. Higler, ed. (n.p., Bristol, 1992).

Belanger, P.-A.

R. van Neste, C. Pare, R. L. Lachance, P.-A. Belanger, “Graded-phase mirror resonator with a super-Gaussian output in a CW-CO2 laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2663–2669 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. Pare, P.-A. Belanger, “Custom laser resonators using graded-phase mirrors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 355–362 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Collischon, M.

H. Haidner, P. Kipfer, J. T. Sheridan, J. Schwider, W. Stork, N. Streibl, M. Collischon, “Diffractive optical elements for the infrared,” in Quality and Reliability for Optical Systems, J. W. Bilbro, ed., Proc. SPIE 1983, 666–667 (1993).

Evtyukhov, K. N.

K. N. Evtyukhov, B. Zborzhil, L. N. Kaptsov, “Influence of thermal extraction in active element on the frequency stability of CW YAG laser radiation,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Priborostr. 26, 91–95 (1983) (in Russian).

Gnedoi, S. A.

M. A. Vorontsov, S. A. Gnedoi, A. V. Kudryashov, V. V. Samarkin, V. I. Shmalgauzen, V. P. Yakunin, “Controlled mirrors based on semi-passive bimorph piezoelements,” Preprint NICTL RAN 29 (1987) (in Russian).

Gnedoy, S. A.

S. A. Gnedoy, A. V. Kudryashov, V. V. Samarkin, V. P. Yakunin, “Use of an intracavity adaptive mirror in control of the radiation emitted from a copper vapor laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1182–1183 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Golyaev, Yu. D.

G. M. Zverev, Yu. D. Golyaev, Lasers on Crystals and Their Application, (Radio i Svyaz’, Moscow, 1994) (in Russian).

Goncharsky, A. V.

A. V. Goncharsky, V. V. Popov, V. V. Stepanov, Introduction to Computer Optics (Moscow State University, Moscow, 1991). (in Russian)

Greninger, C. E.

Haidner, H.

H. Haidner, P. Kipfer, J. T. Sheridan, J. Schwider, W. Stork, N. Streibl, M. Collischon, “Diffractive optical elements for the infrared,” in Quality and Reliability for Optical Systems, J. W. Bilbro, ed., Proc. SPIE 1983, 666–667 (1993).

Ifflander, R.

Ishenko, E. F.

E. F. Ishenko, E. F. Reshetin, “Aspherical open optical cavity,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 51, 581–583 (1981).

Izakson, G. M.

M. A. Vorontsov, G. M. Izakson, A. V. Kudryashov, G. A. Kosheleva, S. I. Nazarkin, Yu. F. Suslov, V. I. Shmalgauzen, “Adaptive cooled mirror for the resonator of an industrial laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 888 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Kaptsov, L. N.

K. N. Evtyukhov, B. Zborzhil, L. N. Kaptsov, “Influence of thermal extraction in active element on the frequency stability of CW YAG laser radiation,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Priborostr. 26, 91–95 (1983) (in Russian).

Kipfer, P.

H. Haidner, P. Kipfer, J. T. Sheridan, J. Schwider, W. Stork, N. Streibl, M. Collischon, “Diffractive optical elements for the infrared,” in Quality and Reliability for Optical Systems, J. W. Bilbro, ed., Proc. SPIE 1983, 666–667 (1993).

Koechner, W.

Kortz, H. P.

Kosheleva, G. A.

M. A. Vorontsov, G. M. Izakson, A. V. Kudryashov, G. A. Kosheleva, S. I. Nazarkin, Yu. F. Suslov, V. I. Shmalgauzen, “Adaptive cooled mirror for the resonator of an industrial laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 888 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Kudryashov, A. V.

S. A. Gnedoy, A. V. Kudryashov, V. V. Samarkin, V. P. Yakunin, “Use of an intracavity adaptive mirror in control of the radiation emitted from a copper vapor laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1182–1183 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Akhmanov, M. A. Vorontsov, A. V. Kudryashov, V. Ya. Panchenko, V. K. Popov, A. Ya. Poroikov, V. I. Shmalgauzen, “Control of spatial characteristics of excimer laser radiation by an intracavity controlled mirror,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 955–956 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, G. M. Izakson, A. V. Kudryashov, G. A. Kosheleva, S. I. Nazarkin, Yu. F. Suslov, V. I. Shmalgauzen, “Adaptive cooled mirror for the resonator of an industrial laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 888 (1985).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, A. V. Kudryashov, S. I. Nazarkin, V. I. Shmalgauzen, “Flexible mirror for adaptive light-beam formation systems,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 839–841 (1984).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Kudryashov, A. V. Seliverstov, “Controlled diagnostic interferometer with laser diode,” in 16th Congress of the International Commission for Optics: Optics as a Key to High Technology, G. Akos, T. Lippenyi, G. Lupkovics, A. Podmoniczky, eds., Proc. SPIE 1983, 730–731 (1993).

M. A. Vorontsov, S. A. Gnedoi, A. V. Kudryashov, V. V. Samarkin, V. I. Shmalgauzen, V. P. Yakunin, “Controlled mirrors based on semi-passive bimorph piezoelements,” Preprint NICTL RAN 29 (1987) (in Russian).

Lachance, R. L.

R. van Neste, C. Pare, R. L. Lachance, P.-A. Belanger, “Graded-phase mirror resonator with a super-Gaussian output in a CW-CO2 laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2663–2669 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lavinge, P.

N. McCarthy, P. Lavinge, “Optical resonators with Gaussian reflectivity mirrors: output beam characteristics,” Appl. Opt. 24, 3845–3850 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Lax, M.

Lipson, S. G.

Louisell, W. H.

McCarthy, N.

N. McCarthy, P. Lavinge, “Optical resonators with Gaussian reflectivity mirrors: output beam characteristics,” Appl. Opt. 24, 3845–3850 (1984).
[CrossRef]

McKnight, W. B.

Nazarkin, S. I.

M. A. Vorontsov, G. M. Izakson, A. V. Kudryashov, G. A. Kosheleva, S. I. Nazarkin, Yu. F. Suslov, V. I. Shmalgauzen, “Adaptive cooled mirror for the resonator of an industrial laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 888 (1985).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, A. V. Kudryashov, S. I. Nazarkin, V. I. Shmalgauzen, “Flexible mirror for adaptive light-beam formation systems,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 839–841 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Panchenko, V. Ya.

A. S. Akhmanov, M. A. Vorontsov, A. V. Kudryashov, V. Ya. Panchenko, V. K. Popov, A. Ya. Poroikov, V. I. Shmalgauzen, “Control of spatial characteristics of excimer laser radiation by an intracavity controlled mirror,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 955–956 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Pare, C.

R. van Neste, C. Pare, R. L. Lachance, P.-A. Belanger, “Graded-phase mirror resonator with a super-Gaussian output in a CW-CO2 laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2663–2669 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. Pare, P.-A. Belanger, “Custom laser resonators using graded-phase mirrors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 355–362 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Popov, V. K.

A. S. Akhmanov, M. A. Vorontsov, A. V. Kudryashov, V. Ya. Panchenko, V. K. Popov, A. Ya. Poroikov, V. I. Shmalgauzen, “Control of spatial characteristics of excimer laser radiation by an intracavity controlled mirror,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 955–956 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Popov, V. V.

A. V. Goncharsky, V. V. Popov, V. V. Stepanov, Introduction to Computer Optics (Moscow State University, Moscow, 1991). (in Russian)

Poroikov, A. Ya.

A. S. Akhmanov, M. A. Vorontsov, A. V. Kudryashov, V. Ya. Panchenko, V. K. Popov, A. Ya. Poroikov, V. I. Shmalgauzen, “Control of spatial characteristics of excimer laser radiation by an intracavity controlled mirror,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 955–956 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Reshetin, E. F.

E. F. Ishenko, E. F. Reshetin, “Aspherical open optical cavity,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 51, 581–583 (1981).

Samarkin, V. V.

S. A. Gnedoy, A. V. Kudryashov, V. V. Samarkin, V. P. Yakunin, “Use of an intracavity adaptive mirror in control of the radiation emitted from a copper vapor laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1182–1183 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, S. A. Gnedoi, A. V. Kudryashov, V. V. Samarkin, V. I. Shmalgauzen, V. P. Yakunin, “Controlled mirrors based on semi-passive bimorph piezoelements,” Preprint NICTL RAN 29 (1987) (in Russian).

Schwider, J.

H. Haidner, P. Kipfer, J. T. Sheridan, J. Schwider, W. Stork, N. Streibl, M. Collischon, “Diffractive optical elements for the infrared,” in Quality and Reliability for Optical Systems, J. W. Bilbro, ed., Proc. SPIE 1983, 666–667 (1993).

Seliverstov, A. V.

A. V. Kudryashov, A. V. Seliverstov, “Controlled diagnostic interferometer with laser diode,” in 16th Congress of the International Commission for Optics: Optics as a Key to High Technology, G. Akos, T. Lippenyi, G. Lupkovics, A. Podmoniczky, eds., Proc. SPIE 1983, 730–731 (1993).

Sheridan, J. T.

H. Haidner, P. Kipfer, J. T. Sheridan, J. Schwider, W. Stork, N. Streibl, M. Collischon, “Diffractive optical elements for the infrared,” in Quality and Reliability for Optical Systems, J. W. Bilbro, ed., Proc. SPIE 1983, 666–667 (1993).

Shmalgauzen, V. I.

A. S. Akhmanov, M. A. Vorontsov, A. V. Kudryashov, V. Ya. Panchenko, V. K. Popov, A. Ya. Poroikov, V. I. Shmalgauzen, “Control of spatial characteristics of excimer laser radiation by an intracavity controlled mirror,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 955–956 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, G. M. Izakson, A. V. Kudryashov, G. A. Kosheleva, S. I. Nazarkin, Yu. F. Suslov, V. I. Shmalgauzen, “Adaptive cooled mirror for the resonator of an industrial laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 888 (1985).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, A. V. Kudryashov, S. I. Nazarkin, V. I. Shmalgauzen, “Flexible mirror for adaptive light-beam formation systems,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 839–841 (1984).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, S. A. Gnedoi, A. V. Kudryashov, V. V. Samarkin, V. I. Shmalgauzen, V. P. Yakunin, “Controlled mirrors based on semi-passive bimorph piezoelements,” Preprint NICTL RAN 29 (1987) (in Russian).

Steinhaus, E.

Stepanov, V. V.

A. V. Goncharsky, V. V. Popov, V. V. Stepanov, Introduction to Computer Optics (Moscow State University, Moscow, 1991). (in Russian)

Stork, W.

H. Haidner, P. Kipfer, J. T. Sheridan, J. Schwider, W. Stork, N. Streibl, M. Collischon, “Diffractive optical elements for the infrared,” in Quality and Reliability for Optical Systems, J. W. Bilbro, ed., Proc. SPIE 1983, 666–667 (1993).

Streibl, N.

H. Haidner, P. Kipfer, J. T. Sheridan, J. Schwider, W. Stork, N. Streibl, M. Collischon, “Diffractive optical elements for the infrared,” in Quality and Reliability for Optical Systems, J. W. Bilbro, ed., Proc. SPIE 1983, 666–667 (1993).

Suslov, Yu. F.

M. A. Vorontsov, G. M. Izakson, A. V. Kudryashov, G. A. Kosheleva, S. I. Nazarkin, Yu. F. Suslov, V. I. Shmalgauzen, “Adaptive cooled mirror for the resonator of an industrial laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 888 (1985).
[CrossRef]

van Neste, R.

R. van Neste, C. Pare, R. L. Lachance, P.-A. Belanger, “Graded-phase mirror resonator with a super-Gaussian output in a CW-CO2 laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2663–2669 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Vorontsov, M. A.

A. S. Akhmanov, M. A. Vorontsov, A. V. Kudryashov, V. Ya. Panchenko, V. K. Popov, A. Ya. Poroikov, V. I. Shmalgauzen, “Control of spatial characteristics of excimer laser radiation by an intracavity controlled mirror,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 955–956 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, G. M. Izakson, A. V. Kudryashov, G. A. Kosheleva, S. I. Nazarkin, Yu. F. Suslov, V. I. Shmalgauzen, “Adaptive cooled mirror for the resonator of an industrial laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 888 (1985).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, A. V. Kudryashov, S. I. Nazarkin, V. I. Shmalgauzen, “Flexible mirror for adaptive light-beam formation systems,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 839–841 (1984).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, S. A. Gnedoi, A. V. Kudryashov, V. V. Samarkin, V. I. Shmalgauzen, V. P. Yakunin, “Controlled mirrors based on semi-passive bimorph piezoelements,” Preprint NICTL RAN 29 (1987) (in Russian).

Weber, H.

Wittrock, U.

U. Wittrock, “High power rod, slab and tube lasers,” in Solid State Lasers, NATO ASI Series B: Physics (Plenum, New York, 1993), Vol. 317, pp. 45–66.

Yakunin, V. P.

S. A. Gnedoy, A. V. Kudryashov, V. V. Samarkin, V. P. Yakunin, “Use of an intracavity adaptive mirror in control of the radiation emitted from a copper vapor laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1182–1183 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, S. A. Gnedoi, A. V. Kudryashov, V. V. Samarkin, V. I. Shmalgauzen, V. P. Yakunin, “Controlled mirrors based on semi-passive bimorph piezoelements,” Preprint NICTL RAN 29 (1987) (in Russian).

Zborzhil, B.

K. N. Evtyukhov, B. Zborzhil, L. N. Kaptsov, “Influence of thermal extraction in active element on the frequency stability of CW YAG laser radiation,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Priborostr. 26, 91–95 (1983) (in Russian).

Zverev, G. M.

G. M. Zverev, Yu. D. Golyaev, Lasers on Crystals and Their Application, (Radio i Svyaz’, Moscow, 1994) (in Russian).

Appl. Opt. (3)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

C. Pare, P.-A. Belanger, “Custom laser resonators using graded-phase mirrors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 355–362 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. van Neste, C. Pare, R. L. Lachance, P.-A. Belanger, “Graded-phase mirror resonator with a super-Gaussian output in a CW-CO2 laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2663–2669 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Priborostr. (1)

K. N. Evtyukhov, B. Zborzhil, L. N. Kaptsov, “Influence of thermal extraction in active element on the frequency stability of CW YAG laser radiation,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Priborostr. 26, 91–95 (1983) (in Russian).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) (1)

E. F. Ishenko, E. F. Reshetin, “Aspherical open optical cavity,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 51, 581–583 (1981).

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (4)

S. A. Gnedoy, A. V. Kudryashov, V. V. Samarkin, V. P. Yakunin, “Use of an intracavity adaptive mirror in control of the radiation emitted from a copper vapor laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1182–1183 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Akhmanov, M. A. Vorontsov, A. V. Kudryashov, V. Ya. Panchenko, V. K. Popov, A. Ya. Poroikov, V. I. Shmalgauzen, “Control of spatial characteristics of excimer laser radiation by an intracavity controlled mirror,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 955–956 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, A. V. Kudryashov, S. I. Nazarkin, V. I. Shmalgauzen, “Flexible mirror for adaptive light-beam formation systems,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 839–841 (1984).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, G. M. Izakson, A. V. Kudryashov, G. A. Kosheleva, S. I. Nazarkin, Yu. F. Suslov, V. I. Shmalgauzen, “Adaptive cooled mirror for the resonator of an industrial laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 888 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Other (8)

A. V. Kudryashov, A. V. Seliverstov, “Controlled diagnostic interferometer with laser diode,” in 16th Congress of the International Commission for Optics: Optics as a Key to High Technology, G. Akos, T. Lippenyi, G. Lupkovics, A. Podmoniczky, eds., Proc. SPIE 1983, 730–731 (1993).

M. A. Vorontsov, S. A. Gnedoi, A. V. Kudryashov, V. V. Samarkin, V. I. Shmalgauzen, V. P. Yakunin, “Controlled mirrors based on semi-passive bimorph piezoelements,” Preprint NICTL RAN 29 (1987) (in Russian).

U. Wittrock, “High power rod, slab and tube lasers,” in Solid State Lasers, NATO ASI Series B: Physics (Plenum, New York, 1993), Vol. 317, pp. 45–66.

G. M. Zverev, Yu. D. Golyaev, Lasers on Crystals and Their Application, (Radio i Svyaz’, Moscow, 1994) (in Russian).

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1976).

A. V. Goncharsky, V. V. Popov, V. V. Stepanov, Introduction to Computer Optics (Moscow State University, Moscow, 1991). (in Russian)

H. Haidner, P. Kipfer, J. T. Sheridan, J. Schwider, W. Stork, N. Streibl, M. Collischon, “Diffractive optical elements for the infrared,” in Quality and Reliability for Optical Systems, J. W. Bilbro, ed., Proc. SPIE 1983, 666–667 (1993).

Yu. A. Anan’ev, Laser Resonators and the Beam Divergence Problem, A. Higler, ed. (n.p., Bristol, 1992).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for testing aberrations of the rod YAG active element: 1, He–Ne laser; 2, 4, beam expanders; 3, beam splitter; 5, étalon plate; 6, active element; 7, 8, telescopes, 9, bimorph active mirror; 10, manual-control block; 11, TV camera; 12, TV monitor; 13, IBM computer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Contours of equal values of the thermal lens profile with a, no pump current, b, a pump power of 2.8 kW and no correction, and c, the same pump power and correction.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Laser resonator with a large-aperture mirror: 1, output flat mirror; 2, active element (rod YAG); 3, thermal astigmatic lens; 4, meniscus; 5, spherical active mirror.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dependencies of the beam radius at the spherical mirror W sp versus d 2 for (a) r 1 = 25, (b) r = 35, and (c) r = 50 mm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Dependencies of the beam radius at the spherical mirror W sp versus d 2 for (a) f = 350, (b) f = 420, and (c) f = 700 mm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Filling of active element q with the main TEM00 mode versus d 2.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Spherical bimorph mirror. 1, quartz plate; 2, piezo ring; 3, reflecting coatings.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Response functions of first three electrodes and electrode configuration.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Experimental setup of active intracavity correction: 1, active element; 2, lens on the end of active element; 3, concave active bimorph mirror; 4, flat resonator mirror; 5, 6, lenses; 7, 19, infrared visualizer; 8, control block; 9, 18, beam splitters; 10, 17, mirrors; 11, diaphragm; 12, LFD-2A avalanche photodiode; 13, S4-45 spectrum analyzer; 14, pinhole; 15, photodiode; 16, automatic plotter.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Distribution of radiation in the beam cross section at the focus of the lens, 5: 1, before correction; 2, after correction; 3, 40% power reduction by a decrease of pump power; 4, 40% power reduction with an intracavity diaphragm.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Intensity distribution in the single-mode regime the in far-field zone: (a) start beam, (b)–(e) distributions with adaptive mirror control.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Mode structures in the far-field zone in the multimode regime.

Tables (5)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Coefficients (in Micrometers) for the First Five Aberrations (See Text), with Wave-Front Distortions before and after Compensation (2.8-kW Pumping)a

Tables Icon

Table 2 Calculated Values of the Beam Radius that Reach the Spherical Mirror W av

Tables Icon

Table 3 Dependencies of W av and D on d 1 for f x = 0.42 m, f y = 0.34 m, r = 35 mm, and R = 0.5 m

Tables Icon

Table 4 Dependencies of Filling q on d 1

Tables Icon

Table 5 Coefficients of Expansion A i (in Micrometers) of the Response Functions of the First, Second, and Third Electrodes (N) in Terms of the Zernike Polynomialsa

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

BP = ¼ ( waist diameter × full far - field angle )

Metrics